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|Highest governing body||International Ski Federation (FIS)|
|First played||22 November 1808
Eidsberg church, Eidsberg, Norway
|Team members||M Individual (50)
L Individual (40)
Team event (4)
|World Championships||1925 (men's nordic)
1972 (ski flying)
2009 (ladies' nordic)
Ski jumping is a form of Nordic skiing in which athletes descend a specially constructed takeoff ramp (known as the inrun), jump from the end of it (the table) with as much power as they can generate, and "fly" as far as possible down a steeply sloped hill. Points are awarded for distance and style by five judges, with competition sanctioned by the International Ski Federation (FIS). To enable the athletes (who are known as ski jumpers) to effectively glide such long distances and land safely, the skis they use are considerably wider and longer than their cross-country and alpine skiing counterparts. Ski jumping is predominantly a winter sport and has been part of the Winter Olympic Games since its inception in 1924 for men and since 2014 for women. Since 1954 it is possible to ski jump in summer on artificial surfaces made from plastic. Along with cross-country skiing, ski jumping is one of two sports which form the Nordic combined discipline. Holmenkollbakken in Oslo is the holy place of this sport, which is most popular in Austria, Germany, Finland, Japan, Norway, Poland and Slovenia.
- 1 History
- 1.1 1796: First experiments
- 1.2 1808: Rye's first jump ever
- 1.3 1862: First competition/style points
- 1.4 1866: First event in Christiania
- 1.5 1868: Norheim invented telemark
- 1.6 1879: Husebyrennene
- 1.7 1892: Holmenkollen
- 1.8 1918: Kongsberger technique
- 1.9 1924: Olympic premiere
- 1.10 1925: World Championships premiere
- 1.11 1929: Japan joined the family
- 1.12 1934: Planica opening event
- 1.13 1936: Bradl first over 100 metres
- 1.14 1938: Congress in Helsinki
- 1.15 1949: Windisch technique
- 1.16 1953: Four Hills Tournament
- 1.17 1954: Summer debut on plastic
- 1.18 1956: First ever live broadcast
- 1.19 1962: K.O.P., computer measuring
- 1.20 1966: Vikersund became flying hill
- 1.21 1969: V-style by Mirosław Graf
- 1.22 1972: First Ski Fly World Champs
- 1.23 1979: World Cup was founded
- 1.24 1982: Men's team event debut
- 1.25 1986: Rule of 191 m established
- 1.26 1990: Qualifications introduced
- 1.27 1993: New scoring system
- 1.28 1994: Nieminen first over 200 metres
- 1.29 1996: Four Hills K.O system
- 1.30 2002: Hannawald achieved poker
- 1.31 2010: Gate/wind factor introduced
- 1.32 2012: Mixed team premiere
- 1.33 2016: Tandem, Kasai, Prevc
- 1.34 2017: Raw Air premiere
- 2 Summer jumps on plastic
- 3 Techniques
- 4 Competition
- 5 Scoring and rules
- 6 Ladies
- 7 All-time records
- 8 The greatest ever
- 9 Historic jumps
- 10 Perfect score jumps: 5 x 20
- 11 Highest attendance
- 12 List of national records
- 13 Currently active
- 14 Unsuccessful
- 15 Ski flying
- 16 See also
- 17 References
1796: First experiments
According to the sources of Dutch naval officer Cornelius de Jong from his book Reizen naar de kap, first ski jumping experiments dates back to 1796. In this book it's described, how that year soldiers of some Norwegian ski company used house and barn roofs as ski jumping hills and discovered that the hard landing could be reduced by jumping on a steep slope.
1808: Rye's first jump ever
The recorded origins of the first ever real ski jump can be traced directly to 22 November 1808 in which Danish-Norwegian lieutenant Olaf Rye launched himself 9.5 metres (31 ft) in the air as a show of courage to his fellow soldiers near Eidsberg church in Eidsberg, Norway.
1862: First competition/style points
The very first organized and recorded public competition was held at Trysil, Norway, on 22 January 1862. At this first competition, judges already awarded points for style ("elegance and smoothness"), participants had to complete three jumps without falling and rules were agreed upon in advance. It is clear from the news report published in Morgenbladet that the ski jumping in Trysild was entertainment, but also a national, competitive sports event.
1866: First event in Christiania
1868: Norheim invented telemark
Norwegian skier and pioneer of modern skiing Sondre Norheim won his first competition in Christiania in 1868 and set the second ever world record in ski jumping at 19.5 metres (64 ft). Norheim is known as the father of Telemark skiing who practised downhill skiing as a recreational activity, rising to local fame for his skills. He made important innovations in skiing technology by designing new equipment, such as different bindings and shorter skis with curved sides to facilitate turns. He also designed the Telemark ski, which is the prototype of all those now produced. Sondre Norheim was regarded by his contemporaries as a master of the art of skiing. He combined ordinary skiing with jumping and slalom.
The first widely known ski jumping competition was the Husebyrennene, held in Oslo in 1879, with Olaf Haugann of Norway setting the first world record for the longest ski jump at 20 meters. Explorer Fridtjof Nansen was a skilled skier and was number 7 in the 1881 competition at Huseby. Until 1884–1886 jumping and cross-country was a single integrated competition: In 1886 at Huseby cross-country and jumping were held on separate days, and final results were calculated from the combined achievements (similar to present nordic combined).
The annual event was moved from Husebyrennene to Holmenkollen in 1892, and Holmenkollen has remained the pinnacle of ski jumping venues. To distinguish ski jumping competition only from Nordic combined, it is still referred to as spesielt hopprenn in Norwegian (ski jumping only). Until 1933 there were no "jumping only" national championships in Norway, only Nordic combined. International championships in ski jumping only were introduced in the 1920s.
1918: Kongsberger technique
The Kongsberger technique (Norwegian: Kongsbergknekk) was created by Norwegian ski jumpers Jacob Tullin Thams and Sigmund Ruud in Kongsberg, Norway and developed after World War I. The technique was characterised by the athlete's upper body being bent at the hip, with arms extended at the front and skis held parallel to each other. Sometimes the arms would be waved or 'flapped' around vigorously in a bird-like manner. This technique extended jumping lengths from 45 metres (148 ft) to over 100 metres (330 ft), and was used in ski jumping until being superseded by the Windisch and Däscher techniques in the 1950s.
1924: Olympic premiere
Men's ski jumping has been on the Winter Olympics Games program since the first edition in 1924 being held only on normal hill. Norwegian ski jumper Jacob Tullin Thams was the first ever Olympic ski jumping gold medalist.
1925: World Championships premiere
FIS Nordic World Ski Championships was for the first time organized in 1925 in Janské Lázně, Czechoslovakia only on large hill. Czechoslovakian ski jumper Willen Dick became the first ever Nordic world champion.
1929: Japan joined the family
In 1929, Norwegian instructors arrived in Sapporo to train the Japanese in ski jumping. Two years later large hill was opened in Sapporo which to thid day still remains the national ski jumping center. Japan became and is for decades now one of the world's leading ski jumping nations who produced many legends and champions until this day.
1934: Planica opening event
On 4 February 1934 the hill, unfairly named the Bloudkova velikanka (Velika Rožman/Bloudkova skakalnica), was opened with the Kingdom of Yugoslavia National championships. The winner was Franc Palme from Kingdom of Yugoslavia (now Slovenia). With 55 and 60 meters he set the first two hill records and the national record at the same time. In March they organized the first international competition when Birger Ruud set the first world record in Planica with 92 meters. Later his brother Sigmund Ruud touched the snow at 94 meters, a world record distance. This hill dominated as the world's largest hill for sixteen years in a row with total of thirteen world records.
1936: Bradl first over 100 metres
On 15 March 1936 Austrian Sepp Bradl was the first man in history to have officially jumped over one hundred meters at Bloudkova velikanka in Planica. He actually jumped 101.5 meters and not 101 metres, which had to be displayed on the scoreboard due to not enough space and wrongly spread into newspapers for many years. That day a new discipline called ski flying was born.
1938: Congress in Helsinki
This year Joso Gorec, Slovenian visionar who founded Planica Nordic Centre, went to the regular International Ski Federation congress in Helsinki where he was defending bold plans of Stanko Bloudek and fighting for recognition of the Ski flying discipline, which FIS was against. He was supported by Sir Arnold Lunn, who said FIS simply couldn't prevent sky flying competitions. Lunn also had big problems with FIS not recognizing slalom and downhill disciplines. Reinhard Straumann also joined Joso Gorec and support him in this initiative. FIS finally allowed ski flying competitions but only for study purposes.
1949: Windisch technique
Windisch was created by German ski jumper Erich Windisch in 1949, which was a modification of the Kongsberger technique. The athlete's arms are instead placed backwards toward the hips for a closer, more aerodynamic lean.
1953: Four Hills Tournament
Prestigious Austrian/German Four Hills Tournament (original: Vierschanzentournee) was for the first time organized on 1 January 1953. Legendary Austrian ski jumper Sepp Bradl won the first tournament title.
1954: Summer debut on plastic
Plastic cover for ski jumping was invented by East German ski jumper Hans Renner. First ski jumping tests on plastic without any audience were already made on 31 October 1954 at »Regenbergschanze« in Zella-Mehlis, East Germany. But the »Wadeberg Jugendschanze K40« in Oberhof, which was built just next to the old »Thüringenschanze«, officially became the world's first plastic covered ski jumping hill. On 21 November 1954 they organized here the first ever summer competition on plastic infront of 15,000 spectators and Werner Lesser set first two ever plastic/summer world records of 41 and 42 metres (135 & 138 ft).
The Däscher technique or parallel style was created by Andreas Däscher somewhere in the 1950s, as a modification of the Kongsberger and Windisch techniques. No longer was the upper body bent as much at the hip, enabling a flatter, more aerodynamic position in the air. This style became the standard for ski jumping as a whole until the development of the V-style. In the 1980s, the parallel style saw a variation in which the skis were pointed diagonally off to the side in order to increase surface area, essentially forming a half "V".
1956: First ever live broadcast
1962: K.O.P., computer measuring
K.O.P. (Kulm-Oberstdorf-Planica), an association of ski flying hills was originally founded on initiative of Danilo Dougan and other organizers in Ljubljana in 1962. Vikersund, Copper Peak and Harrachov joined later.
Technical development also reached this sport. In 1962 they first time measured the distances with the help of computers, before that using only hand measurements.
1966: Vikersund became flying hill
In 1936 Vikersundbakken in Norway was originally built as a large hill. Since 1966 when it was renovated, it was converted and categorized into the ski flying hill. Two new world records were set this year.
1969: V-style by Mirosław Graf
Mirosław Graf, a Polish ski jumper from Szklarska Poręba originated V-style. As early as 1969 Graf discovered the technique as a child, but it was not taken seriously by his contemporaries. He was nonetheless aware that the V-style was highly effective, as his jumps became considerably longer.
1972: First Ski Fly World Champs
First ever FIS Ski Flying World Championships was organized at Planica in 1972, which was decided a previous year at International Ski Federation congress in Opatija. A new format of total four rounds in two days for final standings was introduced because of the strong wind risk. And that's what exactly what happened already on the first championships: two of four scheduled round were canceled because of the weather conditions.
1979: World Cup was founded
The FIS Ski Jumping World Cup was founded by ex Norwegian ski jumper Torbjørn Yggeseth, with the men's premiere 1979/80 season. First event was held on 27 December 1979 at normal hill in Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy. Austrian ski jumper Toni Innauer won this premiere event and became the first ever World Cup winner.
1982: Men's team event debut
First official men's team event was organized at FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1982 in Oslo, Norway. Team of Norway (Johan Sætre, Per Bergerud, Ole Bremseth, Olav Hansson) won this event. Although first ever men's team event was held already at FIS Nordic World Ski Championships 1978 in Lahti, it was just an unofficial demonstration event that didn't count for medals.
1986: Rule of 191 m established
In 1986 current World Cup director and founder Torbjørn Yggeseth decided to establish the rule where no jumps exceeding 191 metres (627 ft) will be additionally scored, after Matti Nykänen jumped this unbelievable distance previous year in Planica. With excuse that flying that far is dangerous, International Ski Federation wanted to stop the unbelievable fast progress of ski flying. But it was obvius, that especially strong Norwegian officials were very mad and jealous at Planica, who was dominating in their sport and they didn't allow that. After eight years in use this unreasonable rule was finally canceled.
1990: Qualifications introduced
Qualifications were for the first time introduced in the 1990/91 FIS Ski Jumping World Cup season to limit the number of competitors, sometimes over hundred. And to give the event and television broadcast reasonable time.
1993: New scoring system
After the original scoring system was in use for the first fourteen season, the new World Cup scoring system was introduced for the first time on 11 December 1993 at World Cup event in Planica and is still in use today.
1994: Nieminen first over 200 metres
On 17 March 1994 first official training round of the 13th FIS Ski Flying World Championships at Letalnica bratov Gorišek flying hill in Planica, Slovenia was on the schedule. Austrian Andreas Goldberger was actually the one, who became the first man in history who over jumped two hundred metres. Unfortunately he glided and touched the snow with his hands at 202 metres (663 ft) and it didn't count as valid jump. Just a few minutes later Finnish Toni Nieminen stood on his feet at 203 metres (666 ft) and became the first man in history to have officially over jumped two hundred metres mark.
Unreasonable and crazy rule of not scoring the jumps over 191 metres (627 ft), with purpose of limitating ski flying progress, was finally canceled after eight years in use at the International Ski Federation at Rio de Janeiro in 1994.
1996: Four Hills K.O system
K.O. (Knock Out) system was first time used at the 1996/97 Four Hills Tournament. It means that top 50 jumpers in qualifications are divided into 25 pairs, who are competing against each other in the first round of competition. A total of 30 competitors advance to final round: all 25 pair winners and 5 lucky losers by best results. The are competing by the system best versus worst results in qualifications: 25th vs 26th, 24th vs 27th...2nd vs 49th and 1st vs 50th. In the final round they compete by the old classic backward system from 30th to 1st place. This system is still and only used at this tournament, all other competitions use classic system.
2002: Hannawald achieved poker
German ski jumper Sven Hannawald won the 50th edition of the prestigious Four Hills Tournament (Vierschanzentournee) in 2001/02, as first and still the only one in history to win all four hills in a single tournament or achieving poker.
2010: Gate/wind factor introduced
2012: Mixed team premiere
The first ever ski jumping mixed team event, actually pairs of one man and one woman, was held on 15 June 2012 on plastic, at ski jumping complex located in Šiška District at Mostec, Ljubljana, Slovenia. Mixed team pairs competed on four different hills HS14, HS23, HS38 and HS62 with each other by rules of elimination system. Slovenian pair Maja Vtič and Tomaž Naglič won the first ever mixed team (pairs) competition.
First ever mixed team with four members event, two men and two ladies, was held in 2012 FIS Grand Prix Ski Jumping season, was held on plastic at Olympic HS96 normal hill in Courchevel, France. First ever mixed four members team event was Japan.
2016: Tandem, Kasai, Prevc
On 18 February 2016 Slovenian ski jumpers Rok Urbanc and Jaka Rus made a historic first ever 35 metres (115 ft) world record tandem ski jump both on one pair of longer skis at HS45 hill in Planica, Slovenia.
Japanese Noriaki Kasai made the 500th World Cup individual performance. Slovenian Peter Prevc broke all the records in a single World Cup season: most wins, most podiums and most points in overall ranking.
In 2016 the two new ski manufactures premiered in the circuit and replaced the two brands that stopped the production: German company Verivox replaced Fluege.de and Slovenian company Slatnar replaced Elan.
Invention by Slovenian manufacturer, with LED lights illuminated inrun track, was first time presented to the public at International Ski Federation fall meeting 2016 in Zürich. First time they will use it in December 2016 at men's World Cup event in Engelberg, since they completely renovated the hill and equipped their new inrun track with it.
2017: Raw Air premiere
The 1st edition of Raw Air tournament in Norway will be held between 10–19 March 2017. It will take place on four different hills in: Oslo, Lillehammer, Trondheim and Vikersund. It will last with no break for 10 days in a row with total of 16 rounds to be calculated in overall standings: 8 rounds from four individual events, 4 rounds from two team events and all 4 qualifications rounds. Qualification round is called prologue and individual two rounds results from each team event will count in overall standings. The competition will have prize money of €100,000 in total for top three competitors in overall standings: €60,000 for the title, for second place €30,000 and for third place in overall €10,000.
Summer jumps on plastic
Ski jumping can also be performed in the summer on an inrun where the tracks are made from porcelain and the grass on the slope is coated with plastic, combined with water. However, not all hills are equipped with these facilities. There are also many competitions during the summer, including the highest level FIS Ski Jumping Grand Prix series since 1994.
Each jump is divided into four parts: in-run, take-off (jump), flight and landing. To each part the athlete has to pay attention to and practice a particular technique in order to maximize the outcome of ultimate length and style marks.
Using the V-style, popularised in late 1980s by Jan Boklöv from Sweden and Jiří Malec from Czechoslovakia, skiers are able to exceed the distance of the take-off hill by about 10% compared to the previous technique with parallel skis. Previous techniques first included the Kongsberger technique, the Däescher technique and the Windisch technique. Until the mid-1960s, the ski jumper came down the in-run of the hill with both arms pointing forwards. This changed when the Däscher technique or parallel style was created by Andreas Däscher in the 1950s, as a modification of the Kongsberger and Windisch techniques.
The landing requires the skiers to touch the ground in the Telemark landing style (Norwegian: telemarksnedslag). This involves the jumper landing with one foot in front of the other, mimicking the style of Telemark skiing. Failure to comply with this regulation leads to the deduction of style marks (points).
There are rare competitions on normal hills in the men's World Cup, but most of them in the ladies' World Cup. There are both Nordic World Championship and Olympics organized. Distances over 110 metres (360 ft) can be reached.
There are most competitions on large hills in the men's World Cup, but very few in the ladies' World Cup. There are both Nordic World Championship and Olympics organized. Distances over 150 metres (490 ft) can be reached.
Ski flying hill
There are only World Cup and Ski Flying World Championships are organized on ski flying hills. Trainings are impossible. Only few ladies had privilege to fly. Distances over 240 metres (790 ft) can be reached easily.
|Classified||Code||Calculation line (K-point)||Hill size (HS)|
|Ski flying hill||FH||≥170||≥558||≥185||≥607|
Scoring and rules
The winner is decided on a scoring system based on distance, style, inrun length, gate factor and wind conditions. In the individual event, the scores from each skier's two competition jumps are combined to determine the winner.
Skis must be between 9 to 10 cm (3.5 to 4 inches) wide and between 240 do 270 cm (94 to 106 inches) long. All ski jumpers are now using Slatnar's revolutionary carbon fibre bindings invention with curved sticks in the back.
Aerodynamics has become a factor of increasing importance in modern ski jumping, with recent rules addressing the regulation of ski jumping suits. This follows a period when loopholes in the rules seemed to favour skinny jumpers in stiff, air foil-like suits.
Body mass index
Ski jumpers below the minimum safe body mass index are penalized with a shorter maximum ski length, reducing the aerodynamic lift they can achieve. These rules have been credited with stopping the most severe cases of underweight athletes, but some competitors still lose weight to maximize the distance they can jump.
Gate factor is a scoring compensation for variable outdoor conditions. Aerodynamics and take-off speed are important variables that determine the value of a jump, and if weather conditions change during a competition, the conditions will not be equal for everyone, which is unfair. The jumper will now receive or lose points if the inrun (or start gate) length is adjusted to provide optimal takeoff speed. Points are added when gate is up or withdrawn when gate is lowered from the original scores itself.
An advanced calculation also determines plus/minus compensation points for the actual unequal wind conditions at the time of the jump. These points are added when there is back wind or withdrawn when front wind is blowing from the original scores of the individual jump itself. Wind speed and direction are measured at five different points based on average value, which is determined before every competition. It's a little hard to follow for the audience, that's why they always project to beat distance before every jump to take the lead.
Each hill has a target called the calculation point (K-point or critical point) which is a par distance to aim for. It is also the place where many jumpers land, in the middle of the landing area. This point is marked by the K line on the landing strip. For K90 and K120 competitions, the K line is at 90 metres (300 ft) and 120 metres (390 ft) respectively. Skiers are awarded 60 points (normal and large hills) and 120 points (flying hills) if they land on the K Line. Skiers earn extra points for flying beyond the K Line, or lose points for every meter(~3 ft) they land short of the mark. The typical meter value is 2 points in small hills, 1.8 points in large hills and 1.2 points in ski flying hills. Thus, it is possible for a jumper to get a negative score if the jump is way short of the K line with poor style marks (typically a fall hill where the slope begins to flatten as measured from the take off. Examples for distance scores at normal hill (100 metres), large hill (140 metres) and flying hill (238 metres) with calculation points at K90, K120 and K200:
In addition, five judges are based in a tower to the side of the expected landing point. They can award up to 20 points each for style based on keeping the skis steady during flight, balance, good body position, and landing. The highest and lowest style scores (yellow) are disregarded, with the remaining three scores added to the distance score. Thus, a perfectly scored K120 jump – with at least four of the judges awarding 20 points each – and the jumper landing on the K-point, is awarded a total of 120 points. Examples:
1863: First ever performance
At that time sixteen years old Norwegian Ingrid Olsdatter Vestby, is the first ever known female ski jumper, who participated at the competition in Trysil, Norway in January 1863. Distance is not known.
2004: Continental Cup
Ladies seriously compete since 2004/05 Continental Cup season. They organized three ladies' team events in this competition and so far the only team events in history of ladies' ski jumping.
2009: World Championships
2011: World Cup
Ladies' 2011/12 FIS Ski Jumping World Cup premiere season organized first event on 3 December 2011 at Lysgårdsbakken normal hill in Lillehammer, Norway. First ever female World Cup winner was Sarah Hendrickson. Previously, women had only competed in Continental Cup seasons. The inaugural women's World Cup overall champion was Sarah Hendrickson.
2014: Olympic Games
A group of fifteen competitive female ski jumpers later filed a suit against the Vancouver Organizing Committee for the 2010 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games on the grounds that it violated the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms since men were competing. The suit failed, with the judge ruling that the situation was not governed by the charter. Virginia Madsen told the story in the film called Fighting Gravity (2009).
Because they are lighter than men, female ski jumpers need a longer inrun and reach a higher landing speed. Injuries have affected a number of the sport's female athletes including Anja Tepeš, Sarah Hendrickson, Jacqueline Seifriedsberger, Svenja Würth, Ema Klinec, Daniela Iraschko-Stolz, Bigna Windmüller, Lindsey Van, Carina Vogt and Elena Runggaldier.
As of 12 November 2016
For details, see FIS Ski Jumping World Cup § World Cup all-time records.
Winter Olympic Games
FIS Nordic World Ski Championships
FIS Ski Flying World Championships
Four Hills Tournament
The greatest ever
||This article possibly contains original research. (August 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Individual results considered only are based on ski-database.com super ranking system (updated: 26 November 2016):
- Olympics, Nordic World Championships, Ski Flying World championships, World Cup (wins, other podiums and 4-10th places)
- Four Hills Tournament title, Raw Air title, FIS Ski Flying World Cup small crystal, FIS Ski Jumping World Cup overall and world records
|in the history||22/11/1808||Olaf Rye|| Norway
|Eidsberg church||Eidsberg, Norway||9.5||10.4||31|
|over 50 metres ever||16/02/1913||Ragnar Omtvedt||United States||Wolverine Hill||Ironwood, Michigan, United States||51.5||56.3||169|
|over 100 metres ever (invalid)||17/03/1935||Olav Ulland||Norway||Trampolino Gigante Corno d'Aola||Ponte di Legno, Kingdom of Italy||103.5||113.2||333|
|over 100 metres officially (stand)||15/03/1936||Sepp Bradl||Austria||Bloudkova velikanka||Planica, Kingdom of Yugoslavia||101.5||111.0||340|
|over 150 metres ever||11/02/1967||Lars Grini||Norway||Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze||Oberstdorf, West Germany||150.0||164.0||492|
|over 200 metres ever (invalid)||17/03/1994||Andreas Goldberger||Austria||Velikanka bratov Gorišek||Planica, Slovenia||202.0||220.9||663|
|over 200 metres officially (stand)||17/03/1994||Toni Nieminen||Finland||Velikanka bratov Gorišek||Planica, Slovenia||203.0||222.0||666|
|over 250 metres ever||14/02/2015||Peter Prevc||Slovenia||Vikersundbakken||Vikersund, Norway||250.0||273.4||820|
|in the history||__/01/1863||Ingrid Olsdatter Vestby||Norway||Nordbybakken||Trysil, Norway||unknown|
|over 50 meters ever||__/__/1932||Johanne Kolstad||Norway||Gråkallbakken||Trondheim, Norway||62.0||67.8||203|
|over 100 meters ever||29/03/1981||Tiina Lehtola||Finland||Rukatunturi||Kuusamo, Finland||110.0||120.3||361|
|over 150 meters ever||05/02/1994||Eva Ganster||Austria||Kulm||Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria||161.0||176.1||528|
|over 200 meters ever||29/01/2003||Daniela Iraschko||Austria||Kulm||Tauplitz/Bad Mitterndorf, Austria||200.0||218.7||656|
|in the history||18/02/2016||Rok Urbanc
|Planica Nordic Center HS45||Planica, Slovenia||35.0||38.3||115|
Perfect score jumps: 5 x 20
Those who have managed to show a perfect jump, which means that all five judges attributed the maximum style score of 20 points for their jumps. Kazuyoshi Funaki, Sven Hannawald and Wolfgang Loitzl were attributed 4x20 (plus another 19.5) style score points for their second jump, thus receiving nine times the maximum score of 20 points within one competition. Kazuyoshi Funaki is the only one in history who achieved this more than once. So far only seven jumpers are recorded to have achieved this score in total of ten times:
|1||07/03/1976||Anton Innauer||1st||Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze K175||Oberstdorf||KOP International Ski Flying Week||176.0||192.5||577|
|2||24/01/1998||Kazuyoshi Funaki||2nd||Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze K185||Oberstdorf||World Cup / Ski Flying World Championships||187.5||205.0||615|
|3||25/01/1998||Kazuyoshi Funaki||1st||Heini-Klopfer-Skiflugschanze K185||Oberstdorf||World Cup / Ski Flying World Championships||205.5||224.7||674|
|4||15/02/1998||Kazuyoshi Funaki||1st||Hakuba K120||Nagano||Olympic Games||132.5||149.9||438|
|5||17/01/1999||Kazuyoshi Funaki||2nd||Wielka Krokiew K116||Zakopane||World Cup||119.0||130.1||390|
|6||08/02/2003||Sven Hannawald||1st||Mühlenkopfschanze K130||Willingen||World Cup||142.0||155.3||466|
|7||08/02/2003||Hideharu Miyahira||6th||Mühlenkopfschanze K130||Willingen||World Cup||135.5||148.2||445|
|8||06/01/2009||Wolfgang Loitzl||1st||Paul-Ausserleitner-Schanze HS140 (night)||Bischofshofen||Four Hills Tournament||142.5||155.8||468|
|9||20/03/2015||Peter Prevc||1st||Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS225||Planica||World Cup||233.0||254.8||764|
|10||22/03/2015||Jurij Tepeš||1st||Letalnica bratov Gorišek HS225||Planica||World Cup||244.0||266.8||801|
Single daily events with more than 50,000 people. List is not complete:
|1||143,000||Holmenkollen||14 February 1952||Holmenkollbakken||1952 Winter Olympics|
|2||130,000||Garmisch-Partenkirchen||16 February 1936||Große Olympiaschanze||1936 Winter Olympics|
|3||120,000||Zakopane||18 February 1962||Wielka Krokiew||1962 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships|
|4||106,000||Holmenkollen||March 1946||Holmenkollbakken||The Peace Competition|
|5||100,000||Planica||16 March 1985||Velikanka bratov Gorišek||FIS Ski Flying World Championships 1985|
|6||70,000||Planica||22 March 1997||Velikanka bratov Gorišek||1996/97 FIS Ski Jumping World Cup|
|7||70,000||Holmenkollen||3 March 2011||Holmenkollbakken||2011 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships|
|8||55,000||Planica||20 March 2010||Letalnica bratov Gorišek||FIS Ski Flying World Championships 2010|
|9||50,000||Planica||14 March 1987||Velikanka bratov Gorišek||1986/87 FIS Ski Jumping World Cup|
|10||50,000||Nagano||17 February 1998||Hakuba Ski Jumping Stadium||1998 Winter Olympics|
List of national records
|1||Anders Fannemel (WR)||Norway||251.5||825||Vikersund||2015|||
|9||Antonín Hájek||Czech Republic||236.0||774||Planica||2010|||
|11||Vincent Descombes Sevoie||France||230.5||756||Vikersund||2016|||
|13||Alan Alborn||United States||221.5||727||Planica||2002|||
|Choi Heung-Chul||South Korea||207.5||681||Planica||2008|||
|29||Andreas Bjelke Nygaard||Denmark||137.0||449||Lillehammer||2000s|||
|30||Robert Lock||United Kingdom||130.0||427||Park City||2015|||
|36||Zbigniew Kiwert||Lithuania||86.0||282||Nizhny Novgorod||1960|||
|37||Skarphéðinn Guðmundsson||Iceland||80.0||262||Squaw Valley||1960|||
|38||Goga Popov junior||Macedonia||62.0||203||Planica||1952|||
|39||Hal Nerdal||Australia||53.0||174||Squaw Valley||1960|||
|43||Džemo Zahirović||Bosnia and Herzegovina||36.0||118||Jahorina||1949|||
|47||Brian MacMillan||New Zealand||18.6||61||Mount Cook||1937|||
|1||Daniela Iraschko-Stolz (WR)||Austria||200.0||656||Kulm||2003|||
|4||Lindsey Van||United States||171.0||561||Vikersund||2004|||
|13||Michaela Doleželová||Czech Republic||116.5||382||Courchevel||2013|||
|22||Guy-Lim Park||South Korea||79.5||261||Notodden||2015|||
Currently active and most notable ski jumpers can be found in the following lists:
- Gregor Schlierenzauer
- Michael Hayböck
- Stefan Kraft
- Severin Freund
- Noriaki Kasai
- Johann André Forfang
- Anders Fannemel
- Maciej Kot
- Kamil Stoch
- Peter Prevc
- Jurij Tepeš
- Dimitry Vassiliev
- Simon Ammann
- Kevin Bickner
- Sarah Hendrickson
- Sara Takanashi
- Anette Sagen
- Eva Ganster
- Lindsey Van
- Jessica Jerome
- Daniela Iraschko
- Coline Mattel
- Line Jahr
- Jacqueline Seifriedsberger
- Maja Vtič
They got famous for spectacular fall and rookie approach:
- Vinko Bogataj – Best known as "The Agony of Defeat man" because of the constant use of footage of his spectacular tumble in the title sequence of ABC's Wide World of Sports
- Eddie "The Eagle" Edwards – Popular favourite – and last-place finisher – at the 1988 Winter Olympics. However an icon of achievement.
- List of FIS Nordic World Ski Championships medalists in ski jumping
- List of FIS Ski Jumping World Cup team events
- List of Olympic medalists in ski jumping
- List of Four Hills Tournament winners
- Medicinernes Skiklub Svartor
- FIS Ski Flying World Cup
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