Moscow metropolitan area

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Moscow metropolitan area
Московская агломерация  (Russian)
Moscow International Business Center7.jpg
Country Russia
Largest cityMoscow
 • Metro
26,000 km2 (10,000 sq mi)
 • Metro
 • Metro density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (UTC)
GRP (PPP)$1.0 trillion[1]
GRP per capita (PPP)$50,000

Moscow metropolitan area (Russian: Московская агломерация) or Moscow capital region (Russian: Московский столичный регион) is the largest metropolitan area in Russia and Europe, with a population of around 20 million.[2][3] It consists of the city of Moscow and parts of the surrounding Moscow Oblast.

The related terms Moscow region (Russian: Московский регион - Moskovsky region) or Moscow and the Oblast (Russian: Москва и область) describe of the combined territories of the city of Moscow and the whole of Moscow Oblast. These are used in meteorology, geography, aviation, transport, broadcasting, telecommunications, business, etc. In politics, government, organizations and small business, according to the Constitution of Russia, there are two separated federal subjects of Russia with their governments, parliaments and own law. De jure there is no united Moscow region.

Structure and population estimation[edit]

Moscow metropolitan area includes the city of Moscow, population 12,197,596,[4] a ring of cities annexed to it and administered within (Balashikha, Korolyov, Krasnogorsk, Khimki, Mytishchi and Zelenograd), as well as large nearby towns with population of over 100,000 citizens (Reutov, Zheleznodorozhny, Podolsk and Lubertsy, to name a few) that fall under regional administration.[5] Administratively, all those towns are a part of the Moscow Oblast. The metropolitan area has thus no coordinated administration structures, and no official population statistics.

The population of the Moscow region is the sum of populations of the city (12,636,312) and surrounding oblast (7,713,326),[3] coming to 20,350,000 – about 14% of the entire Russian population.


As of 2020, the GMP of Moscow metropolitan area(Moscow + Moscow Oblast) was 25.1 trillion[6] or around 450 billion. It has equivalent GDP to Belgium.

Nominal GRP per capita was ₽1.2 million(€22,000).


  1. ^ "Global Wealth PPP Distribution: Who Are The Leaders Of The Global Economy? - Full Size". Retrieved 2021-10-21.
  2. ^ Alexander Akishin (August 17, 2017). "A 3-Hour Commute: A Close Look At Moscow The Megapolis". Strelka Mag. Retrieved May 23, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "ОЦЕНКА ЧИСЛЕННОСТИ НАСЕЛЕНИЯ на 1 января 2018 года и в среднем за 2017 год". Главная::Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  4. ^ Rosstat. Popul2015.xls (in Russian)
  5. ^ Information taken and translated directly from the Russian Wikipedia page, using its sources.
  6. ^[bare URL spreadsheet file]

Coordinates: 55°40′00″N 37°30′00″E / 55.6667°N 37.5°E / 55.6667; 37.5