Igbaras, Iloilo

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Official seal of Igbaras
Map of Iloilo showing the location of Igbaras
Map of Iloilo showing the location of Igbaras
Igbaras is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°43′N 122°16′E / 10.72°N 122.27°E / 10.72; 122.27Coordinates: 10°43′N 122°16′E / 10.72°N 122.27°E / 10.72; 122.27
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Province Iloilo
District 1st district of Iloilo
Founded 1919
Barangays 46
 • Mayor Vicente E. Escorpion Jr.
 • Vice Mayor Romeo E. Espinosa
 • Total 148.72 km2 (57.42 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 32,004
 • Density 220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 5029
IDD:area code +63 (0)33
Income class 3rd class; partially urban
Website www.igbaras.gov.ph

Igbaras is a third class[4] municipality in the province of Iloilo, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,004 people.[3]

Igbaras celebrates its town fiesta annually on May 22 in honor of Sta. Rita de Cascia. The town has many points of interest including the ruins of the church belfry, Mount Napulak, Bahi-Bahi, Nadsadjan Falls, Lagsakan Falls, Timapok Falls, Guiritsan Falls, Sampanan Falls, Bat Cave, Igcabugao Cave, Bais Cave and the Pakuyang sa Tangyan Festival. A species of Rafflesia, the world's largest flower, can also be found here.


The name Igbaras comes from a combination of two words, "ig" or "tig" which means "plenty of" or "season of", and "baras" which means "sand". Thus Igbaras means "plenty of sand" which alludes to the nearby sandy river. Igbaras is most commonly mistaken with the similar-sounding and more widely known province of Guimaras.


Igbaras is located at the south-western part of Iloilo. It is situated between the coordinates of 122.2650’ longitude, and 10.7167’ latitude. It is 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Iloilo City.


  • North East: Municipality of Tubungan
  • South East: Municipality of Guimbal
  • South West: Municipality of Miag-ao
  • North West: Municipality of Sibalom (Province of Antique)


Igbaras is politically subdivided into 46 barangays.[4] Alameda was formerly known as Bukaw.[5]

  • Alameda
  • Amorogtong
  • Anilawan
  • Bagacay
  • Bagacayan
  • Bagay
  • Balibagan
  • Barasan
  • Binanua-an
  • Boclod
  • Buenavista
  • Buga
  • Bugnay
  • Calampitao
  • Cale
  • Corucuan
  • Catiringan
  • Igcabugao
  • Igpigus
  • Igtalongon
  • Indaluyon
  • Jovellar
  • Kinagdan
  • Lab-on
  • Lacay Dol-Dol
  • Lumangan
  • Lutungan
  • Mantangon
  • Mulangan
  • Pasong
  • Passi
  • Pinaopawan
  • Barangay 1 Poblacion
  • Barangay 2 Poblacion
  • Barangay 3 Poblacion
  • Barangay 4 Poblacion
  • Barangay 5 Poblacion
  • Barangay 6 Poblacion
  • Riro-an
  • San Ambrosio
  • Santa Barbara
  • Signe
  • Tabiac
  • Talayatay
  • Taytay
  • Tigbanaba


As a result of the implementation of Spanish Governor-General Narciso Claveria's decree on giving Filipinos with Spanish surnames in 1849, inhabitants of Igbaras during that time were interestingly apportioned with surnames starting mostly with the letter E.

Igbaras was fused with Guimbal in 1902 until the American regime made it a separate town on January 1, 1919. Don Flor Evidente became the first municipal mayor.

American soldiers water tortured Igbaras leaders then burned the village to the ground during the Philippine-American War[6]

Igbaras has the distinction of having the first congressman elected to Congress in 1925-1928 in the person of Don Eugenio Ealdama, and the delegate to the 1935 Constitutional Convention, Don Mariano Ezpeleta who later served as Consul-General and ambassador to several countries.


Population census of Igbaras
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 25,274 —    
1995 25,960 +0.50%
2000 27,878 +1.54%
2007 29,417 +0.74%
2010 31,347 +2.34%
2015 32,004 +0.40%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][7]

In the 2015 census, the population of Igbaras was 32,004 people,[3] with a density of 220 inhabitants per square kilometre or 570 inhabitants per square mile.

People from Igbaras speak Kinaray-a, a language associated with Antique province. However, Hiligaynon, a vernacular commonly used in the Iloilo City is understood by everyone and widely used mostly by students or those staying in the City.



  • Igbaras National High School
  • Igtalongon National High School

Elementary (public and private):

  • Amorogtong Elementary School
  • Bagay Elementary School
  • Balibagan Private School
  • Barasan Elementary School
  • Buga Elementary School
  • Calampitao Elementary School
  • Cale Indaluyon Elementary School
  • Catiringan Private School
  • Igbaras Central Elementary School
  • Igcabugao Elementary School
  • Igpigus Elementary School
  • Igtalongon Elementary School
  • Jovellar Elementary School
  • Lumangan Elementary School
  • Lutungan Primary School
  • Mulangan Elementary School
  • Sta. Barbara Elementary School
  • Tabiac Elementary School
  • Tano-ong Private School
  • Tigbanaba Elementary School

Municipal Mayors[edit]

  • Don Flor Evidente (1919–1922)
  • Lucas Gentica (1922–1925)
  • Julian Bucoy Saavedra (1925–1931)
  • Justo Estrella (1931–1938)
  • Gerardo Escala (1938–1941)
  • Toribio Melliza (1941–1945, 1961–1964)
  • Perfecto Saavedra (1945–1955)
  • Ricardo Ealdama (1955–1961)
  • Atty. Daniel Esmeralda (1964–1977)
  • Vicente E. Perez (1977–1985)
  • Wilfredo C. Uy (1986–1992)
  • Fruto J. Saavedra (1992–2001)
  • Jaime Esmeralda, MD (2001–2010)
  • Atty. Vicente E. Escorpion Jr. (2010–present)


  1. ^ "Municipalities". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 26 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Iloilo". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Philippine Standard Geographic Code listing for Igbaras - National Statistical Coordination Board
  5. ^ "An Act Changing the Name of the Barrio of Bukaw in the Municipality of Igbaras, Province of Iloilo, to That of Alameda". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-11. 
  6. ^ Testimony of Charles S. Riley during the 1902 Lodge Committee
  7. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VI (Western Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 

External links[edit]