Monaco of Finland
|• Town manager||Tero Nissinen|
|• Total||747.28 km2 (288.53 sq mi)|
|• Land||95.34 km2 (36.81 sq mi)|
|• Water||652.1 km2 (251.8 sq mi)|
|• Rank||300th largest in Finland|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Rank||53rd largest in Finland|
|• Density||209.68/km2 (543.1/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||98% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||14.4%|
|• 15 to 64||57.2%|
|• 65 or older||28.4%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
|Municipal tax rate||21.75%|
Kemi (Finnish: [ˈkemi]; Northern Sami: Giepma [ˈkie̯pma]; Inari Sami: Kiemâ; Skolt Sami: Ǩeeʹmm; Swedish (historically): Kiemi) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located very near the city of Tornio and the Swedish border. The distance to Oulu is 105 kilometres (65 mi) to the south and to Rovaniemi is 117 kilometres (73 mi) to the northeast. It was founded in 1869 by a decree of the Emperor Alexander II of Russia because of its proximity to a deepwater port.
The town has a population of 19,991 (31 December 2021) and covers an area of 747.28 km2 (288.53 sq mi) of which 652.1 square kilometers (251.8 sq mi) are water. The population density is 209.68 inhabitants per square kilometre (543.1/sq mi).
World War II hostage crisis
During World War II, after Finland signed the Moscow Armistice and found itself involved in the Lapland War against its former German ally, German forces at the beginning of October 1944 captured 132 Finnish civilian hostages in Kemi (as well as 130 in Rovaniemi) and threatened to kill them unless the Finnish army released the German POWs captured in the Battle of Tornio. However, Finland refused to comply and threatened to retaliate by killing the German POWs. The hostages were released unharmed on October 11, 1944, near Rovaniemi.
|Climate data for Kemi|
|Average high °C (°F)||−8
|Average low °C (°F)||−16
|Average precipitation days||25||22||21||16||14||15||15||16||17||21||24||24||230|
|Source: Weatherbase (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)|
In April 2007, the city of Kemi laid off all of its municipal workers for 2 weeks due to the failing economy of the city. Spiraling specialist healthcare costs and a fleeing industry tax base are stated as the cause for the firing. These are the most drastic temporary dismissals to take place in Finland since 2000.
A model of The Crown of Finland (the original was never made for the King of Finland) is kept in the town's gemstone gallery. It also houses replicas of the Imperial State Crown of Great Britain, the scepter of the Czar of Russia, the Orbs of Denmark, and the diamond necklace of Marie Antoinette, among other items.
Additional attractions include:
- Left Alliance 26.2%
- Social Democratic Party 23.6%
- The Finns Party 19.8%
- Center Party 13.6%
- National Coalition Party 7.2%
- Green League 5.1%
- Movement Now 1.8%
- Christian Democrats 0.7%
- Communist Worker‘s Party - For Peace and Socialism 2,7%
Kemi-Tornio Airport is located 4.5 kilometers (2.8 mi) north of Kemi city center.
A polytechnic university of applied sciences is situated in Kemi.
- Juhani Paasivirta (1919–1993), Finnish historian
- Ensio Seppänen (1924–2008), Finnish sculptor and professor
- Anna-Liisa Tiekso (1929–2010), Finnish politician
Twin towns – sister cities
Kemi is twinned with:
- Tromsø (Norway), since 1940
- Volgograd (Russia), since 1953
- Liptovský Mikuláš (Slovakia)
- Newtownards (Northern Ireland)
- Székesfehérvár (Hungary)
- Luleå (Sweden)
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
- "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
- Suuri pieni kaupunki – Kemi (in Finnish)
- YleX Jälki-istunnon juontaja Ville "Viki" Eerikkilä on äänestetty Kemin kuninkaaksi. (in Finnish)
- "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kemi, Finland". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on April 18, 2013.
- Nilsen, Thomas (February 10, 2017). "Chinese company to build giant bio-diesel refinery in Kemi". The Barents Observer. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
The Chinese company Kaidi announced the plans on Wednesday. The refinery will be the world’s first so-called second generation biomass plant [...] 75 percent of the fuel will be biodiesel and 25 percent biogasoline, the company says. Energy wood will be the main feedstock, but also harvesting remains and leftover bark from Lapland’s forest industry will be utilized. The plan is to have commercial production by 2019 and means a huge boost to local employment in the Kemi region with over 150 permanent positions.
- Gudjonsson, Heidar; Nielsson, Egill Thor (March 31, 2017). "China's Belt and Road Enters the Arctic". The Diplomat. Retrieved April 1, 2017.
A reported $1.1 billion investment by China’s Kaidi into a biodiesel plant in Kemi, Finland is significant.
- "Northern city of Kemi to lay off all municipal workers for two weeks". Helsingin Sanomat – International Edition. Helsinki: Helsingin Sanomat Oy. 2007-04-24. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
- "Pictures of the day: 4 February 2011". The Telegraph. February 4, 2011. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- "Eduskuntavaalit 2019, Kemi". Oikeusministerö - Tieto- ja tulospalvelu. 23 April 2019. Retrieved 27 April 2019.
- "Port of Kemi". PortOfKemi.fi. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
- Bozsoki, Agnes. "Partnervárosok Névsora Partner és Testvérvárosok Névsora" [Partner and Twin Cities List]. City of Székesfehérvár (in Hungarian). Archived from the original on 2012-12-08. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
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