List of Geographical Indications in India
A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country). India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 has come into force with effect from 15 September 2003. GIs have been defined under Article 22(1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights(TRIPS) Agreement as: “Indications which identify a good as originating in the territory of a member, or a region or a locality in that territory, where a given quality, reputation or characteristic of the good is essentially attributable to its geographic origin.”
The GI tag ensures that none other than those registered as authorised users (or at least those residing inside the geographic territory) are allowed to use the popular product name. Darjeeling tea became the first GI tagged product in India, in 2004-05, since then by September 2010, 184 had been added to the list. These are listed below.
Geographical Indications in India
- The Venkateswara temple in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, scored a legal victory: the Geographical Indications Registry upheld its claim of a GI registration over the famous Tirupati laddu. The Registry’s order granting the GI tag was, earlier, challenged by R S Praveen Raj, a scientist with CSIR-NIIST.The registry issued the verdict, upholding TTD’s claim and fined Praveen Raj Rs 10,000.
- "Karnataka gets highest number of GI tags". Business Standard. 11 April 2008.
- "Registration Details of G.I Applications 2003 - 18 November 2013" (PDF). Geographical Indications Registry. Intellectual Property Office, Chennai. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
- Maneesh Chhibber (31 July 2012). "Tirupati temple to keep laddu patent". The Financial Express (New Delhi).