Northwest China

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Northwestern China

Northwest China (Chinese: 西北; pinyin: Xīběi) includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu, and Qinghai.

Northwest China
Population96.6 million

Administrative divisions[edit]

GB[2] ISO №[3] Province Chinese Name Capital Population Density Area Abbreviation/Symbol
SN 61 Shaanxi Province 陕西省
Shǎnxī Shěng
Xi'an 37,327,378 181.55 205,600 陕(秦)
Shǎn (Qín)
GS 62 Gansu Province 甘肃省
Gānsù Shěng
Lanzhou 25,575,254 56.29 454,300 甘(陇)
Gān (Lǒng)
QH 63 Qinghai Province 青海省
Qīnghǎi Shěng
Xining 5,626,722 7.80 721,200
Qīng
NX 64 Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
Yinchuan 6,301,350 94.89 66,400
Níng
XJ 65 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
Ürümqi 21,813,334 13.13 1,660,400
Xīn

Cities with urban area over one million in population[edit]

# City Urban area[4] District area[4] City proper[4] Prov. Census date
1 Xi'an 5,206,253 6,501,190 8,467,838 SN 2010-11-01
2 Ürümqi 2,853,398 3,029,372 3,112,559 XJ 2010-11-01
3 Lanzhou 2,438,595 2,628,426 3,616,163 GS 2010-11-01
4 Yinchuan 1,159,457 1,290,170 1,993,088 NX 2010-11-01
5 Xining 1,153,417 1,198,304 2,208,708 QH 2010-11-01

Outer Northwest China[edit]

Outer Northwest China (Chinese: 外西北; pinyin: Wài Xīběi) refers to small portions of territories of the Qing dynasty that were later annexed by the Russian Empire through the Convention of Peking, Treaty of Tarbagatai, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) and other unequal treaties referred by Chinese interpretation. The territories formed parts of far-western Xinjiang, northwestern Outer Mongolia, and the entirety of Tannu Uriankhai. Prior to Qing rule, Outer Northwest China was part of the Dzungar Khanate but the region was annexed into the Qing Empire in the aftermath of the Dzungar–Qing Wars.

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the region is now divided among two successor states of the Soviet Union: Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of regions of the People's Republic of China - Wikipedia". en.m.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  2. ^ CHGIS. "Database Design". www.people.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  3. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  4. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.

Coordinates: 36°48′00″N 95°48′00″E / 36.8000°N 95.8000°E / 36.8000; 95.8000