List of birds of Singapore

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Lesser whistling duck
Lesser whistling duck (Dendrocygna javanica) swimming in Singapore
Schrenck's bittern
Schrenck's bittern (Ixobrychus eurhythmus) - Central Catchment Nature Reserve
Crested goshawk
Crested goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus) perched on the 12th floor balcony of a condominium along Bedok South Avenue 1
Collared kingfisher
Collared kingfisher (Todiramphus chloris) - Nee Soon Forest
Common iora
Common iora (Aegithina tiphia) - adult breeding male, Singapore
Crimson sunbird
Crimson sunbird (Aethopyga siparaja) - male
Eurasian tree sparrow
Eurasian tree sparrow (Passer montanus) - juvenile

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Singapore. The avifauna of Singapore include more than 400 species.[1] In addition, there are some ornamental birds, escapees and free-ranging birds from the Singapore Zoo, Jurong Bird Park and private aviaries.

Contents

Abundance[edit]

  • Very common (VC) - found almost all the time in suitable locations
  • Common (C) - found most of the time in suitable locations
  • Uncommon (U) - found some of the time
  • Rare (R) - found several times a year
  • Very rare (VR) - not found every year
  • Extirpated (Ex) - used to be found in Singapore, but not any more

Status[edit]

  • Resident (R) - stays throughout the year without known breeding record
  • Resident breeder (RB) - stays throughout the year with known breeding record
  • Winter visitor (WV) - spends months at wintering site
  • Passage migrant (PM) - spends days to weeks at wintering site
  • Migrant breeder (MB) - breeds locally, but winters elsewhere
  • Non-breeding visitor (NBV) - can be found throughout the year for days to months, but does not breed locally
  • Vagrant (V) - not usually found locally
  • Introduced (I) - either released or escaped birds
  • Reintroduced (rI) - previously extirpated, but has been re-introduced into the wild
  • Ornamental (O) - placed in parks or gardens for display purpose
  • Free-ranging (F) - allowed to fly freely from zoos or bird parks

Locations[edit]

There are many locations for bird-watching in Singapore. The habitats include forests, mangroves, rivers, coasts, grasslands, woodlands, marshes, and offshore islands.

Nature reserves[2][edit]

Offshore islands[3][edit]

There are many islands surrounding mainland Singapore. They often have names carrying the word "pulau" (P.), meaning "island" (Is.) in the Malay language.

Rivers[4][edit]

There are many rivers in Singapore. They often have names carrying the word "sungei" (S.), meaning "river" in the Malay language.

  • Sungei Punggol - a river in the north-eastern part of Singapore. It has been converted into a reservoir in 2011 and is now known as Punggol Reservoir. It contains Sengkang Floating Wetland (SFW) and is beside Sengkang Riverside Park (SRP).
  • Sungei Serangoon - a river in the north-eastern part of Singapore. It has been converted into a reservoir in 2011 and is now known as Serangoon Reservoir. It is beside Lorong Halus Wetland and Punggol grassland.

Coasts[edit]

There are many coastal habitats around mainland Singapore.

  • Lower Seletar Dam (LSD) - a mudflat and sandy beach at north-eastern Singapore. It is the northern border of Lower Seletar Reservoir (LSR).
  • Kranji Dam - a dam at north-western Singapore. It is the northern border of the Kranji Reservoir.
  • Mandai Mudflat -a mudflat at north-western Singapore. It is a feeding ground for migratory waders.

Parks and gardens[5][edit]

There are many parks and gardens in Singapore. Some of them contain lakes, mangroves, forests, quarries, or rivers. Some are parks in a town, like Ang Mo Kio Town Garden West (AMK TGW) and Choa Chu Kang Park (CCKP). Others are parks in business or industrial areas, like Changi Business Park (CBP) and Jurong Eco-Garden (JEG).

Cemeteries[edit]

Cemeteries, present or past, are good nature areas because they are left undisturbed most of the time.

Other locations[edit]

The other locations include reclaimed lands, woodlands and military grounds.

List of birds[edit]

Order Galliformes (fowl)[edit]

Family Phasianidae (pheasants and relatives)

  • Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) - U/O - Sentosa
  • Blue-breasted quail (Synoicus chinensis) - R/RB - Changi, Halus, NTL, P. Punggol, Punggol, SBWR, Tuas
  • Red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) - U/RB+IRB - RB: P. Ubin. IRB: Changi, East Coast, Fort Canning, Poyan, PRP, SBG, SBTB, SBWR, Sembawang Park, Tampines

Order Anseriformes (waterfowl)[edit]

Family Anatidae (ducks, geese and swans)

Order Podicipediformes (grebes)[edit]

Family Podicepidae (grebes)

  • Little grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis) - U/RB - Halus, P. Ubin, KRP, Kranji Marsh, P. Punggol, Punggol, Singapore Quarry, Tampines Quarry

Order Procellariiformes (tubenoses)[edit]

Family Hydrobatidae (northern storm-petrels)

Family Procellariidae (shearwaters and relatives)

Order Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)[edit]

Family Phaethontidae (tropicbirds)

Order Suliformes (frigatebirds and relatives)[edit]

Family Sulidae (gannets and boobies)

  • Brown booby (Sula leucogaster) - VR/V - Pedra Branca, SBWR (2016), Singapore Strait
  • Red-footed booby (Sula sula) - VR/V - CCKC (2011), Singapore Strait (2012, 2016), St. John Is. (2019), Marina East (2017, carcass)

Family Fregatidae (frigatebirds)

  • Christmas frigatebird (Fregata andrewsi) - VR/NBV - P. Ubin, Singapore Strait, SBWR
  • Lesser frigatebird (Fregata ariel) - VR/NBV - Pedra Branca, Singapore Strait

Family Phalacrocoracidae (cormorants and shags)

  • Great cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo) - U/F - Changi, JLG, Johor Strait, Kranji Dam, Mandai Mudflat, Tuas

Family Anhingidae (darters)

  • Oriental darter (Anhinga melanogaster) - R/NBV - Bukit Gombak, Hindhede Quarry, Kranji, P. Ubin, Singapore Quarry

Order Ciconiiformes (storks)[edit]

Family Ciconiidae (storks)

Order Pelecaniformes (pelicans, herons and relatives)[edit]

Family Pelecanidae (pelicans)

Family Ardeidae (herons, egrets and bitterns)

  • Grey heron (Ardea cinerea) - C/RB - waterbodies
  • Purple heron (Ardea purpurea) - C/RB - grassfields, waterbodies
  • Great-billed heron (Ardea sumatrana) - R/RB - Changi, Coney Is., Jurong Is., JLG, LNR, LSD, KRP, Poyan, P. Hantu, P. Jong, P. Punggol, P. Semakau, P. Tekong, P. Ubin, Sentosa, SBWR, WCP, Tuas
  • Great egret (Ardea alba) - C/WV - waterbodies
  • Intermediate egret (Ardea intermedia) - C/WV - grassfields, waterbodies
  • Little egret (Egretta garzetta) - VC/WV - waterbodies
  • Chinese egret (Egretta eulophotes) - R/WV - Changi, PRP, P. Ubin, SBWR, S. Serangoon
  • Pacific reef egret (Egretta sacra) - U/R - Changi, LSD, Marina Barrage, P. Hantu, P. Semakau, P. Ubin, PRP, Siglap Canal, SBWR, WCP, S. Punggol, S. Serangoon
  • Cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) - VC/WV - grassfields
  • Chinese pond heron (Ardeola bacchus) - C/WV - Changi, Halus, JLG, LNR, Poyan, SBWR, Marina South
  • Indian pond heron (Ardeola grayii) - VR/V - Bidadari (2015, 2016), Pasir Ris Farmway (2012, 2016), Senoko (1994)
  • Javan pond heron (Ardeola speciosa) - R/WV - Pasir Ris Farmway, SBWR, S. Serangoon
  • Striated heron (Butorides striatus) - VC/RBWV - waterbodies
  • Black-crowned night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) - U/RB - waterbodies
  • Malaysian night heron (Gorsachius melanolophus) - R/WVPM - Bidadari, CCNR, Halus, JLG, NTL, SBG, Tuas
  • Cinnamon bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) - U/RBWV - Bidadari, CCKC, Changi, Halus, JLG, NTL, PRP, SBG, SBWR, Tuas, Jurong West, P. Punggol, Seletar West
  • Schrenck's bittern (Ixobrychus eurhythmus) - R/WV - CCNR, Changi, Halus, JLG, Jurong West, PRP, Punggol, Sengkang, SBG, SBTB, SBWR, Tuas, Venus Drive
  • Black bittern (Ixobrychus flavicollis) - U/WVPM - Bishan Park, CCNR, DFNP, Hindhede Quarry, JEG, JLG, Halus, PRP, P. Ubin, SBG, SBTB, SBWR, Tuas
  • Yellow bittern (Ixobrychus sinensis) - C/RBWV - reeds

Family Threskiornithidae (ibises and spoonbills)

  • Glossy ibis (Plegadis falcinellus) - VR/V - Halus (1984), Kranji Dam (2019), Sime Road (1992, 2007), SBWR (1989)[9]

Order Accipitriformes (hawks, kites, and eagles)[10][edit]

Family Pandionidae (osprey)

  • Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) - U/NBV - Changi, DFNP, Halus, Henderson Waves, Kranji, Mandai Mudflat, NTL, P. Punggol, P. Tekong, P. Ubin, PRP, SBWR, Sembawang Park, S. Punggol, S. Serangoon

Family Accipitridae (eagles, hawks and relatives)

  • Jerdon's baza (Aviceda jerdoni) - U/WVPM - AMK TGW, Bidadari, BTNR, CCKC, CCNR, Changi, Clementi, DFNP, Halus, JLG, PRP, Poyan, Springleaf, TEG, Marina South
  • Black baza (Aviceda leuphotes) - C/WVPM - islandwide
  • Oriental honey buzzard (Pernis ptilorhyncus) - orientalis: C/WVPM, torquatus: U/NBV - WVPM: islandwide. NBV: Bidadari, CCNR, Poyan, PRP, Tampines, TBHP, Toa Payoh, USR, Warren
  • Bat hawk (Macheiramphus alcinus) - VR/NBV - MacRitchie, P. Ubin
  • Black-winged kite (Elanus caeruleus) - C/RB - grasslands
  • Black kite (Milvus migrans) - U/WV - BBNP, CCNR, Changi, Jurong West, Punggol, P. Punggol, P. Ubin, Seletar Camp, SBWR, Tuas, Marina South
  • Brahminy kite (Haliastur indus) - C/RB - islandwide
  • White-bellied sea eagle (Haliaeetus leucogaster) - C/RB - islandwide near water
  • Grey-headed fish eagle (Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus) - U/RB - CCNR, Changi, JLG, Little Guilin, LSR, NTL, Poyan, Seletar Camp, SBG, Springleaf, SBWR, Tampines
  • Himalayan griffon (Gyps himalayensis) - R/V - AMK, BTNR, Changi, Orchard Road, Simpang, SBWR, Toa Payoh, Tuas
  • Short-toed snake eagle (Circaetus gallicus) - VR/PM - CCNR, Changi, Henderson Waves, JLG, Halus, NTL, SBWR, Tuas
  • Crested serpent eagle (Spilornis cheela) - R/R - BTNR, CCNR, Goldhill Avenue, JLG, Malcolm Park, P. Tekong, P. Ubin, Sembawang Park, SBG, Springleaf, SBWR
  • Eastern marsh harrier (Circus spilonotus) - U/WV - Changi, Henderson Waves, NTL, Poyan, P. Semakau, Sengkang, SBWR, Tuas
  • Hen harrier (Circus cyaneus) - VR/WV - Halus, Poyan
  • Pied harrier (Circus melanoleucos) - R/WV - Changi, NTL, P. Punggol, SBWR, TBHP, Tuas
  • Crested goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus) - U/RB - AMK TGW, Bedok, Bishan Park, BTNR, CCNR, Changi, Goldhill Ave, JLG, Kranji Dam, NTL, PRP, Punggol, P. Ubin, SBG, SBTB, Sembawang Park, Sentosa, Southern Ridges, Zoo
  • Shikra (Accipiter badius) - VR/V - CCNR (2019)
  • Chinese sparrowhawk (Accipiter soloensis) - U/WVPM - AMK TGW, CCNR, Changi, Coney Is., JLG, LSD, NTL, P. Punggol, P. Ubin, PRP, SBG, SBWR, Southern Ridges, Tuas, WCP
  • Japanese sparrowhawk (Accipiter gularis) - C/WVPM - islandwide
  • Besra (Accipiter virgatus) - R/PM - Changi, Henderson Waves, Tuas
  • Eurasian sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) - VR/V - Henderson Waves (2016, 2017), TBHP (2018), Tuas (2010)
  • Grey-faced buzzard (Butastur indicus) - U/WV - BBNP, CCNR, Changi, Henderson Waves, P. Ubin, SBWR, Tuas
  • Eastern buzzard (Buteo japonicus) - U/WV - Airport Road, Bidadari, BBNP, Changi, Halus, Henderson Waves, Holland Road, JLG, KRP, Seletar West, Sembawang Park, Sentosa, Tuas
  • Blyth's hawk eagle (Nisaetus alboniger) - VR/NBV - KRP, Simpang
  • Changeable hawk eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus) - U/RB - forests, woodlands
  • Rufous-bellied eagle (Hieraaetus kienerii) - R/WVPM - BBNP, BBC, BTNR, CCNR, Halus, Pang Sua, SBG, SBWR, Swiss Club Road
  • Booted eagle (Hieraaetus pennatus) - U/WV - Bidadari, Bukit Panjang, CCKC, CCNR, Changi, Poyan, Punggol, P. Punggol, Tuas
  • Greater spotted eagle (Clanga clanga) - VR/WV - Changi, Henderson Waves, Murai, NTL, P. Punggol, SBG, Tuas
  • Imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca) - VR/V - Changi, P. Ubin (2016-7), Punggol
  • Steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis) - VR/V - Changi, Halus, Tuas, Punggol, S. Serangoon

Order Falconiformes (falcons)[11][edit]

Family Falconidae (falcons and relatives)

  • Black-thighed falconet (Microhierax fringillarius) - VR/NBV - BBNP, JLG
  • Common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) - R/WV - Bukit Batok West, Changi, CCKC, JLG, Kranji, KRP, P. Punggol, Tuas, Jurong West
  • Lesser kestrel (Falco naumanni) - VR/WV - Changi (2001, 2010), Simei (2001)
  • Amur falcon (Falco amurensis)[12] - VR/V - Changi (2007), DFNP (2017), LSD (2016), Tanah Merah Coast Road (2017)
  • Oriental hobby (Falco severus) - VR/V - P. Ubin
  • Eurasian hobby (Falco subbuteo) - VR/V - P. Ubin, SBWR
  • Peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus) - U/WV - Bishan Park, BBNP, CCNR, Changi, City, JLG, Kranji, KRP, LSD, NTL, P. Punggol, P. Ubin, Punggol Park, SBWR, Seletar Camp, Sembawang Park, St. John Is., Tuas, Woodlands, Khatib Bongsu

Order Gruiformes (cranes and relatives)[edit]

Family Heliornithidae (finfoots)

Family Gruidae (cranes)

Family Rallidae (rails and relatives)

  • Red-legged crake (Rallina fasciata) - U/RBWV - BBNP, BBC, BTNR, CCNR, Halus, MFP, P. Ubin, SBG, SBWR
  • Slaty-legged crake (Rallina eurizonoides) - VR/WVPM - Admiralty Park, Bedok, Haig Road, Jurong Is., JLG, LPR, Sentosa, Punggol
  • Slaty-breasted rail (Lewinia striata) - C/RB - tall grass areas
  • White-breasted waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus) - VC/RBWV - islandwide
  • Baillon's crake (Porzana pusilla) - R/WVPM - Bt. Batok, Halus, NTL, SBTB, Tampines, Tuas, P. Punggol
  • Ruddy-breasted crake (Porzana fusca) - U/RBWV - Bishan Park, Changi, Halus, Kranji Marsh, LSR, Punggol, P. Punggol, Tampines, Tuas, Marina South
  • Band-bellied crake (Porzana paykullii) - VR/PM - JLG (2011, 2014), SBG (2018)
  • White-browed crake (Porzana cinerea) - U/RB - Halus, Kranji Marsh, SBWR, Punggol
  • Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea) - U/WV - Changi, Halus, Jurong East, Kranji Marsh, Poyan, SBG, SBWR, Tuas, Khatib Bongsu, Marina South
  • Grey-headed swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus) - R/RB - Halus, Kranji Marsh, Neo Tiew, TEG, Poyan
  • Eurasian moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) - U/RB - Halus, Kranji Marsh, Poyan, WCP, Marina South, P. Punggol, Serangoon
  • Eurasian coot (Fulica atra) - VR/V - Poyan

Order Charadriiformes (shorebirds)[edit]

Family Turnicidae (buttonquails)[edit]

  • Barred buttonquail (Turnix suscitator) - U/RB - Changi, Coney Is., Halus, NTL, P. Punggol, P. Ubin, Punggol, TEG, Tuas

Family Charadriidae (plovers and lapwings)[edit]

Family Scolopacidae (sandpipers and relatives)[edit]

Family Rostratulidae (painted-snipes)[edit]

  • Greater painted-snipe (Rostratula benghalensis) - R/RB - Halus, Jurong Central Park, Jurong West, Kranji Marsh, Pasir Ris Farmway, Punggol, Tuas

Family Jacanidae (jacanas)[edit]

  • Pheasant-tailed jacana (Hydrophasianus chirurgus) - VR/WV - Halus, HNP (Hindhede Quarry), NTL (Kranji Marshes), SBTB, SBWR

Family Burhinidae (thick-knees)[edit]

Family Recurvirostridae (stilts and avocets)[edit]

Family Glareolidae (pratincoles and coursers)[edit]

  • Small pratincole (Glareola lactea) - VR/PM - Changi, P. Punggol
  • Oriental pratincole (Glareola maldivarum) - U/PM - CCNR, Changi, Kranji Marsh, Punggol, P. Punggol, P. Semakau, P. Ubin, Tuas

Family Stercorariidae (skuas and jaegers)[16][edit]

Family Laridae (gulls, terns, and skimmers)[edit]

Order Columbiformes (pigeons)[edit]

Family Columbidae (pigeons)

  • Common pigeon (Columba livia) - VC/IRB - urban areas
  • Red collared dove (Streptopelia tranquebarica) - C/IRB - Admiralty Park, Changi, Halus, NTL, PRP, P. Punggol, P. Ubin
  • Spotted dove (Spilopelia chinensis) - VC/RB - urban areas
  • Emerald dove (Chalcophaps indica) - U/RB - Admiralty Park, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, P. Ubin, SBWR
  • Zebra dove (Geopelia striata) - C/RB - urban areas
  • Cinnamon-headed green pigeon (Treron fulvicollis) - VR/NBV - CCNR, P. Tekong, P. Ubin, SBWR, TEG
  • Little green pigeon (Treron olax) - VR/NBV - BTNR, CCNR
  • Pink-necked green pigeon (Treron vernans) - C/RB - woodlands
  • Thick-billed green pigeon (Treron curvirostra) - U/RB - BBC, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, Springleaf, St. John Is., Sentosa, Marina South
  • Jambu fruit dove (Ptilinopus jambu) - U/NBV - BBNP, Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, Changi, DFNP, JLG, Kranji Marsh, KRP, MFP, P. Punggol, SBG
  • Green imperial pigeon (Ducula aenea) - R/RB - BBNP, CBP, Halus, Loyang, PRP, P. Ubin, P. Tekong
  • Mountain imperial pigeon (Ducula badia) - VR/V - P. Ubin (2012, 2016-7)
  • Pied imperial pigeon (Ducula bicolor) - R/NBV, U/F - NBV: P. Salu, Singapore Strait, Southern Islands; F: BBNP, Bt Batok West, JLG, LNR, Poyan, PRP, Tuas, WCP

Order Psittaciformes (parrots)[edit]

Family Cacatuidae (cockatoos)

  • Tanimbar cockatoo (Cacatua goffiniana)[17] - C/IRB - Bidadari, BBNP, Changi Village, Malcolm Park, MFP, PRP SBG, Sembawang Park, Sentosa, Springleaf
  • Yellow-crested cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea) - U/IRB - Bidadari, Changi Village, Clementi, Dover Road, Malcolm Park, St. John Is., Sentosa, SBG, Southern Ridges
  • Sulphur-crested cockatoo (Cacatua galerita) - R/I - MFP, Sentosa

Family Psittaculidae (Old World parrots)

Family Psittacidae (African and New World parrots)

Order Cuculiformes (cuckoos and relatives)[edit]

Family Cuculidae (cuckoos)

  • Greater coucal (Centropus sinensis) - U/RB - woodlands: CCNR, Halus, Mandai, NTL, Poyan, PRP, SBG, SBWR, TBHP, Venus Dr
  • Lesser coucal (Centropus bengalensis) - C/RB - grasslands
  • Chestnut-bellied malkoha (Phaenicophaeus sumatranus) - U/RB - BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, JEG, Mandai, Poyan, TBHP
  • Black-bellied malkoha (Phaenicophaeus diardi) - Ex/RB
  • Chestnut-winged cuckoo (Clamator coromandus) - U/WVPM - Bidadari, CCNR, Changi, SBTB, Halus, JEG, JLG, Murai, Poyan, PRP, P. Punggol, Simpang, SBG, SBWR, TEG, Tuas, Khatib Bongsu, Marina South
  • Pied cuckoo (Clamator jacobinus) - VR/V - Halus (2013-4, 2015)
  • Asian koel (Eudynamys scolopacea) - C/RB - Islandwide (including offshore islands)
  • Asian emerald cuckoo (Chrysococcyx maculatus) - VR/V - Sentosa (2017-8)
  • Violet cuckoo (Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus) - U/RBWV - BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, JEG, Mandai, NTL, PRP, Poyan, P. Ubin, SBG, Simpang, Springleaf
  • Horsfield's bronze-cuckoo (Chrysococcyx basalis) - R/WV - Changi Beach, CCKC, Halus, Kranji, P. Punggol, P. Tekong, Punggol, Sentosa, Tuas, Marina East, Marina South
  • Little bronze-cuckoo (Chrysococcyx minutillus) - C/RB - woodlands
  • Banded bay cuckoo (Cacomantis sonnerati) - U/RB - Bidadari, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, Halus, Marina East, NTL, P. Ubin, SBWR
  • Plaintive cuckoo (Cacomantis merulinus) - U/RB - Bidadari, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, Changi, Halus, JLG, NTL, P. Punggol, P. Ubin, Poyan, PRP, Punggol, SBWR, Tampines, Tuas
  • Rusty-breasted cuckoo (Cacomantis variolosus) - U/RB - Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, Coney Is., Halus, NTL, Poyan, P. Tekong, P. Ubin, PRP, SBG, SBWR, Sentosa, Khatib Bongsu
  • Square-tailed drongo-cuckoo (Surniculus lugubris) - U/RBWV - Bidadari, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, JLG, Mandai, NTL, PRP, Poyan, SBG, SBWR
  • Large hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx sparverioides) - R/WVPM - Bidadari, CCNR, Changi, JLG, P. Punggol, PRP, Sentosa, Tuas, Khatib Bongsu
  • Hodgson's hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx nisicolor) - U/WVPM - Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, Changi, CCKC, JLG, Kusu Island, Mandai, PRP, Poyan, P. Punggol, Sembawang, Tuas
  • Malaysian hawk-cuckoo (Hierococcyx fugax) - R/NBV - Bidadari, Bishan Park, BTNR, CCNR, Halus, JLG, Poyan, SBWR
  • Indian cuckoo (Cuculus micropterus) - C/WVPM - Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, Changi, JLG, Mandai, MFP, NTL, Poyan, P. Punggol, SBG, SBWR, Sembawang, Sentosa, Tuas
  • Himalayan cuckoo (Cuculus saturatus) - R/PM - Bidadari, BBNP, CCNR, Coney Island, JLG, Tuas


Order Strigiformes (owls)[edit]

Family Tytonidae (barn and bay owls)

  • Barn owl (Tyto alba) - U/RB - Changi, Halus, Istana, JLG, Kranji Dam, Marina Barrage, Sentosa, Tanjong Rhu, Toa Payoh, Tuas
  • Oriental bay owl (Phodilus badius) - Ex/RB

Family Strigidae (typical owls)

  • Sunda scops owl (Otus lempiji) - C/RB - Alexandra Hill, BBC, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, HNP, P. Ubin, PRP, SBWR, Sentosa
  • Oriental scops owl (Otus sunia) - R/WVPM - Bidadari, BTNR, CCKP, CCNR, DFNP, Fort Canning, Kent Road, KRP, Mimosa Walk, MFP, P. Ubin, Seletar Country Club, SBWR
  • Barred eagle owl (Bubo sumatranus) - R/RB - BBC, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, P. Ubin
  • Buffy fish owl (Ketupa ketupu) - U/RB - CCNR, JEG, NTL, Poyan, P. Ubin, PRP, SBG, SBWR, Sentosa
  • Spotted wood owl (Strix seloputo) - U/RB - Bidadari, Chinatown, City, Dover Road, JLG, PRP, P. Ubin, Poyan, St. John Is., Sentosa, SBG, TBHP, Toa Payoh
  • Brown wood owl (Strix leptogrammica) - VR/RB - CCNR, P. Ubin
  • Brown hawk owl (Ninox scutulata) - C/RBWV - BTNR, CCNR, HNP, JLG, P. Ubin, Sentosa
  • Northern boobook (Ninox japonica) - R/PMWV - Tuas
  • Short-eared owl (Asio flammeus) - VR/V - Changi, Marina East

Order Caprimulgiformes (nightjars, swifts, and relatives)[edit]

Family Caprimulgidae (nightjars)

Family Hemiprocnidae (treeswifts)

Family Apodidae (true swifts)

Order Coraciiformes (kingfishers and relatives)[edit]

Family Coraciidae (rollers)

Family Alcedinidae (kingfishers)

Family Meropidae (bee-eaters)

  • Blue-tailed bee-eater (Merops philippinus) - C/WV - islandwide (including offshore islands)
  • Blue-throated bee-eater (Merops viridis) - C/MB - islandwide (including offshore islands)

Order Bucerotiformes (hoopoes, hornbills, and relatives)[edit]

Family Bucerotidae (hornbills)

Order Trogoniformes (trogons)[edit]

Family Trogonidae (trogons)

Order Piciformes (woodpeckers and relatives)[edit]

Family Megalaimidae (barbets)

Family Picidae (woodpeckers)

Order Passeriformes (perching birds)[edit]

Family Pittidae (pittas)[edit]

  • Garnet pitta (Erythropitta granatina) - Ex/RB
  • Hooded pitta (Pitta sordida) - U/WVPM - Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, HNP, JLG, SBG, WCP
  • Blue-winged pitta (Pitta moluccensis) - U/WVPM+R/RB - WVPM: Bidadari, BBNP, BTNR, Bukit Batok West, CCNR, Hougang, Jurong Is., JLG, NTL, PRP, Poyan, Punggol Park, SBG, Sembawang Park, Tuas, WCP, Kranji Nature Trail. RB: P. Ubin (2016)[18]
  • Fairy pitta (Pitta nympha) - VR/V - CCNR (2019)[19]
  • Mangrove pitta (Pitta megarhyncha) - R/RB - PRP, P. Ubin, P. Tekong, SBG, SBWR

Family Eurylaimidae (Asian and Grauer’s broadbills)[edit]

Family Calyptomenidae (African and green broadbills )[edit]

  • Green broadbill (Calyptomena viridis) - Ex/RB, CCNR (Single individual. Mid 2000s). Indeterminate - East Coast Park (Nov2014)

Family Acanthizidae (gerygones and relatives)[edit]

Family Pachycephalidae (whistlers and relatives)[edit]

  • Mangrove whistler (Pachycephala grisola) - R/RB - Changi, Halus, JEG, P. Hantu, P. Semakau, P. Tekong, P. Ubin, SBWR


Family Dicruridae (drongos)[edit]

  • Black drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus) - U/WVPM - Changi, Halus, NTL, P. Punggol, Poyan, Punggol, SBWR, Seletar, Tuas
  • Ashy drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus) - R/WV - Bidadari, BBNP, CCNR, CBP, MFP, P. Semakau, SBG, TBHP
  • Crow-billed drongo (Dicrurus annectens) - U/WVPM - Bidadari, CCNR, Changi, Fort Canning, Halus, MFP, NTL, P. Ubin, PRP, SBG, SBWR, Sentosa, St. John Is., Tuas
  • Greater racket-tailed drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus) - C/RB - forests
  • Bronzed drongo (Dicrurus aeneus) - Ex/RB

Family Rhipiduridae (fantails)[edit]

Family Monarchidae (monarchs, paradise flycatchers)[edit]

Family Vangidae (Vangas, helmetshrikes, and allies)[edit]

Family Campephagidae (cuckooshrikes, trillers, minivets and relatives)[edit]

Family Oriolidae (Old World orioles)[edit]

Family Corvidae (crows and relatives)[edit]

Family Paridae (tits and relatives)[edit]

Family Alaudidae (larks)[edit]

Family Irenidae (fairy bluebirds)[edit]

  • Asian fairy bluebird (Irena puella) - C/RB - BBNP, BBC, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP

Family Chloropseidae (leafbirds)[edit]

Family Laniidae (shrikes)[edit]

Family Aegithinidae (ioras)[edit]

Family Turdidae (thrushes)[edit]

  • Orange-headed thrush (Geokichla citrina) - R/WV - Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, HNP, SBG, WCP
  • Siberian thrush (Geokichla sibirica) - R/PM - Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, KRP, JLG, Sentosa, Tuas
  • Eyebrowed thrush (Turdus obscurus) - R/WVPM - Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, KRP, NTL, P. Ubin, SBG, TBHP, Tuas

Family Muscicapidae (Old World flycatchers)[edit]

  • Grey-streaked flycatcher (Muscicapa griseisticta) - VR/PM - Poyan (1991), PRP (2017)
  • Dark-sided flycatcher (Muscicapa sibirica) - U/WVPM - Bidadari, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, NTL, SBG, Southern Ridges
  • Ferruginous flycatcher (Muscicapa ferruginea) - U/WVPM - Bidadari, CCNR, JLG, SBG
  • Asian brown flycatcher (Muscicapa dauurica) - C/WVPM - woodlands
  • Brown-streaked flycatcher (Muscicapa williamsoni) - R/WVPM - BBNP, Bidadari, CCKP, CCNR, JLG, MFP, PRP, SBWR
  • Oriental magpie robin (Copsychus saularis) - U/RB - woodlands
  • White-rumped shama (Copsychus malabaricus) - R/RB - BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, MFP, Poyan, P. Tekong, P. Ubin, SBWR
  • Chinese blue flycatcher (Cyornis glaucicomans) - VR/PM - Bidadari (2013), SBWR (1997)
  • Mangrove blue flycatcher (Cyornis rufigastra) - VR/RB - Bidadari (2015), P. Tekong, P. Ubin, SBWR
  • Brown-chested jungle-flycatcher (Cyornis brunneatus) - R/WVPM - BBNP, Bidadari, BTNR, CCKP, CCNR, DFNP, Jurong Is., SBG, SBWR, Sentosa, St John Is., TEG, Tuas
  • Blue-and-white flycatcher (Cyanoptila cyanomelana) - R/PM - Bidadari, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, Sentosa
  • Zappey's flycatcher (Cyanoptila cumatilis) - R/PM - Bidadari, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, DFNP, JLG, KRP, SBG, TEG, Tuas
  • Verditer flycatcher (Eumyias thalassinus) - VR/NBV - DFNP (2017)
  • Siberian blue robin (Luscinia cyane) - U/WVPM - Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, P. Ubin, SBG, SBWR
  • Blue whistling-thrush (Myophonus caeruleus caeruleus) - VR/Indeterminate - Fort Canning (2019)
  • Yellow-rumped flycatcher (Ficedula zanthopygia) - C/PM - woodlands, forests
  • Green-backed flycatcher (Ficedula elisae) - R/WVPM - Bidadari, Bishan Park, CCNR, KRP, NTL, Tuas, Khatib Bongsu, Marina South
  • Narcissus flycatcher (Ficedula narcissina) - VR/PM - Bidadari (2015), DFNP (2017)
  • Mugimaki flycatcher (Ficedula mugimaki) - U/PM - AMKTGW, Bidadari, BBNP, BTNR, CCNR, JLG, KRP, MFP, PRP, Sentosa, Tuas
  • Taiga flycatcher (Ficedula albicilla) - VR/V - SBG (2019)
  • Daurian redstart (Phoenicurus auroreus) - VR/V - SBTB (2013), Cashew Road (2014), SBG (2019), UTown (2020)
  • White-throated rock thrush (Monticola gularis) - VR/WVPM - BTNR
  • Blue rock thrush (Monticola solitarius) - R/PM - Ascentia Sky, BTNR, Labrador Villa Road, Marina Barrage, Pinnacle@Duxton, Sentosa, Tuas
  • Siberian stonechat (Saxicola maurus) - R/WVPM - Changi, Halus, NTL, Poyan, P. Punggol, Tuas, Warren, Marina South, Punggol

Family Sturnidae (starlings, mynas, oxpeckers)[edit]

Family Hirundinidae (swallows)[edit]

  • Sand martin (Riparia riparia) - U/WVPM - BTNR, CCNR, Changi, Halus, Kranji Marsh, LSD, NTL, P. Punggol
  • Barn swallow (Hirundo rustica) - VC/WVPM - islandwide (including offshore islands)
  • Pacific swallow (Hirundo tahitica) - C/RB - islandwide (including offshore islands)
  • Asian house martin (Delichon dasypus) - R/PM - BTNR, CCNR, Changi, Henderson Waves, NTL
  • Red-rumped swallow (Hirundo daurica) - U/WVPM - Admiralty Park, BTNR, CCKC, CCNR, Changi, Halus, Henderson Waves, LSD, Poyan, Punggol, TEG, Tuas

Family Pycnonotidae (bulbuls)[edit]

Family Phylloscopidae (leaf warblers)[edit]

Family Acrocephalidae (reed warblers)[edit]

Family Locustellidae (grass warblers)[edit]

Family Cisticolidae (cisticolas and allies)[edit]

Family Pellorneidae (ground babblers)[edit]

Family Timaliidae (Old World babblers)[edit]

Family Leiothrichidae (Laughingthrushes)[edit]

Family Zosteropidae (white-eyes)[edit]

Family Dicaeidae (flowerpeckers)[edit]

Family Nectariniidae (sunbirds and spiderhunters)[edit]

Family Motacillidae (wagtails, pipits and relatives)[edit]

  • Forest wagtail (Dendronanthus indicus) - U/WVPM - Admiralty Park, BBNP, Bidadari, BTNR, CCNR, Jurong Central Park, Mandai, P. Ubin, Sembawang, Simpang, SBWR, Yishun
  • Eastern yellow wagtail (Motacilla tschutschensis) - C/WV - Bidadari, Changi, Halus, LSD, NTL, P. Punggol, P. Ubin, Punggol, Sembawang, Yishun
  • Citrine wagtail (Motacilla citreola) - VR/WV - NTL (2018), Punggol (1989), Tuas (1994)
  • Grey wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) - U/WVPM - Admiralty Park, Bedok, Bishan, Bt Batok, BTNR, Buona Vista, CCNR, Changi, JLG, Marsiling Park, Punggol, P. Punggol, P. Ubin, Sembawang, Simpang, Yishun
  • White wagtail (Motacilla alba) - R/WV - BBC, Bishan, Buona Vista, Changi, Jurong West, Marina East, NTL, P. Punggol, Punggol, SBG, TEG, Yishun
  • Paddyfield pipit (Anthus rufulus) - C/RB - grassfields
  • Olive-backed pipit (Anthus hodgsoni) - VR/PM - Bidadari (2010)
  • Red-throated pipit (Anthus cervinus) - R/WV - Changi, P. Punggol, Seletar East, Tuas

Family Ploceidae (weavers and relatives)[edit]

Family Estrildidae (estrildid finches)[edit]

Family Viduidae (indigobirds and whydahs)[edit]

Family Fringillidae (true finches)[edit]

  • Yellow-fronted canary (Crithagra mozambica) - U/I - Changi, Halus, JLG, Marina East, MFP, NTL, P. Punggol, SBTB, Serangoon Reservoir, Marina South, Punggol

Family Emberizidae (buntings and relatives)[edit]

Family Passeridae (Old World sparrows)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Checklist of Birds of Singapore". Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  2. ^ "Nature Areas & Nature Reserves". Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  3. ^ "Singapore's 63 Islands". Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Reservoirs and Rivers". Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Gardens, Parks & Nature". Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  6. ^ "First record of Short-tailed Shearwater in Singapore".
  7. ^ "First record of Bulwer's petrel in Singapore".
  8. ^ "First record of Asian Openbill in Singapore".
  9. ^ "Glossy Ibis sightings in Singapore". Retrieved 20 November 2019.
  10. ^ "Singapore Raptors".
  11. ^ "Singapore Raptors".
  12. ^ "First record of Amur Falcon in Singapore".
  13. ^ "First record of Little Stint in Singapore". Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  14. ^ "First breeding record of Black-winged Stilt in Singapore". Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  15. ^ "First record of Pied Stilt in Singapore". Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  16. ^ "The three skuas".
  17. ^ Roselaar, C.S.; J.P. Michels. ". Systematic notes on Asian birds. 48. Nomenclatural chaos untangled, resulting in the naming of the formally undescribed Cacatua species from the Tanimbar Islands, Indonesia (Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae)". Zool. Verh. Leiden. 350: 183–196.
  18. ^ "First documented records of the Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis breeding in Singapore". Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  19. ^ "Nature lovers atwitter about first sightings of 2 birds in Singapore". Retrieved 18 November 2019.
  20. ^ "First record of an Eurasian Skylark in Singapore". Retrieved 18 November 2019.