Hijaz Mountains

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Hijaz Mountains
Hejaz Range
Hijaz Mountains.PNG
Hijaz Mountains, with sunset over the Red Sea.
Highest point
Elevation 2,100 m (6,900 ft)
Coordinates 23°0′N 41°0′E / 23.000°N 41.000°E / 23.000; 41.000Coordinates: 23°0′N 41°0′E / 23.000°N 41.000°E / 23.000; 41.000
Hijaz Mountains is located in Saudi Arabia
Hijaz Mountains
Hijaz Mountains
Saudi Arabia
State/Province Hejaz

The Hijaz Mountains, or Hejaz Range, is a mountain range located in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia.
The range runs north—south along the eastern coast of the Red Sea.


The western coastal escarpment of the Arabian Peninsula is composed of two mountain ranges, the Hijaz Mountain to the north and the Asir Mountains farther south, with a gap between them near the middle of the peninsula's coastline. From an elevation of 2,100 metres (6,900 ft), the range declines towards the vicinity of the gap about 600 metres (2,000 ft),

The mountain wall drops abruptly on the western side toward the Red Sea, leaving the narrow coastal plain of Tihamah. The eastern slopes are not as steep, allowing rare rainfall to help create oases around the springs and wells of the few wadis.


The Hijaz Mountains include the "Cradle of Gold (Mahd adh Dhahab)" district, in the region between Mecca and Medina. It is the only known Arabian source for workable quantities of gold.

River — wadi[edit]

The Hijaz Mountains have been conjectured as the source of the ancient Pishon River, that was described as one of the four rivers associated with the Garden of Eden. This is a component in the research of Juris Zarins that locates the Garden of Eden at the northern tip of the Persian Gulf near Kuwait.

The course of the now dried up river, the modern-day Wadi Al-Rummah and its extension Wadi Al-Batin, was identified by Farouk El-Baz of Boston University and named the 'Kuwait River.' This tracks northeast across the Saudi desert for 600 miles (970 km), following Wadi Al-Batin to the Gulf. The 'Pishon' or 'Kuwait River,' and the Hejaz region ecology, is estimated to have dried up 2,500–3000 years ago.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ C.A. Salabach at Focus Magazine