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For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation).
MILAN launcher mounted on French Army VBL
Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin France / West Germany
Service history
In service 1972–present
Used by See operators
Production history
Designed 1970s
Manufacturer MBDA
Produced 1972
Number built 350,000 missiles, 10,000 launchers
Variants See variants
Weight 7.1 kg
Length 1.2 m
Diameter 0.115 m
Warhead tandem HEAT

Engine solid-fuel rocket
Wingspan 0.26 m
Flight ceiling -
Speed 200 m/s
Jet deflector
Individual, vehicle

MILAN (French: Missile d´infanterie léger antichar; English: Light anti-tank infantry missile, milan(e) is French for kite) is a European anti-tank guided missile. Design of the MILAN started in 1962, it was ready for trials in 1971, and was accepted for service in 1972. It is a wire guided SACLOS (semi-automatic command to line-of-sight) missile, which means the sight of the launch unit has to be aimed at the target to guide the missile. The MILAN can be equipped with a MIRA thermal sight, or MILIS to give it night-firing ability.


MILAN is a French / German missile that has been license-built by Italy, Spain, Britain and India. As it is guided by wire by an operator, this missile can avoid most countermeasures (flares, chaff and radio jammers). The drawbacks are its short range, the exposure of the operator, problems with overland powerlines and a vulnerability to infrared jammers such as Shtora that can prevent the automatic tracking of the missile's IR tail light.


MILAN 1 missile.
MILAN II with stand-off probe which almost doubled penetration
View through MILAN optical sight
  • MILAN 1: Single, main shaped charge warhead (1972), calibre 103 mm
  • MILAN 2: Single, main shaped charge warhead, with standoff probe to increase penetration (1984) – see photo to right, calibre 115 mm
  • MILAN 2T: Single main shaped charge, with smaller shape charge warhead at end of standoff probe to defeat reactive armour (1993)
  • MILAN 3: Tandem, shaped charge warheads (1996) and electronic beacon
  • MILAN ER: Extended range (3,000 m) and improved penetration

The later MILAN models have tandem HEAT warheads. This was done to keep pace with developments in Soviet armour technology – Soviet tanks began to appear with explosive reactive armour, which could defeat earlier ATGMs. The smaller precursor HEAT warhead penetrates and detonates the ERA tiles, paving the way for the main HEAT warhead to penetrate the armour behind.


Map with MILAN operators in blue and former operators in red

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Armenia purchases France-Germany co-produced anti-tank missile systems". 1 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  2. ^ Belgium selects Spike missile to replace Milan –, January 3, 2013
  3. ^ France Orders Anti-Tank Missile from MBDA –, 5 December 2013
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Unterstützung der Regierung der Autonomen Region Irakisch-Kurdistan bei der Versorgung der Flüchtlinge und beim Kampf gegen den Islamischen Staat im Nordirak (PDF)" (PDF). German Bundeswehr (in German). 31 August 2014. Retrieved 1 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Irak: Deutschland schickt Kurden Panzerabwehrraketen". Spiegel Online (in German). 31 August 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  7. ^ French, American Weapons Take Toll on ISIS in Ground Combat -, 16 November 2015
  8. ^ id1=101&idaux=101&wiki=Forze_armate_mondiali_dal_secondo_dopoguerra_al_XXI_secolo/Italia:_esercito_3
  9. ^ "Kampf gegen IS-Miliz: Ausrüstung der Bundeswehr möglicherweise in die Hände der PKK gelangt". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 2015-02-14. 
  10. ^ a b c "Trade Registers". Retrieved 2013-06-20. 
  11. ^ Syrian rebels captured ammunition depot with Milan / Konkurs anti-tank missiles and rockets –, 5 August 2013
  12. ^
  13. ^ Zaloga (2004), p. 36.

External links[edit]

Video link