Kasumigaura Air Field

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Kasumigaura Air Field
霞ヶ浦飛行場
Kasumigaura Hikōjō
Kasumigaura Air Field Aerial Photograph.jpg
Summary
Airport type Military
Operator Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
Location Kasumigaura, Japan
Elevation AMSL 85 ft / 26 m
Coordinates 36°02′05″N 140°11′34″E / 36.03472°N 140.19278°E / 36.03472; 140.19278Coordinates: 36°02′05″N 140°11′34″E / 36.03472°N 140.19278°E / 36.03472; 140.19278
Map
RJAK is located in Japan
RJAK
RJAK
Location in Japan
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 550 1,804 Sod and roll
Source: Japanese AIP at AIS Japan[1]

Kasumigaura Air Field (霞ヶ浦飛行場 Kasumigaura Hikōjō?) (ICAO: RJAK) is a military aerodrome of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force Camp Kasumigaura (霞ヶ浦駐屯地 Kasumigaura Chūtonchi?), located 2.7 NM (5.0 km; 3.1 mi) south[1] of Tsuchiura in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan.

History[edit]

The base was established in 1921 as the Imperial Japanese Navy Aeronautical Technology and Training Center (海軍航空技術講習所).[2] After the First World War Japan, which had fought with the allies, received the German airship hangar from Jüterbog airbase as part of its war reparations, and the hangar was installed at Kasumigaura air base. On 19 August 1929, the airship LZ 127 Graf Zeppelin stopped at Kasumigaura for several days while on its round-the-world trip.[3] The Zeppelin visit made Tsuchiura famous throughout Japan for its potato-based curry.[4]

The IJN ordered an Astra-Torres airship from France in 1922 and stationed it at Kasumigaura from 1923, alongside a Japanese-built Vickers SS-3; both of these airships left service around 1924. Kasumigaura later hosted three Fujikura airships and one Nobile airship between 1927 and 1932, at which point the Navy ceased airship operations and dismantled its fleet.[5]

The U.S. military took over the base in 1945 and handed it over to the Japanese defense ministry in 1953. Since then it has been used as a supply depot and as a training base for helicopter pilots and mechanics, with approximately 2,000 personnel stationed on base.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b AIS Japan
  2. ^ a b "駐屯地の沿革". Japan Ground Self-Defense Force. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  3. ^ Bélafi, Michael: Der Zeppelin Motorbuch Verlag Stuttgart 2012 pp.198-199
  4. ^ Hongo, Jun (14 November 2013). "Tsuchiura city curries favor with visitors at its annual gourmet festival". The Japan Times. Retrieved 8 September 2015. 
  5. ^ Starkings, Peter. "Japanese Military Airships 1910-1945". Retrieved 8 September 2015.