List of Polish Nobel laureates

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The Nobel Prize

This is a list of Nobel laureates who are Poles. The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed on "those who conferred the greatest benefit on humankind", first instituted in 1901. Since 1903, there have been eighteen Poles who were awarded nineteen Nobel Prizes. Poles have been the recipients in all award categories: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace and Economics.

Laureates[edit]

Year Winner Field Contribution
1903 Marie Curie c1920.jpg Maria Skłodowska Curie[1] Physics "for their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel"
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 1905.jpg Henryk Sienkiewicz[2] Literature "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer"
1907 Albert Abraham Michelson2.jpg Albert A. Michelson[3] Physics "for his optical precision instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological investigations carried out with their aid"
1911 Marie Curie c1920.jpg Maria Skłodowska Curie (2nd time)[4] Chemistry "for the discovery of the elements radium and polonium, by the isolation of radium and the study of the nature and compounds of this remarkable element"
1924 Wladyslaw Reymont 1924.jpg Władysław Reymont[5] Literature "for his great national epic, The Peasants"
1944 II Rabi.jpg Isidor Isaac Rabi[6] Physics "for his resonance method for recording the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei"
1950 Thadeus Reichstein ETH-Bib Portr 10137.jpg Tadeusz Reichstein[7] Medicine "for their discoveries relating to the hormones of the adrenal cortex, their structure and biological effects"
1977 Andrew Schally portrait.jpg Andrzej Schally[8] Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the peptide hormone production of the brain"
1978 Menachem Begin, Andrews AFB, 1978.JPG Menachem Begin[9] Peace "for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel"
Isaac Bashevis Singer (upright).jpg Isaac Bashevis Singer[10] Literature "for his impassioned narrative art which, with roots in a Polish-Jewish cultural tradition, brings universal human conditions to life"
1980 Czeslaw Milosz 3 ap.tif Czesław Miłosz[11] Literature "who with uncompromising clear-sightedness voices man's exposed condition in a world of severe conflicts"
1981 Roald Hoffmann.jpg Roald Hoffmann[12] Chemistry "for their theories, developed independently, concerning the course of chemical reactions"
1983 Lech Walesa OAF Visit.jpg Lech Wałęsa[13] Peace "Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights"
1992 CHARPAK Georges-24x50-2005 cropped.JPG Jerzy Charpak[14] Physics "for his invention and development of particle detectors, in particular the multiwire proportional chamber"
1994 Shimon Peres by David Shankbone.jpg Shimon Peres[15] Peace "to honour a political act which called for great courage on both sides, and which has opened up opportunities for a new development towards fraternity in the Middle East."
1995 Josef Rotblat ID badge.png Józef Rotblat[16] Peace "for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms"
1996 Wisława Szymborska 2009.10.23 (1).jpg Wisława Szymborska[17] Literature "for poetry that with ironic precision allows the historical and biological context to come to light in fragments of human reality"
2007 Leonid Hurwicz (square).jpg Leonid Hurwicz[18] Economics "for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory"
2018 Olga Tokarczuk (2018).jpg Olga Tokarczuk[19] Literature “for a narrative imagination that with encyclopedic passion represents the crossing of boundaries as a form of life”

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Marie Curie: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1903". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  2. ^ "Henryk Sienkiewicz: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1905". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  3. ^ "Albert A. Michelson: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1907". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  4. ^ "Marie Curie: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1911". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  5. ^ "Wladyslaw Reymont: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1924". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  6. ^ "Isidor Isaac Rabi: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1944". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  7. ^ "Tadeus Reichstein: The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1950". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  8. ^ "Andrew V. Schally: The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1977". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  9. ^ "Menachem Begin: The Nobel Peace Prize 1978". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  10. ^ "Isaac Bashevis Singer: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1978". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  11. ^ "Czeslaw Milosz: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1980". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  12. ^ "Roald Hoffmann: The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1981". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  13. ^ "Lech Walesa: The Nobel Peace Prize 1983". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  14. ^ "Georges Charpak: The Nobel Prize in Physics 1992". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  15. ^ "Shimon Peres: The Nobel Peace Prize 1994". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-10-10.
  16. ^ "Joseph Rotblat: The Nobel Peace Prize 1995". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  17. ^ "Wislawa Szymborska: The Nobel Prize in Literature 1996". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  18. ^ "Leonid Hurwicz: The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2007". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.
  19. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Literature 2018". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2019-01-07.