Arxan

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Arxan
阿尔山市ᠷᠠᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨᠬᠣᠲᠠ
County-level city
Arxan.jpg
Location of Arxan City jurisdiction in the Hinggan League
Location of Arxan City jurisdiction in the Hinggan League
Arxan is located in Inner Mongolia
Arxan
Arxan
Location in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 47°11′N 119°57′E / 47.183°N 119.950°E / 47.183; 119.950Coordinates: 47°11′N 119°57′E / 47.183°N 119.950°E / 47.183; 119.950
CountryPeople's Republic of China
RegionInner Mongolia
LeagueHinggan
Township-level divisions3 subdistricts
4 towns
County-level city establishedJune 1996
Municipal seatWenquan Subdistrict (温泉街道)
Area
 • Total7,409 km2 (2,861 sq mi)
Elevation1,003 m (3,291 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total68,300
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code137800
Area code(s)0482
Arxan
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese阿爾山
Simplified Chinese阿尔山
Mongolian name
Mongolian CyrillicРашаан хот
Mongolian script ᠷᠠᠰᠢᠶᠠᠨ ᠬᠣᠲᠠ

Arxan (Mongolian for "Hot Springs") is a county-level city in the Hinggan League of northeastern Inner Mongolia in the People's Republic of China.

Geography and climate[edit]

Arxan is located in the northwest of Hinggan League, with latitude ranging from 46° 39' to 47° 39' N and longitude ranging from 119° 28' to 121° 23' E; the maximal north-south extent is 118 km (73 mi), while the maximal east-west width is 142 km (88 mi). It spans part of the southwest of the Greater Khingan Range.

Due to the upper-mid latitude and elevation of around 1,000 m (3,280 ft), the climate of Arxan is a subarctic (Köppen Dwc), with strong monsoonal influence, severely cold winters and warm, rainy summers, and low temperatures averaging below freezing for eight calendar months; the monthly 24-hour average temperature stays below freezing for six calendar months. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −25.1 °C or −13.2 °F in January to 16.8 °C or 62.2 °F in July, and the annual mean is −2.70 °C or 27.1 °F. For much of the year, diurnal temperature variation is large and frequently in excess of 15 °C or 27 °F. Nearly three-fourths of the annual precipitation occurs from June to September; however, precipitation is frequent year-round, with both frequency and relative humidity peaking in summer and there being a secondary humidity peak during the winter.

Climate data for Arxan (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −17.8
(0)
−13.2
(8.2)
−4.8
(23.4)
7.0
(44.6)
16.0
(60.8)
20.9
(69.6)
23.1
(73.6)
21.3
(70.3)
15.6
(60.1)
6.5
(43.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
−14.4
(6.1)
4.6
(40.2)
Average low °C (°F) −31.2
(−24.2)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−7
(19)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.9
(42.6)
10.5
(50.9)
8.2
(46.8)
1.0
(33.8)
−7.8
(18)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−27.2
(−17)
−9.6
(14.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.9
(0.232)
5.1
(0.201)
9.3
(0.366)
19.9
(0.783)
35.3
(1.39)
81.1
(3.193)
121.3
(4.776)
82.3
(3.24)
50.4
(1.984)
24.1
(0.949)
9.3
(0.366)
8.8
(0.346)
452.8
(17.826)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 16.0 12.0 11.2 9.4 9.6 15.5 17.9 14.9 11.7 9.6 13.6 17.7 159.1
Average relative humidity (%) 77 75 69 55 51 68 78 79 71 65 72 77 70
Mean monthly sunshine hours 172.8 199.4 249.2 236.5 261.9 230.5 216.9 222.9 202.4 198.8 160.9 145.3 2,497.5
Percent possible sunshine 63 69 68 59 57 49 45 51 54 59 57 55 56
Source: China Meteorological Administration

References[edit]

External links[edit]