List of birds of Yosemite National Park
This is a comprehensive listing of all the bird species recorded in Yosemite National Park, which is in the U.S. state of California. This list is based on one published by the National Park Service (NPS) with species confirmed to 2014. Between when the NPS list was compiled and July 2018, four species have been added through eBird for a total of 268.
This list is presented in the taxonomic sequence of the Check-list of North American Birds, 7th edition through the 59th Supplement, published by the American Ornithological Society (AOS). Common and scientific names are also those of the Check-list. The following tags have been used to annotate some species. The main body of the NPS list uses a bar chart to depict rare, very rare, and variable species, and appends separate tables for the two classes of "additional species".
- (R) Rare - "present in very small numbers; often highly localized" per the NPS list
- (VR) Very rare - "three or fewer occurrences per season; may not be present every year" per the NPS list
- (V) Variable - "may be present in a given area one year, rare or absent the next" per the NPS list
- (4+) - "Additional species recorded at least four times" per the NPS list
- (3-) - "Additional species recorded fewer than four times" per the NPS list
- (I) Introduced - a species that has been introduced to North America or directly to California by the actions of humans
- 1 Ducks, geese, and swans
- 2 New World quail
- 3 Pheasants, grouse, and allies
- 4 Grebes
- 5 Pigeons and doves
- 6 Cuckoos
- 7 Nightjars and allies
- 8 Swifts
- 9 Hummingbirds
- 10 Rails, gallinules, and coots
- 11 Cranes
- 12 Stilts and avocets
- 13 Plovers and lapwings
- 14 Sandpipers and allies
- 15 Gulls, terns, and skimmers
- 16 Loons
- 17 Cormorants
- 18 Pelicans
- 19 Herons, egrets, and bitterns
- 20 Ibises and spoonbills
- 21 New World vultures
- 22 Osprey
- 23 Hawks, eagles, and kites
- 24 Barn-owls
- 25 Typical owls
- 26 Kingfishers
- 27 Woodpeckers
- 28 Falcons
- 29 Tyrant flycatchers
- 30 Shrikes
- 31 Vireos
- 32 Jays, crows, magpies, and ravens
- 33 Larks
- 34 Swallows and martins
- 35 Chickadees and titmice
- 36 Long-tailed tits
- 37 Nuthatches
- 38 Treecreepers
- 39 Wrens
- 40 Gnatcatchers
- 41 Dippers
- 42 Kinglets
- 43 Old World warblers
- 44 Thrushes and allies
- 45 Mockingbirds and thrashers
- 46 Starlings
- 47 Waxwings
- 48 Silky-flycatchers
- 49 Old World sparrows
- 50 Wagtails and pipits
- 51 Finches and allies
- 52 Longspurs and snow buntings
- 53 New World sparrows
- 54 Yellow-breasted chat
- 55 Icterids
- 56 Wood-warblers
- 57 Cardinals and allies
- 58 References
- 59 See also
Ducks, geese, and swans
The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These birds are adapted to an aquatic existence with webbed feet, bills which are flattened to a greater or lesser extent, and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to special oils.
- Snow goose, Anser caerulescens (4+)
- Canada goose, Branta canadensis (R)
- Tundra swan, Cygnus columbianus (3-)
- Wood duck, Aix sponsa (4+)
- Blue-winged teal, Spatula discors (4+)
- Cinnamon teal, Spatula cyanoptera (4+)
- Northern shoveler, Spatula clypeata (4+)
- Gadwall, Mareca strepera (3-)
- American wigeon, Mareca americana (4+)
- Mallard, Anas platyrhynchos
- Green-winged teal, Anas crecca (VR)
- Canvasback, Aythya valisineria (4+)
- Ring-necked duck, Aythya collaris (4+)
- Lesser scaup, Aythya affinis (4+)
- Harlequin duck, Histrionicus histrionicus (VR)
- Bufflehead, Bucephala albeola (VR)
- Common goldeneye, Bucephala clangula (4+)
- Barrow's goldeneye, Bucephala islandica (3-)
- Hooded merganser, Lophodytes cucullatus (4+)
- Common merganser, Mergus merganser
- Ruddy duck, Oxyura jamaicensis (4+)
New World quail
The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits.
Pheasants, grouse, and allies
Phasianidae consists of the pheasants and their allies, including partridges, grouse, turkeys, and Old World quail. These are terrestrial species, variable in size but generally plump with broad relatively short wings. Many species are gamebirds or have been domesticated as a food source for humans.
- Greater sage-grouse, Centrocercus urophasianus (3-)
- White-tailed ptarmigan, Lagopus leucurus (I) (R)
- Sooty grouse, Dendragapus fuliginosus
- Wild turkey, Meleagris gallopavo (I) (R)
Grebes are small to medium-large freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land.
- Pied-billed grebe, Podilymbus podiceps (VR)
- Horned grebe, Podiceps auritus (3-)
- Eared grebe, Podiceps nigricollis (VR)
- Western grebe, Aechmorphorus occidentalis (4+)
- Clark's grebe, Aechmorphorus clarkii (3-)
Pigeons and doves
Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere.
- Rock pigeon, Columba livia (I) (4+)
- Band-tailed pigeon, Patagioenas fasciata
- Eurasian collared-dove, Streptopelia decaocto (I) (3-)
- Mourning dove, Zenaida macroura
The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners, and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails, and strong legs. The Old World cuckoos are brood parasites.
- Greater roadrunner, Geococcyx californianus (3-)
Nightjars and allies
Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds that usually nest on the ground. They have long wings, short legs, and very short bills. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is cryptically colored to resemble bark or leaves.
The swifts are small birds which spend the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings which resemble a crescent or boomerang.
- Black swift, Cypseloides niger (VR)
- Vaux's swift, Chaetura vauxi
- White-throated swift, Aeronautes saxatalis
Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards.
- Black-chinned hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri (4+)
- Anna's hummingbird, Calypte anna
- Costa's hummingbird, Calypte costae (3-)
- Broad-tailed hummingbird, Selasphorus platycercus (3-)
- Rufous hummingbird, Selasphorus rufus
- Allen's hummingbird, Selasphorus sasin (4+)
- Calliope hummingbird, Selasphorus calliope
Rails, gallinules, and coots
Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. The most typical family members occupy dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, making them difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs and long toes which are well adapted to soft uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and to be weak fliers.
- Yellow rail, Coturnicops noveboracensis (3-)
- Virginia rail, Rallus limicola (VR)
- Sora, Porzana carolina (4+)
- American coot, Fulica americana (4+)
Cranes are large, long-legged, long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances".
- Sandhill crane, Antigone canadensis (3-)
Stilts and avocets
Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds which includes the avocets and stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills.
Plovers and lapwings
The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short thick necks, and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water.
- Killdeer, Charadrius vociferus (R)
Sandpipers and allies
Scolopacidae is a large diverse family of small to medium-sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers, and phalaropes. The majority of these species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Different lengths of legs and bills enable multiple species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food.
- Least sandpiper, Calidris minutilla (3-)
- Wilson's snipe, Gallinago delicata (R)
- Spotted sandpiper, Actitis macularia
- Solitary sandpiper, Tringa solitaria (3-)
- Willet, Tringa semipalmata (3-)
- Greater yellowlegs, Tringa melanoleuca (3-)
- Wilson's phalarope, Phalaropus tricolor (4+)
- Red-necked phalarope, Phalaropus lobatus (4+)
- Red phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius (4+)
Gulls, terns, and skimmers
Laridae is a family of medium to large seabirds and includes gulls, terns, kittiwakes, and skimmers. They are typically gray or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet.
- Ring-billed gull, Larus delawarensis (4+)
- California gull, Larus californicus
- Caspian tern, Hydroprogne caspia (4+)
Loons are aquatic birds, the size of a large duck, to which they are unrelated. Their plumage is largely gray or black, and they have spear-shaped bills. Loons swim well and fly adequately, but are almost hopeless on land, because their legs are placed towards the rear of the body.
Cormorants are medium-to-large aquatic birds, usually with mainly dark plumage and areas of colored skin on the face. The bill is long, thin, and sharply hooked. Their feet are four-toed and webbed.
- Double-crested cormorant, Phalacrocorax auritus (4+)
Pelicans are very large water birds with a distinctive pouch under their beak. Like other birds in the order Pelecaniformes, they have four webbed toes.
Herons, egrets, and bitterns
The family Ardeidae contains the herons, egrets, and bitterns. Herons and egrets are medium to large wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter-necked and more secretive. Members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted, unlike other long-necked birds such as storks, ibises, and spoonbills.
- American bittern, Botaurus lentiginosus (3-)
- Great blue heron, Ardea herodias
- Great egret, Ardea alba (4+)
- Snowy egret, Egretta thula (4+)
- Green heron, Butorides virescens (3-)
- Black-crowned night-heron, Nycticorax nycticorax (3-)
Ibises and spoonbills
The family Threskiornithidae includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings. Their bodies tend to be elongated, the neck more so, with rather long legs. The bill is also long, decurved in the case of the ibises, straight and distinctively flattened in the spoonbills.
- White-faced ibis, Plegadis chihi (3-)
New World vultures
The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carcasses.
- Turkey vulture, Cathartes aura
Pandionidae is a monotypic family of fish-eating birds of prey. Its single species possesses a very large and powerful hooked beak, strong legs, strong talons, and keen eyesight.
- Osprey, Pandion haliaetus (VR)
Hawks, eagles, and kites
Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey which includes hawks, eagles, kites, harriers, and Old World vultures. These birds have very large powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight.
- White-tailed kite, Elanus leucurus (3-)
- Golden eagle, Aquila chrysaetos (VR)
- Northern harrier, Circus hudsonius (R)
- Sharp-shinned hawk, Accipiter striatus
- Cooper's hawk, Accipiter cooperii
- Northern goshawk, Accipiter gentilis
- Bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus (VR)
- Red-shouldered hawk, Buteo lineatus (R)
- Swainson's hawk, Buteo swainsoni (4+)
- Red-tailed hawk, Buteo jamaicensis
- Rough-legged hawk, Buteo lagopus (4+)
- Ferruginous hawk, Buteo regalis (3-)
Barn-owls are medium to large owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons.
- Barn owl, Tyto alba (4+)
Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk.
- Flammulated owl, Psiloscops flammeolus
- Western screech-owl, Megascops kennicottii
- Great horned owl, Bubo virginianus
- Northern pygmy-owl, Glaucidium gnoma
- Burrowing owl, Athene cunicularia (4+)
- Spotted owl, Strix occidentalis
- Barred owl, Strix varia (3-)
- Great gray owl, Strix nebulosa (VR)
- Long-eared owl, Asio otus (R)
- Short-eared owl, Asio flammeus (3-)
- Northern saw-whet owl, Aegolius acadicus
Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails.
- Belted kingfisher, Megaceryle alcyon
Woodpeckers are small to medium-sized birds with chisel-like beaks, short legs, stiff tails, and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks.
- Lewis's woodpecker, Melanerpes lewis (R)
- Acorn woodpecker, Melanerpes formicivorus
- Williamson's sapsucker, Sphyrapicus thyroideus
- Red-naped sapsucker, Sphyrapicus nuchalis (VR)
- Red-breasted sapsucker, Sphyrapicus ruber
- Black-backed woodpecker, Picoides arcticus
- Downy woodpecker, Dryobates pubescens
- Nuttall's woodpecker, Dryobates nuttallii
- Hairy woodpecker, Dryobates villosus
- White-headed woodpecker, Dryobates albolarvatus
- Northern flicker, Colaptes auratus
- Pileated woodpecker, Dryocopus pileatus
Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey, notably the falcons and caracaras. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their talons.
- American kestrel, Falco sparverius
- Merlin, Falco columbarius (4+)
- Peregrine falcon, Falco peregrinus (VR)
- Prairie falcon, Falco mexicanus (VR)
Tyrant flycatchers are Passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust and have stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, are rather plain. As the name implies, most are insectivorous.
- Ash-throated flycatcher, Myiarchus cinerascens
- Western kingbird, Tyrannus verticalis (VR)
- Eastern kingbird, Tyrannus tyrannus (3-)
- Olive-sided flycatcher, Contopus cooperi
- Western wood-pewee, Contopus sordidulus
- Willow flycatcher, Empidonax traillii (VR)
- Hammond's flycatcher, Empidonax hammondii
- Gray flycatcher, Empidonax wrightii (4+)
- Dusky flycatcher, Empidonax oberholseri
- Pacific-slope flycatcher, Empidonax difficilis
- Black phoebe, Sayornis nigricans
- Say's phoebe, Sayornis saya (R)
- Vermilion flycatcher, Pyrocephalus rubinus (3-)
Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A shrike's beak is hooked, like that of a typical bird of prey.
The vireos and greenlets are a group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, though a few members of the family, called shrike-babblers, are found in Asia. They are typically greenish in color and resemble wood-warblers apart from their heavier bills.
- Hutton's vireo, Vireo huttoni
- Cassin's vireo, Vireo cassinii
- Warbling vireo, Vireo gilvus
- Red-eyed vireo, Vireo olivaceus (3-)
Jays, crows, magpies, and ravens
The family Corvidae includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size among the Passeriformes, and some of the larger species show high levels of intelligence.
- Pinyon jay, Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus (VR)
- Steller's jay, Cyanocitta stelleri
- California scrub-jay, Aphelocoma californica
- Clark's nutcracker, Nucifraga columbiana
- Black-billed magpie, Pica hudsonia (4+)
- Yellow-billed magpie, Pica nuttalli (3-)
- American crow, Corvus brachyrhynchos (VR)
- Common raven, Corvus corax
Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds.
- Horned lark, Eremophila alpestris (R)
Swallows and martins
The family Hirundinidae is adapted to aerial feeding. They have a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings, and a short bill with a wide gape. The feet are adapted to perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base.
- Tree swallow, Tachycineta bicolor
- Violet-green swallow, Tachycineta thalassina
- Northern rough-winged swallow, Stelgidopteryx serripennis
- Bank swallow, Riparia riparia (3-)
- Cliff swallow, Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
- Barn swallow, Hirundo rustica
Chickadees and titmice
The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects.
- Mountain chickadee, Poecile gambeli
- Chestnut-backed chickadee, Poecile rufescens
- Oak titmouse, Baeolophus inornatus
The long-tailed tits are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet which includes insects.
- Bushtit, Psaltriparus minimus
Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails, and powerful bills and feet.
- Red-breasted nuthatch, Sitta canadensis
- White-breasted nuthatch, Sitta carolinensis
- Pygmy nuthatch, Sitta pygmaea (R)
Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees.
- Brown creeper, Certhia americana
Wrens are small and inconspicuous birds, except for their loud songs. They have short wings and thin down-turned bills. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous.
- Rock wren, Salpinctes obsoletus
- Canyon wren, Catherpes mexicanus
- House wren, Troglodytes aedon
- Pacific wren, Troglodytes pacificus
- Marsh wren, Cistothorus palustris (VR)
- Bewick's wren, Thryomanes bewickii
These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their structure and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers are mainly soft bluish gray in color and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. Many species have distinctive black head patterns (especially males) and long, regularly cocked, black-and-white tails.
- Blue-gray gnatcatcher, Polioptila caerulea
Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. These birds have adaptations which allows them to submerge and walk on the bottom to feed on insect larvae.
- American dipper, Cinclus mexicanus
The kinglets are a small family of birds which resemble the titmice. They are very small insectivorous birds in the genus Regulus. The adults have colored crowns, giving rise to their name.
Old World warblers
The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. They mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia, and to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs.
- Wrentit, Chamaea fasciata
Thrushes and allies
The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly but not exclusively in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs.
- Western bluebird, Sialia mexicana
- Mountain bluebird, Sialia currucoides
- Townsend's solitaire, Myadestes townsendi
- Swainson's thrush, Catharus ustulatus (VR)
- Hermit thrush, Catharus guttatus
- American robin, Turdus migratorius
- Varied thrush, Ixoreus naevius (R)
Mockingbirds and thrashers
The mimids are a family of passerine birds which includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalization, especially their remarkable ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. The species tend towards dull grays and browns in their appearance.
- Gray catbird, Dumetella carolinensis (3-)
- California thrasher, Toxostoma redivivum (VR)
- Sage thrasher, Oreoscoptes montanus (4+)
- Northern mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos (4+)
Starlings are small to medium-sized Old World passerine birds with strong feet. Their flight is strong and direct and most are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country, and they eat insects and fruit. The plumage of several species is dark with a metallic sheen.
- European starling, Sturnus vulgaris (I)
The waxwings are a group of birds with soft silky plumage and unique red tips to some of the wing feathers. In the Bohemian and cedar waxwings, these tips look like sealing wax and give the group its name. These are arboreal birds of northern forests. They live on insects in summer and berries in winter.
- Phainopepla, Phainopepla nitens (4+)
Old World sparrows
Old World sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small plump brownish or grayish birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed eaters, but they also consume small insects.
- House sparrow, Passer domesticus (I)
Wagtails and pipits
Motacillidae is a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws, and pipits. They are slender ground-feeding insectivores of open country.
- American pipit, Anthus rubescens
Finches and allies
Finches are seed-eating passerine birds that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have twelve tail feathers and nine primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well.
- Evening grosbeak, Coccothraustes vespertinus (V)
- Pine grosbeak, Pinicola enucleator (V)
- Gray-crowned rosy-finch, Leucosticte tephrocotis
- House finch, Haemorhous mexicanus
- Purple finch, Haemorhous purpureus
- Cassin's finch, Haemorhous cassinii
- Red crossbill, Loxia curvirostra (V)
- Pine siskin, Spinus pinus
- Lesser goldfinch, Spinus psaltria
- Lawrence's goldfinch, Spinus lawrencei (R)
- American goldfinch, Spinus tristis (VR)
Longspurs and snow buntings
The Calcariidae are a group of passerine birds that had been traditionally grouped with the New World sparrows, but differ in a number of respects and are usually found in open grassy areas.
- Chestnut-collared longspur, Calcarius ornatus (3-)
New World sparrows
Until 2017, these species were considered part of the family Emberizidae. Most of the species are known as sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many of these have distinctive head patterns.
- Green-tailed towhee, Pipilo chlorurus (R)
- Spotted towhee, Pipilo maculatus
- Rufous-crowned sparrow, Aimophila ruficeps
- California towhee, Melozone crissalis
- Chipping sparrow, Spizella passerina
- Clay-colored sparrow, Spizella pallida (3-)
- Brewer's sparrow, Spizella breweri (VR)
- Black-chinned sparrow, Spizella atrogularis (VR)
- Vesper sparrow, Pooecetes gramineus (VR)
- Lark sparrow, Chondestes grammacus (VR)
- Black-throated sparrow, Amphispiza bilineata (4+)
- Sagebrush sparrow, Artemisiospiza nevadensis (3-)
- Savannah sparrow, Passerculus sandwichensis (R)
- Grasshopper sparrow, Ammodramus savannarum (3-)
- Fox sparrow, Passerella iliaca
- Song sparrow, Melospiza melodia
- Lincoln's sparrow, Melospiza lincolnii
- White-throated sparrow, Zonotrichia albicollis (3-)
- Harris's sparrow, Zonotrichia querula (3-)
- White-crowned sparrow, Zonotrichia leucophrys
- Golden-crowned sparrow, Zonotrichia atricapilla
- Dark-eyed junco, Junco hyemalis
This species was historically placed in the wood-warblers (Parulidae) but nonetheless most authorities were unsure if it belonged there. It was placed in its own family in 2017.
- Yellow-breasted chat, Icteria virens (4+)
The icterids are a group of small to medium-sized, often colorful passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as a predominant plumage color, often enlivened by yellow, orange, or red.
- Yellow-headed blackbird, Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus (4+)
- Bobolink, Dolichonyx oryzivorus (3-)
- Western meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta (VR)
- Hooded oriole, Icterus cucullatus (3-)
- Bullock's oriole, Icterus bullockii
- Scott's oriole, Icterus parisorum (3-)
- Red-winged blackbird, Agelaius phoeniceus
- Tricolored blackbird, Agelaius tricolor (4+)
- Brown-headed cowbird, Molothrus ater
- Brewer's blackbird, Euphagus cyanocephalus
- Great-tailed grackle, Quiscalus mexicanus (4+)
The wood warblers are a group of small and often colorful passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are more terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores.
- Ovenbird, Seiurus aurocapilla (3-)
- Black-and-white warbler, Mniotilta varia (4+)
- Tennessee warbler, Oreothlypis peregrina (3-)
- Orange-crowned warbler, Oreothlypis celata
- Nashville warbler, Oreothlypis ruficapilla
- Virginia's warbler, Oreothlypis virginiae (3-)
- MacGillivray's warbler, Geothlypis tolmiei
- Common yellowthroat, Geothlypis trichas (VR)
- Hooded warbler, Setophaga citrina (3-)
- American redstart, Setophaga ruticilla (4+)
- Cerulean warbler, Setophaga cerulea (3-)
- Northern parula, Setophaga americana (3-)
- Magnolia warbler, Setophaga magnolia (3-)
- Yellow warbler, Setophaga petechia
- Blackpoll warbler, Setophaga striata (3-)
- Palm warbler, Setophaga palmarum (3-)
- Yellow-rumped warbler, Setophaga coronata
- Black-throated gray warbler, Setophaga nigrescens
- Townsend's warbler, Setophaga townsendi
- Hermit warbler, Setophaga occidentalis
- Wilson's warbler, Cardellina pusilla
- Painted redstart, Myioborus pictus (3-)
Cardinals and allies
The cardinals are a family of robust seed-eating birds with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages.
- Western tanager, Piranga ludoviciana
- Rose-breasted grosbeak, Pheucticus ludovicianus (4+)
- Black-headed grosbeak, Pheucticus melanocephalus
- Blue grosbeak, Passerina caerulea (3-)
- Lazuli bunting, Passerina amoena
- Indigo bunting, Passerina cyanea (4+)
- Stock, Sarah, Travis Espinoza, Matt Brady, and Kim Hastings (2014). "Yosemite Bird Checklist" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 3 August 2017.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Yosemite NP eBird Bar Chart". Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
- American Ornithologists' Union. 1998. Check-list of North American Birds. 7th edition. American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.
- R. Terry Chesser, Kevin J. Burns, Carla Cicero, Jon L. Dunn, Andrew W. Kratter, Irby J. Lovette, Pamela C. Rasmussen, J. V. Remsen, Jr., Douglas F. Stotz, Benjamin M. Winger, and Kevin Winker. "Fifty-ninth supplement to the American Ornithological Society’s Check-list of North American Birds". The Auk 2018, vol. 135:798-813 retrieved 16 July 2018