Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath (UK Parliament constituency)
|Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath|
for the House of Commons
|Major settlements||Burntisland, Cowdenbeath, Dalgety Bay, Kinghorn, Kirkcaldy, Lochgelly|
|Member of Parliament||Neale Hanvey (Alba Party)|
|Created from||Kirkcaldy and Dunfermline East|
Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath is a county constituency representing the areas around the towns of Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath, in Fife, Scotland, in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is currently represented by Alba Party politician Neale Hanvey.
It was previously represented by former Prime Minister Gordon Brown from 2005 until 2015, who had been MP for the Dunfermline East constituency from 1983-2005 until boundary changes. He served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007 and as UK Prime Minister from 2007 to 2010.
The Fife Council wards of Aberdour and Burntisland West; Auchtertool and Burntisland East; Ballingry and Lochore; Bennochy and Valley; Cowdenbeath Central; Crosshill and Lochgelly North; Dalgety Bay East; Dalgety Bay West and Hillend; Dunnikier; Dysart and Gallatown; Glebe Park, Pathhead and Sinclairtown; Hayfield and Balsusney; Kelty; Kinghorn and Invertiel; Linktown and Kirkcaldy Central; Lumphinnans and Lochgelly South; Oakfield and Cowdenbeath North; Raith and Longbraes; Smeaton and Overton; Templehall East; and Templehall West.
Along with Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath, the towns of Burntisland, Dalgety Bay, Dysart, Kelty, and Lochgelly and the villages of Aberdour, Auchtertool, Ballingry, Crosshill, Glencraig, Kinghorn, Lochore and Lumphinnans make up the constituency.
Members of Parliament
The first Member of Parliament after the seat's creation in 2005, was the then Chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown; who had previously represented Dunfermline East from 1983 to 2005, and later succeeded Tony Blair as Prime Minister in 2007. At the general election of 2010, Brown was re-elected as an MP, but was defeated as Prime Minister, and soon resigned as Leader of the Labour Party. He announced that he would continue to serve as an Opposition backbencher, and did not retire from the Commons until the 2015 general election, which he did not contest. On that occasion, the SNP won parliamentary representation in the area for the first time, in line with the party's landslide victory throughout Scotland at that election. In 2017, Labour regained the seat from the SNP, with Lesley Laird winning over the SNP incumbent Roger Mullin by 259 votes. Laird was appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Scotland less than a week later on 14 June 2017.
In 2019, Neale Hanvey unseated Laird with a majority of 1,243 votes. Hanvey was suspended from the SNP before the election for use of anti-Semitic language in social media posts. Although Hanvey was suspended from the SNP, he was still listed as such on the ballot and his victory is recorded as an SNP gain from Labour. It is the only known time in which a candidate has won a seat and sat as an independent following a suspension from their party. He was later re-admitted to the party in June 2020. Hanvey defected from the SNP to join the new Alba Party in late March 2021, becoming Alba's second MP after Kenny MacAskill of East Lothian.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Gillian Cole-Hamilton||2,903||6.2||+3.8|
|Brexit Party||Mitch William||1,132||2.4||New|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||+1.6|
1After nominations for the 2019 general election closed, the Scottish National Party suspended Neale Hanvey and withdrew all support for his campaign on 28 November 2019 due to allegations of antisemitism.
|Liberal Democrats||Malcolm Wood||1,118||2.4||+0.1|
|Labour gain from SNP||Swing||+9.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Callum Leslie||1,150||2.3||−7.2|
|SNP gain from Labour||Swing||+34.6|
|Liberal Democrats||John Mainland||4,269||9.3||−3.7|
|Land Party||Derek Jackson||57||0.1||New|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Alex Cole-Hamilton||5,450||13.0||+3.8|
|Scottish Socialist||Steve West||666||1.6||−1.1|
|Scottish Senior Citizens||James Parker||425||1.0||N/A|
|Labour win (new seat)|
- "Gordon Brown Constituency Website". Archived from the original on 20 May 2010. Retrieved 26 June 2007.
- "Brown to remain as backbench MP", BBC News, 13 May 2010
- "Axed SNP candidate elected to Westminster". BBC News. 13 December 2019. Archived from the original on 16 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
- "Kirkcaldy & Cowdenbeath parliamentary constituency - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- "Notes on the Reshuffle". New Socialist. 18 June 2017. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
- Smith, Craig (1 June 2020). "Fife MP 'welcomed back' into SNP after six-month suspension". The Courier. Retrieved 4 June 2020.
- Matthews, James [@jamesmatthewsky] (28 March 2021). "NEW: Neale Hanvey becomes second Westminster MP to defect from SNP to Alex Salmond's Alba Party. Follows Kenny MacAskill. @SkyNews" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 28 March 2021. Retrieved 28 March 2021 – via Twitter.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)
- "General Election 12 December 2019". Fife Council. Fife Council. Retrieved 15 November 2019.
- "Kirkcaldy & Cowdenbeath parliamentary constituency - Election 2019" (in British English). Retrieved 15 December 2019.
- "SNP drop candidate over claims of anti-Semitism". BBC News. 28 November 2019. Retrieved 28 November 2019.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Fife Council, Elections (7 July 2014). "Elections - The Scottish Independence Referendum Results 2014". www.fifedirect.org.uk.
- "Candidates to be MP (PPCs) for Kirkcaldy and Cowdenbeath in the UK 2015 general election". YourNextMP. Archived from the original on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.