The Marias River
|Country||Chouteau, Hill, Liberty, Toole, Pondera and Glacier County, Montana|
|2,559 feet (780 m)|
|• location||near Loma (includes Teton River)|
|• average||1,043 cu ft/s (29.5 m3/s)|
|River system||Missouri River|
The Marias River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 210 mi (338 km) long, in the U.S. state of Montana. It is formed in Glacier County, in northwestern Montana, by the confluence of the Cut Bank Creek and the Two Medicine River. It flows east, through Lake Elwell, formed by the Tiber Dam, then southeast, receiving the Teton River at Loma, 2 mi. (3.2 km) above its confluence with the Missouri.
The river was explored in 1805 by the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Some of the men on the expedition mistook it for the main branch of the Missouri until their subsequent discovery of the Great Falls of the Missouri near Great Falls, Montana. The river was named by Meriwether Lewis after his cousin, Maria Wood. Lewis led a small detachment of men to further explore the Marias River on the Expedition's return trip in 1806 to determine if the river ventured north above the Canada border, and he killed a young Blackfeet warrior trying to steal horses and a gun from the small detachment.
The Marias is a Class I river from Tiber Dam to its confluence with the Missouri River for public access for recreational purposes.
The Montana Watershed Coordination Council is an advocate for the river.
- "Marias River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
- "Witnesses to Carnage-The 1870 Marias Massacre in Montana". Retrieved 2010-05-20.
- Stream Access in Montana Archived 2009-03-10 at the Wayback Machine
- "Montana Watershed Coordination Council". Retrieved 2010-05-20.