Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park

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Hsinchu Science Park administration building

The Hsinchu Science Park (Chinese: 新竹科學工業園區; Hanyu Pinyin: Xīnzhú Kēxué Gōngyè Yuánqū; Tongyong Pinyin: Sīnjhú Kēsyué Gōngyè Yuáncyū) is an industrial park established by the government of the Republic of China (Taiwan) on December 15, 1980 to foster cutting edge state of the art scientific and technological innovation. It straddles Hsinchu City and Hsinchu County in Taiwan.

The idea of the establishment of Hsinchu Science Park was first proposed by Shu Shien-Siu, the former President of National Tsing Hua University and Minister of Science and Technology.[1] After Shu became the Minister of Science and Technology in 1973, he traveled to the United States, Europe, Japan, and South Korea to learn and study their conditions of the development of science and technology. In 1976, Shu came up with the idea of building a science and technology park like that of Silicon Valley.[1] President Chiang Ching-kuo proposed to build the park in Longtan District because of the potential future benefits that could be drawn from National Chung-Shan Institute of Science and Technology and the military. However, Shu argued that the technology and science park should not be close to the military as the primary goal of the founding of the park is to expand the size of private economy and creative vitality of Taiwan. Shu's idea was to build the park in Hsinchu next to the National Tsing Hua University and National Chiao Tung University like the Silicon Valley, which is adjacent to Stanford University and University of California, Berkeley. Shu's idea was ultimately approved by Chiang and the park was built and opened in 1980 in Hsinchu.[2]

After the original idea of the establishment of the science park and the location of the park were settled, Chiang Ching-kuo assigned the task of constructing the Hsinchu Science Park. Kwoh-Ting Li, former Finance Minister of the Republic of China, was among those who significantly contributed to the founding of the park, as ordered by Chiang.[3] Inspired by Silicon Valley, Li consulted Frederick Terman on how Taiwan could follow its example. From there, Li convinced talents who had gone abroad to build companies in this new Silicon Valley in Taiwan. Among those who returned is Morris Chang, who later led the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) and founded the TSMC. Li also introduced the concept of venture capital to the country to attract funds to finance high-tech startups in Taiwan.

Today, Hsinchu Science Park is renowned as the Silicon Valley of Asia.

Overview[edit]

Hsinchu Science Park (HSP) is now one of the world's most significant centers for semiconductor manufacturing, industrial and computer technology development. More than 400 high-tech companies, mainly involved in the semiconductor, computer, telecommunication, and optoelectronics industries, have been established in the park since the end of December 2003.[4] Its 400 technology companies accounted for 10% of Taiwan's gross domestic product in 2007. It is home to the world's top two semiconductor foundries, Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC) and United Microelectronics Corporation (UMC), both of which were established at the nearby Industrial Technology Research Institute. Taiwan is the only country that possesses a professional division-of-labor system in the semiconductor industry and also has the highest density of 12-inch wafer-producing fabs, most of which are based in the park.[5] Next door to the science park are two of Taiwan's science and engineering powerhouses, National Chiao Tung University and National Tsing Hua University, and the National Space Organization, the Taiwanese space agency, is located in the park. There is also a science-themed amusement park nearby.

There were local residents' protests against water and air pollution. The Park's industrial wastewater treatment plant[6] began to operate in 1986 and effectively treats wastewater for maximum safety while Taiwan's National Environmental Protection Department monitors the air quality in the Park and surrounding areas to maintain clean air quality.

Locations[edit]

Currently, the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park covers six locations:[7]

Major companies located in the park[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 張, 仲瑋. "淺談前校長徐賢修先生" (PDF). Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  2. ^ 志仁, 王. "散播科技聚落的基因 徐賢修". 天下雜誌. 天下雜誌. Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  3. ^ 企劃組 (16 January 2017). "壹、科學園區的推手". Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  4. ^ Central News Agency (2007-06-26). "Hsinchu Science Park export value grows, large growth for optoelectronics". Department of Investment Services (Taiwan). MOEA. 
  5. ^ National Science Council (2005). "Hsinchu Science Park". Government of Taiwan. Retrieved 7/12/2008.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  6. ^ "園區污水處理廠介紹". Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Hsinchu Science Park". Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  8. ^ "Macronix - Nonvolatile Memory Solutions". Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  9. ^ 力晶科技股份有限公司. "力晶科技股份有限公司". Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "::Welcome to ProMOS Technologies Website::". Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "SMOBIO-index". Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  12. ^ National Science Council (2005). "Hsinchu Science Park". Government of Taiwan. Retrieved 7/12/2008.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°46′48″N 121°00′49″E / 24.78000°N 121.01361°E / 24.78000; 121.01361