Piretanide

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Piretanide
Piretanide structure.svg
Clinical data
Trade namesArelix, Eurelix, Tauliz, others
AHFS/Drugs.comInternational Drug Names
Routes of
administration
Oral
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability~90%[1]
Protein binding96%
Metabolismnot identified
ExcretionUrine (60%), feces (40%)
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard100.054.394 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC17H18N2O5S
Molar mass362.40 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
 ☒N☑Y (what is this?)  (verify)

Piretanide is a loop diuretic[2][needs update] compound by using a then-new method for introducing cyclic amine residues in an aromatic nucleus in the presence of other aromatically bonded functional groups. Studies of piretanide in rats and dogs in comparison with other high-ceiling diuretics such as furosemide and bumetanide found a more suitable dose/response rate (regression line) and a more favourable sodium/potassium excretion ratio. These findings led eventually to studies in man and finally to the introduction as a saluretic and antihypertensive[3] medication in Germany, France, Italy and other countries.

It was made in 1973, patented in 1974, and approved for medical use in 1981.[4]

Brand names[edit]

Brand names include Arelix, Eurelix, Tauliz.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mutschler, Edited by Rainer F. Greger, H. Knauf, E. Mutschler (1995). Diuretics. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology (Том 117). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Science & Business Media, 2012. p. 517. ISBN 978-3642795657.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Musini VM, Rezapour P, Wright JM, Bassett K, Jauca CD (August 2012). Musini VM (ed.). "Blood pressure lowering efficacy of loop diuretics for primary hypertension". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (8): CD003825. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003825.pub3. PMID 22895937.
  3. ^ Haberfeld, H, ed. (2009). Austria-Codex (in German) (2009/2010 ed.). Vienna: Österreichischer Apothekerverlag. ISBN 978-3-85200-196-8.
  4. ^ Fischer, Jnos; Ganellin, C. Robin (2006). Analogue-based Drug Discovery. John Wiley & Sons. p. 458. ISBN 9783527607495.

Further reading[edit]

  • Merkel W, Bormann D, Mania D, Muschaweck R, Hropot M (1976). "Piretanide (HOE118): A new high-ceiling sali-diuretic". European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 11: 399.
  • Merkel W, Mania D, Bormann D (1979). "Selektive Reduktion von Imiden mit funktionellen Gruppen" [Selective reduction of imides in the presence of other function groups]. Liebigs Annalen der Chemie (in German). 4 (4): 461–9. doi:10.1002/jlac.197919790406.