|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2013)|
Location of Toyota in Aichi Prefecture
|• -Mayor||Toshihiko Ota|
|• Total||918.32 km2 (354.57 sq mi)|
|Population (May 2015)|
|• Density||457/km2 (1,180/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)|
|– Tree||Zelkova serrata|
|Address||3–60 Nishimachi, Toyota-shi, Aichi-ken 471-8501|
Toyota (豊田市 Toyota-shi?) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of May 2015, the city had an estimated population of 420,076 and a population density of 457 persons per km². The total area was 918.32 square kilometres (354.57 sq mi). It is located about 35 minutes from Nagoya by way of the Meitetsu Seto Line. Several of Toyota's manufacturing plants, including the Tsutsumi plant, are located here. The longstanding ties between the Toyota Motor Corporation and the town of Toyota-shi, formerly known as Koromo (挙母市 Koromo-shi), gave the town its current name.
Toyota is located in north-central Aichi Prefecture, and is the largest city in the prefecture in terms of area. The city area is mountainous to the north, with peaks averaging around 1000 meters in height along its northern border with Nagano and Gifu Prefectures. Much of the mountainous northern portion of the city is within the Aichi Kōgen Quasi-National Park. The central and southern portions of the city have rolling hills and agricultural flatlands.
- Aichi Prefecture
- Gifu Prefecture
- Nagano Prefecture
The area of present-day Toyota City has been inhabited since prehistoric times, and archaeologists have found a continuous record of artifacts from the Japanese paleolithic period onwards. In early proto-historic times, the area was under the control of the Mononobe clan, who built numerous kofun burial mounds. The local place name “Koromo” is mentioned in the Kojiki and other early Japanese documents.
During the Edo period, parts of the area of the current city were under the control of Koromo Domain, a feudal han under the Tokugawa shogunate; however, most of the area of the current city was tenryō territory controlled directly by the government in Edo and administered through hatamoto class appointed administrators. The village of “Tokugawa”, from which Tokugawa Ieyasu took his clan name, was located within what is now the city of Toyota.
The area was a major producer of silk and prospered from the Meiji period through the Taishō periods. As the demand for raw silk declined in Japan and abroad, Koromo entered a period of gradual decline after 1930. The decline encouraged Kiichiro Toyoda, cousin of Eiji Toyoda, to look for alternatives to the family's automatic loom manufacturing business. The search led to the founding of what became the Toyota Motor Corporation. Toyota built the first manufacturing facility, known as Toyota Honsha plant in November 1938, breaking ground in December 1935.
On March 1, 1951, Koromo gained city status, and absorbed the village of Takahashi from Nishikamo District on September 30, 1956. Due to the fame and economic importance of its major employer, the city of Koromo (挙母市?) changed its name to Toyota on January 1, 1959.
Toyota became a sister city with Detroit, Michigan, United States in 1960. It continued to expand by annexing the towns of Kamigo (Hekikai District) on March 1, 1964, and Takaoka (Hekikai District) on September 1, 1965, and Sanage (Nishikamo District) on April 1, 1967, as well as the village of Matsudaira (Higashikamo District) on April 1, 1970.
Toyota became a Core City in 1998, with increased local autonomy.
On April 1, 2005, Toyota absorbed the town of Fujioka, the village of Obara (both from Nishikamo District), the towns of Asuke, Asahi and Inabu, and the village of Shimoyama (all from Higashikamo District) to create the new and expanded city of Toyota.
Toyota, as the home city of Toyota Motors is well-served by expressways and national highways. However, it is the largest city in Japan which was not served by the Japanese National Railways (JNR), or its successor, JR Central. The closest Shinkansen station is Mikawa-Anjō Station in the city of Anjō, although the limited-stop Nozomi and Hikari services do not stop there.
- Meitetsu – Toyota Line
- Meitetsu – Mikawa Line
- Aichi Loop Railway – Aichi Loop Line
- Aichi High-Speed Transit
- Tōmei Expressway
- New Tōmei Expressway
- Isewangan Expressway
- Tōkai-Kanjō Expressway
- Japan National Route 153
- Japan National Route 155
- Japan National Route 248
- Japan National Route 301
- Japan National Route 419
- Japan National Route 420
- Japan National Route 257
- Japan National Route 473
The main headquarters of Toyota is located in a three story building in Toyota. As of 2006 the head office has the "Toyopet" Toyota logo and the words "Toyota Motor". The Toyota Technical Center, a 14-story building, and the original Honsha plant, Toyota's first plant engaging in mass production and formerly named the Koromo plant, are adjacent to one another in a location near the headquarters. Vinod Jacob from The Hindu described the main headquarters building as "modest". In 2013 company head Akio Toyoda reported that it had difficulties retaining foreign employees at the headquarters due to the lack of amenities in Toyota.
Colleges and universities:
- Aichi Gakusen University
- Aichi Institute of Technology
- Toyota National College of Technology
- Aichi Mizuho College
- Ohkagakuen University – Toyota campus
- Chukyo University – Toyota campus
- Japanese Red Cross Toyota College of Nursing
Primary and secondary education:
- Toyota has 12 public and eight private high schools, 27 public middle schools and 78 public elementary schools. The city also has two private middle schools and two special education schools.
- Escola Alegria de Saber – Brazilian school
- Escola NECTAR – Brazilian primary school
- Escola Pintando o Sete – Brazilian primary school
Sister city relations
- Detroit, Michigan, United States, from September 21, 1960
- Derby, United Kingdom, from November 16, 1998
- Toyota Municipal Museum of Art
- Toyota Automobile Museum
Noted people from Toyota
- Suzuki Shōsan – Edo period Zen prelate
- Yoshio Markino – artist, author
- Miliyah Kato – singer
- Masami Mitsuoka – singer
- Etsuko Nishio- singer, actress
- Katsuaki Watanabe – former president of Toyota Motors
- Tadashi Sugiura – professional baseball player
- Masato Naito – Olympic hurdler
- Jacob, Vinod. "In Toyota land." The Hindu Business Line. August 18, 2006. Retrieved on May 9, 2013.
- "Municipalities of Aichi (Japan)". Retrieved 22 May 2011.
- Toyota Honsha Plant history
- Obe, Mitsuru and Eric Pfanner. "Abe’s Backing Is Lukewarm, Even in Toyota’s Town" (Archive). The Wall Street Journal. December 11, 2014. Retrieved on August 12, 2015.
- Greimel, Hans. "Dreary HQ city is a handicap in global glitz plan." (Archive) Automotive News. May 6, 2013. Retrieved on May 9, 2013.
- "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
- "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
- "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.
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