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Lalit Narayan Mishra

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Mishra on a 1976 stamp of India

Lalit Narayan Mishra (2 February 1923 – 3 January 1975) was an Indian politician who served as Minister of Railways in the government of India from 1973 to 1975. He was brought into politics by the first Chief Minister of Bihar, Sri Krishna Sinha, when he was made parliamentary secretary at his insistence to the First Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru.[1] In 1975, he died in a bomb blast at Samastipur railway station. The court case was delayed for years and was finally completed in December 2014.

Early life[edit]

Lalit Narayan Mishra was born on Basant Panchmi in 1922 at Basanpatti in Supaul District of Bihar in a Maithil Brahmin family.[2][3] He gained a Master of Arts degree in economics from Patna University in 1948.[citation needed] He held nationalists Sri Krishna Sinha and Anugrah Narayan Sinha in high esteem.[4]

Political career[edit]

Mishra joined the Indian National Congress party and was a member of the first, second Lok Sabha and 5th Lok Sabha.[citation needed] He was a member of the Rajya Sabha in 1964 to 1966 then in 1966 to 1972. He was Parliamentary Secretary, Ministry of Planning, Labour and Employment (1957–60), Deputy Minister for Home Affairs (1964–66), Deputy Finance Minister (1966–67), Minister of State for Defence Production (1967–70).[citation needed] From 1970 till 4 February 1973 he was Minister of Foreign Trade. On 5 February 1973 he was made Cabinet Minister of Railways by then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.[citation needed]

As a Minister of Foreign Trade, he was one of the first to recognize the potential of future Prime Minister of India, Dr Manmohan Singh and appointed him as his adviser at the Ministry of Foreign Trade. Their first meeting happened coincidentally on an India-US-Chile flight.[5] Mr. Mishra the minister for commerce (then called minister for foreign trade) was on his way to Santiago, Chile, to attend a meeting of UNCTAD.[5]

Assassination[edit]

As Minister of Railways, he visited Samastipur on 2 January 1975 to declare the Samastipur-Darbhanga broad gauge railway line open.[citation needed] A bomb explosion on the dais seriously injured him. He was taken from Samastipur to the railway hospital at Danapur, where he died the next day.[6]

Investigation and trial[edit]

Indira Gandhi blamed "foreign elements" for the murder, probably referring to the CIA.[7] His brother Jagannath Mishra denied the claim that LN Mishra and Indira Gandhi had received bribes from the KGB as alleged in the Mitrokhin Archives; the Congress Party describes the book as "pure sensationalism and vague".[8][9] On 26 July 2012, the Supreme Court stated that it will go into the causes of delay as even after 33 years, the trial was yet to conclude in the session court.[10] As of July 2013, the 27-year-old man accused of the murder was 65 years old. Of the 39 witnesses he cited to prove his innocence, 31 have died. More than 20 different judges have heard his case over the years, supposedly on a day-by-day basis.[11]

After 39 years of trial, on 8 December 2014 four men accused of Mishra's murder were found guilty by a Delhi court. A fifth accused in the case had died.[12] Three Ananda Marga followers, Santoshanand, Sudevanand and Gopalji, along with advocate Ranjan Dwivedi, were held guilty of murdering Mishra and two others. They were sentenced to life imprisonment by district judge and were fined amounts ranging from Rs 25,000 and Rs 20,000. The court noted that Prabhat Ranjan Sarkar, the religious leader of Ananda Marga, was jailed following his accusations in a murder case so his followers murdered Mishra to build pressure on Indira Gandhi government to release Sarkar. Sarkar was later acquitted. The court also noted that the six Ananda Marga followers met at a village in Bhagalpur district, Bihar and planned the conspiracy in 1973.[13] Appeal was filed by the convicted accused in Delhi High Court in 2015 wherein bail was granted and appeal was admitted. The Appeal filed by the convicted accused is now being heard at final hearing stage in Delhi High Court and in a recent development an application has also been filed in the appeal in High Court in lieu of Supreme Court order dated 13.10.2023 in SLP(Crl.) No. 13467/2023, Vaibhav Mishra v. CBI & Ors. which will be heard along with the main appeal.[14]

Legacy[edit]

A university, Lalit Narayan Mithila University, MBA institutes, Lalit Narayan Mishra Institute of Economic Development and Social Change, Patna (LNMI, Patna), L N Mishra Institute of Business Management, Muzaffarpur and a railway hospital in Gorakhpur, UP are named after him.[citation needed] The Government of India issued a postage stamp in his memory[citation needed].

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pranava K Chaudhary (1 June 2009). "Prez releases book on Nehru, Sri Babu letters". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 14 February 2016. Retrieved 1 June 2009.
  2. ^ Jul 31, Mohammed Wajihuddin / TOI Crest /. "Former Union railway minister L N Mishra, a Maithil Brahmin". The Times of India.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ "मधुबनी: कभी बिहार की राजनीति में था इन ब्राह्मण नेताओं का दबदबा, केंद्र में भी बोलती थी तूती". आज तक (in Hindi). 29 September 2020.
  4. ^ LN MISHRA Commemorative Volume:1978 (1 March 2012). "LN MISHRA Commemoration Volume". Archived from the original on 8 October 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2009.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ a b T. N. Ninan (22 May 2004). "Speaking softly & making it stick". Rediff. Archived from the original on 14 April 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
  6. ^ Limca Book of Records 1991. Bombay: Bisleri Beverages Ltd. 1991. p. 41. ISBN 81-900115-1-0.
  7. ^ "Indira's India and the KGB".
  8. ^ Sudhi Rajan Sen (18 September 2005). "Timeless mystery". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013.
  9. ^ PTI (18 September 2005). "Allegations in Mitrokhin Archives vague: Congress". Rediff News. Archived from the original on 25 March 2007. Retrieved 18 October 2009.
  10. ^ Venkatesan, J. (27 July 2012). "Supreme Court to go into delay after 1991 in L.N. Mishra murder case". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  11. ^ SA Aiyar (17 July 2013). "Without quick justice, politics will stay criminalized". The Times Of India. Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  12. ^ Alok Pandey (8 December 2014). "Former Union Minister LN Mishra Gets Justice 39 Years After His Murder". NDTV.com.
  13. ^ "L N Mishra case: Four convicts awarded life sentence by trial court". Business Standard. PTI. 18 December 2014. Archived from the original on 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014.
  14. ^ "48 साल पहले हुई थी मंत्री की हत्या, अब दिल्ली हाईकोर्ट याचिका पर करेगा सुनवाई". News18 हिंदी (in Hindi). 7 April 2024. Retrieved 18 June 2024.

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