Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area

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Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area

Vùng đô thị Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh
Map of Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area consists of 7 provinces and Ho Chi Minh City
Map of Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area consists of 7 provinces and Ho Chi Minh City
Country Vietnam
Subdivisions
Major cities - Thủ Dầu Một (Bình Dương Province)
 - Dĩ An (Bình Dương Province)
 - Thuận An (Bình Dương Province)
 - Đồng Xoài (Bình Phước Province)
 - Biên Hòa (Đồng Nai Province)
 - Long Khánh (Đồng Nai Province)
 - Bà Rịa (Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province)
 - Vũng Tàu (Bà Rịa-Vũng Tàu Province)
 - Mỹ Tho (Tiền Giang Province)
 - Tân An (Long An Province)
 - Tây Ninh (Tây Ninh Province)
 - Thủ Đức (Ho Chi Minh City)
Area
 • Metro
30,595 km2 (11,813 sq mi)
Population
 • Metro
21,281,639
 • Metro density700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (UTC +7)

Ho Chi Minh City metropolitan area (Vietnamese: Vùng đô thị Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh) is a metropolitan area that was in June 2008 proposed by the Ministry of Construction of Vietnam to the Government of Vietnam for approval. According to this master plan, this metropolitan area will include provinces around Ho Chi Minh City in the Southeast region and 2 provinces in the Mekong Delta region.

This metropolitan area currently has an area of 30,404 square kilometers with radius of 150–200 km, a population of 20–22 million inhabitants, of which urban residents account for 16–17 million, urbanized rate of 77–80%. By 2050, the population will have increased to 25-27 million people, and the urbanized rate is estimated to rise to 90%. Constructed land will be 1800–2100 square kilometer by 2020.[1] Ho Chi Minh City will be the core urban center of the area while other surrounding cities and towns will play their role as satellite municipalities. Baria-Vungtau will serve as the main deepwater seaport of the region, especially Sao Mai-Ben Dinh seaport, Thi Vai Port. Long Thanh International Airport and Tan Son Nhat International Airport will serve as the air traffic hub of the region. Hi-tech park will be located in Ho Chi Minh City while other heavy industry will concentrate in Đồng Nai, Bình Dương and Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu. Vũng Tàu will serve as tourism hub, with its beautiful beaches and several entertainment resort mega projects like a 4.2-billion-USD project invested by Canadian corporations, Cua Lap Resort, Disneyland-like theme park, Vung Tau Aquarium...[1][2][3]

Component localities[edit]

This metropolitan area will straddle in following provinces:[4]

Major cities[edit]

STT Name Type Province Class Area

(km²)

Population (people)
1 Ho Chi Minh City Municipality Special Class 2,095.239 8,993,082
2 Biên Hòa Provincial city Đồng Nai Province Class I 264.08 1,055,414
3 Vũng Tàu Provincial city Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province Class I 141.01 527,025
4 Thủ Dầu Một Provincial city Bình Dương Province Class I 118.67 325,521
5 Mỹ Tho Provincial city Tiền Giang Province Class I 81.54 220,109
6 Thủ Đức Municipal city Ho Chi Minh City Class I 211.56 1,013,795
7 Bà Rịa Provincial city Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province Class II 91.5 205,192
8 Tân An Provincial city Long An Province Class II 81.94 145,120
9 Tây Ninh Provincial city Tây Ninh Province Class III 140 132,592
10 Đồng Xoài Provincial city Bình Phước Province Class III 167.03 108,595
11 Long Khánh Provincial city Đồng Nai Province Class III 191.75 171,276
12 Thuận An Provincial city Bình Dương Province Class III 83.71 596,227
13 Dĩ An Provincial city Bình Dương Province Class III 60.10 403,760
14 Gò Công District-level town Tiền Giang Province Class III 101.99 98,959
15 Bến Cát District-level town Bình Dương Province Class III 234.42 306,438
16 Tân Uyên District-level town Bình Dương Province Class III 192.5 370,512
17 Phú Mỹ District-level town Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu Province Class III 333.84 207,688
18 Cai Lậy District-level town Tiền Giang Province Class III 140.19 143,050
19 Bình Long District-level town Bình Phước Province Class IV 126.02 105,520
20 Phước Long District-level town Bình Phước Province Class IV 118.8 81,200
21 Kiến Tường District-level town Long An Province Class IV 204.36 43,674
22 Hòa Thành District-level town Tây Ninh Province Class IV 82.92 147,666
23 Trảng Bàng District-level town Tây Ninh Province Class IV 340.14 161,831
24 Chơn Thành District Bình Phước Province Class IV 383.59 107,350
25 Long Thành Commune-level town Đồng Nai Province Class IV 9.28 52,000
26 Trảng Bom Commune-level town Đồng Nai Province Class IV 15.71 57,560
27 Bến Lức Commune-level town Long An Province Class IV 8.71 16,851
28 Hậu Nghĩa Commune-level town Long An Province Class IV 11.36 13,070
29 Đức Hòa Commune-level town Long An Province Class IV 7.33 10,468
30 Cần Giuộc Commune-level town Long An Province Class IV 21.05 53,877
31 Cần Đước Commune-level town Long An Province Class IV 5.75 12,147

Additional cities which will be developed in a decade:

Transportation[edit]

Air transport[edit]

As of 2008, Tan Son Nhat International Airport is the only airport in use with the designed capacity of 15-17 million passengers per annum. Long Thanh International Airport which located in Đồng Nai, 40 km northeast of Ho Chi Minh City constructed in 2010. This new airport will have full designed capacity of 80-100 million passengers annually. The estimated investment capital is US$8 billion and due to be completed in 2015 (phase I) and 2020 (phase II). Once the first phase is completed, this airport will be capable to serve 20 million passengers per year.[5]

Ports[edit]

Most of the principal ports will concentrate in Ho Chi Minh City and Bà Rịa–Vũng Tàu. In 2007, all ports in Ho Chi Minh City alone handled 50.5 million metric tons of cargo.[4][6]

Highway[edit]

National Highway 1 A, the core road in Vietnam crosses this region. Other expressways are under construction include: Long Thành-Dau Day-Da Lat Expressway, Saigon-Cần Thơ Expressway, Trans-Asian Highway, 3 belt ring expressways in Ho Chi Minh City, Biên Hòa-Vũng Tàu Expressway, Tân An-Biên Hòa Expressway.

Railway[edit]

Together with the trans-Vietnam railway development, Ho Chi Minh City-Nha Trang express railway will be built after 2010 to enable an average speed of 300 km/hour. Ho Chi Minh City Metro is currently under construction.

Education[edit]

This region is currently home to more than 40 universities and 40 colleges and hundreds of vocational schools.

Economy[edit]

Ho Chi Minh City will host the region's financial, commercial, hi-tech, educational, transportation and communication services. Vũng Tàu will be the seaside entertainment hub as well as petroleum center (oil and gas exploitation, oil refinery, LPG production), steel, fertilizer, electricity. Đồng Nai and Bình Dương will focus on electrical and electronic industry, food processing, machinery, textile, footwear, furniture.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Quy hoạch xây dựng vùng thành phố Hồ Chí Minh (Master Plan for Ho Chi Minh City Metropolitan Area)". 2008-05-01.
  2. ^ "Vung Tau Offers Beach and Sun". baobariavungtau.com.vn/english. 2008-05-23.
  3. ^ "Ho Tram Strip - A $4.2 billion Resort in Vietnam". luxuo.com. 2008-06-06.
  4. ^ a b c "Quy hoạch xây dựng vùng Tp.HCM". VnEconomy. 2008-04-25.
  5. ^ "Công bố quy hoạch sân bay quốc tế Long Thành". Đồng Nai Province Government. 2008-11-07. Archived from the original on 2014-12-07. Retrieved 2014-12-06.
  6. ^ "TPHCM sau 1 năm gia nhập WTO - Vượt lên chính mình". mofahcm.gov.vn. 2008-01-14.