Kalle Lasn

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Kalle Lasn
Kalle Lasn UBC (cropped).jpeg
Born (1942-03-24) March 24, 1942 (age 75)
Tallinn, Estonia
Occupation co-founder of Adbusters Media Foundation
Known for Adbusters, culture jamming
Spouse(s) Masako Tominaga

Kalle Lasn (Estonian pronunciation: [ˈkɑlˑɛ ˈlɑsn̥]) (born March 24, 1942) is an Estonian-Canadian film maker, author, magazine editor and activist. Near the end of World War II his family fled Estonia and Lasn spent some time in a German refugee camp. At age seven he was resettled in Australia with his family, where he grew up and remained until the late 1960s, attending school in Canberra. In the late 1960s, he founded a market research company in Tokyo, and in 1970, moved to Vancouver, Canada. For twenty years, he produced documentaries for PBS and Canada’s National Film Board. He lives in Vancouver, British Columbia.[1]

He is the co-founder of Adbusters magazine and author of the books Culture Jam and Design Anarchy and is the co-founder of the Adbusters Media Foundation, which owns the magazine. He reportedly started Adbusters after an epiphany that there was something profoundly wrong with consumerism. It happened in a supermarket parking lot. Frustrated that he had to insert a quarter to use a shopping cart, he jammed a bent coin in so that the machine became inoperable. This act of vandalism was his first (quite literal) "culture jam"—defined as an act designed to subvert mainstream society.[2]

Life and Work[edit]

Born in Tallinn, Estonia, during World War II, Lasn spent his early childhood residing in a “displaced-persons camp”, and eventually resettled in Australia to pursue a degree in applied mathematics. Soon after, Lasn relocated to Tokyo, where he spent five years running his own market-research firm before eventually immigrating to Canada in 1970. Lasn’s life works are applied within the philosophical lens of the French Situationists theory and the philosophy of detournement. His concept pertained to the "rerouting [of] spectacular images, environments, ambiences and events to reverse or subvert their meaning." Lasn has also contemporized the concept of the Spectacle, in which he applies to explain the thousands of images encountered by consumers on a daily basis. [3]

In an interview with PRWeek magazine, Lasn recalls the moment in 1989, as an environmental campaigner, where he realized that all brands carry a “political message”. In response to a multimillion-dollar marketing campaign launched by the forest industry, which sought to reassure the Pacific Northwest that they had nothing to worry about, Lasn and his team developed a 30-second advertisement of their own which would challenge the initial campaign. However, Lasn’s attempt at airing the spot on television ultimately failed, as the TV station refused to sell him any time. Lasn referred to this move as “absurd and unfair” because “even the most innocuous product ad is laden with unspoken and unquestioned political assumptions”, adding that no line exists the product and advocacy ads, and that all ads are political.[4]

Adbusters[edit]

Inspired by what he saw as the lack of democracy in access to all-power media, Lasn founded Adbusters, a bi-monthly radicalizing magazine which lends itself the title of one of the leading voices in global environmentalism, anti-capitalist and anti-consumerist movements. Having worked in market research in Japan in the 1950s, Lasn drew from his personal experience and knowledge to produce publications and campaigns that would employ the necessary tools and techniques to create powerful imagery, stunts, slick graphics and vibrant language to promote his cause.[4]

By taking conventional marketing communication techniques and applying them to anti-consumerism messages, Adbusters has created a powerful, global social movement, which takes aim at large-scale industries. Although the company’s headquarters in Vancouver only has ten employees, it has a large global following, with 40,000 paper subscribers and 30,000 online subscribers. Lasn claims that ‘’Adbusters’’ is the “hub of global activism – it’s the (communication) model of the future".[4]

Books and films[edit]

In his first book, Culture Jam, Lasn portrays consumerism as the fundamental evil of the modern era. He calls for a "meme war": a battle of ideas to shift Western society away from consumer capitalism. Lasn, in his book, calls on the values of authenticity, individuality and freedom of expression. He promotes the rebelling of the notion that hierarchies can dictate people’s identities. Essentially, Lasn’s concept of culture jamming calls upon consumers to value experiences over possessions, while accusing marketing experts of co-opting these values and “slapping a brand name on them”.[5]

His second book, Design Anarchy, calls on graphic designers, illustrators and others to turn from working in service to corporate and political pollution of both the planet and "the mental environment", and to embrace a radical new aesthetic devoted to social and environmental responsibility.[citation needed]. The book, which in an introduction to Lasn’s notion of culture jamming, includes a compilation of some of Adbuster’s greatest moments, but with the addition of what Lasn calls a “technical event”, which forces the mind to take notice of something and search for meaning, even if there is no meaning. This “technical event” invites readers to become mindful of their patters of consumption. Similar to Lasn’s prior book, Design Anarchy is a “personal statement, manifesto and textbook”, which takes many of the prominent advertising campaigns found in the Adbusters magazine, and reconfigures them to stop “the flow of bits of information long enough to interrupt the spectacle, to promote the jolt, to allow the process of awareness”. In the book, Lasn claims that if members of a society can begin by demarking themselves, then they are able to de-market certain rituals imposed by commercial forces, consequently shifting the ways in which the customer interacts with mass media, the way information flows, and the ways in which meaning is produced, ultimately leading to a break in commercial meaning and a shift to a post-consumerist society.[6]

In his third book, Meme Wars: The Creative Destruction of Neoclassic Economics, Lasn prefaces the book by calling on University students to realize that they are being “fooled by the façade” of the capitalist educational system, adding that the lack of incorporation of externalities such as species extinction, resource depletion, climate change, and financial meltdowns has turned the profession into a “target for derision and ridicule”. Lasn challenges students to look beneath the surface of the façade to realize that economics is a “highly contested” and “questionable” field. To do so, Lasn offers two distinct ways for students to approach their academic endeavours: to either “accept the status quo” of the system, or become “an agitator, a provocateur, a meme warrior, and occupier”, calling on students to engage in a paradigm shift within educational institutions. The book includes a series of essays, photographs and advertisements, which support Lasn’s approach to culture jamming.[7]

Lasn made documentary films for 20 years beginning in 1970 - many of them to do with Japan, the homeland of his wife, Masako Tominaga.[8] His award-winning films include:

  • Bears and Man (Co-writer, editor)[9]
  • Japan Inc: Lessons for North America?[10]
  • Japanese Woman[11]
  • Satori in the Right Cortex[12]
  • The Rise and Fall of American Business Culture
  • The Autumn Rain: Crime in Japan

Activism and views[edit]

Lasn was one of the first people to call for an Occupy Wall Street (OWS) demonstration, but has been careful not to claim ownership of it.[13][14]

In 2004, he wrote and signed an Adbusters article entitled "Why Won't Anyone Say They Are Jewish?", in which he identified, from a list of George W. Bush-era neoconservatives, those who happen to be Jewish.[15]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Lasn, Kalle (2000) Culture Jam, New York: Quill
  • Lasn, K. (2005) Design Anarchy, Vancouver: Adbusters Media Foundation
  • Lasn, Kalle (2012) Meme Wars: The Creative Destruction of Neoclassical Economics, New York: Seven Stories Press, ISBN 978-1609804732

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leiren-Young, M. (December 2012). "His one demand: Profile of Kalle Lasn". The Walrus. 9 (10): 26–32. 
  2. ^ Kalle Lasn, Culture Jam, Harpers Collins, 1999, page xv
  3. ^ "WHEN A BRAND BUSTER BECOMES A BRAND. Advertising Age, 78(47), 1-1,29
  4. ^ a b c "The Interview: Kalle Lasn - Power in your hands", PR Week, UK, 1 Sept. 2014, p. 26. Business Collection
  5. ^ Goldman, Debra. "Consumer Republic." ADWEEK Western Edition 22 Nov. 1999: 13. Academic OneFile. Web. 9 Mar. 2017
  6. ^ Barber, John F. “Leonardo.” Leonardo, vol. 41, no. 2, 2008, pp. 193–194
  7. ^ Kalle Lasn, "Meme Wars: The Neoclassic Economics, A real world economics textbook". London: Penguin Books, 2012
  8. ^ Linda Solomon, "Adbusters' Kalle Lasn: the flawed genius behind Occupy Wall Street", Vancouver Observer, October 12, 2011
  9. ^ "Bears and Man". Our Collection. National Film Board of Canada. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  10. ^ “Japan Inc: Lessons for North America?”, winner of Silver Screen Award, U.S. Industrial Film Festival, May 25, 1982, Elmhurst – USA; Chris Bronze Plaque - Category: Social Studies, International Film and Video Festival, October 29, 1981, Columbus – USA
  11. ^ “Japanese Woman”, Silver Plaque - Category: Documentary, International Film Festival, November 9 to 23, 1984, Chicago – USA, Silver Prize - Category: Films Dealing With Japan in General, Competition for Films on Japan, October 8 to 12, 1984, Tokyo – Japan
  12. ^ “Satori in the Right Cortex”, Award - Category: Documentary, Northwest Film and Video Festival, November 15 to 24, 1985, Portland – USA
  13. ^ Mackey, Robert (November 15, 2011). "Occupy Movement Could Declare ‘Victory’ and Scale Back Camps, Founder Suggests". The Lede. The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  14. ^ Schwartz, Mattathias (2011-12-29). "Pre-Occupied. The origins and future of Occupy Wall Street.". The New Yorker. Retrieved 2011-11-22. 
  15. ^ Goodman, Alana (2011-10-13). "Organizer Behind "Occupy Wall Street" Has History of Anti-Jewish Writing". Commentary. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 

External links[edit]