The Union County Courthouse in Liberty is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Location of Liberty in Union County, Indiana.
|• Total||0.86 sq mi (2.23 km2)|
|• Land||0.86 sq mi (2.22 km2)|
|• Water||0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)|
|Elevation||984 ft (300 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||2,046|
|• Density||2,387.40/sq mi (921.38/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||437816|
The Liberty post office has been in operation since 1824.
According to the 2010 census, Liberty has a total area of 0.86 square miles (2.23 km2), all of it land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,133 people, 832 households, and 558 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,480.2 inhabitants per square mile (957.6/km2). There were 930 housing units at an average density of 1,081.4 per square mile (417.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.8% White, 0.8% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 832 households of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.9% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.06.
The median age in the town was 34.7 years. 28.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.7% were from 25 to 44; 23.6% were from 45 to 64; and 14.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,061 people, 858 households, and 548 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,366.6 people per square mile (914.7/km²). There were 916 housing units at an average density of 1,051.8 per square mile (406.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.30% White, 0.39% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.19% from other races, and 0.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 0.44% of the population.
There were 858 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 12.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the town, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $30,296, and the median income for a family was $35,817. Males had a median income of $31,038 versus $20,430 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,440. About 8.2% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.5% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.
The town has a lending library, the Union County Public Library.
- Ambrose Burnside, Union general in the Civil War
- Chad Collyer, professional wrestler and mentalist
- Jay Hall Connaway, realist painter known for painting landscapes of Maine
- Samuel Duvall, competed in the 1904 Summer Olympics
- Bob Jenkins, former NASCAR and IndyCar announcer
- Walter F. Bossert, attorney and Republican Party official, Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan during the 1920s
In popular culture
- In Episode 2 of Series 2 of BBC's Sherlock, "The Hounds of Baskerville," a CIA research project called H.O.U.N.D. is discovered by Sherlock and John to have taken place in Liberty, Indiana during the 1980s. H.O.U.N.D. was devoted to developing an anti-personnel chemical weapon which produced fear and confusion in the target. Unfortunately, the weapon caused the participants to go insane, apparently leading to a multiple homicide. This is implied to have resulted in the project being shut down.
- "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 28, 2017.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Liberty, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2016-07-20.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Union County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 12/30/13 through 1/03/14. National Park Service. 2014-01-10.
- "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-17.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Indiana public library directory" (PDF). Indiana State Library. Retrieved 15 March 2018.
- "Samuel Duvall". Sports-reference.com. Retrieved 2016-03-20.
- Citizen Klansmen: The Ku Klux Klan in Indiana, 1921-1928, Leonard J. Moore, North Carolina Press, 1997. When Ku Klux Klan powerbroker D. C. Stephenson (convicted murderer) was ousted from his position as Grand Dragon, Bossert replaced him.