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Kariya Highway Oasis
Location of Kariya in Aichi Prefecture
|• Total||50.39 km2 (19.46 sq mi)|
|Population (May 2015)|
|• Density||2,960/km2 (7,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|- Tree||Camphor Laurel|
|- Flower||Iris laevigata|
|Address||1-1 Tōyōchō, Kariya-shi, Aichi-ken 448-8501|
Kariya (刈谷市 Kariya-shi?) is a city in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of May 2015, the city had an estimated population of 149,030 and a population density of 2,960 persons per km². The total area was 50.45 square kilometres (19.48 sq mi).
Kariya is situated in central Aichi Prefecture.
Kariya was a castle town in the Sengoku period, in an area contested between the Imagawa clan, Oda clan and various local warlords, including the Mizuno clan and Matsudaira clan. Tokugawa Ieyasu’s maternal grandfather Mizuno Tadamasa rebuilt Kariya Castle in the mid-16th century. The Mizuno clan shifted allegiances adroitly between the Imagawa clan to Oda Nobunaga and to Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who relocated the clan to Ise Province. However, Mizuno Katsunari, the grandson of Tadamasa was allowed to return to the clan’s ancestral territories by Ieyasu after the Battle of Sekigahara as daimyō of Kariya Domain a feudal han under the Tokugawa shogunate. The domain was reassigned to numerous clans during the Edo period, but was retained by the Doi clan from 1734 until the Meiji Restoration.
After the Meiji Restoration, Kariya Town was created within Hekikai District, Aichi Prefecture on October 1, 1889. The town prospered as a center for commerce, sake production, sericulture and ceramics due to its location on the main railway routes. The Yosami Transmitting Station, located in Kariya, was Japan's tallest structure when completed in 1929. Kariya achieved city status on April 1, 1950. The city expanded by annexation of neighboring Fujimatsu and most of Yosami villages on April 1, 1955. Control of the Yosami Transmitting Station was returned to Japan from the United States Navy in 1994, and the former facility is now a city park.
The economy of Kariya is dominated by companies related to Toyota Motor Corporation, including Toyota Industries Corporation, Aisin Seiki and Denso Corporation. Toyoda Automatic Loom Works, Toyodajidoshoki, was the original company of Toyota Motor Corporation, and later became a subsidiary of that firm. Because the Toyoda Automatic Loom Works was so highly profitable, board members decided to reinvest much of the profits into the growing automobile manufacturing business
- JR Central – Tōkaidō Main Line
- Meitetsu Nagoya Main Line
- Meitetsu – Mikawa Line
- Aichi University of Education
- Kariya has 15 elementary schools, six middle schools and five high schools
- The Colégio Pitágoras Brasil, a Brazilian school was previously located in Kariya.
The city is home to the SeaHorses Mikawa, 5-time champion of Japan's top professional basketball league.
Notable people from Kariya
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- Norihiro Akahoshi – professional baseball player
- On Kawara – artist
- Koji Kondo – professional soccer player
- Nobuyuki Sato – marathon runner
- Mitsunori Yoshida – professional soccer player
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