|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Biological half-life||14–18 hours|
|Molar mass||365.835 g/mol|
Indapamide is a thiazide-like diuretic drug marketed by Servier, generally used in the treatment of hypertension, as well as decompensated heart failure. Combination preparations with perindopril (an ACE inhibitor antihypertensive) are also available.
Form and composition
Indapamide is available generically as 1.25 mg and 2.5 mg non-scored tablets. It is now also available in SR (sustained release) form.
Hypertension and edema due to congestive heart failure. Indapamide has been proven in the HYVET trial to reduce stroke and all cause mortality when given with or without perindopril to people over the age of 80 for the treatment of hypertension.
Dosage and administration
The adult dosage is 1.25 to 5 mg, orally and once daily, usually in the morning.
Caution is advised in the combination of indapamide with lithium and nonantiarrhythmic drugs causing wave-burst arrhythmia (astemizole, bepridil, IV erythromycin, halofantrine, pentamidine, sultopride, terfenadine, vincamine).
Monitoring of potassium and uric acid serum levels is recommended, especially in subjects with a predisposition or a sensitivity to hypokalemia and in patients with gout.
Symptoms of overdosage would be those associated with a diuretic effect, i.e. electrolyte disturbances, hypotension, and muscular weakness. Treatment should be symptomatic, directed at correcting electrolyte abnormalities.