風城 (The Windy City) or 竹市 (Zhu City)
|Country||Republic of China (Taiwan)|
|• Mayor||Lin Chih-chien (DPP)|
|• City||104.15 km2 (40.21 sq mi)|
|Area rank||20 out of 22|
|• Rank||15 of 22|
|• Density||4,200/km2 (11,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (National Standard Time)|
|ISO 3166 code||TW-HSZ|
|Bird||European magpie (Pica pica)|
|Literal meaning||New Bamboo|
|Literal meaning||Bamboo Barrier|
- 1 Names
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Tourist attractions
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Notable natives
- 10 International relations
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Hsin-chuTaiwanese Hokkien (Sin-tik-chhī) is the Wade-Giles romanization of the Mandarin pronunciation of the Chinese name 新竹市(Sin-tik-chhī). The same name is rendered Xīnzhú in Hanyu Pinyin (Taiwan's present official romanization system) and Sinjhú in Tongyong Pinyin (briefly the official romanization during the early 21st century).
The earliest established city in northern Taiwan( 1711 A.D.).today, is one of the world's primary semiconductor Wafer Foundry locations.The first research institute established in the 1930s, the Industrial Technology Research Institute established in the 1970s and Hsin-chu Science-based Industrial Park established in the 1980s. It has attracted a large number of domestic and international manufacturers' investment and many high-tech manpower migrations, accelerating the development of Taiwan's high-tech industry.
This name refers to the settlement's original Hokkien name Tek-khàm, meaning "Bamboo Barrier". The name may transcribe an aboriginal[which?] name meaning "Seashore". The same name is variously recorded as Teukcham, Teuxham, and Teckcham; its Mandarin pronunciation appears as Chuchien.
The area around Hsinchu was inhabited by the Taokas, Saisiyat, and Atayal aborigines when the Spanish occupied northern Taiwan in the 17th century. Catholic missionaries reached the settlement of Tek-kham in 1626. The Spanish were expelled by the Dutch a few decades later.
As part of the reorganization of Taiwan by Shen Baozhen, the viceroy of Liangjiang, Zhuqian Subprefecture (i.e., Tek-kham) was raised to the level of a county and renamed Xinzhu (i.e., Sin-tek or Hsinchu) in 1878. When Taiwan was made a province in 1887, Hsinchu was made a part of Taipeh Prefecture.
During the Japanese occupation following the First Sino-Japanese War, the city—known at the time as Shinchiku—was among the province's most populous. In 1904, its 16,371 residents ranked it in 7th place, behind Keelung and ahead of Changhua ("Shoka"). Shinchiku was raised to town status in 1920 and city status in 1930. At the same time, it became the seat of Shinchiku Prefecture. In 1941, its prefecture was expanded, annexing Xiangshan ("Kōzan"). Jiugang ("Kyūminato") and Liujia ("Rokka") merged to become Zhubei ("Chikuhoku").
Republic of China
In 1946, the Take-Over Committee dissolved and replaced by the Hsinchu County Government, located in Taoyuan. As the administrative districts were readjusted, Hsinchu was granted city status. It used the old prefecture office as its city hall at 120 Chung Cheng Road. In February 1946, representative congresses were formed for seven district offices. On April 15, the city congress was formed. Provincial representatives were elected from among the city legislators.
In June 1982, under presidential order, the Xiangshan Township of Hsinchu County merged into Hsinchu City. A new municipal government was formally established on 1 July 1982, comprising 103 villages and 1,635 neighborhoods. These were organized into the East, North, and Xiangshan districts by 1 November. By June 1983, the new government consisted of three bureaus (Civil Service, Public Works, and Education), four departments (Finance, Social Welfare, Compulsory Military Service, and Land Affairs), four offices (Secretary, Planning, Personnel, and Auditing), and 49 various sections. The Police Department, Tax Department, and Medicine and Hygiene Department were considered affiliate institutions.
From 1994 to 1999, as Taiwan made its transition from authoritarian rule to a representative democracy and the mostly pro forma provincial level of government began to be dissolved, regulations were established for the self-government of Hsinchu. A deputy mayor, consumer officer, and three consultants were added to the city government. In 2002, the city added a Bureau of Labor and transferred Compulsory Military Service to the Department of Civil Service.
Hsinchu's climate is humid subtropical (Koppen: Cfa). The city is located in a part of the island that has a rainy season that lasts from February to September, with the heaviest time coming late April through August during the southwest monsoon, and also experiences meiyu in May and early June. The city succumbs to hot humid weather from June until September, while October to December are arguably the most pleasant times of year. Hsinchu is affected by easterly winds off of the East China Sea. Natural hazards such as typhoons and earthquakes are common in the region.
|Climate data for Hsinchu, Taiwan|
|Record high °C (°F)||30.3
|Average high °C (°F)||18.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||15.5
|Average low °C (°F)||12.9
|Record low °C (°F)||−0.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||64.5
|Average precipitation days||9.6||11.6||13.7||12.9||11.3||10.8||8.3||10.5||8.8||5.3||5.8||6.9||115.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||78.1||80.4||80.2||79.6||78.0||77.6||75.5||76.5||75.1||74.3||75.1||75.5||77.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||105.3||92.5||97.4||105.2||149.5||177.0||236.6||210.2||196.0||191.1||151.9||138.1||1,850.8|
|Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan". Ministry of the Interior Population Census.|
Hsinchu City is administered as a city. North District is the seat of Hsinchu City which houses the Hsinchu City Government and Hsinchu City Council. The incumbent Mayor of Hsinchu City is Lin Chih-chien of the Democratic Progressive Party.
|Map||Name||Chinese||Hokkien||Hakka||Population (2016)||Area (km²)|
Colors indicate the common language status of Hakka within each division.
The Hsinchu Science Park is home to 360 high tech companies including Acer Inc, TSMC, Philips, Logitech, United Microelectronics Corporation, Holtek, AU Optronics and Epistar. As a result, the city has the highest income level in Taiwan.
The purpose of the park is to attract high tech investment to Taiwan and to make the area the economic center for the information industry. The park is designed to cater for high quality R&D, production, work, life and also recreation. From its establishment in 1978, the government has invested over NT$30 billion on software and hardware ventures. In 2001, it developed 2.5 km2 (0.97 sq mi) of land in the park and 0.5 km2 (0.19 sq mi) in southern Hsinchu, attracting 312 high-tech companies' investments. Viewing the performance of Hsinchu Science Park in the past 21 years, it can be said that it holds a decisive position in the economic development in Taiwan, with international acclaim.
Although the semiconductor and related electronic businesses have been doing well, they face fierce competition from Japan, Korea, the United States and Singapore. This has resulted in lower profits and over-supply of some electronic products such as memory and semiconductors. Therefore, manufacturers, government, academia, and the R&D sectors all recognize the challenges faced by Taiwan's high-tech development. The government has endeavored to upgrade Hsinchu Science Park into a global manufacturing and R&D center of high-end products. They also plan to intensify the cooperation among the manufacturing, academic, and research sectors by introducing incubation centers, in order to elevate the technological standard in the park. Further, through the development of the northern, central, and southern industrial park and its satellite sites, it hopes to sow the seeds of high tech business in all of Taiwan, leading to a vigorous era of high tech development.
Currently, Hsinchu City is one of the most focused educational centers in northern Taiwan. It has six universities in this concentrated area and among these universities, National Chiao Tung University and National Tsing Hua University are highly focused by government in Taiwan on its academic development. Other public and private educational institutions in the city included 33 elementary schools, 19 middle schools, 12 high school and complete secondary school, National Hsinchu Senior High School, National Hsinchu Girls' Senior High School and National Experimental High School are prestigious.
International and American Schools (grade school and secondary school)
- Sagor Bilingual School
- Hsinchu Elementary School
- San Min Elementary School
- Ke Yuan Elementary School
- Guan Dong Elementary School
- Zai Xi Elementary School
- SunShine Elementary School
- Lung Shan Elementary School
- Dong Yuan Elementary School
- Chu Lian Elementary School
- Cheng Kong Elementary School
- Stanford American Language Institution
- Bei Men Elementary School
- Min Fu Elementary School
- Da Chuang Elementary School
- Nan Liao Elementary School
- Shui Yuan Elementary School
- Hu Lin Elementary School
- Jia Dong Elementary School
- Ching Tsao Hu Elementary School
- Nan Ai Elementary School
- Da Hu Elementary School
- Nei Hu Elementary School
- Xi Men Elementary School
Junior High School
- Chien Hua Junior High School
- Pei Ying Junior High School
- Zhu Guang Junior High School
- Nan Hua Junior High School
- Guang Wu Junior High School
- Hu Lin Junior High School
- Guang Hua Junior High School
- Yu Hsien Junior High School
- San Min Junior High School
- Nei Hu Junior High School
- Hsin Ke Junior High School
- National Experimental High School
- National Hsinchu Senior High School
- National Hsinchu Girls' Senior High School
- Shu Guang Girls' Senior High School
- Chien Kung Senior High School
- Hsiang Shan Senior High School
- Cheng Te Senior High School
Colleges and Universities
- National Chiao Tung University
- National Tsing Hua University
- Chung Hua University
- Hsuan Chuang University
- Yuanpei University
- National Hsinchu University of Education
- Black Bat Squadron Memorial Hall
- Glass Museum of Hsinchu City
- Hsinchu City Art Site of Railway Warehouse
- Hsinchu CKS Baseball Stadium
- Hsinchu Museum of Military Dependents Village
- Hsinchu Fish Harbor
- Hsinchu Zoo
- National Hsinchu Living Arts Center
- 17 Kilometer Coastal Scenic Area
- Eighteen Peaks Mountain Park
- Hsinchu Eastern Gate
- Chenghuang Temple Night Market
- Tsing Hus Night Market
|Chenghuang Temple Night Market||Most of the old stands in Cheng-huang Temple are of 50-year-old history, the famous snacks here are Hsin-chu meat balls, pork balls, spring rolls, braised pork rice, cuttlefish thick soup, rice noodles, and cow tongue shaped cakes (quote from Tourism Bureau, MOTC, T.O.C.)||Cheng-huang Temple and fa-lian shrine square|
|Neiwan Old Street||Traditional Hakka restaurants and shops serve ginger lily-flavored glutinous rice dumplings, Hakka tea, and Hakka rice cakes.||Hengshan Town|
Hsinchu City has recently created a series of cycling routes to help cyclists navigate the city more easily. Hsinchu is home to many cycling clubs
- Chi Cheng, the 1968 Olympic bronze medalist in track & field
- Yuan T. Lee, the 1986 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry.
- John Chiang, Taiwanese politician
- Lin Cho-liang, Taiwanese American violinist
- Hsieh Su-Wei, Taiwanese tennis player and former World No. 1 in doubles
- Hebe Tien, solo artist and member of the S.H.E
- David Wu, member of the U.S. House of Representatives for the state of Oregon from 1999 until 2011.
- Cyndi Wang, Singer
- Chen Qiaoen, singer, actress, 7F Member
- Lü Shao-chia, Taiwanese conductor
- Wen Shang-Yi, guitarists and leader of the Mayday
Twin towns — sister cities
|Cary||North Carolina||United States||1993|
|Fairfield||New South Wales||Australia||1994|
|Chiayi City||Taiwan Province||Republic of China (Taiwan)||2002|
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- Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed. (1879), "Formosa".
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- "Geographic location". Hsinchu City Government. Retrieved 7 June 2019.
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- "Pacific American School". www.pacificamerican.org.
- "Hsinchu International School". hc.edu.tw.
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- "Sister Cities". Hsinchu City Government. Retrieved 15 February 2015.