Kailu County

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Kailu County

开鲁县ᠺᠠᠶᠢᠯᠦᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ
Kailu in Tongliao
Kailu in Tongliao
Tongliao in Inner Mongolia
Tongliao in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 43°36′04″N 121°19′08″E / 43.601°N 121.319°E / 43.601; 121.319Coordinates: 43°36′04″N 121°19′08″E / 43.601°N 121.319°E / 43.601; 121.319
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionInner Mongolia
Prefecture-level cityTongliao
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)

Kailu County (Mongolian: ᠺᠠᠶᠢᠯᠦ ᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ Ḵayilü siyan; simplified Chinese: 开鲁县; traditional Chinese: 開魯縣; pinyin: Kāilǔ Xiàn) is a county in the east of Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It is under the administration of Tongliao City, 76 kilometres (47 mi) to the east, and China National Highway 303 passes through it.

History[edit]

As the traditional seat of Ar Khorchin, East Jaruud and West Jaruud, the 3 areas are abbreviated in Chinese as the 3 R's since each contains the word R transcribed as "LU" in Chinese. The 3 R's was then known as the 3 Lu's as well. In 1905, with the slogan of developing the 3 R's (開發三魯), the city took the name of such abbreviation and was named 開魯 (KAI LU).

Climate[edit]

Kailu County features a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), marked by long, very cold and dry winters, hot, somewhat humid summers, and strong winds, especially in spring. The monthly daily mean temperature in January, the coldest month, is −13.3 °C (8.1 °F), and in July, the warmest month, 24.1 °C (75.4 °F), with the annual mean at 6.58 °C (43.8 °F). The annual precipitation is 327 millimetres (12.9 in), with nearly half of it falling in July and August alone.

Climate data for Kailu County (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
19.6
(67.3)
23.2
(73.8)
33.2
(91.8)
41.7
(107.1)
38.0
(100.4)
38.9
(102.0)
38.2
(100.8)
34.7
(94.5)
30.1
(86.2)
21.6
(70.9)
13.9
(57.0)
41.7
(107.1)
Average high °C (°F) −6.5
(20.3)
−2.2
(28.0)
5.5
(41.9)
15.8
(60.4)
23.2
(73.8)
27.6
(81.7)
29.5
(85.1)
28.1
(82.6)
22.8
(73.0)
14.5
(58.1)
3.6
(38.5)
−4.4
(24.1)
13.1
(55.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.3
(8.1)
−9.4
(15.1)
−1.3
(29.7)
8.8
(47.8)
16.4
(61.5)
21.5
(70.7)
24.1
(75.4)
22.3
(72.1)
16.0
(60.8)
7.5
(45.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
−10.7
(12.7)
6.6
(43.9)
Average low °C (°F) −18.8
(−1.8)
−15.4
(4.3)
−7.9
(17.8)
1.8
(35.2)
9.3
(48.7)
15.3
(59.5)
18.9
(66.0)
16.8
(62.2)
9.6
(49.3)
1.4
(34.5)
−8.3
(17.1)
−15.8
(3.6)
0.6
(33.1)
Record low °C (°F) −30.4
(−22.7)
−28.1
(−18.6)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−9.8
(14.4)
−2.1
(28.2)
3.9
(39.0)
10.9
(51.6)
5.2
(41.4)
−1.7
(28.9)
−11.3
(11.7)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−30.4
(−22.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.1
(0.04)
1.8
(0.07)
5.5
(0.22)
11.0
(0.43)
31.9
(1.26)
60.6
(2.39)
95.7
(3.77)
66.4
(2.61)
31.0
(1.22)
16.4
(0.65)
3.8
(0.15)
2.1
(0.08)
327.3
(12.89)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.5 2.0 2.9 3.6 6.8 10.7 11.1 9.3 7.0 4.1 2.2 1.9 63.1
Source: Weather China

References[edit]