Inari, Finland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Inari
InariAanaarAanarAnár
Enare
Municipality
Inarin kunta
Anár gielda
Aanaar kieldâ
Aanar kåʹdd
Enare kommun
The snowy main road 4 (E75) in Inari village in Inari, Finland, Winter 2020-02.
The snowy main road 4 (E75) in Inari village in Inari, Finland, Winter 2020-02.
Coat of arms of Inari
Location of Inari in Finland
Location of Inari in Finland
Coordinates: 68°54′18″N 027°01′49″E / 68.90500°N 27.03028°E / 68.90500; 27.03028Coordinates: 68°54′18″N 027°01′49″E / 68.90500°N 27.03028°E / 68.90500; 27.03028
Country Finland
RegionLapland
Sub-regionNorthern Lapland
Charter1876
SeatIvalo
Government
 • Municipal managerToni K. Laine
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total17,333.65 km2 (6,692.56 sq mi)
 • Land15,052.36 km2 (5,811.75 sq mi)
 • Water2,281.41 km2 (880.86 sq mi)
Area rankLargest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total6,900
 • Rank135th largest in Finland
 • Density0.46/km2 (1.2/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish92.7% (official)
 • Swedish0.2%
 • Sami5.9%
 • Others1.1%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1412.1%
 • 15 to 6461%
 • 65 or older26.9%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19%
Websitewww.inari.fi

Inari (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈinɑri]; Inari Sami: Aanaar; Skolt Sami: Aanar; Northern Sami: Anár [ˈanaːr]; Norwegian and Swedish: Enare) is Finland's largest municipality by area (but one of the most sparsely populated), with four official languages, more than any other in the country. Its major sources of income are tourism, service industry and cold climate testing. With the Siida museum in the village of Inari, it is a center of Sami culture, widely known as the "capital of Sámi culture".[6][7]

The airport in Ivalo and the country's key north-south European Route E75 (Finland's National Road 4) bring summer and winter vacationers seeking resorts with access to a well-preserved, uncrowded natural environment.

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

The municipality of Inari has a population of 6,900 (31 March 2021).[2] The population density is 0.46 inhabitants per square kilometre (1.2/sq mi).

Its two largest villages are Ivalo and Inari. Other villages are Törmänen, Keväjärvi, Koppelo, SevettijärviNäätämö, Saariselkä, Nellim, Angeli, Kaamanen, Kuttura, Lisma, Partakko, and Riutula.

Languages[edit]

The municipality has four official languages: Finnish, Inari Sami (ca. 400 estimated speakers), Skolt Sami (ca. 400 speakers), and Northern Sami (ca. 700 speakers). The estimates of how many people have some command of each of the Sami languages differ from the number of people who list them as their mother tongues. Of the total population of 6,863 in 2010, 6,366 people registered Finnish and 400 people registered one of the Sami languages as their mother tongue. Ninety-seven inhabitants were native speakers of other languages.

Citizenship[edit]

Only about 1%, 78 persons, were citizens of countries other than Finland in 2010.

Geography[edit]

Inari is the largest municipality by area in Finland. Located in Lapland, it covers an area of 17,333.65 square kilometres (6,692.56 sq mi),[1] of which 2,281.41 km2 (880.86 sq mi) is water. With an area of 1,043 km2 (403 sq mi), Lake Inari is the third largest lake in Finland, 40 km2 (15 sq mi) smaller than the country's second largest Lake Päijänne.

Finland's largest National Park Lemmenjoki is partly located in Inari, as is the Urho Kekkonen National Park. Vast parts of the municipality are designated wilderness areas: Hammastunturi, Muotkatunturi, Paistunturi, Kaldoaivi, Vätsäri, and Tsarmitunturi.

The village of Inari is Finland's northernmost holiday resort. The airport is located in the nearby village of Ivalo.

Climate[edit]

Inari has a chilly and humid climate with fairly cold winters and cool summers (Köppen Dfc). Due to the polar night, winter time temperatures are often severely cold. However, the midnight sun contributes to surprisingly high summertime temperatures. The warmest temperature ever recorded at Ivalo Airport was 31.8 °C (89.2 °F) in July 1925, while the coldest temperature on record was −48.9 °C (−56.0 °F) in January 1999. However, in July 1914 Thule weather station in western Inari recorded an unofficial record high temperature of 34.7 °C (94.5 °F), which is the highest temperature ever recorded in Lapland.[8] Inari is also among the driest locations in Finland, especially in the winter when the average precipitation total is less than half of the amount that Southern Finland receives. The driest year on record was 1941 when only 120,1 mm (4,7 inches) fell.[9]

Climate data for Inari Nellim, 1991-2020 normals, extremes 1925- present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
6.9
(44.4)
11.0
(51.8)
16.4
(61.5)
28.2
(82.8)
31.7
(89.1)
31.8
(89.2)
31.4
(88.5)
24.4
(75.9)
12.8
(55.0)
8.6
(47.5)
7.4
(45.3)
31.8
(89.2)
Average high °C (°F) −7.6
(18.3)
−7.3
(18.9)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.9
(37.2)
8.8
(47.8)
15
(59)
18.7
(65.7)
15.9
(60.6)
10.5
(50.9)
3
(37)
−2.5
(27.5)
−5.2
(22.6)
4.2
(39.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −12.1
(10.2)
−11.6
(11.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.5
(40.1)
10.4
(50.7)
14.2
(57.6)
11.9
(53.4)
7.2
(45.0)
0.7
(33.3)
−5.6
(21.9)
−9.2
(15.4)
0.2
(32.4)
Average low °C (°F) −17.4
(0.7)
−16.8
(1.8)
−12.9
(8.8)
−6.1
(21.0)
0.4
(32.7)
6.3
(43.3)
10
(50)
8
(46)
3.8
(38.8)
−2
(28)
−9.3
(15.3)
−13.8
(7.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
Record low °C (°F) −48.9
(−56.0)
−48.6
(−55.5)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−15.8
(3.6)
−3.3
(26.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
−3.5
(25.7)
−11.6
(11.1)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−34.3
(−29.7)
−42.0
(−43.6)
−48.9
(−56.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25
(1.0)
21
(0.8)
22
(0.9)
26
(1.0)
37
(1.5)
61
(2.4)
73
(2.9)
69
(2.7)
45
(1.8)
43
(1.7)
28
(1.1)
26
(1.0)
476
(18.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16 14 13 13 15 15 17 17 16 17 16 17 186
Source 1: FMI climatological normals for Finland 1991-2020[10]
Source 2: record highs and lows 1961- present[11]

FMI(record highs and lows 1925-1961)[9]

Politics[edit]

Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Inari:

History[edit]

The municipality was established in 1876. It was claimed from about 1942 to 1945 by the Quisling regime during the Nazi occupation of Norway.[12]

Sites of interest[edit]

Sajos, the Sami Cultural Center in the Inari village

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ HS: Inarin kirkonkylästä tullut saamelaisten pääkaupunki (in Finnish)
  7. ^ Saamenmaasta, kulttuurista ja mytologiasta – Rantapallo (in Finnish)
  8. ^ Ilmatieteellinen Keskuslaitos:Suomen meteorologinen vuosikirja, 1914.
  9. ^ a b [1]
  10. ^ "FMI normals 1991-2020". fmi.fi. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  11. ^ "FMI open data". FMI. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
  12. ^ Kurt D. Singer (1943). Duel for the northland: the war of enemy agents in Scandinavia. R. M. McBride & company. p. 200. Retrieved 2020-12-11.

External links[edit]