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Coordinates: 30°00′13″N 117°58′54″E / 30.00361°N 117.98167°E / 30.00361; 117.98167
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
Prefecture-level city Huangshan City
County Yi County
Town Hongcun (宏村)
Official name Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun
Type Cultural
Criteria iii, iv, v
Designated 2000
Reference no. 1002
State Party China
Region Asia

Hongcun (Chinese: 宏村; pinyin: Hóngcūn, lit. "Hong village") is a village in Hongcun Town (宏村), Yi County, Huangshan City[1][2] in the historical Huizhou region of southern Anhui Province, China, near the southwest slope of Mount Huangshan.

The village is arranged in the shape of an ox with the nearby hill (Leigang Hill) interpreted as the head, and two trees standing on it as the horns. Four bridges across the Jiyin stream can be seen as the legs whilst the houses of the village form the body. Inside the “body”, the Jiyin stream represents the intestines and various lakes such as the “South Lake” (Nanhu) form the other internal organs.

The architecture and carvings of the approximately 150 residences dating back to the Ming and Qing Dynasties are said to be among the best of their kind in China.[citation needed] One of the biggest of the residences open to visitors, Chenzhi Hall, also contains a small museum.

Together with Xidi, the village became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2000.[3][4] Scenes from the film Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon were filmed on location in Hongcun.

Panorama of Hongcun
Hongcun, Anhui Province, China.


Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui – Xidi and Hongcun.

Buses are available from Huangshan Bus Station. There are also buses from Tangkou Bus Station to Hongcun. Tangkou Bus Station is at the foot of Huangshan Scenic Area.[5]


  1. ^ 2017年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:宏村镇 [2017 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Hongcun Town] (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2017. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 341023101200 122 宏村村委会 
  2. ^ 宏村镇 [Hongcun Town]. 行政区划网站 www.xzqh.org (in Simplified Chinese). 行政区划网站/区划地名网站 (Administrative Divisions Web/District Geographic Names Web). 18 September 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2018. 341023101200 122宏村 
  3. ^ "Ancient Villages in Southern Anhui - Xidi and Hongcun". UNESCO. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  4. ^ "Xidi and Hongcun Villages". China.com. 2008-09-16. Retrieved 2008-10-08.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  5. ^ "Hongcun" ChinaTour.Net Accessed 2014-11-23

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Coordinates: 30°00′13″N 117°58′54″E / 30.00361°N 117.98167°E / 30.00361; 117.98167