Cabiao, Nueva Ecija

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Cabiao, Nueva Ecija
Downtown Cabiao
Downtown Cabiao
Official seal of {{{official_name}}}
Motto: Reporma sa Bayan at Respeto,..Bagong Cabiao...Bagong Pag asa..!
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Cabiao
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Cabiao
Cabiao, Nueva Ecija is located in Philippines
Cabiao, Nueva Ecija
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°15′N 120°51′E / 15.250°N 120.850°E / 15.250; 120.850Coordinates: 15°15′N 120°51′E / 15.250°N 120.850°E / 15.250; 120.850
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Nueva Ecija
District 4th District
Barangays 23
 • Mayor Hon Ramil B. Rivera (l)
 • Total 111.83 km2 (43.18 sq mi)
Population (2015)[3]
 • Total 104,847
 • Density 940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3107
Dialing code +63 (0)44
Income class 1st class; urban

Cabiao is a first class urban municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. Because of its good strategic location for investment and businesses, the town of Cabiao now is one of the fastest growing and booming municipality in the province.Also in the production of rice,as part of "RICE GRANARY CAPITAL" of the Philippines,corn,and other products including vegetables,a competitive products and services in the province.

According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 104,847[3]

Cabiao is located at the south-western part of Nueva Ecija being the last town going to the province of Pampanga. It borders the municipalities of San Isidro and San Antonio in the province of Nueva Ecija; the municipalities of Magalang, Candaba and Arayat in Pampanga province; and to its north-west is the municipality of Concepcion in Tarlac province. It is about an hour and a half drive from Manila via the NLEX taking San Simon exit and turning right at Santo Domingo junction in Mexico traversing Santa Ana and Arayat towns in Pampanga. The other route from Manila is by Santa Rita exit and traversing Maharlika Road through Bulacan province to Gapan, Nueva Ecija turning left towards San Isidro. From Cabanatuan City Cabiao can be reached via Gapan City or partly through the Cabiao Viaduct from Jaen town.


Agricultural is the main source of income of more kabyawenyos,The staple foods of more Filipino "the rice" is the major product of this town,dealers and distributors are present that helps farmer to market their crops also to sustain the business flow in the town.Another agricultural products like corn,sorghum that used to make feeds for domestic chickens,vegetables like eggplant,squash,stringbeans,and fruits like watermelon,mango,and tomato are also main products of this town.

Fishing along pampanga river and several fish ponds beside ricefields are common basic necessity of lowland and rural areas in town,most of like are tilapia,mudfish,catfish and recent include ills.

Production of processed meats like tocino,longganisa,siomai,ham,and other related processed foods are also abundant in Cabiao.The 3M foods is one best factory of these.The Retailer shops like sari sari store is the most source of income of half of the population of Cabiao,their daily needs of households and neighbors are not a problem because of these sprouting business.

The production of bread and pastry is also one of the basic needs and jobs of some kabyawenyos.There's a lot of bakery and shop of every barangay and the other products delivered in the neighboring towns.In the early 2007,the municipality is start to create the planning of boosting the economic growth,one of the answer is the big investments of some company to established their business in the town

There's are some list of establistment in Cabiao

Cabiao Public Market

The Talipapa Market

STM Supermarket and Drugstore

Red Camia Mall

Primark Town Center including SM Savemore

Ace Hardware

Mercury Drugstore

South Star Drug

Generika Drugstore

The Generics Pharmacy

K Star Marketing

Mercados Marketing

Pandayan Book Store

Hernandez Pharmacy

Amor Drugstore

Monterey Meat shop

Fresh option Meatshop

BDO nueva ecija Cabiao

Producers Bank Cabiao

Rural Bank of Jaen,Cabiao

Citizens Bank Cabiao

GM Bank Cabiao

Merchants Bank Cabiao

And many more establishments

Tourism and Landmarks[edit]

The "Nabao lake" also known in Tagalog Lawa ng Nabao is the prepared and encouraging site of the place to be in boating and fishing. Also the pictured- looking of beautiful mt.Arayat in the center.This site is located in between brgy. Sta Rita and San Carlos.The local government propose this site for making it the first floating market of the Philippines like in Bankok Thailand.

The monument of General Mariano Llanera in front of municipal office is include as historical site of the town,because of their heroism and bravery to fight for the success freedom.

The Gawad Kalinga site in San Carlos is exciting place for picnics,site seeing,picture taking and bonding with families and friends.

There are also some of hotel and resorts in Cabiao like Casa Flora Resort and Hotel,Montecello,Arro Farm and Resort,Bosneir Resort,Dong's Hotel,Savanna Inn,Doha Inn and Farm View Resort.


The Kabyawan festival is celebrate every first week of February starts on 5 and ends until the feast of Apong Lourdes in Brgy.Maligaya on the 11.The highlights of the festivals starts on a parade by the officials of the municipal sectors and delegates of the said festival.On the other day,every barangay has a representatives of making their own booths of their products that place at the front of municipal hall.Also there are some contest that are inspired Kabyawenyos to participate their talents and skills,like dancing,new product,endorsing,cooking and many more.Afterwards there are some street dancing and mass demonstration of the participating schools on the other day,the top and the high score shall be win their prices by category.The last day of the said festival is the highlight of the night and most prestigious event, The BINIBINING CABIAO,this pageants demonstrate and model their beauty and talents of their representative barangay and to promote the wonderful,progressive,and peaceful Cabiao.


Cabiao is politically subdivided into 23 barangays.[2]

  • Bagong Buhay
  • Bagong Sikat
  • Bagong Silang
  • Concepcion/Asyenda
  • Entablado
  • Maligaya (urban)
  • Natividad North (urban)
  • Natividad South (urban)
  • Palasinan (suburban)
  • San Antonio/Pantalan
  • San Fernando Norte
  • San Fernando Sur (suburban)
  • San Gregorio (suburban)
  • San Juan North (urban)
  • San Juan South (urban)
  • San Roque (suburban)
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Rita
  • Sinipit
  • Polilio (Libis)
  • San Carlos
  • Santa Isabel
  • Santa Ines


Cabiao derived its name from its vandalized Malay origin kabyawan (gilingan[same Malay meaning]) in previous Malay form: karyawan- meaning writer at present) meaning grinding tools that used for crushing. The abundance of sugar during the pre-Spanish era is evident in a wide area of kabyaw including the area going to the foot of Mount Arayat. The kabyawan became familiar to the neighboring places due to the concentration of kabyawan in the place where it was located and was identified as Kabyawan and later shortened to "Kabyaw" and eventually altered the spelling due to the influence of the foreign alphabet letters. The used of kabyawan then is prevalent among the natives constituting mainly the ancient tribes of tagalogs that hails from Bulacan and capampangan of which they came in waves of migration from mainland Malay origin as evident from their language similarity. The Kabyawan tools might have been brought by the exploring Malays and later improved by the natives settling in the island of Luzon however there are findings that most of the antiquated wooden kabyawan tools at present can be found in Ilocos where the early Sumatran and Melanesian explorers had embarked earlier than the Malays. Similarly, during that period, the natives of the mountain province whose origin is from mainland China might have been the one responsible in introducing the said crushing tools which we know now as the KABYAWAN. The settlement that has been known as Sinipit, Plasinan, Pantalan, Pinaglamoan, Kandumpa, Kambabalo, Longalong, Mayayade, Tinalan, Makabaklay, Saklang and Palanas were words and terms taken from Malay and the tribal dialect in existence during that period. Cabiao as termed today was a just balangay of the once prosperous of empire of the campampangan settlement named Candaba, as it was discovered by the exploring Spanish conquistadores in 1590. The visita of Cabiao was perhaps established somewhere between 1765 and 1767 by the Jesuit Missionary before they were sent back to Spain under the order of King Charles III of Spain to recall all the Society of Jesus religious order to return to Spain thereby banishing them from all the Spanish dominions. Cabiao gain its full township of Pampanga in 1797 under the term of Governor General Rafael Maria de Aguilar y Ponce de Leon* with the recommendation of the returning order of the Augustinian in the Province of Pampanga and elevates the Visita of St. John Nepomucene that was established by the Jesuits into a regular Parish Church. It was established as one of the municipality of Nueva Ecija on February 9, 1848 upon the order issued by Governor General Narciso Claveria Y Zaldua and upon the recommendation made by the Governor General Marcelino Oraa. The growth of Cabiao during that time maybe attributed to its vast marsh and inland water that serves as inland fishery of the area. The Poblacion comprising the three pillars of Spanish governance of the Spaniard namely the Casa Municipal, Casa dela Iglesia and Casa Judicial were erected in 1838 under the term of Don Josef Kabigting as the Gobernadorcillo (the present location of the church, the central school and the intervening residential area between the central school and the church).

The desire of the populace of Cabiao to be free from Spanish domination and tyranny resulted in the uprising on September 2, 1896. Numbering around 700 men (461 listed in the Tablet of Heroes in the Municipal Compound), the townsfolk of Cabiao and the Cabiao Brass Band under the leadership of their Capitan Municipal Mariano Nuñez Llanera together with the people of the neighboring towns of Arayat, Deliquente (San Antonio) & Jaen led the siege against the colonizing Spaniards stationed at the Factoria of San Isidro. This event was marked as the First Cry of Nueva Ecija. It did not take too long that the Spanish Colonial Government, succumbed to cede the Archipelago of Philippines to the United States on December 10, 1898 that brought about the Treaty of Paris, and once again the Philippines was under colonial rule this time by the American. In the last days of the Spanish occupation, the Cabiao heroes participated in the declaration of Philippine Republic in Malolos on January 23, 1899. During the Philippine–American War, Cabiao was one of the fiercely battled terrains of the American forces in pursuit of General Aguinaldo’s Forces however most of the populated areas of Cabiao have been saved from the encounter. General Pio del Pilar hold out in the marshes of San Vicente and Sta. Rita to delay the intruding Forces of General Elwell Stephen Otis under the command of General Henry Ware Lawton.

In 1903, the Americans established schools in Cabiao and used the English language as a medium of instructions. Pedro Oreta was elected as the first chief executive of the town under American civil regime followed by the then Mun. President Jose Crespo who established and organized the Presidencia (township hierarchy and organizational plan) constituting the different executive department of the municipality. American occupation in Cabiao has not been as cruel as their Spanish predecessor, however, the people of Cabiao were already afraid to trust the new colonizer. Thomasites missionaries arrive in Cabiao in the early part of 1902 as a part of educating the people of Cabiao and in 1903, the Americans established schools in Cabiao and used the English Language as the medium of instruction. Some rural folks used to study individually in the Spanish methods of learning on arithmetic and reading in their native tongue Tagalog. From 1907-1909, Cabiao was placed under jurisdiction of San Isidro and the executive power was then held by the Municipal President of San Isidro. It was in the term of Office of Municipal President Gonzalo Del Leon that the seat of Municipal Town Hall was erected on the land donated by the Romero family. It was during the term of Jose Lapuz that Judge Bonifacio Ysip was elected as delegate to the constitutional convention held in Manila.

After almost three decades of peace, Japan invaded the Philippines, and the people of Cabiao once again play an important role in the liberation of our country, HUKBALAHAP (Hukbo ng Bayan Laban sa Hapon) or People’s Anti-Japanese Army, was then established in Sitio Bawit,San Julian, Cabiao on March 29, 1942. When the Allies between the combined U.S. and Filipino troops finally liberated the Philippines and as soon as the Central Government was established in Manila, Mariano Guevarra was appointed Mayor of Cabiao. He was the chief executive of the town in 1945. Prudencio Ortiz Luis succeeded Guevarra who occupies the position for only a few months. In the later part of 1945 after the liberation, most of the people of Cabiao were still in the far flung areas of Cambabalu, Saclang Capampangan, Saclang Tagalog and Dumanas and it was during this time that the mayor of this town has been appointed by the late President Manuel Roxas by the name of Ambrosio Aligada. He was appointed as the Chief Executive of the town from 1945-1947. The town of Cabiao was placed under the military government under Pablo Aligada. It was also during the time of Aligada that the Sitio of Palasinan (Presently San Gregorio) comprising the property owned by Don Ramon Fernandez were repopulated by the people coming from said the places whereas the area of Bagong Silang were repopulate by the people coming from Buliran, Guyong-guyong, Luyos of which most of them are Tagalogs. The people of Cabiao were governed by Aligada through coercive and dictatorial rule that is being manifested by the force labor construction of the Cabiao High School which is the monumental relic of his tenure. Isaias Manalastas seated as the progressive mayor through the support HUKBALAHAPs that during that time is at its height from which they fielded their party named Prente Popular however it did not last long due to the suspicion of the military of an imminent grabbing of power where these party is the political front of the Huks. Nieves Pablo, a woman, was the fourth appointed mayor in that same year.

It was also the time when the height of the Huk uprising began when the entire town was the seat of the rebellion, where the 50,000 armed group was inducted in Bawit and in Pasong Diablo only to be captured en masse by the then late General Ismael Lapus through the order of Secretary Magsaysay and the clearing of the entire forested area of Bagong Sikat and Sta. Isabel had begun purposely to eliminate the lair of the Huk rebels. The health center were constructed through the financial support of Defense Secretary Castelo Justice Secretary Hermogenes Concepcion and Doña Maria Romero Buencamino (who was at that time the richest family and the most influential).

Year 1950, when the 1st tenure of the late Paterno Santiano began, the towns public market was constructed through the support of the national government since the towns income cannot at that time support such huge amount of expenditures.

It was the 1st tenure of Gregorio T. Crespo, when the old town hall was renovated and the original Cabiao Central School Building has been restored. The gravelling of Sinipit -San Roque Road was made. Mayor Paterno Santiano reassumed his post as a mayor after a very much contested election results.

The year 1960, when Crespo reassumes his post as Mayor of Cabiao, and the appointment of Pedro T. Wycoco as the Chief of Police. The Gapan- Arayat Road, Cabiao Section were constructed by Golangco Construction and Development Corp. in 1963.

In 1979 the town’s Public Market was rehabilitated through the help of the member of the Parliament Angel Concepcion for which main building was constructed contiguously from the previous two small one.The town of Cabiao was governed by Mayor Crespo for almost three decades bringing together town folks of Cabiao to be one living in peace and serves as the legacy for which Mayor Crespo was known.

The EDSA Revolution of 1986, was the year when Mayor Crespo was dislodged by the appointment of Atty. Antonio Ll.Lapuz as Officer in Charge of Cabiao. During his tenure, the inception of the municipal development planning were made, and listing of priority projects were categorized, however fundings for these infrastructure were no longer made in his tenure because it had lasted only for two and half years.

Atty. Lapuz was succeeded by Eng’r. Ireneo Manahan, who bested in the three way election fight during that time, followed the pattern and plans for which Atty. Lapuz have laid before he left his office. He continue in building roads, barangay health,and brgy. hall including the renovation of the municipal town hall. It was also during that time, that the Sta. Isabel- Bagong Sikat Bridge has been initially built however due to the insufficiency of funds the said bridge has not been finished during his tenure. He had also built a community under his name which later name as Manahan Village.

In his last term of office, mayor Manahan endorse councilor Gloria Baby Crespo Congco as his successor, the eldest daughter of former Mayor Gregorio Crespo and was elected mayor of the municipality in 1998. She is the youngest and the first woman to be elected chief executive of the town. She was also re-elected in the elections of 2001 and 2004.


Population census of Cabiao
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1995 55,902 —    
2000 62,624 +2.46%
2007 68,382 +1.22%
2010 79,081 +5.43%
2015 104,847 +5.52%


Aside from the St. John Nepomucene Parish which is a historic site for the 1896 revolutionary battle (Cry of Nueva Ecija) during Philippine Revolution, Cabiao is the home of the following institutions:

  • Cabiao Community Clinic, Sta. Ines
  • d Kalinga Chicago Village, Sitio Burakay, Sta. Rita
  • Gawad Kalinga Fr. Lehman Village, Concepcion
  • Cabiao Municipal Hall, San Juan North
  • Cabieneral Hospital, San Fernando Sur
  • Baby's Handicraft, Polilio
  • Cabiao National High School
  • Santa Rita National High School
  • Santa Isabel High School
  • Bagong Sikat High School
  • Entablado High School
  • Saint Joseph High School
  • Cabiao Central Elementary School
  • Maligaya Elementary School
  • Bagong Silang Elementary School
  • Polilio Elementary School
  • San Roque Elementary School
  • Santa Rita Elementary School
  • Concepcion Elementary School
  • San Vicente Elementary School
  • Bagong Sikat Elementary School
  • Santa Isabel Elementary School
  • San Carlos Elementary School
  • San Antonio Bagong Buhay Elementary School
  • Santa Ines Elementary School
  • Sinipit Elementary School
  • San Gregorio Elementary School
  • Entablado Elementary School
  • San Fernando Sur Elementary School
  • Saint Joseph Elementary School
  • San Fernando Norte Elementary School
  • Cabiao Adventist Elementary School
  • Blessed Child Montessorry Learning Center
  • Infant Jesus Integreted School
  • Saint John Nepomocene Parochial School
  • technic University of the PhilippinesSan Roque,Cabiao Campus

First Asean International Systems College, San Juan North Resource World College,San Roque



  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-15. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  • Hipolito, Jose Rivera. History of Cabiao. Kabyawan Books.2010
  • 2014 Registry of Barangay Inhabitants. DILG Cabiao, Nueva Ecija, Region 3

External links[edit]