Nirmala Sitharaman

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Nirmala Sitharaman
Nirmala Sitharaman - 2018 (46166396231) (cropped).jpg
Minister of Defence
Assumed office
3 September 2017
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byArun Jaitley
Minister of Commerce and Industry[1]
In office
26 May 2014 – 3 September 2017
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byAnand Sharma
Succeeded bySuresh Prabhu
Spokesperson of the Bharatiya Janata Party
In office
2010–2014
Succeeded byShaina NC
MP of Rajya Sabha for Karnataka [2]
Assumed office
1 July 2016
Preceded byM. Venkaiah Naidu, BJP
MP of Rajya Sabha for Andhra Pradesh
In office
26 June 2014 – 21 June 2016
Preceded byN. Janardhana Reddy, Indian National Congress
Succeeded bySuresh Prabhu
Personal details
Born (1959-08-18) 18 August 1959 (age 59)
Madurai, Madras State, India
(now in Tamil Nadu, India)
Political partyLotus BJP Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)Parakala Prabhakar
Children1
ResidenceHyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India[3][4]
Alma materSeethalakshmi Ramaswamy College, Tiruchirapalli
Jawaharlal Nehru University

Nirmala Sitharaman (born 18 August 1959) is an Indian politician of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), serving as the Minister of Defence since 2017 and has served as Member of the Rajya Sabha, upper house of the Indian Parliament, since 2016. Sitharaman is India's second female defence minister. She has served as the Minister of State for Finance and Corporate Affairs under the Ministry of Finance and the Minister for Commerce and Industry with independent charge. Prior to that, she has served as a national spokesperson for the BJP.[5]

Personal life

Nirmala was born in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, to Savitri and Narayanan Sitharaman. Her father, Narayanan, hailed from Musiri, Tiruchirappalli, while her mother's family had its roots in Thiruvenkadu, and in the Thanjavur and Salem districts of Tamil Nadu. Her father was an employee of Indian Railways and hence she spent her childhood in various parts of the state. She had her schooling from Madras and Tiruchirappalli.[6] She obtained a BA in economics at the Seethalakshmi Ramaswamy College in Tiruchirapalli and a master's degree from Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi in 1984.[7]

Sitharaman met her husband Parakala Prabhakar, a Telugu Brahmin, from Narsapuram, Andhra Pradesh, while studying at the Jawaharlal Nehru University. While Nirmala leaned towards the BJP, her husband was from a pro-Congress family.[8] They married in 1986. Prabhakar served as a communications advisor to the Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister, Chandrababu Naidu.[9][10]

Political career

Nirmala Sitharaman joined the BJP in 2008 and has served as a spokesperson for the party. In 2014, she was inducted into Narendra Modi's cabinet as a junior minister and in June 2014, she elected as a Rajya Sabha Member from Andhra Pradesh.[11]

In May 2016, she was one of the 12 candidates nominated by the BJP to contest the Rajya Sabha elections due on 11 June 2016. She successfully contested her seat from Karnataka.[12] On 3 September 2017, she was elevated to Defence Minister, being only the second woman after Indira Gandhi to hold the Defence Minister post.[13][14]

Non-political career

Sitharaman worked as a salesgirl at Habitat, a home décor store in London’s Regent Street.[15] She has served as an assistant to Economist in the Agricultural Engineers Association in UK. During her stay in UK, she has also served as a Senior Manager (R&D)[10] for Price Waterhouse and briefly at the BBC World Service.[16]

She has also served as a member of National Commission for Women.[17] In 2017, she was one of the founding directors of Pranava in Hyderabad.[18]

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Nirmala Sitharaman Wins Rajya Sabha Seat From Karnataka, Congress Gets 3". Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  3. ^ "National Leadership from Andhra Pradesh - Official BJP site of Andhra Pradesh Nirmala sitharaman's address and contact information". Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  4. ^ "Official BJP National website". Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 20 June 2014.
  5. ^ "Deccan Chronicle: BJP leader Nirmala Sitharaman gets NJR Rajya Sabha seat". 4 June 2014. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  6. ^ Phadnis, Aditi (4 September 2017). "The rise and rise of Nirmala Sitharaman: From spokesperson to defence minister". Business Standard. Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
  7. ^ "2014 Rajyasabha Nomination Affidavit, Andhra Pradesh" (PDF). Chief Election Commissioner, Andhra Pradesh.
  8. ^ "BJP spokesperson finds her new role challenging". The Hindu. 3 April 2010. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  9. ^ "AP govt advisor and Nirmala Sitharaman's husband Parakala Prabhakar quits, blames Jagan".
  10. ^ a b "In Nirmala Sitharaman, India Gets Its Second Woman Defence Minister After Indira Gandhi". Huffington Post India. 3 September 2017. Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 13 September 2017.
  11. ^ "Nirmala elected to Rajya Sabha". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 2014-06-27. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  12. ^ "Naidu, Naqvi, Goyal among 12 in BJP's RS list". ABP Live. 29 May 2016. Archived from the original on 30 May 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  13. ^ "Nirmala Sitharaman Joins Cabinet: GST and Start-Up Success Pays Dividend". News18. Archived from the original on 3 September 2017. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Modi Cabinet reshuffle: Full list of new council of ministers", The Times of India, 3 September 2017, archived from the original on 4 September 2017, retrieved 3 September 2017
  15. ^ Phadnis, Aditi (2017-09-04). "The rise and rise of Nirmala Sitharaman: From spokesperson to defence minister". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  16. ^ Mohua Chatterjee, TNN (21 March 2010). "BJP gets a JNU product as its woman spokesperson". Indiatimes.com. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
  17. ^ "Who is Nirmala Sitharaman, India's first full-time woman Defence Minister". Financial Express. 3 September 2017. Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Management | Pranava". Pranavatheschool.org. Archived from the original on 19 July 2013. Retrieved 29 June 2013.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Anand Sharma
Minister of Commerce and Industry
2014–2017
As Minister of State (Independent Charge)
Succeeded by
Suresh Prabhu
Preceded by
Arun Jaitley
Minister of Defence
2017 – Present
Incumbent