Imphal East district

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Imphal East district
district
Location of Imphal East district in Manipur
Location of Imphal East district in Manipur
Coordinates: 24°48′N 93°57′E / 24.800°N 93.950°E / 24.800; 93.950Coordinates: 24°48′N 93°57′E / 24.800°N 93.950°E / 24.800; 93.950
Country India
StateManipur
HeadquartersPorompat
Area
 • Total710 km2 (270 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total456,113
 • Density640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMeiteilon (Manipuri)
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MN-EI
Vehicle registrationMN
Websiteimphaleast.nic.in

Imphal East district (Pron:/ˈɪmfəl or ɪmˈfɑːl/) is one of the 16 districts of Manipur state in northeastern India. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district in the state, after Imphal West.[1]

History[edit]

This district came into existence on 18 June 1997.

Imphal East District came into existence on 18-06-1997 with its headquarters at Porompat occupying the eastern part of Imphal District. The total area of District is 469.44 km2. approximately. The District is situated at an altitude 790 metres above the M.S. Level. The climate of the District is salubrious and Monsoon is tropical. The minimum temperature goes down to 0.6degree Celsius in winter and 41 degree Celsius in summer. It has no rail network and hence communication is entirely dependent on roads except Jiribam Sub-Division bordering Cachar District of Assam where there is a railhead. As of 2017, A new rail line is under construction and a railway station will be operational by 2019. The District is connected with N.H. 39, N.H. 53 and N.H. 150.

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Imphal East District
Religion Percent
Hindus
60.27%
Muslims
17.58%
Others
15.53%
Christian
6.00%
Not Stated
0.43%
Buddhist
0.14%
Sikh
0.04%
Jain
0.01%

Population[edit]

According to the 2011 census Imphal East district has a population of 456,113,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Malta.[2] This gives it a ranking of 551st in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 638 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,650/sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.63%.[1] Imphal East has a sex ratio of 1011 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 82.81%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages in Imphal East[3]

  Manipuri (85.84%)
  Bengali (5.12%)
  Kabui (1.60%)
  Nepali (1.52%)
  Hindi (1.48%)
  Others (4.42%)

As per 2011 census, the languages spoken in Imphal East District (including Jiribam) are Manipuri (3,88,582), Bengali (23,186), Kabui (7,264), Nepali (6,903), Hindi (6,722), Tangkhul (4,208), Hmar (3,823), Thadou (2,622), others (9,351).

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district is divided into 3 sub-divisions:

Recently, Jiribam District is carved out from Imphal East district comprising sub-divisions of Jiribam, Borobekra, and Babukhal.

Areas under Imphal Urban Agglomeration[edit]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in the district. In the district there are 27,000 and 4,100 hectares of land for H.Y.V. (high yield variety) and improved local paddy field respectively. There are land of 450 hectares for maize, 60 hectares for wheat and 350 hectares for potato in the district. The main food crops are paddy, potato and vegetables. Among the cash crops are sugar cane, maize, pulse, oil seed and other vegetables etc. The total number of workers engaged in agriculture in the district was 42,473 as per 1991 census of which 28,661 were male and 13,812 were female. Spices like chilli, onion, ginger, turmeric and coriander of very good quality are grown in the district.

AREA & PRODUCTION OF IMPORTANT CROPS: (during 1998 -99 in Imphal East District)
Sl. No. Name of Crops Area in Hect. Production in MT
KHARIF CROPS
1 Paddy (HYV) 27.00 80.14
2 Local paddy 4.10 5.44
3 Maize 0.45 0.80
4 Sugar cane 0.29 17.84
5 Kharif Pulse 0.22 0.26
RABI CROPS
1 Wheat 0.06 0.08
2 Pea & other pulses 1.53 1.09
3 Potato 0.35 1.52
4 Muster & other Oilseeds crops 0.60 1.22

Horticulture[edit]

Horticulture products have been acquiring popularity with the people in the district. Fruits like pineapple, banana, lemon and papaya grow well in the district. Pineapple grows in plenty at the slope of Ngariyan Hill. There is considerable scope for increasing the area under different horticulture crops. The soil and climate favour for mass plantation of horticulture products in the district.

The following is the areas and production of horticulture crops in the district during 1998-99

Sl.No. Crops Area in Hectare Annual production ( M.T.)
1 Pineapple 650 3,700
2 Banana 50 392
3 Lemon 56 224
4 Plum, Pear & Peach 30 180
5 Papaya 230 1,150
6 Mango 12 60
7 Guava 30 138
8 Others 250 397
Total 1,358 6,646

Livestock[edit]

In the district, there is a dairy farm and a veterinary training center. There are also 5 veterinary Hospitals and 19 Veterinary Dispensaries in the district along with 3 nos. of Aids centers. The following is the population of livestock as per survey report of 1997 census.

Sl. No. Category Total Population
A LIVESTOCK
1 Cattle 85,964
2 Buffaloes 2,310
3 Sheep 461
4 Goats 2,189
5 Horses & Ponies 542
6 Pigs 10,563
7 Dogs 15,940
8 Rabbits 799
B POULTRY
1 Cock 30,719
2 Hen 2,37,704
3 Chicken (below three months) 1,60,018
4 Drakes 21,029
5 Ducks 35,832
6 Ducklings ( below six months ) 21,512
7 Other fowls 5,784

Forest[edit]

The following is the information of forest products available in the district

OUTTURN VALUES OF MINOR FOREST PRODUCES OF CENTRAL FOREST DIVISION (IMPHAL EAST & IMPHAL WEST) FOR THE YEAR 1999-2000.
Sl.No. Items Units Quantity Value (in Rs.)
1 Firewood M.T. 16.8 43.560
2 Bamboo nil nil nil
3 Charcoal Qtl. 1 80
4 Earth C.M. 1,060 16,620
5 Stone C.M. 31,610 4,77,340
6 Sand C.M. 23,542 3,29,685

Tourism[edit]

There are two motels in the district, one is at Kaina and another at Jiribam. Shree-Shree Govindajee Temple, a golden temple located in the palace compound is still here. There are two war cemeteries maintained by the British war grave commission. In addition to this there is a temple at Kaina a holy place of the Hindu. Besides, Hanuman Temple at Mahabali is a pre-historical place in the State. Manipur is known for its scenic environment, landscapes, climate and cultural heritage which has a great potential for development of tourism.[original research?]

Geography[edit]

Porompat town is the administrative headquarters of the district. Nandeibam is also in the district.

Climate[edit]

Imphal
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
13
 
 
21
4
 
 
31
 
 
23
7
 
 
61
 
 
27
11
 
 
101
 
 
29
15
 
 
146
 
 
29
18
 
 
284
 
 
29
21
 
 
231
 
 
29
22
 
 
197
 
 
29
21
 
 
124
 
 
29
20
 
 
120
 
 
28
17
 
 
36
 
 
25
10
 
 
10
 
 
22
5
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Malta 408,333 July 2011 est.
  3. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16.html

External links[edit]