List of oldest buildings in Canada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from List of old Canadian buildings)
Jump to: navigation, search

This is a list of the oldest surviving buildings and structures of significance in each province and territory of Canada.


First Nations peoples in Alberta were generally nomadic and did not create permanent structures, however they did often occupy the same site annually for many generations, and created permanent markers in the form of tipi rings and medicine wheels. The first Europeans to build in Alberta were the fur traders of the North West Company who constructed the first trading posts in Alberta at Fort Chipewyan and Fort Vermilion in 1788. Few buildings from the fur trade era remain.

There is said to be 25 buildings built prior to 1882 still surviving in Alberta. Most buildings considered "historic" in Alberta are from the post-railway era (e.g. after 1885 in Calgary, after 1891 in Edmonton).

Building or complex Built Location Architect
Father Lacombe Chapel 1861[1] St. Albert Fr. Albert Lacombe
Clerk's Quarters 1865[2] Fort Victoria George Flett
Rocky Mountain House Chimneys 1868[3] Rocky Mountain House Hudson's Bay Company
Hunt House 1876[4] Calgary Hudson's Bay Company
C.O. Card House 1887[5] Cardston
Banff Springs Hotel 1888 Banff Canadian Pacific Railway
Lougheed House 1891 Calgary James & Isabella Lougheed
Ralph Connor Church 1891[6] Canmore
John Walter house 1875[7] Edmonton
Lac La Biche Convent 1894[8] Lac La Biche Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Roland Michener House 1894[9] Lacombe
Union Bank 1899[10] Fort Macleod David Grier

British Columbia[edit]

Building Height
Floors Built City Architect
Fort Langley storehouse[11] 1 1840s[12] Fort Langley
Fort Kamloops log cabin 1840s Kamloops
St. Ann’s schoolhouse 1844 Victoria
Tod House 1851 Oak Bay
Helmcken House 1852 Victoria
Craigflower Manor[13] 2 1853 Victoria Hudson's Bay Company
The Bastion 3 1853-55 Nanaimo Hudson's Bay Company
St. John the Divine Church 1859 Maple Ridge[14][15]
Father Pandosy Mission[16] 1859 Kelowna
Dodd House 1859 Saanich
Fisgard Lighthouse 1860 Victoria
Race Rocks Lighthouse 1860 Great Race Rock
Naramata Heritage Inn & Spa 1909 Naramata
City Hall Museum 1912 Chilliwack
Brigadier Murphy Chilliwack
Building 24 Chilliwack


Building Height
Floors Built City Architect
Prince of Wales Fort 1731-41 near Churchill Royal Engineers
Lower Fort Gary 1831 to 1848 near Selkirk, Manitoba Hudson Bay Co. Lower Fort Garry Historic Site Manitoba Canada (13).JPG
Big House, (Lower Fort Gary) 1832 near Selkirk, Manitoba Hudson Bay Co. The Big House, Lower Fort Garry.JPG
The Archway Warehouse 1840-1841 Norway House
St Andrews on the Red[17] 1 1845-1849 RM of St Andrews St Andrew Church National Historic Site Manitoba Canada (5).JPG
Gray Nuns' Convent (Le Musée de Saint-Boniface Museum)[18] 2 1845-1851 St. Boniface(Winnipeg) Grey Nuns' Convent P1040151.JPG
Seven Oaks House Museum[19] 2 1851 Winnipeg John Inkster Seven Oaks House.jpg
Ross House Museum 2 1852 Winnipeg Rosshousemuseum.jpg
Old St. James Anglican Church[20] 1853 Winnipeg, Manitoba
St. Peter Dynevor Anglican Church[21] 1853 R. M. St. Clements
Upper Fort Garry Gate 1853 Winnipeg Upper Fort Garry Gate April 2010.jpg
Kildonan Presbyterian Church[22] 1854 Winnipeg, Manitoba
St. Andrews Rectory[23] 2 1854 RM of St Andrews St. Andrews Rectory National Historic Site Manitoba Canada Front View.jpg
Brown House 1856 Winnipeg, Manitoba
Miss Davis’ School / Twin Oaks 2 1858 R.M. of St. Andrews Twin Oaks in Manitoba Canada.jpg
St. Peter's Dynevor Anglican Church Rectory 2 1860 R.M. of St. Andrews
St. Clement’s Anglican Church[24] 1861 RM of St. Andrews St Clement's Anglican Church, Robert Linsdell, Flickr.jpg
Barber House[25] 2 1862 Winnipeg
Bunn House 1862 Selkirk
St. Anne's Anglican Church[26] 1862-1864 RM of Portage la Prairie
Kildonan School[27] 1865 Winnipeg
Captain William Kennedy House 1866 St. Andrews, Manitoba Captain Kennedy House in Manitoba Canada.jpg
Christ Anglican Church 1868-1870 Fort Alexander, Powerview, Manitoba,
Inkster House[28] 1874 Winnipeg Inkster House.jpg
Little Britain United Church[29] 1874 (est. 1852) R.M. of St. Andrews
Louis Riel House 2 1880-1881 St. Vital, Winnipeg Louis Riel House.JPG
Vaughan Street Gaol[30] 1881 Winnipeg
Government House 1883 Winnipeg Government Hous Manitoba.2.jpg
Holy Trinity Anglican Church[31] 1 1884 Winnipeg Charles Wheeler
Neepawa County Courthouse 3 1884 Neepawa C. Osborn Wikenden NeepawaCH.jpg
Saint-Léon Roman Catholic Church 2 1894 Saint-Léon
H. P. Tergesen General Store 1 1898 Gimli
Vendome Hotel 4 1898 Winnipeg Henry S. Griffiths
Old St. Michael’s Ukrainian Orthodox Church 1898-1899 RM Stuartburn(Oldest surviving Ukrainian church in Canada)
Isbister School 2 1899 Winnipeg Isbister School Vaughan.jpg
Eaton's Department Store* 46 9 1904 Winnipeg John Woodman
Royal Tower 48 10 1904 Winnipeg Frank Darling & John A. Pearson
228 Notre Dame 44 11 1911 Winnipeg
Confederation Building 46 12 1911 Winnipeg J. Wilson Gray
National Bank Building 50 13 1911 Winnipeg John D. Atchison
Electric Railway Chambers 45 12 1912 Winnipeg Pratt, Ross/Frost
Hotel Fort Garry 59 14 1913 Winnipeg Ross and MacFarlane
Marlbourgh Hotel 42 10 1913 Winnipeg J. Chisholm & Son
Paris Building 42 11 1915 Winnipeg Woodman & Carey
Bank of Hamilton Building 45 10 1916 Winnipeg John D. Atchison
Brant-Argyle School 2 1914 Argyle Frank R. Evans

New Brunswick[edit]

Before 1784, New Brunswick was part of the colony of Nova Scotia and the majority of the population was aboriginal. The native populations of the land that is now New Brunswick were a nomadic people and thus there are few remains of their settlements. However, in 1784 New Brunswick became its own colony due to an increasingly non-aboriginal population. The area was mostly forest until United Empire Loyalists started to arrive, and European-style buildings were not constructed for the most part until after their arrival. Many Acadian homes and settlements were destroyed by the British during the expulsion of the Acadians known as the Great Expulsion from 1755 to 1763. Acadians were a people of French descent who lived in New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia for over a century before the British took over the lands that were New France. After the expulsion there was a short wave of settlement by a peoples known as the New England Planters. They were a small group without a lot of remaining architecture.

Building Height [m] Floors Built City Architect Notes
Treitz Haus 1769 Moncton The eastern section of the building was completed in 1769 with the second addition completed in the 1820s.
John Dunn House 3 1784 St. Andrews John Dunn Significant in that it was possibly the first house built in Saint Andrews taller than two floors. A United Empire Loyalist, Dunn brought most of the materials to build the house with him from New York in 1784.
Odell House, Fredericton 3 1785 Fredericton The oldest house in Fredericton.
Smyth House 1787 Fredericton This house is an excellent example of loyalist construction in late 18th-century New Brunswick. It was built out of necessity and with the available material: wood.
Reverend Samuel Andrews House 1790 Ministers Island
Steeves House Museum[32] 2 1812 Hillsborough
St. Andrews Blockhouse 1813 St. Andrews One of three that once guarded St. Andrews. However, it never saw battle.
Carleton Martello Tower 2 1815 Saint John
Loyalist House 1810-1817 Saint John David Daniel Merrit
Free Meeting House 1 1821 Moncton Constructed as a meeting place for all denominations as a place of worship until churches could be built for their respective use.
Williston House 2 1824 Miramichi Andrew Currie The oldest building in the Miramichi area.
St. John's Anglican (Stone) Church 1825 Saint John
Government House, Fredericton 1826-1828 Fredericton James Woolford Built after the former Lieutenant-Governors mansion burned to the ground in 1825.
Sir Howard Douglas Hall, University of New Brunswick 1826-27 Fredericton James Woolford Also known as "the Old Arts Building", it is the oldest building still officially in use by a university in Canada. It was designed by the same architect as Government House. The third floor was added to accommodate more staff and students in 1876-77.
Saint John County Court House 3 1829 Saint John John Cunningham Inside the courthouse is a free-standing spiral stairway, one of the largest in the country.
Charles Connell House 1839 Woodstock
Christ Church Cathedral 60 1853 Fredericton Frank Wills
Fredericton City Hall 47 4 1875-76 Fredericton McKean & Fairweather
Bank of New Brunswick (building) 2 1879 Saint John Henry F. Starbuck This building is intended to represent not only itself but the dozens of other buildings destroyed overnight by The Great Fire of Saint John, New Brunswick in 1877. Built on Prince William Street, the Bank of New Brunswick building is encompassed by blocks of other buildings constructed by several other architects between 1877 and 1881 in the area known today as the Trinity Royal Heritage Conservation Area.
New Brunswick Legislature 41 4 1882 Fredericton J.C. Dumaresq Constructed with stone after the first, built of wood, was destroyed by fire in 1880. Also of note on the Parliament Square site is the Old Education Building constructed in 1816 of stone with two more floors added in 1869. The Departmental building was completed in 1888.
Marysville Cotton Mill 4 1883-85 Fredericton Greene and Company Mill Architects and Engineers The imposing, four-storey, red-brick cotton mill building features a flat-roofed central tower, and numerous multi-pane mullion windows. It was Canada's second largest cotton mill at the time. The mill opened in the spring of 1885, with full production being reached in November 1889. It now sits rehabilitated to serve as government offices.[33]

Newfoundland and Labrador[edit]

Building Height
Floors Built City Architect
Anderson House  ? 1805 St. John's James Anderson
Government House  ? 1831 St. John's
Hebron Moravian Mission  ? 1830s Hebron
Alexander House  ? 1835 Bonavista
Cathedral of St. John the Baptist 24 1847 St. John's George Gilbert Scott
Bank of British North America Building  ? 1849 St. John's William Howe Greene
Colonial Building  ? 1850 St. John's James Purcell
Church of St. James the Apostle  ? 1852 Battle Harbour William Grey
Basilica of St. John The Baptist 48 1855 St. John's J.P. Jones
Viking Houses ca. 1000 L'Anse aux Meadows
Point Amour lighthouse 32 1854-57 Point Amour Charles François Xavier Baby
Saint Bonaventure's College  ? 1858 St. John's

Northwest Territories[edit]

Building Height
Floors Built City Architect
The Wildcat Cafe  ? 1 1937 Yellowknife  ?

Nova Scotia[edit]

Building Built City Architect Notes Image
Fort Anne 1702 -1708[34] Fort Anne Remnants of the French fort were incorporated into the English structure. The magazine was built in 1708. FortAnne-PwdrMag01.jpg
deGannes-Cosby House 1708[35] Annapolis Royal Rebuilt following a fire in 1707. Original structure dated to 1693.
Adams-Ritchie House 1712[35] Annapolis Royal Adams-Ritchie House, Annapolis Royal, NS.jpg
Williams House 1715[36] Annapolis Royal
Fort Edward Blockhouse 1750[37] Windsor The Blockhouse was erected in 1750 as part of the Fort Edward complex. An Acadian church was torn down to make way for the Fort. Most of the other buildings (Barracks, etc.) were lost to a fire in 1922. FortEdwardWindsorNovaScotiaCanada.JPG
St. Paul's Church 1750 Halifax St Pauls, Halifax.JPG
The Little Dutch Church 1756 Halifax The structure dates to the early 1750's. The building was moved to its present location, consecrated, and saw the addition of a steeple in 1756. It remains the second-oldest surviving building in Halifax after St. Paul's Church. Little Ducth Church.jpg
Sinclair Inn 1710, 1712 & 1781 [38] Annapolis Royal The main structure known as the Sinclair Inn dates to 1781. The building incorporates within its structure two earlier French period buildings - the Soullard (1710) and Skene (1712) houses. The dates have been verified by dendrochronology.
Sambro Island Light House 1758 Halifax Oldest surviving lighthouse in North America Lighthouse DGJ 8403 - Sambro Island Lighthouse (4930426367).jpg
Amberman House 1760[36] Annapolis Royal
St. John's Anglican Church 1763 Lunenburg St. John's Anglican Church, Lunenburg.jpg
Morris House 1764 Halifax
Goodwin House 1765[39] Habitant
Old Barrington Meeting House 1765 Barrington Head Wood frame building erected by settlers from New England; one of the oldest surviving buildings in English-speaking Canada, and a good example of a New England-style colonial meeting house Barrington, Nova Scotia, Old Meeting House, ca. 1765.jpg
Simeon Perkins House, 1767 Liverpool, Nova Scotia PerkinsHouseLiverpool.png
Jeremiah Calkin House 1768[40] Gand Pre Jeremiah Calkin House.JPG
Bailey House 1770[41] Annapolis Royal Bailey House B&B.jpg
Scott Manor House 1770 Halifax (Bedford) ScottManorHouseBedfordNovaScotia.jpg
Bonnett House 1773[42] Annapolis Royal Bonnett House.jpg
Kent Lodge 1775 Wolfville Kent Lodge - Wolfville.JPG
Solomon House 1775 Lunenburg Solomon House Lunenburg 1775.jpg
Planters Barracks 1778[43] Starrs Point
Stewart House 1779[44] Grand Pre Stewart House.JPG
Quaker Whaler House 1785 Dartmouth QuakerWhalerHouse1-DartmouthNS.JPG
Ross-Thomson House & Store 1785 Shelburne, Nova Scotia Ross Thompson House and Store, 1785, Shelburne.jpg
Jost House 1786 Sydney, Nova Scotia Sydney NS, Jost House, 1786.jpg
Randall House 1786[45] Wolfville Randall House.JPG
Cossit House 1787 Sydney, Nova Scotia Cossit House Museum, Sydney, nova Scotia ca. 1787.jpg
St. Mary's Anglican Church 1790 Auburn AuburnNS StMarysAnglicanChurch 2009.jpg
Old Holy Trinity Anglican Church 1791 Middleton
Borden House 1791 Grand Pre Boyhood home of Sir Robert Borden, Prime Minister of Canada, 1911-1920 Borden House Grand Pre.JPG
Knaut-Rhuland House 1793[46] Lunenburg Knaut-Rhuland House, Lunenburg, Nova Scotia 01.jpg
Prince's Lodge (Music Room) 1794 Halifax Halifax, Music Room 1794.jpg
Saint Edward's Anglican Church 1795[47] Clementsport
Prince of Wales Tower 1797 Halifax Oldest Martello Tower in North America Halifax Prince of Wales Tower.jpg
Samuel Greenwood House 1797 Dartmouth SamuelGreenwoodHouse-DartmouthNS.JPG
Fort Anne Officers' Quarters 1798[48] Annapolis Royal Fort Anne.jpg
St. George's (Round) Church 1800 Halifax Halifax, St George's Round Church, 1800.jpg
Halifax Town Clock 1803 Halifax Halifax Town Clock.jpg
Argyle Township Court House and Jail 1805 Tusket Canada's Oldest Standing Wooden Court House Canada's Oldest Standing Wooden Court House.jpg
Government House 1805 Halifax Government House Halifax June 2015.jpg
Acacia Grove/Prescott House 1809[49] Port Williams PrescottHouse Front 2009.jpg
Covenanter Church 1811 Grand Pre Covenanter Church, Grand Pre, Nova Sctia.jpg
Uniacke House 1815 Mount Uniacke Uniacke house.jpg
Admiralty House 1819 Halifax Admiralty House Halifax.jpg
Province House 1819 Halifax Province House (Nova Scotia).jpg
St. Mary’s Basilica 1829 Halifax St Marys, Halifax.JPG
All Saints Cathedral 1910 Halifax Cathedral Church All Saints.jpg


Building Height
Floors Built City Architect Image
Peter Secord House[50] 1782 Niagara-on-the-Lake (St. Davids)
Peter Secord Grist Mill[51] 1782-1783 Niagara on the Lake (St. Davids)
Mohawk Chapel 1785 Brantford Mohawk Chapel, Brantford, Ontario.jpg
Hawley House 1785 Bath
Daniel Reynolds House[52] 1786 Wellington, Ontario
Nelles-Fitch House 1791 (rear portion is from 1787)[53] Grimsby
Lake Lodge 1792 Niagara-on-the-Lake
Meyer's Mill[54] 1792 Belleville Meyer's Mill, Belleville, 01 Martin Cathrae.jpg
Old Hay Bay Church[55] 2 1792 Adolphustown Old Hay Bay Church 2008.jpg
Fairfield House[56] 1793 Bath
De Puisaye House[57] 1794 Niagara-on-the-Lake De puisaye house 1794.jpg
Scadding Cabin 1794 Toronto ScaddingCabin.png
Brown-Jouppien House[58] 1796 back/1802 front St Catharines
Park House Museum 1796 Amherstburg
Whirlpool House[59] 1796 Niagara Falls
Powder Magazine (Fort George)[60] 1796 Niagara-on-the-Lake Fort George Powder Magazine, 1796 some rights reserved.jpg
Battlefield House 2 1796 Hamilton (Stoney Creek) Battlefield House.JPG
Backhouse Mill 2 1798 Norfolk County Backhouse Grist Mill NHS.jpg
Nelles Manor[61] 2 1798 Grimsby
Gordon House[62] 2 1798 Amherstburg Amherstburg, Gordon House, 1798.jpg
Duff Baby House 2 1798 Windsor Duff Baby House.jpg
Buchner House[63] 1 1799 Niagara Falls
Elias Smith House[64] 1 1799 Port Hope
Field House[65] 2 1800 or 1799[66] Niagara-on-the-Lake
McFarland House[67] 2 1800 Niagara-on-the-Lake
Nelles Merchant Shop[68] 2 1800 Grimsby, Ontario
Old Stone Shop[69] 1 1800 Grimsby
Fort George 1802 Niagara-on-the-Lake Fort George NOTL 2.JPG
St. Andrews Church 1 1802 St. Andrews
Cline House[70] 1 1803 Grimsby
Laura Secord House 1 1803 Queenston Laura Secord Homestead, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario.jpg
Richard Hatt Building[71] 1 1804 Dundas
Bethune-Thompson House 1 1805 (incorporates cabin from 1784[72]) Williamstown Bethune-Thompson House NHS.jpg
Danner House[73] 2 1805 Niagara Falls
McGregor-Cowan House[74] 2 1805 Windsor McGregor-Cowan House.jpg
Tisdale House[75] 2 1806 Ancaster
John Cox Cottage 1 1807 Toronto John Cox Cottage.JPG
Elm Bank Farm First House 1 1808 Toronto John Grubb House.JPG
Fort Erie (completed) 1808 Fort Erie Fort Erie.JPG
Hamilton-Kormos House[76] 2 1808 Queenston
Rochleau House 3 1808 Kingston
Ball's Grist Mill[77] 2 1809 Jordan
Dalziel Barn 3 1809 Vaughan
Gibraltar Point Lighthouse 1809 Toronto Gibraltar Point Lighthouse.JPG
St. Mark's Anglican Church[78] 3 1809 (founded 1791) Niagara-on-the-Lake St Marks Church Niagara-on-the-Lake 2009.jpg
White Chapel[79] 2 1809 Picton
Upper House 2 1809 Allanburg
Church House[80] 2 1810 Niagara Falls
Corman House[81] 2 1810 Stoney Creek
Springdale 2 1810 Flamborough (Hamilton) Hector McKay
Delta Mill[82] 2 1810 Delta Delta Mill 2006.jpg
Cherry Hill House[83] 2 1811 (Stone wing) / 1822 Mississauga, Ontario, Cherry Hill House IDM 15539.jpg
John Bogart House[84] 2 1811 Newmarket John Bogart House three quarter view colour.JPG
St. Paul's Anglican Church (Originally Baptist)[85] 1811 Delta St Pauls Anglican Church at Delta.JPG
St. Andrew's United Church (originally Presbyterian)[86] 1812 (founded 1787) Williamstown (South Glengarry)
François Baby House 2 1812 Windsor Francois baby house2005.jpeg
Lawson House[87] 2 1812 Fort Erie
Lynde House 1812 Whitby
Pierre Belleperche House[88] 1812 Windsor
Ermatinger Old Stone House[89] 1812 - 1814 Sault Ste Marie, Ontario Ermatinger Old Stone House 1.JPG
"The Barracks"[90] 1812-1814 Cobourg Cobourg "Barracks" - east view.jpg
John Snider House[91] 1813 Colchester, Ontario
Fort York 1813 (built on site of 1793 garrison) Toronto Fort York east blockhouse 2.jpg
Fort Mississauga[92] 1814 Niagara on the Lake Fort Mississauga Tower.jpg
Jacob Fry House[93] 2 1815 Jordan, Ontario
Kerr-Wooll House (Demeath)[94] 2 1815 Niagara-on-the-Lake
Old Post Inn[95] 2 1815 Ajax, Ontario
The Olde Angel Inn 1815 (Circa 1789) Niagara-on-the-Lake Niagara on the Lake, Old Angel Inn, c. 1815.jpg
Woodruff-Rigby House[96] 1815 Niagara-on-the-Lake
Inverarden[97] 1816 Cornwall Inverarden House NHS.jpg
Josef Schneider Haus 2 1816 Kitchener Joseph Schneider Haus NHS
Belleview 2 1816 Amherstburg Belle Vue NHS.jpg
Niagara Masonic Hall[98] 2 1816 Niagara on the Lake Niagara lodge 2 building.jpg
Ham House 2 1816 Bath
Harmony Hall[99] 2 1816 Ancaster
Macdonell-Williamson House 2 1817 East Hawkesbury Macdonell-Williamson House Ontario.jpg
The Grange 3 1817 Toronto D'Arcy Boulton Jr The Grange.JPG
Rogers House[100] 3 1817, on foundation from 1792 Niagara on the Lake Niagara on the Lake, Rogers House a , 1817, on foundation from 1792.jpg
Nash-Jackson House[101] 2 1818 Hamilton (Stoney Creek) Nash-Jackson House.JPG
Thames River Lighthouse[102] 1818 Essex County Lighthousecove(lighthouse).jpg
Christ Church[103] 1819 Amherstburg Amherstburg, Christ Church, (1819) Andrea 44.jpg
Clergue Blockhouse (stone part) 2 1819 Sault Ste Marie Clergue Blockhouse August 2014.jpg
Barnum House 2 1819 Grafton, Ontario Barnum House Grafton Ontario.jpg
Ebenezer Doan House 2 1819 East Gwillimbury Doan house.jpg
Brick Barracks, Fort Malden[104] 1 1820 Amherstburg, Ontario Original Stone Barracks, Fort Malden.jpg
Niagara Apothecary[105] 1820 Niagara on the Lake Niagara on the Lake014.JPG
Furry Tavern[106] 2 1821 Lowbanks, Haldimand County
Campbell House 2 1822 Toronto Campbell House.JPG
St. James Anglican Church 2 1822 Beckwith, Ontario (Franktown)
St Mark's Anglican Church[107] 1822 Port Hope St. Marks Anglican Church.JPG
St. Thomas Church 1822 St. Thomas, Ontario Old st thomas church.JPG
John Moore House 2 1824 Sparta John Moore House Sparta.jpg
L'Orignal Court House and Jail 2 1825 L'Orignal L'ORIGNAL COURT AND OLD JAIL MG 4922.JPG
St. Andrew's Anglican Church[108] 1825 (founded in 1794) Grimsby
St. John the Evangelist Anglican Church[109] 1825 Niagara Falls
St. Mary Magdalene Anglican Church[110] 1825 Picton
Walbridge House 1825 Newcastle
St. George Anglican Cathedral 1825-1828 (founded in 1792) Kingston, Ontario St. George's Cathedral Kingston Ontario 2015.jpg
Allan Macpherson House 2 1826 Napanee, Ontario
Bank of Upper Canada Building 3 1827 Toronto Bank of Upper Canada.JPG
St Peter's Anglican Church[111] 1827 Tyrconnell St, Peter's Church, Tyrconnell (Wallacetown).jpg
Stone House currently the Bytown Museum 3 1827 Ottawa Thomas McKay Bytown Museum.JPG
Middlesex County Court House 3 1827-1829 London Middlesex County Courthouse.jpg
Bishop's Block 3 1829 Toronto Bishop's Block Toronto October 2012 (4).jpg
Osgoode Hall 1829-1832 Toronto 1OsgoodeHallToronto.jpg
Montgomery's Inn 2 1830 Toronto Montgomery's Inn.jpg
Sharon Temple 1832 Sharon Ebenezer Doan Sharon Temple wide view 2014.JPG
Fort Henry 1832 Kingston Royal Engineers
Toronto's First Post Office 3 1833 Toronto James Scott Howard First Toronto Post Office.JPG
Eldon House 1834 London
McKinnon-Eakin House 2 1835 (Unionville) Markham
Dundurn Castle 1835 Hamilton Robert Charles Wetherell Dundurn Castle in the Summer.jpg
Haldimand House 1836-1842 Caledonia James Little
Laura Secord House 1837-Present Chippawa, ON Laura Secord
Rideau Hall 2 1838 Ottawa Thomas McKay Ottawa - Rideau Hall.JPG
St. James Anglican Church 1839 Paris
Huron County Gaol 3 1839–1842 Huron County Thomas Young HuronCountyGaol.jpg
Bellevue House 3 1840 Kingston Charles Hales
Bristow's Inn 2 1840s Elmira Edward Bristow
Ruthven Park 2 1846 Cayuga John Latshaw Ruthven Park NHS.jpg
Dominion House 2 1850 (before) Windsor Jimmy Switchblade
Arlington Hotel 5 1851 Paris O.B. Bradford
St. James Cathedral 1853 / tower,spire 1874 Toronto Frederick William Cumberland and Thomas Ridout Cathedral Church of St James - Flickr - S. Rae.jpg
Paris Old Town Hall 3 1854[112] Paris
Brock's Monument 1856 Queenston Charles Thomas Thomas Brock's Monument 2015.JPG
Mackenzie Hall 1856 Windsor
Caledonia Town Hall 2 1857 Caledonia John Turner
Sacred Heart Church 1857 Paris
Distillery District various 1859–1929 Toronto Various
Canadian Parliament buildings 92 13 1865 Ottawa John A. Pearson & Marchand
Pepper Hill 1870 Carlisle Unknown
Mackenzie Building Royal Military College of Canada 1878 Kingston Robert Gage
Victoria Hall 1888 Hamilton William Stewart


The first Europeans to arrive in Quebec were settlers from France. They founded Quebec City in 1608 and erected there the first foundations such as the Habitation made of wood and set up by Samuel de Champlain. Despite the founding of other significant settlements in New France in the 17th century, notably Trois-Rivières in 1634 and Montreal in 1642, there are only a few 17th-century buildings that still survive outside the Capitale-Nationale region. Therefore, the oldest buildings still standing in Quebec are found heavily in and around Quebec City. All such buildings date from the French regime and are protected as historical monuments under the law enforced by the Ministry of Culture and Communication of Quebec.[113]

Building Built City Architect Image
Maison des Jésuites-de-Sillery 1702-1733 Sillery, Quebec City Maison Jésuites devant.jpg
Maison Puiseaux 1637 Quebec City
Maison de madame de La Peltrie 1644 Quebec City
Basilique-cathédrale de Notre-Dame-de-Québec 1647 Quebec City Gaspard-Joseph Chaussegros de Léry, Jean Baillairgé Cathédrale de Québec.jpg
Maison Delisle[114] 1648 Deschambault-Grondines Maison Delisle-Deschambault-Grondines.JPG
Maison du Duc-de-Kent 1648 Quebec City Maison du Duc-de-Kent - 03.jpg
7363 avenue Royale 1668 Château-Richer 7363 avenue Royale.jpg
Manoir Boucher de Niverville 1668 Trois-Rivières Le Manoir de Niverville.jpg
Maison LeBer-LeMoyne[115] 1669 Montreal (Lachine) Jacques Le Ber WTMTL T29 DSC00060.JPG
Maison Marcoux 1670 Quebec City
Chapelle Notre-Dame-des-Anges 1671 Notre-Dame-des-Anges Église Notre-Dame des Anges.jpg
Maison-Laberge 1674 L'Ange-Gardien Maison Laberge.jpg
Moulin à vent de Grondines 1674 Deschambault-Grondines Moulin à vent des Grondines-13137.jpg
Maison François-Jacquet-dit-Langevin 1675 Quebec City Quebec- Maison François-Jacquet-Dit-Langevin.jpg
Séminaire de Québec 1675 Quebec City François de Laval CourSeminaireDeQuebec.jpg
Manoir de Charleville[116] 1677 Boischatel
Maison Gourdeau[117] 1677 St. Jean, ile d'Orleans
Maison Morisset 1678 Sainte Famille, Ile d'Orleans Maison Morisset (3).JPG
Maison Amiot 1679 Quebec City
Sacristie de l'Hôpital-Général-de-Québec 1679 Notre-Dame-des-Anges Jean-Baptiste de Saint-Vallier Hôpital général de Québec.JPG
Bâtiment des Récollets de l'Hôpital-Général-de-Québec 1680 Notre-Dame-des-Anges Jean-Baptiste de Saint-Vallier Hôpital général de Québec.jpg
1789, chemin Royal[118] 1680 Ile d'Orleans
Gagnon House[119] 1680 Sainte-Famille, ile d'Orleans Maison Gagnon (2).JPG
Maison Rageot 1682 Quebec City
Maison Chavigny-Gosselin 1683 Quebec City
Maison Louis-Fornel 1683 Quebec City Maison Louis-Fornel 01.JPG
Maison Louis-Jolliet 1683 Quebec City Quebec City, Louis Joliet House.jpg
Maison Frérot 1683 Quebec City
Maison Maheu-Couillard 1683 Quebec City
Maison Hazeur 1684 Quebec City
Maison des Jésuites 1684 Quebec City
Maison Delage 1684 Quebec City
Tours du fort des Messieurs de Saint-Sulpice 1684 Montreal Fort de la Montagne Montreal 05.jpg
Vieux-Séminaire de Saint-Sulpice 1684 Montreal Society of Saint-Sulpice Montreal 13 db.jpg
Windmill of Isle St-Bernard[120] 1686 Châteauguay Gilles Douaire, Windmill, Isle St-Bernard, Chateaugay.jpg
Notre-Dame-des-Victoires, Quebec City 1687 Quebec City Québec-Place Royale 2011.JPG
Maison Jean-Demers 1689 Quebec City Maison Jean-Demers 01.JPG
Maison Lambert-Dumont 1689 Quebec Notre-Dame Rue - Quebec, Canada - panoramio.jpg
Maison Michel-Dubuc[121] 1690 Longueuil Maison Michel-Dubuc 03.jpg
Vincelotte Windmill[122] 1691 Cap-Saint-Ignace Moulin à vent de Vincelotte.jpg
2360-2362, chemin Royal[123] 1691 ile d'Orleans
La Petite Ferme, House 1692 La Petite-Ferme, Quebec La petite Ferme, St-Joachim, Québec.jpg
Moulin (Mill) du Petit-Pré[124] 1695 Château-Richer Moulin du Petit-Pre - 04.jpg
Maison Saint-Gabriel 1698 Montreal Maison Saint-Gabriel 02.jpg
Couvent des Ursulines 1699 Trois-Rivieres Couvent des Ursulines - Trois-Rivières 01.JPG
Maison Descaris[125] 1700 Montreal Maison Descaris - 10.jpg
Maison Range-dit-Laviolette[126] 1700 Baie-D'Urfé Maison Range-dit-Laviolette 04.jpg
Château Ramezay 1705 Montreal Chateau Ramezay 27.jpg
Domaine de Maizerets[127] 1705 Quebec City Domaine de Maizerets-1.JPG
Maison Péan 1705 Quebec City 57-63, rue Saint-Louis.jpg
Pointe-du-Moulin[128] 1708 Notre-Dame-de-l'Ile-Perrot Moulin à vent de Pointe-du-Moulin - Lateral.JPG
Pointe-Claire Windmill[129] 1709 Montreal Moulin à Vent St-Sulpicien, Pointe-Claire (Pointe-Claire Windmill).jpg
Maison Étienne-Nivard-de Saint-Dizier[130] 1710 Montreal Maison Étienne-Nivard-de Saint-Dizier 3.JPG
Dauphine Redoubt[131] 1712 Quebec City Redoute Dauphine (1).JPG
Maison de la Veuve-Groleau[132] 1715 Deschambault-Grondines Maison veuve Groleau.jpg
Church of St-Pierre[133] 1717-1719 Île d'Orléans Église St-Pierre (Île d'Orléans).jpg
Pointe-aux-Trembles Windmill[134] 1719 Montreal Moulin à vent de Pointe-aux-Trembles T56-03.JPG
Maison Molleur-Dit-Lallemand 1720[135] Beaumont, Quebec 11120-Maison Molleur-Dit-Lallemand - 001.JPG
Maison Vézina[136] 1720 Boischatel Maison Vézina, Boischatel, Québec, Canada.JPG
Sanctuaire de Notre-Dame-du-Cap 1720 Trois-Rivieres Sanctuaire de Notre-Dame-du-Cap.jpg
Watermill of Saint-Laurent 1720 Ile d'Orleans
Maison Etienne-Marchand 1722 Quebec Maison Etienne-Marchand 02.jpg
Maison Larchevêque-Lelièvre 1727 Quebec Maison Larchevêque-Lelièvre.jpg
Saint-François Church 1734 St-Jean, Ile d'Orleans Église Saint-François (Île d'Orléans).jpg
Manoir Mauvide-Genest 1734 Ile d'Orleans Manoir Mauvide-Genest (1).JPG
Saint-Jean Church 1737 St-Jean, Ile d'Orleans Église St-Jean (Île d'Orléans).jpg
Maison Lamontagne 1744 Rimouski Maison Lamontagne.jpg
Sainte-Famille Church 1747 Ste-Famille, Ile d'Orleans Église Sainte-Famille (Île d'Orléans).jpg
Église de La Visitation 1752 Montreal Philippe Liébert Montreal Visitation1 tango7174.jpg
Maison Routhier 1755 Sainte-Foy Maison Routhier.JPG
Grey Nuns' Hospital 1765, est. 1695 Montreal Ancien hopital general de Montreal 01.jpg


Building Height [m] Floors Built City Architect Image
Holy Trinity Anglican Church 1854 Stanley Mission The Rev. Robert Hunt Hly-trin-ch.jpg
Mission of St. Antoine de Padoue[137]  ? 1 1884 Batoche Oblates of Mary Immaculate
Ludger Gareau
Marr Residence  ? 2 1885 Saskatoon Marr Residence.jpg
All Saints Anglican Church 1887 Katepwa Beach
Almighty Voice Jailhouse 1880 Duck Lake [138]
Powder Magazine 1890 Cumberland House [139]
Territorial Administration Building  ? 2 1891 Regina Thomas Fuller
Jean Caron Sr. Farm Home[140] 1895 Batoche Jean Caron Sr. [141]
All Saints Anglican Church 1 1896 Duck Lake
Hudson's Bay Company Store 1897 Fort Qu'Appelle FortQu'AppelleHBC.JPG
Motherwell Homestead 1897 Abernethy William Richard Motherwell [142]
Addison Sod House 1909-11 Kindersley James Addison
Saskatchewan Legislative Building 53 3 1912 Regina Edward and William Sutherland Maxwell Saskatchewan legislative building.jpg
Hotel Saskatchewan 53 12 1927 Regina Ross and Macdonald Hotel Saskatchewan, circa 1930.jpg
Hotel Senator  ?  ? 1908 Saskatoon Walter William LaChance Senator Hotel.jpg
Hotel Bessborough 70.7 14 1931 Saskatoon Archibald and Schofield Hotel Bessborough rear 2.jpg

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Historic Places Canada Access date: 2015-06-13
  2. ^ About Victoria Settlement Access date: 2015-06-13
  3. ^ Parks Canada Access date: 2015-06-10
  4. ^ "Calgary's oldest building may be doomed". CBC News. Retrieved 2016-06-20. 
  5. ^ Canada's Historic Places Access date: 2015-06-13
  6. ^ Canada's Historic Places Access date: 2015-06-13
  7. ^ "John Walter house". Edmonton Architectural Heritage. Edmonton Historical Board. Retrieved 4 November 2016. 
  8. ^ Canada's Historic Places Access date: 2015-06-11
  9. ^ Canada's Historic Places Access date: 2015-06-13
  10. ^ Canada's Historic Places Access date: 2015-06-13
  11. ^ Access date: 2009-10-17
  12. ^ A Top 40 list of B.C.’s oldest buildings Access Date: 2009-10-17
  13. ^ Historic Craigflower Manor Access date: 2009-10-17
  14. ^ St John the Divine Anglican Church
  15. ^ St John the Divine, Medical and British Columbia History
  16. ^ Okanagan Historical Society Access date: 2009-10-17
  17. ^ Historic Sites of Manitoba: St. Andrew’s-on-the-Red Anglican Church and Cemetery (RM of St. Andrews)
  18. ^ Historic Sites of Manitoba: Le Musée de Saint-Boniface Museum / Grey Nuns Convent (494 Tache Avenue, Winnipeg)
  19. ^ Historic Sites of Manitoba: Seven Oaks House Museum (115 Rupertsland Boulevard, Winnipeg)
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^ [1]
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^ "Fort Anne National Historic Site of Canada". Retrieved 2013-02-05. 
  35. ^ a b "Welcome to the Town of Annapolis Royal > Heritage Buildings & Awards". 
  36. ^ a b
  37. ^ Parks Canada, Fort Edward NHS
  38. ^ "Dendroarchaeological investigation of the Sinclair Inn, Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia" (pdf). Retrieved 2013-02-05. 
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^
  44. ^
  45. ^
  46. ^
  47. ^
  48. ^
  49. ^
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^ Canadian Register of Historic Places
  56. ^
  57. ^
  58. ^
  59. ^ [2]
  60. ^
  61. ^
  62. ^!OpenDocument
  63. ^
  64. ^
  65. ^
  66. ^
  67. ^
  68. ^ [3]
  69. ^
  70. ^
  71. ^
  72. ^
  73. ^
  74. ^,House
  75. ^
  76. ^
  77. ^
  78. ^
  79. ^
  80. ^
  81. ^
  82. ^
  83. ^
  84. ^
  85. ^
  86. ^
  87. ^
  88. ^
  89. ^
  90. ^
  91. ^
  92. ^
  93. ^
  94. ^
  95. ^
  96. ^
  97. ^
  98. ^
  99. ^
  100. ^
  101. ^
  102. ^
  103. ^
  104. ^ [4]
  105. ^
  106. ^
  107. ^
  108. ^
  109. ^
  110. ^
  111. ^
  112. ^ MacRae, Marion (1983). Cornerstones of Order. University of Michigan: C. Irwin. pp. 168–170. ISBN 9780772013873. 
  113. ^ [5]
  114. ^
  115. ^
  116. ^
  117. ^
  118. ^
  119. ^
  120. ^
  121. ^
  122. ^
  123. ^
  124. ^ Boileau, Gilles. "Les premiers moulins en Nouvelle-France". Histoire Québec. Retrieved February 24, 2013.
  125. ^
  126. ^
  127. ^
  128. ^
  129. ^
  130. ^
  131. ^
  132. ^
  133. ^
  134. ^
  135. ^
  136. ^
  137. ^ Parks Canada Batoche National Historic Site Access date 2009-06-30
  138. ^ Historic Places Canada Access Date June 30, 2009
  139. ^ Canada's Historic Places Access date 2015-06-10
  140. ^ [Parks Canada - Education Program, 2009 Parks Canada Batoche National Historic Site] Access date 2009-06-30
  141. ^ Jean Caron Farm house Saskatoon Gen Web Image Access date 2009-06-30
  142. ^ Virtual Saskatchewan Motherwell Homestead 2009-06-30
  • "Architecture in Canada" The Canadian Encyclopedia
  • Kalman, Harold D. A History of Canadian Architecture. Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1994.
  • Canada by Design: Parliament Hill, Ottawa at Library and Archives Canada
  • Baker, Marilyn, Manitoba's Third Legislative Building: Symbol in Stone:The Art and Politics of a Public Building, Hyperion Press, Winnipeg, Manitoba 1986
  • Cameron, Stanley, Stones of History: Canada's Houses of Parliament, Film Board of Canada
  • Denby & Kilbourn, Toronto Observed: Its Architecture, Patrons, and History,Oxford University Press, Toronto 1986
  • Edwards, Gregory, Hidden Cities: Art & Design in Architectural Details of Vancouver & Victoria, Talonbooks, Vancouver, BC 1991.
  • Kalman, Phillips and Ward, Exploring Vancouver: The Essential Architectural Guide, UBC Press, Vancouver 1993
  • Kvaran, Einar Einarsson, Architectural Sculpture in America, unpublished manuscript
  • Maitland, Hucker & Ricketts, A Guide to Canadian Architectural Styles, broadview press, Peterborough, ON 1992
  • McHugh, Patricia, Toronto Architecture: A City Guide, McClelland & Stewart Inc., Toronto 1989
  • McMullen, Barbara, Ottawa's Terra Cotta Architecture: Two Walking Tours, Heritage Ottawa, Ottawa, 2003
  • Taggart, Jim, The Architecture of Downtown Victoria, Blue Steps - Pacific Walking Tour Guides, Vancouver, BC 2000
  • The Notman Photographic Archives.

External links[edit]