Cabiao, Nueva Ecija
|Municipality of Cabiao|
Site of the First Cry of Nueva Ecija "Sweet Sorghum Capital of Nueva Ecija"
Bagong Cabiao, Bagong Pag asa! "Igpaw Kabyaw"
Map of Nueva Ecija with Cabiao highlighted
|Region||Central Luzon (Region III)|
|Incorporated to Nueva Ecija||February 9, 1848|
|Barangays||23 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Ramil Bustamante Rivera|
|• Congressman||Magnolia "Megan" Antonino-Nadres|
|• Electorate||48,811 voters (2016)|
|• Total||111.83 km2 (43.18 sq mi)|
|• Rank||7th in Nueva Ecija|
|• Density||710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)44|
|Climate type||Tropical monsoon climate|
|Income class||1st municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||152,388,144.94 (2016)|
Given its strategic location and business-friendly environment,Cabiao is considered as one of the richest and fastest growing economy in the province.As a first class municipality,local government planned the town to become a cityhood and urban hub in the south Nueva Ecija together with the city of Gapan.
According to the National Competitiveness Council (Philippines)in Cities/Municipalities Competitiveness Index 2018,Cabiao rank 10th place in overall municipal category with the participants of 1,400 municipalities and 30th place in first to second class municipal category.The town also bring the title and Certificate being 2nd place best in Resiliency category.
The town is part of the so-called "Rice Granary Capital of the Philippines" and remarked as "Sweet Sorghum Capital of Nueva Ecija".
- 1 Geography
- 2 Travel guide
- 3 Barangays
- 4 History
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Tourism and landmarks
- 8 Festival
- 9 Demographics
- 10 Institutions
- 11 Images
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Cabiao is located at the south-western part of Nueva Ecija bordering the province of Pampanga. It also borders the municipalities of San Isidro and San Antonio in the province of Nueva Ecija; the municipalities of Magalang, Candaba and Arayat in Pampanga province; and to its north-west is the municipality of Concepcion in Tarlac province.
The land area is flat-bounded river with abundant fertiled-soil;very ideal for cultivation.The estimated 32%, classified as rural/sub-rural areas are related in agricultural land farming.Its surrounded by irrigations and sources of water supply needed in multi-cropping.The rest land area with an estimated of 89.6 km2 situated in the core-centered are residentials,households and commercial occupancies.It is classified as urban and sub-urban areas.
It is about an hour and a half drive with 92 kilometre away from Manila.It can be reached via NLEX, taking San Simon exit and turning right at Santo Domingo junction in Mexico, traversing Santa Ana and Arayat towns in Pampanga. The other route from Manila is taking Santa Rita exit and traversing Maharlika Road through Bulacan province to Gapan, Nueva Ecija turning left towards San Isidro. From Cabanatuan City, Cabiao can be reached via Gapan City or partly through the Cabiao Viaduct from Jaen town. There are also routes from Clark International Airport via Magalang, Pampanga traversing left to Arayat Pampanga via Jose Abad Santos Avenue (Olongapo-Gapan road).
Cabiao is politically subdivided into 23 barangays.
- Bagong Buhay/ Lote
- Bagong Sikat
- Bagong Silang
- Natividad North(pob)
- Natividad South(pob)
- San Antonio/Pantalan
- San Fernando Norte
- San Fernando Sur
- San Gregorio
- San Juan North(pob)
- San Juan South(pob)
- San Roque
- San Vicente
- Santa Rita
- San Carlos
- Santa Isabel
- Santa Ines
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Cabiao derived its name from its vandalized Malay origin kabyawan (gilingan[same Malay meaning]) in previous Malay form: karyawan- meaning writer at present) meaning grinding tools that used for crushing. The abundance of sugar during the pre-Spanish era is evident in a wide area of kabyaw including the area going to the foot of Mount Arayat. The kabyawan became familiar to the neighboring places due to the concentration of kabyawan in the place where it was located and was identified as Kabyawan and later shortened to "Kabyaw" and eventually altered the spelling due to the influence of the foreign alphabet letters. The used of kabyawan then is prevalent among the natives constituting mainly the ancient tribes of tagalogs that hails from Bulacan and capampangan of which they came in waves of migration from mainland Malay origin as evident from their language similarity. The Kabyawan tools might have been brought by the exploring Malays and later improved by the natives settling in the island of Luzon however there are findings that most of the antiquated wooden kabyawan tools at present can be found in Ilocos where the early Sumatran and Melanesian explorers had embarked earlier than the Malays. Similarly, during that period, the natives of the mountain province whose origin is from mainland China might have been the one responsible in introducing the said crushing tools which we know now as the KABYAWAN. The settlement that has been known as Sinipit, Palasinan, Pantalan, Pinaglamoan, Kandumpa, Kambabalo, Longalong, Mayayade, Tinalan, Makabaklay, Saklang and Palanas were words and terms taken from Malay and the tribal dialect in existence during that period. Cabiao as termed today was a just balangay of the once prosperous of empire of the campampangan settlement named Candaba, as it was discovered by the exploring Spanish conquistadores in 1590. The visita of Cabiao was perhaps established somewhere between 1765 and 1767 by the Jesuit Missionary before they were sent back to Spain under the order of King Charles III of Spain to recall all the Society of Jesus religious order to return to Spain thereby banishing them from all the Spanish dominions. Cabiao gain its full township of Pampanga in 1797 under the term of Governor General Rafael Maria de Aguilar y Ponce de Leon* with the recommendation of the returning order of the Augustinian in the Province of Pampanga and elevates the Visita of St. John Nepomucene that was established by the Jesuits into a regular Parish Church. It was established as one of the municipality of Nueva Ecija on February 9, 1848 upon the order issued by Governor General Narciso Claveria Y Zaldua and upon the recommendation made by the Governor General Marcelino Oraa. The growth of Cabiao during that time maybe attributed to its vast marsh and inland water that serves as inland fishery of the area. The Poblacion comprising the three pillars of Spanish governance of the Spaniard namely the Casa Municipal, Casa dela Iglesia and Casa Judicial were erected in 1838 under the term of Don Josef Kabigting as the Gobernadorcillo (the present location of the church, the central school and the intervening residential area between the central school and the church).
The desire of the populace of Cabiao to be free from Spanish domination and tyranny resulted in the uprising on September 2, 1896. Numbering around 700 men (461 listed in the Tablet of Heroes in the Municipal Compound), the townsfolk of Cabiao and the Cabiao Brass Band under the leadership of their Capitan Municipal Mariano Nuñez Llanera together with the people of the neighboring towns of Arayat, Deliquente (San Antonio) & Jaen led the siege against the colonizing Spaniards stationed at the Factoria of San Isidro. This event was marked as the First Cry of Nueva Ecija. It did not take too long that the Spanish Colonial Government, succumbed to cede the Archipelago of Philippines to the United States on December 10, 1898 that brought about the Treaty of Paris, and once again the Philippines was under colonial rule this time by the American. In the last days of the Spanish occupation, the Cabiao heroes participated in the declaration of Philippine Republic in Malolos on January 23, 1899. During the Philippine–American War, Cabiao was one of the fiercely battled terrains of the American forces in pursuit of General Aguinaldo’s Forces however most of the populated areas of Cabiao have been saved from the encounter. General Pio del Pilar hold out in the marshes of San Vicente and Sta. Rita to delay the intruding Forces of General Elwell Stephen Otis under the command of General Henry Ware Lawton.
In 1903, the Americans established schools in Cabiao and used the English language as a medium of instructions. Pedro Oreta was elected as the first chief executive of the town under American civil regime followed by the then Mun. President Jose Crespo who established and organized the Presidencia (township hierarchy and organizational plan) constituting the different executive department of the municipality. American occupation in Cabiao has not been as cruel as their Spanish predecessor, however, the people of Cabiao were already afraid to trust the new colonizer. Thomasites missionaries arrived in Cabiao in the early part of 1902 as a part of educating the people of Cabiao and in 1903, the Americans established schools in Cabiao and used the English language as the medium of instruction. Some rural folks used to study individually in the Spanish methods of learning on arithmetic and reading in their native tongue Tagalog.
From 1907-1909, Cabiao was placed under jurisdiction of San Isidro and the executive power was then held by the Municipal President of San Isidro. It was in the term of Office of Municipal President Gonzalo Del Leon that the seat of Municipal Town Hall was erected on the land donated by the Romero family. It was during the term of Jose Lapuz that Judge Bonifacio Ysip was elected as delegate to the constitutional convention held in Manila.
After almost three decades of peace, Japan invaded the Philippines, and the people of Cabiao once again play an important role in the liberation of our country, HUKBALAHAP (Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon) or People’s Anti-Japanese Army, was then established in Sitio Bawit, San Julian, Cabiao on March 29, 1942. When the Allies between the combined U.S. and Filipino troops finally liberated the Philippines and as soon as the Central Government was established in Manila, Mariano Guevarra was appointed Mayor of Cabiao. He was the chief executive of the town in 1945. Prudencio Ortiz Luis succeeded Guevarra who occupies the position for only a few months. In later part of 1945 after the liberation, most of the people of Cabiao were still in the far flung areas of Cambabalu, Saclang Capampangan, Saclang Tagalog and Dumanas and it was during this time that the mayor of this town has been appointed by then President Manuel Roxas by the name of Ambrosio Aligada. He was appointed as the Chief Executive of the town from 1945-1947. The town of Cabiao was placed under the military government under Pablo Aligada. It was also during the time of Aligada that the Sitio of Palasinan (presently San Gregorio) comprising the property owned by Don Ramon Fernandez were repopulated by the people coming from said the places whereas the area of Bagong Silang were repopulate by the people coming from Buliran, Guyong-guyong, Luyos of which most of them are Tagalogs. The people of Cabiao were governed by Aligada through coercive and dictatorial rule that is being manifested by the force labor construction of the Cabiao High School which is the monumental relic of his tenure. Isaias Manalastas seated as the progressive mayor through the support HUKBALAHAPs that during that time is at its height from which they fielded their party named Prente Popular however it did not last long due to the suspicion of the military of an imminent grabbing of power where these party is the political front of the Huks. Nieves Pablo, a woman, was the fourth appointed mayor in that same year.
It was also the time when the height of the Huk uprising began when the entire town was the seat of the rebellion, where the 50,000 armed group was inducted in Bawit and in Pasong Diablo only to be captured en masse by the then late General Ismael Lapus through the order of Secretary Magsaysay and the clearing of the entire forested area of Bagong Sikat and Sta. Isabel had begun purposely to eliminate the lair of the Huk rebels. The health center were constructed through the financial support of Defense Secretary Castelo Justice Secretary Hermogenes Concepcion and Doña Maria Romero Buencamino (who was at that time the richest family and the most influential).
Year 1950, when the 1st tenure of then Paterno Santiano began, the towns public market was constructed through the support of the national government since the towns income cannot at that time support such huge amount of expenditures.
It was the 1st tenure of Gregorio T. Crespo, when the old town hall was renovated and the original Cabiao Central School Building has been restored. The gravelling of Sinipit -San Roque Road was made. Mayor Paterno Santiano reassumed his post as a mayor after a very much contested election results.
In 1960, Crespo reassumed his post as Mayor of Cabiao, and Pedro T. Wycoco was appointed as the Chief of Police. The Gapan- Arayat Road, Cabiao Section were constructed by Golangco Construction and Development Corp. in 1963.
In 1979 the town's Public Market was rehabilitated through the help of the member of the Parliament Angel Concepcion for which main building was constructed contiguously from the previous two small one. The town of Cabiao was governed by Mayor Crespo for almost three decades bringing together town folks of Cabiao to be one living in peace and serves as the legacy for which Mayor Crespo was known.
The EDSA Revolution of 1986, was the year when Mayor Crespo was dislodged by the appointment of Atty. Antonio Ll. Lapuz as Officer in Charge of Cabiao. During his tenure, the inception of the municipal development planning were made, and listing of priority projects were categorized, however fundings for these infrastructure were no longer made in his tenure because it had lasted only for two and half years.
Atty. Lapuz was succeeded by Eng’r. Ireneo Manahan, who bested in the three-way election fight during that time, followed the pattern and plans which Atty. Lapuz had laid before he left office. He continued in building roads, barangay health, and brgy. hall including the renovation of the municipal town hall. It was also during that time, that the Sta. Isabel- Bagong Sikat Bridge has been initially built however due to the insufficiency of funds the said bridge has not been finished during his tenure. He had also built a community under his name which later name as Manahan Village.
In his last term of office, mayor Manahan endorsed councilor Gloria Baby Crespo Congco as his successor, the eldest daughter of former Mayor Gregorio Crespo and was elected mayor of the municipality in 1998. She is the youngest and the first woman to be elected chief executive of the town. She was also re-elected in the elections of 2001 and 2004.
The incumbent mayor is Ramil B. Rivera who defeated Gloria Crespo Congco during the 2016 election.
During their term,economic performance of Cabiao become robust and rapidly growth.He received Certipicate of Most Outstanding Mayors of the Philippines 2017 and 2018.Golden Globe awards for Cosmopolitan Filipino Achiever of Civil Service 2018.Certipicate of Good Local Governance 2017 and 2018.
Cabiao's economy is one of the fastest growing in the province of Nueva Ecija and lead as one of the most competitive municipalities in entire Central Luzon region according to the National Competitiveness Council (Philippines)Cities/Municipalities Competitiveness Index 2018.Their revenue income since 2017 reached P 200,024,292.86 and over 82,100 inhabitants.According to Commission on Audit of the Philippines 2017 data,economic performance of Cabiao are rapidly sustained.Year 2017 above and year 2016 below:
Growing population and migration provides the town more progressive and sustainable.Increasing the number of commercial business establishment and rapid urbanization in residential and poblacion areas since 2010–present are observed.From 2nd class municipality rural based in agriculture to 1st class urban municipality.
Eastern and Southern portion engaged in farming and multi-croping.As part of the "RICE GRANARY CAPITAL of the PHILIPPINES", palay growing are very sustainable and efficient because of good condition of weather, the land area is ideal for cultivation and road connections adjoined from farm to market.Cabiao annually contribute to the provincial rice productions maintain their quantities.
Western portion bounded in the Pampanga river are abundant in fishing and irrigate several corn and sorghum plantation site.
Rice,corn and sorghum are the main crops for cultivation.Livestocks and contract grower provides inevitable source of income of some Kabyawenyos.Seasonal source of income are mango plantation and calamansi.
Cabiao transportation is likely available in all services. The First North Luzon Transit (formerly Sierra Madre Transit.) and RJ Express Inc.are regular travel bus companies with route from Caloocan to Cabiao and vice versa via North Luzon Expressway taking San Simon exit. The regional bus company Genesis Transport,Saulog Transit,and Arayat Express also has a regular route from Olongapo- San Jose,City vice versa along Jose Abad Santos Avenue (Olongapo-San Fernando-Gapan Road) R3 traversing the town.Passenger jeepneys with the regular route from Cabanatuan City - Cabiao via Gapan City and vice versa and Cabiao-Arayat / Cabiao-San Fernando, Pampanga via Arayat and vice versa are the common public transport services.Passenger tricycles spreadout point to point around the town has a terminal sections along the streets and market centers.
PLDT,Datelcom and Digitel Mobile Philippines, Inc. are the longest Telecommunication Company in town.Smart Communications,Talk 'N Text and Sun Cellular provide high speed signals LTE in town.Globe Telecom and Touch mobile upgrade their signals as LTE as part of the area site covered.
Cabiao is part of the contagious Mega Manila as far as Cabanatuan sothat several radio stations and televisions signals are covered.
Education in Cabiao is concentrated in the downtown area. Primary and secondary together with the colleges and universities are also seen in suburban barangays. These are the list of schools in Cabiao:
- Cabiao Central Elementary School
- Maligaya Elementary School
- Palasinan Elementary School
- San Roque Elementary School
- Polilio Elementary School
- San Antonio Bagong Buhay (SABBES) Elementary School
- San Gregorio Elementary School
- Santa Rita Elementary School
- Bagong Silang Elementary School
- San Fernando Sur Elementary School
- Santa Ines Elementary School
- Saint Josef Elementary School
- Entablado Elementary School
- Bagong Sikat Elementary School
- San Carlos Elementary School
- Sinipit Elementary School
- Santa Isabel Elementary School
- Concepcion Elementary School
- San Fernando Norte Elementary School
- San Vicente Elementary School
- Blessed Children Integrated School
- Little Child Jesus Learning Center Academy
- God's Speed Foundation Inc.
- Seventhday Adventist Elementary School
- Saint John Nepomocene Parochial School
- Secondary Schools:
- Cabiao National High School
- Santa Rita National High School
- Saint John Nepomocene Parochial School
- San Vicente (General Mariano Llanera High School)
- Saint Josef National High School
- Santa Isabel National High School
- Entablado National High School
- Bagong Sikat National High School
- San Carlos National High School
- Tertiary Schools:
- Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Cabiao campus
- Resource World College
- First Asean International Systems College, Cabiao campus
Tourism and landmarks
Nabao lake, also known as the "Lawa ng Nabao", features views of Mounth Arayat from its own nature park. The site is composed of market stalls of handicrafts,a zipline,hanging bridge and restaurants beside the lake.The ground breaking ceremony was held in September 12, 2018.The place is being developed to be pegged as the first floating market-park in the province of Nueva Ecija.
"Cabiokid" Foundation is a 13 hectare fermaculture land with over 1000 species of endemic fora are preserved.The land area are composed of rice fields,swamps,mini forest and garden.
Monument of general Mariano Llanera that can be seen in front of Cabiao Municipal hall symbolizes the heroism of the general who fought the Spaniards and led the "First Cry of Nueva Ecija".The place is also surrounded by bustling Philippine Mahogany trees.
Kalikasan Village/Kabyawan village in San Carlos is a recreational place developed to showcase the nature wonder of Cabiao, the site hosted the annual Kabyawan Festival.
Hotel and Resorts are sprouting in the town,several food centers and restaurants offered variety of foods to experience the taste of their pride.
Place of worship
Roman Catholic church of Apong Lourdes which can be a place for novena, prayer and healing.Visited a thousand of devotees every first week of February.
- "PAISTIMA KA" sa Kabyawan Festival, a week-long festivity every first/second week of February. The festival comemorates the founding anniversary of the town that showcases the rich culture and display the wide array of local delicacies.
The acronym "PAISTIMA KA" is from: PA (Palay), IS (Isda), TI (Tinapay), MA (Mangga), and KA (Ikaw).
- Kabyawan Festival annually celebrated to the feast of patron's town proper Saint John Nepomocene starting May 8–16.Kabyawan is derived from grinding tools used in extracting sugarcane.
Highlights of the festival is bike-athon,agri-trade fair,fun-run,Dart Contest, May flower parade of beauties,Street dancing with grand parade,Search for Mutya ng Cabiao and gabi ng parangal sa natatanging "Anak ng Cabiao"
Almost the populace of Cabiao are Roman Catholic.Protestants like Iglesia ni Cristo, born-again Christians, Latter-day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, Evangelical fourth watches, Seventh-day Adventists and Baptists are the secondary religious affiliations, sects and organizations.
Kabyawenyos can speak two dialects, Tagalog and Capampangan. Because the town is a provincial boundary to Pampanga, most of the populace can understand and speak Capampangan. English is predominantly used in schools and offices, replacing Tagalog as the language spoken.
|Population census of Cabiao|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Aside from the St. John Nepomucene Parish which is a historic site for the 1896 revolutionary battle (Cry of Nueva Ecija) during Philippine Revolution, Cabiao is the home of the following institutions:
- Gawad Kalinga Chicago Village, Sitio Burakay, Sta. Rita
- Gawad Kalinga Fr. Lehman Village, Concepcion
- Gawad Kalinga Kalikasan Village, San Carlos
- Gawad Kalinga Fr.Lehman Village, Saint Josef
- Cabiao Municipal Hall, San Juan North
- Cabiao Community Hospital (Saint Luke's Hospital)
- Cabiao General Hospital, San Fernando Sur
- Baby's Handicraft, Polilio
- Cabio-kid Foundation
- Polytechnic University of the Philippines - Cabiao campus
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