Indoor skiing

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Exterior view of an indoor ski slope

Indoor skiing is done in a climate-controlled environment with snowmaking. This enables skiing and snowboarding to take place regardless of outdoor temperatures. Facilities for both alpine skiing and nordic skiing are available.

History[edit]

The first known ski hall, called Schneepalast (German: Snow Palace) was opened in the Austrian capital Vienna in 1927 in the abandoned Vienna Northwest Railway Station established by the Danish ski jumper Dagfinn Carlsen.[1][2] The track in the 3000 square meter ski area was built on a wooden ramp. A ski jump made it possilbe to jump up to 20 meters. The skiers had to walk up the artificial mountain, because there was no skilift.[3] However sledges could be pulled up with an electrically operated system. The artificial snow had been made by the English experimenter James Ayscough from soda. The operation of the hall, however, took place only until May 1928.[4]

Alpine ski halls[edit]

Australia

Belgium

China

  • Harbin Wanda Indoor Ski and Winter Sports Resort located in Harbin, Heilongjiang, world's largest indoor ski resort with 72,600 square metres of indoor snow.[6]
  • Yinqixing indoor skiing, Shanghai

France

Germany

  • alpinCenter Bottrop in the SnowFunPark in Wittenburg with a 640 m slope and a 31 percent grade.
  • SnowDome Bispingen, Bispingen.

Japan

Lithuania

Netherlands

  • SnowWorld, Landgraaf with a total of 35,000 m² of snow. In 2003, the first indoor snowboard FIS WorldCup contest was held here.
  • SnowWorld, Zoetermeer
  • Skidome, Rucphen
  • Skidome, Terneuzen
  • De Uithof, Den Haag
  • Snowplanet, Spaarnwoude

New Zealand

Norway

  • SNØ, Lørenskog with a total of 50,000 m². 505m long alpine ski track and 1 kilometer long cross-country skiing track suspended from the roof. One of a kind combination of these winter sports. To be opened 2020. Building in progress.

Russia

Spain

  • SnowZone, in Madrid, has 18.000 square meters of snow areas, including a 250-meters slope (over 25%, 50 meter wide) and a 100-meters long (40 meters wide), chairlifts, and other winter sports facilities.[7]

United Arab Emirates

Egypt

United Kingdom

United States

  • SnowLand /SkiTexas, Austin, Texas (In progress)
  • Big Snow America, East Rutherford, New Jersey (In progress)

The first indoor ski slope, "Schneepalast" (German for snow palace) operated from 26 November 1927 to May 1928 in Vienna in an abandoned railway station, the Nordwestbahnhof. The snow was made of soda.[13] The world's first commercial indoor ski slope operated from 1987 to 2005 at Mount Thebarton, in Adelaide, South Australia.[14]

Nordic ski tunnels[edit]

Cross-country skiing[edit]

Location Name Length Opened
Finland Sotkamo DNA Ski Tunnel 1,200 m (3,937 ft) 1997
Finland Jämijärvi Jämi Ski Tunnel 1,250 m (4,101 ft) 2002
Finland Uusikaupunki Vahterus Ring and Vahterus Ring II 1,000 m (3,281 ft) Nov 2005
Finland Paimio Ski Tunnel Paippi and Ski Tunnel Paippi II 700 m (2,297 ft) before 2006
Finland Leppävirta Vesileppis Ski Arena before 2006
Sweden Torsby Fortum Ski Tunnel Torsby 1,287 m (4,222 ft) 16 Jun 2006
Germany Oberhof DKB Skisport-Halle Oberhof 1,754 m (5,755 ft) 24 Aug 2009
Finland Helsinki Kivikko ski hall 1,100 m (3,609 ft) 1 Sep 2009
Sweden Gothenburg Skidome 1,200 m 2015
Slovenia Planica Planica Underground XC tunnel 800 m 2016

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bildarchivaustria.at/Pages/ImageDetail.aspx?p_iBildID=1105032
  2. ^ https://austria-forum.org/af/Heimatlexikon/Schneepalast_-_Wien
  3. ^ https://diepresse.com/home/zeitgeschichte/5175240/Wien-feiert-seinen-Schneepalast-doch-dann-fallen-Schuesse
  4. ^ https://www.oe24.at/old-channel/wissen/Wien-hatte-schon-1927-eine-Skihalle/452358
  5. ^ Australian Ski Lift Directory, section 18. https://www.australianmountains.com/australianskilifts/
  6. ^ "China's Harbin Wanda Indoor Ski and Winter Sports Resort set to open". www.fis-ski.com. 2017-06-28. Retrieved 2018-09-22.
  7. ^ "Snowzone". Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  8. ^ "Chill Factore". Retrieved 2014-07-30.
  9. ^ http://www.xscape.co.uk/yorkshire/concessions/sno-zone
  10. ^ http://www.xscape.co.uk/milton-keynes/concessions/sno-zone
  11. ^ http://www.snowdome.co.uk/ski-snowboard/
  12. ^ http://www.thesnowcentre.com/info/about
  13. ^ Von Bernhard Ichner (2014-01-26). "Die Skistadt Wien - ein historischer Rückblick". Kurier.At. Retrieved 2014-02-21.
  14. ^ https://www.australianmountains.com/australianskilifts/#18