|Municipality of Magalang|
Plaza de Magalang, also known as Plaza de la Libertad
Sweet Tamarind Capital of The Philippines
Map of Pampanga with Magalang highlighted
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Founded||April 30, 1605|
|Barangays||27 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Romulo F. Pecson|
|• Vice Mayor||Norman L. Lacson|
|• Congressman||Carmelo Lazatin II|
|• Electorate||53,948 voters (2016)|
|• Total||97.32 km2 (37.58 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)45|
|Climate type||tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||1st municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||217.2 million (2016)|
- 1 History
- 2 Barangays
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Local government
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Schools
- 8 Festival
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Images
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Magalang was mentioned as visita of the nearby town of Arayat on December 29, 1598. On April 30, 1605, it was separated by the Augustinians from Arayat and attained township status due to the bajo de la campana system. Augustinians appointed Fr. Gonzalo de Salazar, OSA as the first pastor.
Magalang was initially called Magalo, derived from the Kapampangan word "Galo", which means wavy and moving, describing the dangerous flow of the Parua River.
The town proper was located in Macapsa, but due to the natural calamities and revolts led by Andres Malong and his subordinate Melchor de Vera against the Spanish in 1660, it was nearly abandoned. It was moved to San Bartolome in 1734 until it was swept by the flood due to the overflow of the Parua River in 1863. It was transferred to the present site in barrio San Pedro Talimunduc on December 13, 1863 led by the parish priest, Fr. Ignacio Manzanares, OSA and some of the members of principalia including Pablo M. Luciano, gobernadorcillo of Magalang at that time.
In 1885, the agricultural experiment station La Granja Modelo de Luzon was transferred from San Isidro, Nueva Ecija to the foothills in Mt. Arayat, which become the present Pampanga State Agricultural University.
The revolutionary government took over the local government on June 12, 1898 led by General Francisco Macabulos and Colonel Lorenzo D. Camaya. During that time, Magalang was one of the revolutionary centers in Pampanga due to its proximity to Camansi, a revolutionaries' headquarters located in Mt. Arayat. The forces of Major General Servillano Aquino defended Magalang against Americans until it was successfully captured on November 5, 1899 led by Major General Arthur MacArthur and Colonel Jacob H. Smith. On January 1, 1942, Japanese forces defeated the Filipino-American forces composed of Igorot troops led by Major Helmert Duisterhof and Capt. Russell W. Volckmann, paving the way for the capture of Magalang. It was liberated by the 148th Infantry of 37th Division, US Army with the help of Hukbalahap on January 25, 1945. It was one of the hotbeds of Huk insurgency until the rebellion was crushed in 1954.
On December 30, 1963, Mayor Benedicto T. Dayrit was assassinated by the alleged men of Commander Sumulong during the annual night ball of the Mountain Side Club in the town plaza. In 1968, Mayor Daniel T. Lacson was sworn in as mayor of Magalang until his term ended in 1986. During the tenure of Mayor Pastor Z. Guiao, Magalang was named as one of the cleanest municipalities in the Philippines. Mayor Maria Lourdes P. Lacson was sworn in on June 30, 2016, as the first woman mayor of Magalang.
Magalang is politically subdivided into 27 barangays, listed here with their population as of May 1, 2010, with total of 103,597 and 55,061 registered voters.
In the 2015 census, the population of Magalang, Pampanga, was 113,147 people, with a density of 1,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,100 inhabitants per square mile.
Roman Catholic 85%; In Magalang were church locales of Members Church of God International or Ang Dating Daan can be found which yields thousands of members. Other major religious groups are Iglesia ni Cristo, Evangelical Christians and others are also established in the municipality. Aside from Catholic churches, the town has a new United Methodist Church. In the year 1908, Protestantism was introduced and Vicente Naguit was the first convert.
San Bartolome Parish Church
St. Bartholomew Parish Church (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Fernando, Vicariate of St. John the Beloved) was established by the Augustinians in 1605, it was the scene of the encounter between the followers of Andres Malong led by Melchor de Vera and the Spanish troops in 1660. Moved to San Bartolome in 1734, the church was swept by Parua river in the flood of 1863. It was re-established in Barrio San Pedro on December 13, 1863. The 3-aisle church is made of stone and wood. It is 55m. long, 21m. wide and 7m. high. Interplay of arches, as seen on the main entrance, doors and niches, pediments and fenestrations, including those of the bellowers and adjacent convent suggest a touch of baroque. Fiesta: August 24.
Fishpond owners in Pampanga source their fingerlings (tilapia) from producers in this town, it’s well known for its confectionaries (sweets) particularly the incomparable pastilla de leche, a popular item for gift-giving and a table dessert on fiestas and social gatherings. The Magalang sweets are distinct in their unique taste because of the quality of the milk from water buffalo (carabao) that feed on green grass growing on the fresh well-irrigated pastureland of the agricultural section of the town. And large amount of land is Corn or Rice Grain.
Like other towns in the Philippines, Magalang is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the town's departments in executing the Sangguniang Bayan's ordinances and improving public services. The vice mayor heads a legislative council consisting of councilors, as members.
Lyndon Cunanan was elected mayor in May 2007. However, his win was disputed by businessman Romulo Pecson because of election fraud. Pecson won a Supreme Court order in 2009, that forced Cunanan to vacate his post. Pecson then sat as municipal mayor and was re-elected in 2010. Former Mayor Lyndon Cunanan and his former Vice Mayor Norman Lacson have filed their certificates of candidacy for mayor and vice mayor, respectively, to contest in the next municipal elections in 2013.
During the visit of the governor in the remote barangay of Turu in Magalang, she announced the concrete pavement of the one kilometer farm to market road in the said village amounting to P6-million.
On January 10, 2012, Governor Lilia Pineda led the inauguration of the P35-million Andres Luciano District Hospital (ALDH) in Barangay San Pablo.
The first Kamaru Festival was held on August 21, 2012. It was in commemoration with the celebration of the feast of their patron saint, Saint Bartolomew.
Kamaru Festival is a blend of history and festivities in the municipality. It is demonstrated by inter-school street dancing and free interpretation competition open to all private and public schools. Mayor Malu Paras-Lacson said that the Kamaru is very much similar to Magalang’s potential to “hop” to greatness. She added that the Kamaru also demonstrates similarities with the resilient character of the people and is representative of the rural character of Magalang.