|Regions with significant populations|
|Canadian English, Lithuanian, Québécois French|
|Roman Catholicism, Romuva, Lutheranism, Judaism|
|Related ethnic groups|
1 *11,425 solely of Lithuanian origin, 35,260 of mixed origin.
Lithuanian Canadians (Lithuanian: Kanados lietuviai) are citizens of Canada who are fully or partially of Lithuanian descent. Over two-thirds of Lithuanian Canadians reside in Toronto, with other much smaller populations scattered around most of the Canadian provinces and territories.
The first documented Lithuanians in Canada were Lithuanians who fought in the British Army in Canada (1813-1815). Lithuanian immigrants to Canada came primarily for economic reasons, arriving between 1905-1940. The second wave of Lithuanians came after World War II, with most of the immigrants seeking to escape Communism after the unilateral Soviet incorporation of Lithuania into its boundaries. The third wave of immigrants began after the restoration of Lithuania's independence (1990), and have continued to arrive.
The majority of Lithuanian Canadians reside in Toronto. Other well-rooted populations of moderate size can be found in urban Ontario (particularly Mississauga and Hamilton), Montreal in Quebec, Alberta, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia. Lithuanian Canadians are present in 37 Canadian municipalities. Other groups have migrated to British Columbia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, the Northwest Territories, and Yukon.
The descendants of the first and second waves of Lithuanian immigration are predominantly Roman Catholic, while a minority are Romuvan or Evangelical Lutheran. A considerable percentage of Lithuanian Canadians have reverted to the indigenous Lithuanian religion (which has been revived as Romuva), particularly third-wave immigrants. There are two Roman Catholic parishes for Lithuanian Canadians, two Romuvan groups, one Evangelical Lutheran congregation, and some minorities of Lithuanian-Jewish descent.
Famous Lithuanian Canadians
- Kevin Bieksa – current NHL player with the Anaheim Ducks
- Birutė Galdikas - biologist; created sanctuary for orangutans in Indonesia
- Ruta Lee – actress and dancer; appeared as one of the brides in the film Seven Brides for Seven Brothers
- Andy Rautins – guard for the Royal Halı Gaziantep of the Turkish Basketball League; one of four sons of retired NBA player Leo Rautins
- Leo Rautins – former professional basketball player; former head coach of the Canadian national men's basketball team; NBA analyst for the Toronto Raptors; his son Andy was drafted by the New York Knicks in 2010
- Nik Stauskas – guard for the Philadelphia 76ers of the NBA; also plays for the Canadian national men's basketball team
- Annis Stukus – former Canadian football player, coach and general manager, and ice hockey general manager
- Alissa White-Gluz - singer-songwriter, animal rights activist and human rights activist; former lead singer of The Agonist and current lead singer of the Swedish metal band Arch Enemy (her grandmother was from Lithuania)
- "2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations | Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data". 2.statcan.ca. 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- Irena Ross (5 February 2004). "Lithuanians create cultural hub in Canada". The Baltic Times. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Powell, John (2005). "Lithuanian immigration". Encyclopedia of North American Immigration. Facts on File. p. 178. Retrieved 30 November 2016.
- Danys, Milda (1986). DP, Lithuanian immigration to Canada after the second World War. Toronto: Multicultural History Society of Ontario. ISBN 0-919045-28-6.
- "Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministerija - Lithuania's Cooperation with Canada". Urm.lt. Retrieved 2011-08-30.
- "About the LCC - Kanados Lietuvių Bendruomenė".
- Modern paganism in world cultures: comparative perspectives By Michael Strmiska, pg. 278-279
Media related to Canadians of Lithuanian descent at Wikimedia Commons