List of most expensive books and manuscripts

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Eight copies of Audubon's The Birds of America have sold for more than $1 million.

This is a list of printed books, manuscripts, letters, music scores, comic books, maps and other documents which have sold for more than US$1 million. The dates of composition of the books range from the 7th-century Quran leaf palimpsest and the early 8th century St Cuthbert Gospel, to a 21st-century holograph manuscript of J. K. Rowling's The Tales of Beedle the Bard. The earliest printed book in the list is a Southern Song annotated woodblock edition of the Book of Tang printed c. 1234. The first book to achieve a sale price of greater than $1 million was a copy of the Gutenberg Bible which sold for $2.4 million in 1978.

The book that has sold most copies over a $1 million is John James Audubon's The Birds of America (1827–1838), which is represented by eight different copies in this list. Other books featured multiple times on the list are the Gutenberg Bible, the first folio of Shakespeare's plays and The North American Indian with four separate copies each, three copies of De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, three separate broadside printings of the United States Declaration of Independence, two printings each of the Emancipation proclamation and the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, two illustrated folios from the Shahnameh of Shah Tahmasp, two copies of the Principia Mathematica, Hortus Eystettensis, Geographia Cosmographia and William Caxton's English translation of Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye have also been repeatedly sold. Abraham Lincoln is the most featured author, with three separate works, while Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton have two separate works each.

Table of book sales[edit]

Adjusted price
(in millions)
Original price
(in millions)
Title and description Author Year Date of sale Image Refs
$36.5 $35.00 Book of Mormon

Printer's Manuscript. Copy of original manuscipt produced by Oliver Cowdery. Originally owned by David Whitmer. Purchased by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

Joseph Smith 1830 September 2017 Book of mormon printers edition.jpg [1]
$33.8 $31.73 Letter from Zeng Gong to his friend (júshì tiè 局事帖)

Believed to be the only surviving work by the Song dynasty scholar; written on the back of a sheet of paper used for woodblock printing. Originally owned by Xiang Yuanbian [zh] (1525–1590). Purchased by Wang Zhongjun.

Zeng Gong c. 1080 May 2016 Zeng Gong Letter.jpg [2][3]
$53.1 $30.80 Codex Leicester

Notebook comprising a collection of scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci, in his own hand. Previously owned by Giuseppe Ghezzi, Thomas Coke, 1st Earl of Leicester and Armand Hammer. Purchased by Bill Gates.

Leonardo da Vinci 1500s November 1994 Vinci - Hammer 2A.jpg [4]
$26.3 $21.32 Magna Carta

1297 exemplification of the 1216 charter, held by the Brudenell family and later the Perot Foundation. Purchased by David Rubenstein.

1297 December 2007 Magna Carta (1297 version with seal, owned by David M Rubenstein).png [5][6]
$30.6 $21.21 Sherborne Missal

Illuminated missal in use at Sherborne Abbey. Chiefly illuminated by John Siferwas. Previously owned by Ralph Percy, 12th Duke of Northumberland. Purchased by the British Library.

John Whas Early 15th century June 2001 SHERBORNE MISSAL - pp 17-18.jpg [7]
$17.4 $17.06 Shíbì jīngshè yīnzhù Tángshū xiángjiē 石壁精舍音註唐書詳節

"Book of Tang in detailed sections with glosses by 'Stone Wall Studio'". Copy previously owned by Cao Kun (1862–1938).

Ouyang Xiu (comp.)
Chén Jiàn 陳鑒 (ed.)
c. 1230s June 2018 宋刻本《石壁精舍音注唐书详节》卷一及卷二百.jpg [8][9]
$16 $14.34 St Cuthbert Gospel

Pocket gospel book that was buried with Saint Cuthbert (d. 687), removed from his coffin in 1104 and kept at Durham Cathedral. Subsequently owned by Thomas Allen and the English Jesuit College. Purchased by the British Library.

c.710–730 April 2012 St Cuthbert Gospel - f.1.jpg [10][11]
$15.6 $14.20 Bay Psalm Book

First book printed in what is now the United States. Originally owned by the Old South Church. Purchased by David Rubenstein.

1640 November 2013 Bay Psalm Book LoC.png [12][13]
$14.7 $13.60 Rothschild Prayerbook

An illuminated book of hours originally owned by Anselm Salomon von Rothschild (1803–1874) and his descendants. Purchased by Kerry Stokes.

c. 1505–1510 January 2014 Rothschild Prayerbook 2.jpg [14]
$13.8 $12.15 Illustrated folio from the Shahnameh of Shah Tahmasp

From the illustrated manuscript of Ferdowsi's epic poem presented by Tahmasp to Selim II. Illustration attributed to Aqa Mirak. Previously owned by Edmond de Rotschild and Arthur A. Houghton Jr.

Ferdowsi c.1525–1535 April 2011 FOLIO FROM THE SHAHNAMEH OF SHAH TAHMASP, ATTRIBUTED TO AQA MIRAK, CIRCA 1525-35, Sotheby,s.jpg [15]
$30 $11.70 Gospels of Henry the Lion

Illuminated gospel book commissioned by Henry the Lion (1129/1131–1195) for use in Brunswick Cathedral. Purchased by the German government with support from private donors. Now held at the Herzog August Bibliothek.

Order of Saint Benedict 1175 December 1983 Heinrich der Löwe und Mathilde von England.jpg [16]
$13.6 $11.57 The Birds of America

One of 119 complete copies known to exist. Copy originally owned by Henry Witham (1779–1844). Purchased by London art dealer, Michael Tollemache.

John James Audubon 1827–1838 December 2010 Audubon-Flamingo.jpg [17][18]
$13.9 $10.00 Waldseemüller map

Only surviving copy of the first map to use the name "America" and showing that the Americas were separated from Asia by the Pacific Ocean. Purchased by the Library of Congress.

Martin Waldseemüller 1507 June 2003 Waldseemuller map 2.jpg [19]
$10.9 $9.83 Acts of Congress

George Washington's personal copy of a printed edition of the Constitution and Bill of Rights, with annotations in his own hand. Purchased by Mount Vernon Ladies' Association.

1789 June 2012 George Washington's copy of Acts of Congress (1789) title page.jpg [20]
$9.8 $9.65 The Birds of America

One of 119 complete copies known to exist. Copy originally owned by the 4th Duke of Portland (1768–1854). Purchased by an anonymous buyer.

John James Audubon 1827–1838 June 2018 Aphelocoma coerulescens & Diospyros virginiana (Audibon).png [21][22]
$10.1 $9.32 Babylonian Talmud

One of 14 complete sets printed by Daniel Bomberg that are known to exist. Previously owned by Richard Bruerne, Westminster Abbey and the Valmadonna Trust Library. Purchased by Stephan Loewentheil.

1519–1523 December 2015 Babylonian Talmud (Daniel Bomberg 1519-1523).jpg [23][24]
$9.2 $9.19 Yongle Encyclopedia (永樂大典 Yǒnglè Dàdiǎn)

Two volumes (comprising chapters 2268–2269 and 7391–7392) of the manuscript copy of the Yongle Encyclopedia produced between 1562 and 1567 for the Jiajing Emperor. The original copy produced between 1403 and 1408 is now lost, and only about 400 of the 11,095 volumes of the 16th-century copy now survive.

1567 July 2020 [25]
$8.8 $8.80 The Olympic Manifesto

Pierre de Coubertin's 14-page autograph manuscript for his 1892 speech outlining his vision for a modern revival of the ancient Olympic Games. Purchased by Alisher Usmanov and donated to the Olympic Museum.

Pierre de Coubertin 1892 December 2019 Pierre de Coubertin's 1982 Olympic Manifesto (page 2).jpgPierre de Coubertin's 1982 Olympic Manifesto (page 14).jpg [26][27]
$13.1 $8.80 The Birds of America

One of 119 complete copies known to exist. Copy originally owned by George Lane Fox (1793–1848) and subsequently by John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute

John James Audubon 1827–1838 March 2000 6 Wild Turkey.jpg [28][29]
$8.8 $8.76 Quran

Manuscript of the Quran written on coloured Chinese (Ming dynasty) paper speckled with gold flecks; produced under the Aq Qoyunlu Confederation (1378–1501) or the Timurid Empire (1370–1507).

15th century June 2020 15th century Timurid or Aqquyunlu Quran on Chinese paper 11.jpg [30]
$12.1 $8.14 United States Declaration of Independence

Dunlap broadside #23. Purchased by a consortium of buyers including Norman Lear.

Thomas Jefferson et al. 1776 June 2000 Dunlap broadside copy of the United States Declaration of Independence, LOC.jpg [31]
$11.9 $7.57 The Canterbury Tales

First edition printed by William Caxton in 1477. Copy originally owned by John Radcliffe, then purchased by 4th Earl Fitzwilliam (1748–1833) in 1776 for £6. Purchased by Maggs Bros.

Geoffrey Chaucer 1477 July 1998 Caxton's Canterbury Tales.jpg [32][33]
$6.6 $6.64 The Birds of America

One of 119 complete copies known to exist. Copy originally owned by the Yorkshire Philosophical Society until 1946, and in possession of the Deerfield Academy from 1973 to 1985.

John James Audubon 1827–1838 December 2019 41 Ruffed Grouse.jpg [34]
$6.9 $6.20 The Deeds of Sir Gillion de Trazegnies in the Middle East

Illuminated chivalric romance on vellum originally owned by Louis de Gruuthuse and subsequently by Louis XII of France and William Cavendish

1464 December 2012 Louis de Gruuthuse's copy of the Deeds of Sir Gillion de Trazegnies in the Middle East, in French, illuminated manuscript on vellum (southern Netherlands (Antwerp or perhaps Bruges), dated 1464).jpg [35]
$8.9 $6.17 Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories & Tragedies

Third issue of the First Folio edition. Copy from the Library of Abel E. Berland; originally owned by Allen Puleston, then by the Dryden baronets of Canons Ashby. Purchased by Paul Allen.

William Shakespeare 1623 October 2001 Title page William Shakespeare's First Folio 1623.jpg [36][37]
$6.7 $6.06 Letter from Francis Crick to his son

Letter explaining "the secret of life" written more than a month before the public announcement of DNA.

Francis Crick 1953 April 2013 [38]
$11.4 $5.80 Northumberland Bestiary

Previously owned by the Dukes of Northumberland Purchased by an anonymous buyer; resold in June 2007 for an unknown amount to the J. Paul Getty Museum.

c. 1250-1260 November 1990 Northumberlandbestiaryf8.jpg [39]
$6.1 $5.68 Symphony No. 2 (Resurrection)

Autograph manuscript by the composer. Given by Alma Mahler to Willem Mengelberg. Later owned by Gilbert Kaplan.

Gustav Mahler 1894 November 2016 Manuscript of Mahler's Symphony 2.jpg [40]
$7.4 $5.62 The Birds of America

One of 119 complete copies known to exist. Copy owned by the Providence Athenaeum.

John James Audubon 1827–1838 December 2005 AudubonCarolinaParakeet2.jpg [41]
$13.1 $5.50 Les Liliacées

Copy owned by Empress Joséphine (1763–1814).

Pierre-Joseph Redouté 1802 November 1985 Lilium superbum (Lithographie, Pierre-Joseph Redoute).jpg [42]
$12.1 $5.39 Gutenberg Bible

Copy owned by Carrie Estelle Doheny (1875–1958), then donated to St. John's Seminary in California. Purchased by Japanese booksellers Maruzen; resold to Keio University in 1996 for an undisclosed sum.

1450–1455 October 1987 Gutenberg bible Old Testament Epistle of St Jerome.jpg [43]
$6.6 $5.17 Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories & Tragedies

Third issue of the First Folio edition. Copy originally owned by William Bates (1625–1699), then acquired by Daniel Williams (c. 1643–1716) in 1699, and held at Dr Williams's Library in London from 1716 until the sale in 2006. Purchased by London dealer, Simon Finch Rare Books.

William Shakespeare 1623 July 2006 Title page of Dr Williams Library copy of Shakespeare's First Folio (1623).jpg [44]
$7.2 $4.59 Burdett Psalter

An illuminated psalter made for Jean de Villiers, who was 22nd Grand Master of the Knights Hospitaller from 1285 until 1293. Purchased by an anonymous private collector.

13th century June 1998 Burdett psalter.jpg [45]
$5.7 $4.47 Traité des Arbres Fruitiers

This copy painted between 1804 and 1809.

Henri-Louis Duhamel du Monceau 1768 December 2006 Pomme rambour.jpg [46]
$6.8 $4.45 Cornaro Missal

An illuminated missal owned by Cardinal Marco Cornaro (1482–1524) and subsequently by Nathaniel Meyer von Rothschild (1836-1905).

1503 July 1999 Cornaro missal.jpg [47]
$9.8 $4.34 Nine Symphonies

Autograph manuscript by the composer of symphonies 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30. Purchased by an anonymous buyer who gave it to the Pierpont Morgan Library on permanent loan.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1770s May 1987 [48][49]
$5.1 $4.34 Rules of basketball

Typewritten first draft of the rules by James Naismith. Purchased by David Booth, and given to The University of Kansas on permanent loan.

James Naismith 1892 December 2010 Naismith Rules of Basketball 1892 first draft.jpg [50][51]
$6 $4.17 Hours of Albrecht of Brandenburg

Book of Hours painted by Simon Bening for Albrecht of Brandenburg

1522–23 June 2001 Hours of albrecht of brandenburg fitzwilliam.jpg [52]
$7.4 $4.07 The Birds of America

One of 119 complete copies known to exist. Copy originally owned by the University of Edinburgh.

John James Audubon 1827–1838 April 1992 71 Winter Hawk.jpg [53]
$4.9 $3.97 The Tales of Beedle the Bard

One of seven copies handwritten and illustrated by J. K. Rowling. Purchased by Hazlitt, Gooden & Fox on behalf of Amazon.

J. K. Rowling 2007 December 2007 [54]
$5 $3.96 Geographia Cosmographia

Copy originally owned by Hieronymus Münzer (1437/47–1508). Purchased by Bernard Shapero on behalf of a private collector.

Claudius Ptolemy 1477 October 2006 Münzer copy of Ptolomy Cosmographia (1477) E.jpg [55][56]
$4.2 $3.86 Torah

Editio princeps of the Pentateuch in Hebrew, with paraphrases in Aramaic, printed in Bologna. Purchased by an anonymous buyer.

1482 April 2014 Bologna, avraham ben hayyom dei tintori, pentateuco in ebraico, 1482, rpima edizione datata (d'elci 654).JPG [57][58]
$4.4 $3.78 Emancipation Proclamation

One of 27 surviving copies of the Leland-Boker "Authorized Edition" printed by Frederick Leypoldt to benefit the Great Central Fair for the Sanitary Commission. Copy owned by Robert F. Kennedy

Abraham Lincoln 1863 December 2010 The Kennedy-Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation.jpg [59]
$4.4 $3.77 Rochefoucauld Grail

Three volume illuminated manuscript containing the Lancelot-Grail cycle. Originally owned by Guy VII de La Rochefoucauld. Subsequently owned by Thomas Phillipps and Joost Ritman.

c. 1315-23 December 2010 Rochefoucauld Grail.jpg [60]
$4 $3.72 Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica

Association copy of the first edition

Isaac Newton 1687 December 2016 Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica 1687 (presentation copy to James II).jpg [61]
$3.9 $3.61 Hebrew Bible

Vellum manuscript produced in England, comprising the Pentateuch, Haftarah and the Five Megillot. Previously part of the Valmadonna Trust Library. Purchased by the Green Collection and donated to the Museum of the Bible.

1189 December 2015 Hebrew Bible- Pentateuch with Haftarot and the Five Scrolls, England- 15 Tammuz 4949=2 July 1189.jpg [62][63]
$3.8 $3.53 The Birds of America

One of 119 complete copies known to exist. Copy originally owned by York Subscription Library and subsequently by the Indiana Historical Society.

John James Audubon 1827–1838 April 2014 221 Mallard Duck.jpg [64]
$4.9 $3.49 Symphony No. 9 (Choral)

Copyist's manuscript with annotations by the composer. Purchased by an anonymous private collector.

Ludwig van Beethoven 1824 May 2003 Beethoven ninth symphony manuscript.jpg [65]
$4 $3.40 Letter from Abraham Lincoln responding to "Little People's Petition

Response from Lincoln to "Children's Petition to the President asking him to free all the little slave children in this country."

Abraham Lincoln c. 1864 April 2008 Lincoln letter petition.jpg [66]
$3.5 $3.33 Prelude, Fugue and Allegro for lute or keyboard in E flat major (BWV 998)

Autograph manuscript signed by Bach. Originally owned by Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach and subsequently by Breitkopf and Alfred Henry Huth

Johann Sebastian Bach c. 1735–1740 July 2016 Bach, Prelude, Fugue and Allegro in E-flat major, BWV 998 manuscript.jpg [67]
$3.5 $3.21 Action Comics 1

First appearance of Superman

Jerry Siegel and Joe Shuster 1938 August 2014 [68]
$3.3 $3.11 The Gospels of Queen Theutberga

Illuminated gospel book, probably produced at the Benedictine abbey at Metz for a member of the Carolingian dynasty, perhaps Queen Theutberga. Previously owned by Guglielmo Libri and William Tite.

c.825–850 July 2015 Folio 6v-7r, canon table, Manuscrit de Theutberge.jpg [69]
$4.4 $3.09 Last Address as President

Autograph manuscript of Lincoln's final speech. Previously owned by Joan Whitney Payson.

Abraham Lincoln 1865 March 2002 Lincoln last speech manuscript.jpg [70]
$6.2 $3.03 Moneypenny Breviary

Illuminated breviary originally owned by William Moneypenny. Purchased by Pierre Beres

c. 1490 July 1989 Moneypenny breviary.jpg [71]
$3.5 $2.97 Surrealist Manifesto

Autograph Manuscript owned by Simone Collinet

André Breton 1924 May 2008 [72]
$2.9 $2.89 "God" letter

Letter written by Einstein to his friend Eric Gutkind explaining his religious beliefs

Albert Einstein 1954 December 2018 [73]
$3.2 $2.88 The North American Indian, being a Series of Volumes Picturing and Describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska

Limited edition copy on Japan vellum signed by Curtis.

Edward S. Curtis 1907-1930 April 2012 Sioux chiefs - Curtis - 1905.jpg [74]
$3.1 $2.77 Portolan Atlas. Battista Agnese 1542-46 April 2012 The Portolan Atlas of the World by Battista Agnese.jpg [75]
$2.9 $2.75 Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories & Tragedies

Third issue of the First Folio edition. Copy originally owned by Robert Edwards, then by George Shuckburgh-Evelyn (1751–1804). Purchased by a private collector in the US.

William Shakespeare 1623 May 2016 Pages 52-53 of the Shuckburgh copy of Shakespeare's First Folio.jpg [76][77]
$5.8 $2.70 Psalter and Hours of Elizabeth de Bohun

Illuminated manuscript originally owned by Elizabeth de Bohun. Subsequently purchased for an unknown amount by the Green Collection and donated to the Museum of the Bible

14th century 1988 Hours & Psalter of Elizabeth de Bohun.jpg [78][79]
[80]
$2.9 $2.57 Imhof Prayerbook

Illuminated by Simon Bening. Earliest dated work by Bening

1511 July 2011 The imhof prayerbook illuminated by simon bening in latin and dutch il).jpg [81]
$3.4 $2.56 Doria Atlas

Composite atlas comprising a mixture of manuscript and printed maps dating from the late 16th and early 17th centuries; commissioned by Giovanni Andrea Doria (1539–1606). Purchased by Bernard Shapero.

1570–1620 October 2005 Doria Atlas.jpg [82]
$2.7 $2.55 Hortus Eystettensis

Deluxe coloured copy of the first edition. Originally owned by Giovanni Faber.

Basilius Besler 1613 July 2016 Hortus Eystettensis by Basilius Besler.jpg [83]
$2.8 $2.52 Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica

Presentation copy of the first edition given to James II by Newton.

Isaac Newton 1687 December 2013 Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica 1687 (presentation copy to James II).jpg [84]
$3.8 $2.50 The First Book of Urizen

One of eight surviving copies of the original hand-printed, colour-illustrated book. Copy owned by John Hay Whitney (1904–1982). Purchased by a private collector.

William Blake 1794 April 1999 The Book of Urizen, copy G object 1 The Book of Urizen.jpg [85]
$3.5 $2.50 On the Road

Original scroll. Purchased by Jim Irsay.

Jack Kerouac 1951 May 2001 [86]
$2.9 $2.48 Quran leaf palimpsest

One of the earliest quranic manuscripts known

Mid 7th century April 2008 Quran leaf palimpsest.jpg [87]
$5.4 $2.42 Biblia pauperum (The Gotha-Doheny Copy) 1460–1470 October 1987 BibliaPauperum.jpg [88][43]
$2.6 $2.41 Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

Copy signed by Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865) and various members of Congress. One of 3 "Senate" copies of vellum. Previously owned by the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History.

1864 May 2016 AN EXTREMELY RARE MANUSCRIPT COPY OF THE THIRTEENTH AMENDMENT TO THE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION, SIGNED AND ENDORSED BY ABRAHAM LINCOLN ("ABRAHAM LINCOLN"; "APPROVED. FEBRUARY 1, 1865.").png [89]
$9.4 $2.40 Gutenberg Bible

Copy owned by the Pforzheimer Foundation. Purchased by the Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin.

1450–1455 1978 Gutenberg bible, Genesis, Chapter XI, Volume I-9r - Harry Ransom Center - University of Texas at Austin - DSC08418.jpg [90]
$2.6 $2.40 De libris revolutionum eruditissimi viri...Doctoris Nicolai Copernici… Narratio prima

First Edition of the first account of Copernicus's heliocentrism.

Georg Joachim Rheticus 1540 July 2016 Rheticus.jpg [91]
$3 $2.37 Album Amicorum

An album amicorum (book of friendship) comprising paintings and drawing by many different artists, collected by Philipp Hainhofer between 1596 and 1633.

1596–1633 June 2006 Album Amicorum of Philipp Hainhofer.jpg [92]
$2.8 $2.36 Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories & Tragedies (First Folio)

Third issue of the First Folio edition. Copy owned by Lord Hesketh (1916–1955).

William Shakespeare 1623 December 2010 Shakespeare First Folio 1623 (Hesketh copy) pages 130-131.jpg [93]
$2.9 $2.34 Quran

Signed Yahya Bin Muhammad Inn 'Umar, Probably Mesopatamia. Previously owned by Archer Milton Huntington (1870-1955) and the Hispanic Society of America

1203 October 2007 Koran 1203.jpg [94]
$2.6 $2.21 De revolutionibus orbium coelestium

First edition printed in Nuremberg by Johann Petreius in 1543. Copy originally owned by Nicolas-Joseph Foucault [fr] (1643–1721) and subsequently by Myron Prinzmetal (1908-1987).

Nicolaus Copernicus 1543 June 2008 De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (Nuremberg Johann Petreius 1543) title page.jpg [95]
$3.5 $2.20 Archimedes Palimpsest

Palimpsest manuscript of On the Equilibrium of Planes, On Floating Bodies, The Method of Mechanical Theorems, On Spiral Lines, On the Sphere and the Cylinder, On the Measurement of the Circle, and Stomachion.

Archimedes late 10th century October 1998 Archimedes Palimpsest.jpg [96]
$8.6 $2.20 Gutenberg Bible

Copy owned by the General Theological Seminary in New York. Purchased by Bernard H. Breslauer on behalf of the Württembergische Landesbibliothek in Stuttgart.

1450–1455 April 1978 Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart Gutenberg Genesis.png [97]
$2.3 $2.17 Emancipation Proclamation

One of 27 surviving copies of the Leland-Boker "Authorized Edition" printed by Frederick Leypoldt to benefit the Great Central Fair for the Sanitary Commission. Signed by Abraham Lincoln and William H. Seward

Abraham Lincoln 1863 May 2016 THE "AUTHORIZED EDITION" OF THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION, SIGNED BY PRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLN.jpg [98]
$2.5 $2.10 A New and Correct Map of the United States of North America Layd Down from the Latest Observations and Best Authorities Agreeable to the Peace of 1783

First map of the United States published in America. Previously owned by William L. Dayton and the New Jersey Historical Society.

Abel Buell 1784 December 2010 Abel Buell Map of the United States of North America 1783 (four sheets stitched together).jpg [99]
$3 $2.10 Letter from Szilard and Einstein to President Roosevelt

Typed letter written by Leo Szilard and signed by Albert Einstein warning that Nazi Germany might develop nuclear weapons and suggesting the US should start its own nuclear program.

Leo Szilard 1939 March 2002 [100]
$2.2 $2.05 Like a Rolling Stone

Handwritten working lyrics by Bob Dylan.

Bob Dylan 1965 June 2014 [101]
$2.2 $2.02 Symphony No. 2

Autograph manuscript by the composer.

Sergei Rachmaninoff 1908 May 2014 Rachmaninoff symphony no.2 autograph manuscript.png [102]
$2.2 $1.95 Great Hours of Galeazzo Maria Sforza

Book of Hours originally owned by Galeazzo Maria Sforza, and subsequently by William Waldorf Astor.

1471-1476 July 2011 The great hours of galeazzo maria sforza duke of milan use of rome in).jpg [103]
$2.3 $1.88 Kufic Quran

Almost complete manuscript on vellum, produced in North Africa or the Middle East. Previously owned by Archer Milton Huntington (1870-1955) and the Hispanic Society of America

Early 10th century October 2007 Christies Sale 7428 Kufic Qur'an.jpg [104]
$2.4 $1.87 Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution

Copy signed by Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865) and various members of Congress.

1864 March 2006 13th Amendment signed by Abraham Lincoln.jpg [46]
$2 $1.85 Opera (Bucolica, Georgica, Aeneid, with argumenta)

Second printed edition of the works of Virgil, published in Venice by Vindelinus de Spira in 1470.

Virgil 1470 June 2013 Vergilius Maro Publius Opera Venice Vindelinus de Spira 1470 D and E.jpg [105]
$2 $1.85 Missal

Illuminated by the Master of the Prayerbook of Albrecht V.

1430-35 July 2014 2014 CKS 01584 0011 001(missal use of udine illuminated manuscript on vellum vienna c1430-35).jpg [106]
$2 $1.85 Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye

Translated and printed by William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) in Bruges; the first printed book in English and the first book printed by Caxton. Previously owned by George Hibbert, John Wilks and Thomas Phillipps.

Raoul Lefèvre 1464 July 2014 Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye (Caxton 1473-1474).jpg [107]
$7.1 $1.80 Gutenberg Bible

Copy originally owned by George Shuckburgh-Evelyn (1751–1804). Purchased by the Gutenberg Museum in Mainz.

1450–1455 March 1978 Gutenberg Bible Mainz Copy.jpg [108]
$2.3 $1.79 Album of watercolours Pierre Gourdelle 1555 2006 Album of original watercolors by Pierre Gourdelle.jpg [46]
$2 $1.76 Liber Insularum Archipelagi

Illuminated Atlas of the Greek Islands on vellum. Previously owned by Thomas Phillipps.

Cristoforo Buondelmonti 1450 April 2012 Liber Insularum Archipelagi by Cristoforo Buondelmonti.jpg [109]
$1.9 $1.73 Double plate from King Ottokar's Sceptre Hergé 1939 October 2015 [110]
$2.7 $1.71 The Birds of America

One of 119 complete copies known to exist. Copy originally owned by the Young Men's Association of the City of Buffalo (later Buffalo & Erie County Public Library).

John James Audubon 1827–1838 April 1997 411 Common American Swan.jpg [111]
$2.7 $1.69 Wycliffe New Testament

Vellum New Testament in later version, translated into Middle English by Wycliffe and John Purvey. Previously owned by Alexander Peckover and Apsley Cherry-Garrard.

John Wycliffe 1st half of the 15th century December 2016 Wycliffe new testament.png [112]
$2.1 $1.67 Illustrated folio from the Shahnameh of Shah Tahmasp

From the illustrated manuscript of Ferdowsi's epic poem presented by Tahmasp to Selim II. Illustration attributed to Aqa Mirak. Previously owned by Edmond de Rotschild and Arthur A. Houghton Jr.

Ferdowsi c.1530–1540 October 2006 Burzuy Presents the Book of Kalilah wa Dimnah to King Nushirvan, Illustrated leaf from the royal Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp, folio 649 ,.jpg [113]
$2 $1.67 Le livre des propriétés des choses

Translation into French by Jean Corbechon of De proprietatibus rerum. Originally made for Charles V of France.

Bartholomeus Anglicus c. 1390 July 2010 The Creation in the Livre des propriétés des choses - Google Art Project.jpg [114]
$2.6 $1.65 De humani corporis fabrica

The only known completely coloured copy; probably the presentation copy given to Charles V by Vesalius in 1543.

Andreas Vesalius 1543 March 1998 Vesalius color-1543.jpg [115]
$1.8 $1.60 The Watsons

Autograph manuscript of a draft for the unfinished novel. Originally owned by Cassandra Austen

Jane Austen 1803 July 2011 Austen the watsons manuscript.jpg [116]
$1.8 $1.59 Apple computer contract

Original Apple Partnership Agreement, signed by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ron Wayne.

1976 December 2011 [117]
$1.8 $1.56 Description de l'Égypte

First edition copy originally owned by Jean Joseph Antoine de Courvoisier (1775–1835).

Commission des sciences et arts d'Egypte 1817–1830 May 2011 Description de l´Egypte 1.jpg [118]
$1.7 $1.55 Arabic-English Lexicon

Fair copy. Commissioned by Algernon Percy, 4th Duke of Northumberland

Edward William Lane 1842–1876 October 2014 Arabic-English Lexicon.png [119]
$2.3 $1.55 Circe

Autograph manuscript of chapter of Ulysses with additions, revisions and reworkings by Joyce in the margins. Originally owned by John Quinn. Purchased by the National Library of Ireland.

James Joyce 1920 December 200 Joyce circe manuscript.jpg [120]
$2.4 $1.54 Alice's Adventures in Wonderland

First edition copy originally owned by Lewis Carroll (1832–1898).

Lewis Carroll 1865 December 1998 AlicesAdventuresInWonderlandTitlePage.jpg [121]
$4.7 $1.50 Jami' al-tawarikh

59 folios from the second volume of the "Arabic Manuscript". Purchased by Nasser Khalili

Rashid-al-Din Hamadani Early 14th century 1980 Muhammad lifts the Black Stone - from Jami al-Tawarikh.jpg [122][78]
$1.2 $1.50 United States Declaration of Independence

Broadside printed by John Holt. One of only five surviving Holt broadsides. Originally owned by Colonel David Mulford

Thomas Jefferson et al. 1776 January 2018 Holt broadside printing of the declaration of independence.jpg [123]
$1.6 $1.44 The North American Indian, being a Series of Volumes Picturing and Describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska Edward S. Curtis 1907-1930 October 2012 Canyon de Chelly, Navajo.jpg [124]
$1.6 $1.43 Murphy

Autograph Manuscript. Originally owned by Brian Coffey.

Samuel Beckett 1936 July 2013 [125]
$2.8 $1.43 The Federalist

Copy originally owned by George Washington (1732–1799).

Alexander Hamilton, John Jay and James Madison 1788 January 1990 The Federalist (1st ed, 1788, vol I, title page) - 02.jpg [79]
$1.9 $1.42 The North American Indian, being a Series of Volumes Picturing and Describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska Edward S. Curtis 1907-1930 October 2005 Inupiat Family from Noatak, Alaska, 1929, Edward S. Curtis (restored).jpg [126]
$2 $1.41 Hortus Eystettensis

Deluxe coloured copy of the first edition.

Basilius Besler 1613 November 2001 Besler basilius.jpg [127]
$1.7 $1.41 Epistolae

First edition of the enlarged recension of the letters of Hieronymus (Saint Jerome), printed on vellum in Mainz by Peter Schöffer. Previously owned by Thomas Phillipps.

Jerome 1470 July 2010 Hieronymus Epistolae edited by Adrianus Brielis (Mainz Peter Schoeffer 1470).jpg [128]
$1.7 $1.40 Poisson Soluble

Autograph Manuscript owned by Simone Collinet

André Breton 1924 May 2008 [129]
$1.5 $1.38 Illustrated folio from the Shahnameh of Shah Ismail II

From the illustrated manuscript of Ferdowsi's epic poem previously owned by Rudolf Martin. Illustration attributed to Burji

Ferdowsi c.1577 April 2012 An Illustrated and Illuminated Leaf from the Shah Isma'il II Shahnameh- The party after homage paid to Kay Khosraw by nobles following his enthronement, ascribed to the artist Burji, Qazvin, Persia, Safavid, circa 1577.jpg [130]
$1.4 $1.33 Opticks

Presentation copy of the first edition given by Newton to Edmond Halley. Inscriped "Luceo. Ex dono doctissimi Authoris" on title page by Halley.

Isaac Newton 1704 December 2015 Newton opticks.png [131]
$1.4 $1.29 The Complete Book of the Medical Art

Earliest known copy of the work. Previously owned by Baha' al-Din al-'Amili

'Ali ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi c.980 October 2014 ‘Ali Ibn al-‘Abbas al-Majusi (latinised as 'Haly Abbas', d.circa 995 AD), Kitab kamil al-sina’ah al-tibbiyah ('The Complete Book of the Medical Art'), Iraq or Western Persia, Fars, probably Shiraz, last quarter 10th Century AD.jpg [132]
$1.6 $1.29 Atlas of England and Wales

First printed atlas of England and Wales

Christopher Saxton 1579-90 March 2007 Atlas of England and Wales by Christopher Saxton.jpg [133]
$1.5 $1.28 De revolutionibus orbium coelestium

First edition printed in Nuremberg by Johann Petreius in 1543.

Nicolaus Copernicus 1543 November 2011 Copernicus de revolutionibus.jpg [134]
$1.4 $1.26 Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye

Translated and printed by William Caxton (c. 1422 – c. 1491) in Bruges; the first printed book in English and the first book printed by Caxton. Copy previously owned by 2nd Marquess of Rockingham and 4th Earl Fitzwilliam.

Raoul Lefèvre 1464 July 1998 Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye (Caxton 1473-1474) detail.jpg [135]
$1.3 $1.26 Marvel Comics 1 Martin Goodman 1939 November 2019 [136]
$1.6 $1.25 Hours of the Cross

Illuminated manuscript on vellum original owned by John, Duke of Berry and subsequently by Beatrice of Portugal and Henry Pomeroy, 2nd Viscount Harberton.

1425-1435 December 2006 Hours of the cross.jpg [137]
$1.3 $1.24 Exposition Abrégée Du Système Du Monde Selon Les Principes De Monsieur Newton

Handwritten manuscript of translation into French of Isaac Newton's Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica

Émilie du Châtelet 1745-49 October 2015 Exposition Abrégée Du Système Du Monde Selon Les Principes De Monsieur Newton by Émilie du Châtelet.jpg [138]
$1.3 $1.22 Summa de arithmetica

First edition of the first vernacular book on algebra and the first description of double-entry bookkeeping.

Luca Pacioli 1494 June 2019 PACIOLI, Luca (Lucas de Burgo S. Sepulchri; c.1445-1517). Somma di arithmetica, geometria, proporzioni e proporzionalità. Venice- Paganinus de Paganinis.jpg [139]
$1.3 $1.21 American Pie

Handwritten working lyrics by Don McLean.

Don McLean 1971 April 2015 [140]
$1.4 $1.20 A Day in the Life

Handwritten lyrics by John Lennon

John Lennon 1967 June 2010 [141]
$1.2 $1.18 United States Declaration of Independence

Broadside printed by E. Russell.

Thomas Jefferson et al. 1776 January 2018 Declaration of independence broadside printed by e russell.jpg [142]
$1.5 $1.17 Diaries

Six volumes of the author's diaries from 1805 to 1814. Preemptively purchased prior to auction by the French state; now held as the Musée Stendhal in Grenoble.

Stendhal 1805–1814 June 2006 Stendhal diaries.jpg [143][46]
$2.6 $1.16 On the Theory of Relativity

Handwritten manuscript.

Albert Einstein 1912 December 1987 Einstein special relativity manuscript.jpg [144]
$1.2 $1.14 An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations

Author's own copy of the first edition.

Adam Smith 1776 December 2018 Wealth of Nations.jpg [145]
$1.3 $1.11 Scenes from Goethe's Faust

Autograph manuscript by the composer.

Robert Schumann 1853 November 2011 Schumann scenes from faust autograph manuscript.jpg [146]
$1.1 $1.10 Un coup de dés jamais n'abolira le hasard

Autograph Manuscript.

Stéphane Mallarmé 1897 October 2015 Jamais un coup de dé n'abolira le hasard.png [147]
$1.3 $1.10 Amazing Fantasy #15

First appearance of Spider-Man

Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and Steve Ditko 1962 2011 [136]
$1.1 $1.09 Illuminated double-sided bifolium from Nahj al Faradis

The Angel of Bounty and the arrival of the Second Heaven of Pearls

c. 1465 October 2019 2019 CKS 17178 0038 001(an illustrated double-sided folio from the nahj al-faradis the angel o).jpg [148]
$1.2 $1.08 Geographia tavole moderne di geografia de la maggior parte del mondo di diverse autori raccolte et messe secondo l'ordine di Tolomeo con i disegni di molte citta et fortesse

Italian-Assembled-To-Order atlas.

Antonio Lafreri 1592 April 2012 A Lafreri-Duchetti Italian-Assembled-To-Order (IATO) Atlas.jpg [149]
$1.3 $1.07 Detective Comics 27

First appearance of Batman

Bob Kane and Bill Finger 1939 2010 [150]
$1.4 $1.07 Naturalis Historia

Printed in Rome on vellum.

Pliny the Elder 1861 October 2005 Pliny historia naturalis.jpg [151]
$1.2 $1.07 De revolutionibus orbium coelestium

First edition printed in Nuremberg by Johann Petreius in 1543.

Nicolaus Copernicus 1543 November 2013 Copernicus de revolutionibus.jpg [152]
$1.2 $1.07 Young Men's Magazine

Miniature manuscript, one of six 'little' books written by Brontë. Purchased by Gérard Lhéritier for the Musée des Lettres et Manuscrits. Later purchased by the Brontë Parsonage Museum for $873,600 after Lhéritier's arrest for fraud

Charlotte Brontë 1830 December 2011 Bronte young men's magazine.jpg [153][154]
$1.1 $1.05 On the Origin of Species

Third edition with autograph annotations for second German edition. Originally owned by Heinrich Georg Bronn.

Charles Darwin 1861 December 2017 Darwin Origin of Species annotated third edition.jpg [155]
$1.3 $1.05 The North American Indian, being a Series of Volumes Picturing and Describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska

Portfolio and Volumes 1-16

Edward S. Curtis 1907-1930 October 2007 A Piegan Dandy, 1900.jpg [156]
$1 $1.04 Letter by John Hancock announcing the adoption of the Declaration of Independence

Manuscript letter signed by Hancock as President of Congress

John Hancock 1776 January 2020 John hancock letter.jpg [157]
$1.1 $1.03 Composition Notebook

Autograph wartime manuscript of mathematical notes. Left in Turing's will to Robin Gandy

Alan Turing 1944 April 2015 [158]
$1.2 $1.02 Geographia Cosmographia

First Ulm edition

Claudius Ptolemy 1482 June 2009 Ptolemy geographia.png [159]
$1.1 $1.02 Babe Ruth's contract with the Boston Red Sox

Signed by Ruth, Ban Johnson and Harry Frazee.

1918 July 2014 Babe ruth contract red sox.jpg [160]
$1 $1.02 Illuminated double-sided bifolium from Nahj al Faradis

The Two Hells reserved for Misers and Flatterers

c. 1465 October 2019 Nahj al faradis 2.jpg [161]
$1.5 $1.01 À la recherche du temps perdu vol. 1: Du côté de chez Swann

First galley proofs of "Du côté de chez Swann", given to Robert Proust (1873–1935) by the author.

Marcel Proust 1913 June 2000 MS A la recherche du temps perdu.jpg [162]
$1.3 $1.00 Waldseemüller gores

Waldseemüller map printed in gores format to be made into globe

Martin Waldseemüller 1507 June 2005 Waldseemüller-Globus.jpg [163]

Books and manuscripts by century[edit]

Century Number sold
pre 10th 3
10th 3
11th 1
12th 2
13th 5
14th 4
15th 25
16th 21
17th 11
18th 14
19th 30
20th 26
21st 1

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Frandsen, Tiffany; Mims, Bob (21 September 2017). "$35 million Book of Mormon manuscript sale called the 'biggest game-changer in Mormon history'". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Chinese calligraphy letter sets new auction record". BBC News. 16 May 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  3. ^ Phillips, Tom (17 May 2016). "Eleventh-century Chinese letter – just 124 characters long – sells for $32m". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  4. ^ Kiss, Jemima (13 June 2011). "Bill Gates on giving away his fortune - and Mark Zuckerberg's engagement?". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  5. ^ "Sale Number: N08461: The Magna Carta". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  6. ^ Elsworth, Catherine (19 December 2007). "Magna Carta copy fetches $21m". The Telegraph. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  7. ^ Ezard, John. "Baebes celebrate medieval treasure Sherborne Missal saved by chart-toppers". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  8. ^ "宋刻孤本《石壁精舍音注唐书详节》嘉德春拍高价成交" (in Chinese). 22 June 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  9. ^ "宋刻孤本拍出亿元天价 《石壁精舍音注唐书详节》成本季最贵古籍" (in Chinese). 21 June 2018. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
  10. ^ "British Library acquires the St Cuthbert Gospel – the earliest intact European book". BBC News. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  11. ^ "The St Cuthbert Gospel". British Library. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  12. ^ "Bay Psalm Book is most expensive printed work at $14.2m". BBC News. 27 November 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  13. ^ "The Bay Psalm Book Sale". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  14. ^ "Sale 2819: Renaissance : Lot 157: The Rothschild Prayerbook, a Book of Hours, Use of Rome, in Latin, Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  15. ^ "The Stuart Cary Welch Collection, part one: Arts of the Islamic World 78 Faridun in the Guise of a Dragon Tests his Sons: Illustrated Folio (F.42) From the Shahnameh of Shah Tahmasp, Attributed to Aqa Mirak, Persia, Tabriz, Royal Atelier, circa 1525-35". Sotheby's. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  16. ^ Garcia, Guy (19 December 1983). "People: Dec. 19, 1983". Time Magazine. Retrieved 24 October 2011.
  17. ^ "Magnificent Books, Manuscripts and Drawings from the Collection of Frederick 2nd Lord Hesketh : Lot 50: Magnificent Books, Manuscripts and Drawings from the Collection of Frederick 2nd Lord Hesketh". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  18. ^ Gamerman, Ellen (8 December 2010). "'Birds' Book Soars to Record". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  19. ^ "Library of Congress Completes Purchase of Waldseemüller Map". Library of Congress. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  20. ^ "Post-Sale Release: George Washington's Acts of Congress - New York, 22 June 2012". Christies. 22 June 2010. Retrieved 2017-09-13.
  21. ^ "Sale 16423: The Portland Audubon : Lot 1". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  22. ^ Rego Barry, Rebecca. "The "Portland Audubon" Sells for $9.65 Million". Fine Books & Collections. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  23. ^ "The Valmadonna Trust Library: Part I : Magnificent Manuscripts and the Bomberg Talmud : Lot 12: The Complete Babylonian Talmud, Printed by Daniel Bomberg in Venice, Comprising tractates from the First (1519/20-1523) and Second (1525-1539) Editions". Sotheby's. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  24. ^ "Record Breaking Judaica Sale at Sotheby's". The New York Jewish Week. Retrieved 2018-12-05.
  25. ^ "Chine - XVIe Siècle : Lot 231 : Deux rares albums Yongle Dadian". Beaussant Lefèvre. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  26. ^ Loft, Halina (18 December 2019). "The Original Olympic Manifesto Brings Home the Gold". Sotheby's. Retrieved 19 December 2019.
  27. ^ "Alisher Usmanov donates £6.8m Olympic manifesto to Games museum". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 February 2020.
  28. ^ "Sale 9326: Books and Manuscripts : Lot 39: Audubon, John James (1785-1851). The Birds of America; from Original Drawings. London: Published by the Author, 1827-1838". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  29. ^ "#5.5m for classic bird book found in Bute nest". The Herald (Glasgow). 11 March 2000. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  30. ^ "Sale 18371 : Art of the Islamic and Indian Worlds Including Oriental Rugs and Carpets : Lot 157: A Timurid or Aqquyunlu Qur'an on Chinese Paper". Christies. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  31. ^ "Declaration of Independence Sold on Sothebys.Com for $8.14 Million". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  32. ^ "Sale 6012: Wentworth : Lot 2: Chaucer, Geoffrey (c. 1345-1400). The Canterbury Tales. [Westminster: William Caxton, late 1476 or 1477]". Christies. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  33. ^ "Canterbury Tales fetches record £4.6m". BBC News. 9 July 1998. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
  34. ^ "250 John James Audubon - The Birds of America; from Original Drawings by John James Audubon. London: Published by the Author, 1827–1838". Sotheby's. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  35. ^ "Old Master & British paintings Evening Sale including three Renaissancee Masterworks from Chatsworth 51 Louis de Gruuthuse's copy of the Deeds of Sir Gillion de Trazegnies in the Middle East, in French, illuminated manuscript on vellum [southern Netherlands (Antwerp or perhaps Bruges), dated 1464]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  36. ^ "Sale 9878: The Library of Abel E. Berland : Lot 100: Shakespeare, William (1564-1616). Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. Published according to the True Originall Copies. Edited by John Heminge (d. 1630) and Henry Condell (d. 1627). London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed. Blount at the Charges of W. Jaggard, Ed. Blount, I. Smithweeke, and W. Aspley, 1623". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  37. ^ "Shakespeare First Folio Tops $5M". CBS News. 13 July 2006. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  38. ^ "The Francis Crick 'Secret of Life' Letter: A remarkable letter to his son, revealing one of the most important scientific discoveries of the 20th century". Christie's. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  39. ^ "Medieval manuscript lost to the North East can now be seen again". Chronicle Live. Evening Chronicle. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  40. ^ "Music and Continental Books and Manuscripts : Lot 36: Mahler, Gustav The Autograph Manuscript of the Second Symphony ("The Resurrection"), the Complete Work in Five Movements". Sotheby's. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  41. ^ "Sale 1561: John James Audubon's Birds of America". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  42. ^ Reif, Rita (21 November 1985). "Redoute Watercolors Auctioned to Syndicate". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  43. ^ a b "Gutenberg Bible Is Sold for Record $4.9 Million". Los Angeles Times. 23 October 1987. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  44. ^ "English Literature, History, Fine Bindings, Private Press and Children's Books, Including the First Folio of Shakespeare : Lot 95: Shakespeare, William. Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. Published According to the True Originall Copies. Isaac Jaggard, and Ed. Blount (Printed at the Charges of W. Jaggard, Ed. Blount, I. Smithweeke and W. Aspley), 1623". Sotheby's. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  45. ^ "Crusader's book sells for £2.75m". The Irish Times. 24 June 1998. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  46. ^ a b c d "Ten Most Expensive Books of 2006". Fine Books & Collections. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  47. ^ "Sale 6179 : The Collection of Barons Nathaniel and Albert von Rothschild : Lot 101: MISSAL, in Latin, Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  48. ^ Reif, Rita. "Record Price for Mozart Manuscript". The New York Times. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  49. ^ "Mozart Scores Auctioned for Record $4.3 Million". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  50. ^ "Sale Number: N08735 : James Naismith's Founding Rules of Basketball". Sotheby's. Retrieved 4 October 2019.
  51. ^ Keegan, Tom (10 December 2010). "Booths purchase original Naismith basketball rules at auction for more than $4 million". Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  52. ^ "The Hours of Albrecht of Brandenburg, illuminated by Simon Bening, use of Rome". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  53. ^ "Sale 7482: New York, Park Avenue : Lot 2: Audubon, John James. The Birds of America; from Original Drawings. London: Published by the Author 1827-1828". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  54. ^ "English Literature, History, Children's Books and Illustrations : Lot 311A: Rowling, J.K. Autograph Manuscript of the Tales of Beedle the Bard Translated from the Original Runes by J.K. Rowling". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  55. ^ "The Wardington Library Part 2 : Lot 394: Ptolemaeus, Claudius (c.90–c.168)". Sotheby's. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  56. ^ "Old atlas breaks auction record". BBC News. 10 October 2006. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
  57. ^ "Sale 3587 : Importants livres anciens, livres d'artistes et manuscrits : Lot 36: Bible, Pentateuch, in Hebrew - Hamishah humshe Torah , with paraphrase in Aramaic ( Targum Onkelos ) and commentary by Rashi (Solomon ben Isaac). Edited by Joseph Hayim ben Aaron Strasbourg Zarfati. Bologna: Abraham ben Hayim of Pesaro for Joseph ben Abraham Caravita, 5 Adar I [5] 242 = 25 January 1482". Christies. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  58. ^ "1482 Torah book fetches record $3.87 million at Paris auction". Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  59. ^ "The Kennedy-Lincoln Emancipation Proclamation". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  60. ^ "Western Manuscripts and Miniature: 33 - The Rochefoucauld Grail, in French, illuminated manuscript on vellum [eastern Artois or western Flanders (most probably Saint-Omer, Tournai or Ghent), c.1315-23]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  61. ^ "Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727, knighted 1705). Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica. [Edited by Edmond Halley (1656-1743)]. London: Joseph Streater for the Royal Society [at the expense of Edmond Halley], to be sold by Samuel Smith and other booksellers, 1687". Christie's. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  62. ^ "The Valmadonna Trust Library: Part I Magnificent Manuscripts and the Bomberg Talmud : Lot 7: Hebrew Bible: Pentateuch with Haftarot and the Five Scrolls, England: 15 Tammuz 4949=2 July 1189". Sotheby's. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  63. ^ "Codex Valmadonna". Museum of the Bible. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  64. ^ "John James Audubon: the Birds of America, the Viviparous Quadrupeds of North America : Lot 101". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  65. ^ "Manuscript of Beethoven's 9th sells for almost EUR3 million". The Irish Times. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  66. ^ "Presidential and other American Manuscripts from the Dr. Robert Small Trust 85 Lincoln, Abraham, as Sixteenth President". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  67. ^ "Sale 12139: Valuable Books and Manuscripts : Lot 129: BACH, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750)". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  68. ^ "Superman's Action Comics No. 1 sells for record $3.2 million on eBay". CNET. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  69. ^ "Sale 10455 : Valuable Books and Manuscripts Including Cartography : Lot 20: The 'Gospels of Queen Theutberga' in Latin, Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum [Lotharingia, perhaps Metz, c.825–850 (before 835?)]". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  70. ^ "Lot105 While the crowd was assembling in front of the house and before the President went up-stairs to the window from which he was to speak, I was with him, and noticed that he carried a roll of manuscript in his hand From a point of concealment behind the window drapery I held a light while he read, dropping the pages of his written speech one by one upon the floor as he finished them. Little Tad scrambled around on the floor, importuning his father to give him 'another,' as he collected the sheets of paper fluttering from the President's hand.". Christie's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  71. ^ "Shah pays top price at second-hand car sale". heraldscotland.com. Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  72. ^ "Books, Manuscripts and Photographs, including Nine Manuscripts by Andre Breton from the Simone Collinet Collection 201 Manifeste du surréalisme. Manuscrit autographe. [Lorient-Paris, juillet-août 1924]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  73. ^ "Einstein, Albert (1879-1955). Autograph letter signed ("A. Einstein") to Eric Gutkind, Princeton, 3 January 1954". Christie's. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  74. ^ "Sale 2622 : Important Books, Atlases and Manuscripts: The Private Library of Kenneth Nebenzahl : Lot 38: Curtis, Edward S. (1868-1952). The North American Indian being a Series of Volumes Picturing and Describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska. Edited by Frederick Webb Hodge. Foreword by Theodore Roosevelt. Field Research conducted under the patronage of J. Pierpont Morgan. [Cambridge, Mass.], 1907-1930". Christies. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  75. ^ "Agnese, Battista (c. 1500-1564)]. Portolan atlas of the world. Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum. [Venice, c. 1542-46". Christie's. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  76. ^ "Sale 13519 : Shakespeare: The Four Folios : Lot 101: Shakespeare, William (1564-1616). Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies, edited by John Heminge (d. 1630) and Henry Condell (d. 1627). London: Isaac Jaggard, and Edward Blount at the Charges of W. Jaggard, Ed. Blount, I. Smithweeke, and W. Aspley, 1623". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  77. ^ Capon, Alex (27 May 2016). "US collector splashes out £2.48m on four Shakespeare folios at Christie's". Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  78. ^ a b Oswald, Godfrey (2017). Library World Records (3rd ed.). McFarland & Company. p. 223. ISBN 9781476667775.
  79. ^ a b Reif, Rita. "Auctions". New York Times. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  80. ^ "Hours and Psalter of Elizabeth de Bohun, Countess of Northampton". Museum of the Bible. Retrieved 8 March 2020.
  81. ^ "Sale 7982 : The Arcana Collection: Exceptional Illuminated Manuscripts, Part III : Lot 26: The Imhof Prayerbook, illuminated by Simon Bening, in Latin and Dutch, Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum". Christies. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  82. ^ "The Library of Lord Wardington: Important Atlases and Geographies Part One : Lot 143: Doria Atlas". Sotheby's. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  83. ^ "Besler, Basilius (1561-1629). Hortus Eystettensis. [Nuremberg]: 1613". Christie's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  84. ^ "Sale 2751 : Fine Printed Books & Manuscript Including Americana : Lot 170: Newton, Sir Isaac (1642-1727, knighted 1705). Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica. [Edited by Edmond Halley (1656-1743).] London: Joseph Streater for the Royal Society [at the expense of Edmond Halley], to be sold by various booksellers, 1687". Christies. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  85. ^ Kotter, Holland (24 April 1999). "Rare Blake Book Sells for $2.5 Million at Sotheby's". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
  86. ^ "Kerouac, Jean Louis Lebris de (Jack), 1922-1969. Typescript scroll of On the Road (published 1957), comprising the first draft of the definitive Beat Generation novel, the working draft from which the published novel derives. Typed by Kerouac in New York City in a 20-day marathon between April 2 and 22, 1951". Christie's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  87. ^ "A Qur'an Leaf Palimpsest on Vellum Probably Madina, mid 7TH Century". Christie's. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  88. ^ Bodleian Library; Alan Edward Coates (2005). A Catalogue of Books Printed in the Fifteenth Century Now in the Bodleian Library, Oxford: Blockbooks ; woodcut and metalcut single sheets ; A. Oxford University Press. pp. 16–. ISBN 978-0-19-951905-7.
  89. ^ "Two Centuries of American History 79 Abraham Lincoln, as sixteenth President An extremely rare Manuscript copy of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, signed and endorsed by Abraham Lincoln "Aproved. February 1, 1865.")". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  90. ^ "Gutenberg Bible Census". 27 November 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  91. ^ "Rheticus Georg Joachim (1514-1574). De libris revolutionum eruditissimi viri...Doctoris Nicolai Copernici… Narratio prima. Gdansk: Franz Rhode, 1540". Christie's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  92. ^ "Sale 1769 L The History of the Book: The Cornelius J. Hauck Collection : Lot 263: Album Amicorum -- Das Grosse Stammbuch of Philipp Hainhofer, in German, Latin, French and Italian, Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum and Paper". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  93. ^ "Magnificent Books, Manuscripts and Drawings from the Collection of Frederick 2nd Lord Hesketh : Lot 13: Shakespeare, William. Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies. Published according to the true Original copies. London: Isaac Jaggard, and Ed. Blound (Printed at the Charges of W. Jaggard, Ed. Blount, I. Smithweeke and W. Aspley), 1623". Sotheby's. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  94. ^ "Sale 7428 : Art of The Islamic and Indian World : Lot 20: Qur'an". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  95. ^ "Sale 2013: Important Scientific Books: The Richard Green Library : Lot 60: Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473-1543). De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, libri V. Nuremberg: Johann Petreius, 1543". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  96. ^ "Sale 9058: The Archimedes Palimpsest : Lot 1: Archimedes (ca. 287 - 212 BC). On the Equilibrium of Planes; On Floating Bodies; The Method of Mechanical Theorems; On Spiral Lines; On the Sphere and the Cylinder; On the Measurement of the Circle; Stomachion, all in Greek. Palimpsest Manuscript on Vellum (upper text: Euchologion, in Greek, 12th century)". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  97. ^ Reif, Rita (8 April 1978). "Gutenberg Bought at Auction for $2 Million for Stuttgart Library". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  98. ^ "Two Centurreis of American History 78 Abraham Lincoln, as sixteenth President The "Authorised Edition" of the Emancipation Proclamation, Signed by President Abraham Lincoln". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  99. ^ "Fine Printed Books and Manuscripts Including Americana: Buell, Abel (1742-1822). A New and Correct Map of the United States of North America Layd Down from the Latest Observations and Best Authorities Agreeable to the Peace of 1783. Humbly Inscribed to his Excellency the Governor and Company of the State of Connecticut By their Most Obedient and Very Humble Servant Abel Buell. New Haven: Abel Buell, 1784". Christies. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  100. ^ "Einstein, Albert. Typed letter signed (A. Einstein) To President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Peconic, Long Island, 2 August 1939, 1½ pages, 4to (10 7/8 by 8½ in.), on one side each of two sheets of typewriter bond paper, tiny punctures in upper right corners from stapling faint penciled note by Leo Szilard at top: Original, not sent!". Christie's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  101. ^ "Bob Dylan Original Working Autograph Manuscipt of "Like a Rolling Stone" - The Final Draft Lyrics as Recorded [June, 1965]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  102. ^ "The Autograph Manuscript of the Second Symphony in E Minor, OP.27". Sotheby's. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  103. ^ "Sale 7982 : The Arcana Collection: Exceptional Illuminated Manuscripts, Part III : Lot 18: The Great Hours of Galeazzo Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan, use of Rome, in Latin and Italian, Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum". Christies. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  104. ^ "Art of The Islamic and Indian World : Lot 10: Property from the Hispanic Society of America, Deaccessioned by Order of the Trustees to Benefit the Acquisitions Fund an Almost Complete Kufic Qur'an". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  105. ^ "Sale 1176 : Valuable Printed Books and Manuscripts Lot 82: Vergilius Maro, Publius (70-19 B.C.). Opera (Bucolica, Georgica, Aeneid, with argumenta). Venice: Vindelinus de Spira, 1470". Christies. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  106. ^ "Lot 11 Missal, use of Udine, Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum, [Vienna, c.1430-35]". Christie's. Retrieved 18 October 2019.
  107. ^ "English Literature, History, Children's Books & Illustrations : Lot 502: Lefèvre, Raoul Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye [Translated by William Caxton]. [Ghent or Bruges: David Aubert For] William Caxton, [C. 1473-74]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  108. ^ Kirshenbaum, Sandra. Fine Print. S. Kirshenbaum. pp. 102–. Early in March Mr. Kraus sold his Bible, known as the Shuckburgh copy, to the Gutenberg Museum of Mainz for $1,800,000, the highest price ever paid.
  109. ^ "Buondelmonti, Cristoforo (Florence c. 1385-not before 1430 probably Greece). Liber Insularum Archipelagi. Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum, in Latin. [Italy, perhaps Florence, c. 1450". Christie's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  110. ^ "Hergé (1907-1983) Tintin, le sceptre d'Ottokar". Sotheby's. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
  111. ^ "Sale 8626: Printed Books and Manuscripts : Lot 5: Audubon, John James. The Birds of America; from Original Drawings. [Volumes I-III, containing plates 1-300, lacking vol. IV]. London: Published by the Author, 1827-1836". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  112. ^ "The Bible Collection of Dr. Charles Caldwell RYRIE 9 John Wycliffe Wycliffie New Testament in the Later Version, in Middle English [England, 1ST half of the 15TH Century]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  113. ^ "Arts of the Islamic World 36 Burzuy Presents the Book of Kalilah wa Dimnah to King Nushirvan, Illustrated leaf from the royal Shahnama of Shah Tahmasp, folio 649 , Attributed to Aqa Mirak , Tabriz, Safavid, Persia, circa 1530-40". Sotheby's. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  114. ^ "Sale 7911 : The Arcana Collection: Exceptional Illuminated Manuscripts and Incunabula, Part I : Lot 31: Bartholomaeus Anglicus (by 1203-1272), Le livre des propriétés des choses, in the French translation of Jean Corbechon, Illuminated Manuscript on Vellum". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  115. ^ "Sale 8854: The Haskell F. Norman Library of Science and Medicine, Part : Lot 213: Vesalius, Andreas (1514-64). De humani corporis fabrica libri septem. Basel: Johannes Oporinus, June 1543". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  116. ^ "Autograph Draft Manuscript of her Unfinished Novel 'The Watsons'". Sotheby's. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  117. ^ "Apple computer contract and dissolution of contract signed by Jobs, Wozniak and Wayne (3 documents)". Sotheby's. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  118. ^ "Sale 1057 : Collection Michel Wittock: quatrième partie - De Marius-Michel à Jean de Gonet / Jean-Joseph Tessier et La Description de l'Égypte Lot 80: Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française. Paris: Imprimerie impériale, 1809-1813, Imprimerie royale, 1817-[1830]". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  119. ^ "Edward William Lane (d.1876), Arabic-English Lexicon, printers' manuscript copy, 40 volumes, second half 19th century, with 10 volumes of al-Saghani's 'Ubab, Egypt or Syria, Mamluk, dated 653 AH/1255 AD". Sotheby's. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  120. ^ "Joyce, James (1882-1941). Autograph manuscript of the Circeepisode of Ulysses, a complete working draft with very extensive additions to the dialogue, revisions, word substitutions and other reworkings by Joyce in the left-hand margins of the pages and with additional sections of dialogue, word lists and other notes written on some versos. [Paris, July-December 1920]". Christie's. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  121. ^ "Sale 9046: Lewis Carroll & Alice: Private Collection of Justin Schiller : Lot 38: Dodgson, Charles Lutwidge (Lewis Carroll). Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. London: [The Clarendon Press for] Macmillan, 1865". Christies. Retrieved 2 October 2019.
  122. ^ Blair, Sheila (1995). A compendium of chronicles : Rashid al-Din’s illustrated history of the world. Oxford University Press. p. 36. ISBN 1-874780-65-X.
  123. ^ Kenmore, Abraham. "1776 printing of the Declaration of Independence sold in Potsdam for $1.5m". nny360.com. Waterton Daily Times. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  124. ^ "Curtis, Edward S. (1868-1952) The North American Indian. Being a Series of Volumes Picturing and Describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska". Swann Galleries. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  125. ^ "Beckett, Samuel "Sasha Murphu", The Complete Autograph Draft Manusript of his novel "Murphy", heavily corrected and revised throughout, with many cancelled passages". Sotheby's. Retrieved 16 October 2019.
  126. ^ "Lot 12". Christie's. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  127. ^ "Basilius Besler (1561-1629)". Christie's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  128. ^ "The Arcana Collection: Exceptional Illuminated Manuscripts and Incunabula, Part I : Lot 10: Hieronymus (St., c.342-420). Epistolae. Edited by Adrianus Brielis (d.1472). Mainz: Peter Schoeffer, 7 September 1470". Christies. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  129. ^ "Books, Manuscripts and Photographs, including nine manuscripts by Andre Breton from the Simone Collinet Collection 202 Poisson soluble. Manuscrit autographe. [août-septembre 1924]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  130. ^ "An Illustrated and Illuminated Leaf from the Shah Isma'il II Shahnameh: The party after homage paid to Kay Khosraw by nobles following his enthronement, ascribed to the artist Burji, Qazvin, Persia, Safavid, circa 1577". Sotheby's. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  131. ^ "Property from the collection of Robert S Pirie volumes I & II: Books and Manuscripts : Lot 918: Newton, Isaac Opticks: Or, a Treatise of the Reflexions, Refractions, Inflexions and Colours of Light. Also Two Treatises of the Species and Magnitude of Curvilinear Figures. London: Printed for Sam. Smith and Benj. Walford, Printers to the Royal Society, at the Prince's Arms in St. Paul's Church-Yard, 1704". Sotheby's. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  132. ^ "Arts of the Islamic World 34 'Ali Ibn al-'Abbas al-Majusi (latinised as 'Haly Abbas', d.circa 995 AD), Kitab kamil al-sina'ah al-tibbiyah ('The Complete Book of the Medical Art'), Iraq or Western Persia, Fars, probably Shiraz, last quarter 10th Century AD". Sotheby's. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  133. ^ "Saxton, Christopher (c. 1542-c. 1610). An Atlas of England and Wales. London: Christopheer Saxton, 1579-1590". Sotheby's. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  134. ^ "Music and Continental Books and Manuscripts 6 Property of J.R. Ritman Copernicus, Nicolaus. De Revolutionibs Orbium Coelestium Libri VI. Nuremberg: J. Petreius, 1543". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  135. ^ "Sale 6012 : Wentworth : Lot 1: Le Fevre, Raoul (fl. 1464). Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye. Translated from French into English by William Caxton (c. 1420-1491). [Bruges:] William Caxton, [1473 or early 1474].English Literature, History, Children's Books & Illustrations : Lot 502: Lefèvre, Raoul Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye [Translated by William Caxton]. [Ghent or Bruges: David Aubert For] William Caxton, [C. 1473-74]". Christies. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  136. ^ a b "First Marvel comic sets auction record of $1.3 million". The Japan Times. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  137. ^ "The Wardington Library: Incunabula and the Wardington Hours 43 Hours of the Cross, illuminated manuscript on vellum. Paris, 1425-1435". Sotheby's. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
  138. ^ "du Châtelet, Émilie. Exposition abrégée du système du monde selon les principes de Monsieur Newton, incluse dans le second tome des Principes mathématiques de la philosophie naturelle d'Isaac Newton. Entre 1745 et 1749. Copies manuscrites de la main de plusieurs secrétaires comportant de très nombreux ajouts, becquets et corrections autographes". Christie's. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  139. ^ "Pacioli, Luca (Lucas de Burgo S. Sepulchri; c.1445-1517). Somma di arithmetica, geometria, proporzioni e proporzionalità. Venice: Paganinus de Paganinis, 10-20 November 1494". Christie's. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  140. ^ "Don McLean (b.1945). The complete working manuscript for the song "American Pie", with numerous revisions and unpublished deleted sections. [Cold Spring, NY and Philadelphia, PA, 1970-71]". Christie's. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  141. ^ "Sotheby's Books & Manuscripts New York" (PDF). Sotheby's. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  142. ^ "Fine Printed and Manuscript Americana, Including Cartography : Lot 176: The Declaration of Independence in Congress, July 4, 1776. A Declaration by the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress Assembled. … Salem, Massachusetts-Bay: Printed by E. Russell, by Order of Authority, [CA. 18–20 July 1776]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  143. ^ "Rare French book collection sets records at auction". ABC Online. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  144. ^ Reif, Rita. "Einstein Paper Sets Auction Record". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  145. ^ "Valuable Books and Manuscripts : Lot 220: Smith, Adam (1723-1790). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. London: for W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1776". Christies. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
  146. ^ "Music and Continental Books and Manuscripts 173 Schumann, Robert. The Autograph Composing Manuscript of Szenes aus Goethe's "Faust" [WOO 3]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  147. ^ "De la Bibliothèque Stéphane Mallarmé 163 Mallarmé, Stéphane Jamais [sic] Un Coup de Dés N'Abolira le Hasard. Maquette Autographe pour Firmin-Didot, Imprimeur d'Ambroise Vollard. [Avril ou Début Mai 1897]". Sotheby's. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  148. ^ "Lot 38 Two folios from the Magnificent Timurid manuscript, the Nahj al-Faradis". Christie's. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  149. ^ "Important Books, Atlases and Manuscripts: The Private Library of Kenneth Nebenzahl: Lafreri, Antonio (c.1512-1577) and Claudio Duchetti (d.1585)]. Geographia tavole moderne di geografia de la maggior parte del mondo di diverse autori raccolte et messe secondo l'ordine di Tolomeo con i disegni di molte citta et fortesse di diverse provintie stampate in rame con studio et diligenza in Roma. Rome: Pietro de Nobili, [1592]". Christie's. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  150. ^ Gustines, George Gene. "Batman is turning 80. Fighting crime must pay". The Irish Times. Retrieved 27 December 2019.
  151. ^ "1647 Plinius Secundus, Gaius (23/24-79 AD)". Sotheby's. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  152. ^ "Copernicus, Nicolaus (1473-1543). De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, libri VI. Nuremberg: Johann Petreius, 1543". Christie's. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  153. ^ "Brontë, Charlotte. Second Series of the Young Men's Magazines". Sotheby's. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  154. ^ "Rare Charlotte Bronte book coming home after museum's auction success". BBC. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
  155. ^ "Valuable Books and Manuscripts: Lot 211 Darwin, Charles Robert (1809-1882). On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: W. Clowes and Son for John Murray, 1861". Christies. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  156. ^ "Sale 2124 Lot 53 Curtis, Edward S. The North American Indian, Being a Series of Volumes Picturing and Describing the Indians of the United States and Alaska". Swann Galleries. Retrieved 20 October 2019.
  157. ^ "John Hancock, manuscript letter signed, announcing the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, 6 July 1776". Sotheby's. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  158. ^ "Turing, Alan Mathison. 1912-1954. Composition notebook". Bonham's. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  159. ^ "The Property of a Charitable Institution Ptolemaeus, Claudius. Cosmographia [Translated by Jacobus Angelus, Edited by Nicolaus Germanus]. Ulm: Lienhart Holle, 16 July 1482". Sotheby's. Retrieved 26 December 2019.
  160. ^ "Babe Ruth contract auctioned off". ESPN. Retrieved 11 October 2019.
  161. ^ "An Illustrated Double-Sided Bifolium from the Nahj al-Faradis: The Two Hells Reservee for Misers and Flatterers". Christie's. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  162. ^ "Sale 6298 : Important Manuscripts & Printed Books : Lot 73: Marcel-Valentin- Louis-Eugène-Georges Proust". Christies. Retrieved 5 October 2019.
  163. ^ "Martin Waldseemüller (c.1470 - c.1522). World map in the form of a set of terrestrial globe gores. St. Dié: 1507". Christies. Retrieved 11 October 2019.

References[edit]