Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area
Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area
Vùng đô thị Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh
Map of Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area consists of 7 provinces and Ho Chi Minh City
|Major cities|| - Thủ Dầu Một (Bình Dương Province)|
- Dĩ An (Bình Dương Province)
- Thuận An (Bình Dương Province)
- Đồng Xoài (Bình Phước Province)
- Biên Hòa (Đồng Nai Province)
- Long Khánh (Đồng Nai Province)
- Bà Rịa (Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province)
- Vũng Tàu (Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province)
- Mỹ Tho (Tiền Giang Province)
- Tân An (Long An Province)
- Tây Ninh (Tây Ninh Province)
- Thủ Đức (Ho Chi Minh City)
|• Metro||30,595 km2 (11,813 sq mi)|
|• Metro density||700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (UTC +7)|
Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area (Vietnamese: Vùng đô thị Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh) is a metropolitan area that was in June 2008 proposed by the Ministry of Construction of Vietnam to the Government of Vietnam for approval. According to this master plan, this metropolitan area will include provinces around Ho Chi Minh City in the Southeast region and 2 provinces in the Mekong Delta region.
This metropolitan area currently has an area of 30,404 square kilometers with radius of 150–200 km, a population of 20–22 million inhabitants, of which urban residents account for 16–17 million, urbanized rate of 77–80%. By 2050, the population will have increased to 25-27 million people, and the urbanized rate is estimated to rise to 90%. Constructed land will be 1800–2100 square kilometer by 2020. Ho Chi Minh City will be the core urban center of the area while other surrounding cities and towns will play their role as satellite municipalities. Baria-Vungtau will serve as the main deepwater seaport of the region, especially Sao Mai-Ben Dinh seaport, Thi Vai Port. Long Thanh International Airport and Tan Son Nhat International Airport will serve as the air traffic hub of the region. Hi-tech park will be located in Ho Chi Minh City while other heavy industry will concentrate in Đồng Nai, Bình Dương and Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu. Vũng Tàu will serve as tourism hub, with its beautiful beaches and several entertainment resort mega projects like a 4.2-billion-USD project invested by Canadian corporations, Cua Lap Resort, Disneyland-like theme park, Vung Tau Aquarium...
This metropolitan area will straddle in following provinces:
- Ho Chi Minh City
- Đồng Nai Province
- Bình Dương Province
- Bình Phước Province
- Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province
- Tây Ninh Province
- Tiền Giang Province
- Long An Province
|1||Ho Chi Minh City||Municipality||Special Class||2,095.239||8,993,082|
|2||Biên Hòa||Provincial city||Đồng Nai Province||Class I||264.08||1,055,414|
|3||Vũng Tàu||Provincial city||Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province||Class I||141.01||527,025|
|4||Thủ Dầu Một||Provincial city||Bình Dương Province||Class I||118.67||325,521|
|5||Mỹ Tho||Provincial city||Tiền Giang Province||Class I||81.54||220,109|
|6||Thủ Đức||Municipal city||Ho Chi Minh City||Class I||211.56||1,013,795|
|7||Bà Rịa||Provincial city||Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province||Class II||91.5||205,192|
|8||Tân An||Provincial city||Long An Province||Class II||81.94||145,120|
|9||Tây Ninh||Provincial city||Tây Ninh Province||Class III||140||132,592|
|10||Đồng Xoài||Provincial city||Bình Phước Province||Class III||167.03||108,595|
|11||Long Khánh||Provincial city||Đồng Nai Province||Class III||191.75||171,276|
|12||Thuận An||Provincial city||Bình Dương Province||Class III||83.71||596,227|
|13||Dĩ An||Provincial city||Bình Dương Province||Class III||60.10||403,760|
|14||Gò Công||District-level town||Tiền Giang Province||Class III||101.99||98,959|
|15||Bến Cát||District-level town||Bình Dương Province||Class III||234.42||306,438|
|16||Tân Uyên||District-level town||Bình Dương Province||Class III||192.5||370,512|
|17||Phú Mỹ||District-level town||Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province||Class III||333.84||207,688|
|18||Cai Lậy||District-level town||Tiền Giang Province||Class III||140.19||143,050|
|19||Bình Long||District-level town||Bình Phước Province||Class IV||126.02||105,520|
|20||Phước Long||District-level town||Bình Phước Province||Class IV||118.8||81,200|
|21||Kiến Tường||District-level town||Long An Province||Class IV||204.36||43,674|
|22||Hòa Thành||District-level town||Tây Ninh Province||Class IV||82.92||147,666|
|23||Trảng Bàng||District-level town||Tây Ninh Province||Class IV||340.14||161,831|
|24||Chơn Thành||District||Bình Phước Province||Class IV||383.59||107,350|
|25||Long Thành||Commune-level town||Đồng Nai Province||Class IV||9.28||52,000|
|26||Trảng Bom||Commune-level town||Đồng Nai Province||Class IV||15.71||57,560|
|27||Bến Lức||Commune-level town||Long An Province||Class IV||8.71||16,851|
|28||Hậu Nghĩa||Commune-level town||Long An Province||Class IV||11.36||13,070|
|29||Đức Hòa||Commune-level town||Long An Province||Class IV||7.33||10,468|
|30||Cần Giuộc||Commune-level town||Long An Province||Class IV||21.05||53,877|
|31||Cần Đước||Commune-level town||Long An Province||Class IV||5.75||12,147|
Additional cities which will be developed in a decade:
- Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province
- Đồng Nai Province
- Long An Province
- Đức Hoà town, upgraded from Đức Hoà township, Hậu Nghĩa township and Hiệp Hòa township (Đức Hòa District),
As of 2008, Tan Son Nhat International Airport is the only airport in use with the designed capacity of 15-17 million passengers per annum. Long Thanh International Airport which located in Đồng Nai, 40 km northeast of Ho Chi Minh City constructed in 2010. This new airport will have full designed capacity of 80-100 million passengers annually. The estimated investment capital is US$8 billion and due to be completed in 2015 (phase I) and 2020 (phase II). Once the first phase is completed, this airport will be capable to serve 20 million passengers per year.
National Highway 1 A, the core road in Vietnam crosses this region. Other expressways are under construction include: Long Thành-Dau Day-Da Lat Expressway, Saigon-Cần Thơ Expressway, Trans-Asian Highway, 3 belt ring expressways in Ho Chi Minh City, Biên Hòa-Vũng Tàu Expressway, Tân An-Biên Hòa Expressway.
Together with the trans-Vietnam railway development, Ho Chi Minh City-Nha Trang express railway will be built after 2010 to enable an average speed of 300 km/hour. Ho Chi Minh City Metro is currently under construction.
This region is currently home to more than 40 universities and 40 colleges and hundreds of vocational schools.
Ho Chi Minh City will host the region's financial, commercial, hi-tech, educational, transportation and communication services. Vũng Tàu will be the seaside entertainment hub as well as petroleum center (oil and gas exploitation, oil refinery, LPG production), steel, fertilizer, electricity. Đồng Nai and Bình Dương will focus on electrical and electronic industry, food processing, machinery, textile, footwear, furniture.
- "Quy hoạch xây dựng vùng thành phố Hồ Chí Minh (Master Plan for Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area)". 2008-05-01.
- "Vung Tau Offers Beach and Sun". baobariavungtau.com.vn/english. 2008-05-23.
- "Ho Tram Strip - A $4.2 billion Resort in Vietnam". luxuo.com. 2008-06-06.
- "Quy hoạch xây dựng vùng Tp.HCM". VnEconomy. 2008-04-25.
- "Công bố quy hoạch sân bay quốc tế Long Thành". Đồng Nai Province Government. 2008-11-07. Archived from the original on 2014-12-07. Retrieved 2014-12-06.
- "TPHCM sau 1 năm gia nhập WTO - Vượt lên chính mình". mofahcm.gov.vn. 2008-01-14.