Egyptian Canadians

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Egyptian Canadians
Total population
73,250 (by ancestry)2011 Census[1]
Regions with significant populations
Ontario: Mississauga, Toronto (North York, Scarborough, Etobicoke), Hamilton, Kitchener; Quebec: Montreal, Laval, Quebec City; etc.
Languages
Egyptian Arabic, Coptic, Sa'idi Arabic, Canadian English, Canadian French
Religion
Islam (Sunni), Christianity (mostly Coptic Orthodox, some Orthodox & Catholic communities)

Egyptian Canadians are Canadian citizens of Egyptian descent, first-generation Egyptian immigrants, or descendants of Egyptians who emigrated to Canada. According to the 2011 Census there were 73,250 Canadian citizens who are from Egypt,[1] having an increase compared to those in the 2006 Census.

Egyptian-Canadians are mainly either Christians or Muslims. Most Christians are Coptic Orthodox with small numbers of Coptic Catholic and Coptic Protestant. Muslims are mostly Sunni.

During the 1960s, 75% of Egyptian immigrants settled in Montreal. By 1991, 49% of Egyptian Canadians were in Quebec, whereas 41% were living in Ontario. By 2011, 54% of Egyptian Canadians were living in Ontario and 31% in Quebec.[2] Most Egyptian Canadians are concentrated in Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver.

Religion[edit]

Throughout the 1970s, immigrants from Egypt to Canada consisted of both Christians and Muslims, who mostly left due to poverty in their home country.[2] Starting in 1985, the Canadian government encouraged investors to immigrate, which attracted wealthy Egyptians; these are described as "more conservative and less exposed to European influences than previous arrivals”.[2]

A 1989 survey of Egyptian Canadians in Quebec found that 35% were Copts, 20% Catholics, and 19% Muslims, while 13% followed other faiths and 12% did not indicate any religion.[3]

The 2011 Census found that 73,250 people reported "Egyptian" ancestry and 3,570 reported "Coptic" ancestry.[4] It also found that 16,255 people reported Coptic Orthodox church as their religion.[5]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statistics Canada (8 May 2013). "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b c André Fecteau. "An Identity and an Uprising: The Politicization of Egyptian Canadians in Ottawa" (PDF). pp. 29–31.
  3. ^ "Multicultural Canada: the Coptic Orthodox form the largest number of Egyptian Canadians, while there are small - but notable - minorities such as the Catholics and Muslims, respectively". Archived from the original on 2013-01-15. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
  4. ^ Statistics Canada (8 May 2013). "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables". Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  5. ^ "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables – Religion (108), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Age Groups (10) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey". 8 May 2013.

External links[edit]