Japanese general election, 1920

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Japanese general election, 1920
Empire of Japan
1917 ←
10 May 1920 → 1924

All 464 seats to the House of Representatives
233 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Takashi Hara posing.jpg Takaaki Kato suit.jpg
Leader Hara Takashi Kato Takaaki
Party Seiyūkai Kenseikai
Last election 165 seats, 38.8% 121 seats, 36.0%
Seats won 278 110
Seat change Increase113 Decrease11
Popular vote 1,471,728 715,500
Percentage 56.2% 27.5%
Swing Increase17.4% Decrease8.5%

  Third party
  Inukai Tsuyoshi.jpg
Leader Inukai Tsuyoshi
Party Kokumintō
Last election 35 seats, 9.7%
Seats won 29
Seat change Decrease6
Popular vote 140,397
Percentage 5.4%
Swing Decrease4.3%

Japanese General election, 1920 ja.png


Prime Minister before election

Hara Takashi
Seiyūkai

Subsequent Prime Minister

Hara Takashi
Seiyūkai

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General elections were held in Japan on 10 May 1920.[1] The result was a victory for the Rikken Seiyūkai party led by Hara Takashi, which won 278 of the 464 seats.

Electoral system[edit]

Following electoral reforms in 1919, the 464 members of the House of Representatives were elected in 295 single-member constituencies, 68 two-member constituencies and 11 three-member constituencies. Voting was restricted to men aged over 25 who paid at least 3 yen a year in direct taxation, reduced from 10 yen in the 1917 elections, increasing the proportion of the population able to vote to 6%.[2]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Rikken Seiyūkai 1,471,728 56.2 278 +113
Kenseikai 715,500 27.5 110 –11
Rikken Kokumintō 140,397 5.4 29 –6
Others 311,444 11.0 47 –13
Invalid/blank votes 22,573
Total 2,661,642 100 464 +83
Registered voters/turnout 3,069,148 86.7
Source: Mackie & Rose, Voice Japan

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas T Mackie & Richard Rose (1991) The International Almanac of Electoral History, Macmillan, p281
  2. ^ Mackie & Rose, p276