Keighley Tramways

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Keighley Tramways
Utley
Keighley town centre
Airedale line
Ingrow
Keighley railway station
KWVR
Oxenhope
Stocksbridge
Airedale line
Keighley Tramways Company
Operation
Locale Keighley
Open 8 May 1889
Close 21 September 1901
Status Closed
Infrastructure
Track gauge 4 ft (1,219 mm)
Propulsion system(s) Horse
Depot(s) South Street/Arcadia Street
Statistics
Route length 2.28 miles (3.67 km)
Keighley Corporation Tramways
Operation
Locale Keighley
Open 21 September 1901
Close 17 December 1924
Status Closed
Infrastructure
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Propulsion system(s) Electric
Depot(s) South Street/Arcadia Street
Statistics
Route length 3.44 miles (5.54 km)

Keighley Tramways Company operated a tramway service in Keighley between 1889 and 1901[1] with horse power. The system re-opened three days later as Keighley Corporation Tramways and stayed in service until 1924 when it closed for good.

History[edit]

Keighley Tramways Company constructed a horse-drawn tramway from Ingrow through Keighley to Utley. Services started on 8 May 1889 and were extended into Stocksbridge. The company also plied a route from Coney Lane (where the successor company would build a power station) onto Marley Street via East Parade in the town. All services cost 1d (1 pence) and the interval of services was every 10 minutes stretching to 14 minutes on a Saturday."[2]This service was originally single track, but after electrification, double track was installed.[3]

The service was never financially successful. The only dividend ever paid by the company was when it was wound up in 1901.

The company sold out to Keighley Corporation and the 30 horses and 6 tramcars and other equipment were sold at auction for £804.[4] The service was modernised and continued as Keighley Corporation Tramways. The route began operations with electric trams on 24 September 1901, with trial runs to Ingrow taking place the week before.[5] The hub of the system was opposite the Mechanics Institute in the town where a triangular junction was in operation to allow trams to access all three destinations from any of the routes that they were originating from.[6][7]

The system from Ingrow to Utley was electrified and a branch was added to connect Keighley railway station, Victoria Park and Stockbridge some 1.2 miles (2 km) east of the town.[8] The extension to Stockbridge was in response to the Mid Yorkshire Tramways company who had obtained powers to install a tramway between Shipley and Keighley. The Keighley company exercised their right to build the section between Stockbridge and the town and this duly opened in February 1905. During 1921, another extension was added between Ingrow and Oxenhope.[9] This service would run on single track and pass at a designated loop for the tracks but without a passing loop in the overhead cables, which necessitated having to transfer a small receiver car between trams travelling to and from Oxenhope.[9]

The new system took power from the Corporation Power Station in Coney Lane and was operated with electric trams until December 1924 when the system closed to trams. However, trolleybuses continued using the overhead wires until 1932, with trackless cars.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Golden Age of Tramways. Published by Taylor and Francis.
  2. ^ Speight, Harry (1891). "Keighley". Through Airedale from Goole to Malham. Leeds: Walker & Laycock. p. 185. OCLC 5824116. 
  3. ^ "Keighley Tramways Centenary 1904 - 2004". www.haworth-village.org.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  4. ^ Dewhirst, Ian (17 April 2014). "Electric trams lacked charm of Star and co". Keighley News. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  5. ^ "Down Memory Lane". Keighley News. 29 August 2003. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  6. ^ "Keighley Town Centre conservation area assessment" (PDF). bradford.gov.uk. Bradford Council. March 2012. p. 28. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 
  7. ^ Baisrtow 2004, p. 111.
  8. ^ "104" (Map). Leeds & Bradford. 1:50,000. Landranger. Ordnance Survey. 2016. ISBN 978-0-319-26202-3. 
  9. ^ a b Bairstow 2004, p. 111.
  10. ^ Rahman, Mirhan (8 March 2012). "Historic buses to be put on display". Keighley News. Retrieved 18 January 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bairstow, Martin. Railways through Airedale and Wharfedale. Farsley, Yorkshire, UK: Bairstow, 2004. ISBN 9781871944280.