St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral, Kothamangalam

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St.Mary's Cathedral Kothamangalam
Kothamangalam St. Marys church or Valiya pally.jpg
St.Mary's Jacobite Syrian Cathedral. Kothamangalam
St.Mary's Cathedral Kothamangalam is located in Kerala
St.Mary's Cathedral Kothamangalam
St.Mary's Cathedral Kothamangalam
St.Mary's Cathedral Kothamangalam is located in India
St.Mary's Cathedral Kothamangalam
St.Mary's Cathedral Kothamangalam
10°03′45″N 76°37′44″E / 10.0625°N 76.629°E / 10.0625; 76.629Coordinates: 10°03′45″N 76°37′44″E / 10.0625°N 76.629°E / 10.0625; 76.629
LocationKothamangalam, Ernakulam,  India
DenominationMalankara Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church
Websitehttp://valiyapally.com
History
StatusValiyapally
Architecture
StyleKerala Architecture
Years built498 to 1340
Administration
ProvinceKerala
DistrictErnakulam

[1]

St.Mary's Church or Marth Maryam Cathedral is a Valiyapally (Principal church) situated in Kothamangalam town of India. It is located in Ernakulam district of Kerala state, India.

It's one of the most ancient Christian churches in India. It is believed that the church was founded on or before 4th century by a few Syrian Christian families who migrated from Paravur and Angamali. The new church established in AD 1338 by four Syrian Christian merchants who bought the entire land of Kothamangalam from a local chief for commodity trading with the nearby state of Tamil Nadu.

History[edit]

Historically kothamangalam is the major commercial city in Portuguese Period.The Marth Maryam church at Kothamangalam, commonly known as Valiyapally is the oldest of all the churches in the region. It is also believed that one of the seven and a half churches founded by St Thomas is @ Gokkamangalam=> Kokkamangalam=> Kotamanagalam=>Kothamangalam. It should be mentioned that no other ancient churches in Kerala bring forward any claim for the ancient Gokkamangalam church established by St. Thomas. According to tradition, Mar Yuhannon who represented the Malankara Church at the Holy Synod of Ephesus in AD 431 stayed at Kothamangalam church and had visited Angamaly Church.[2]

Altars[edit]

The altars in the Martha Maryam church are dedicated to the Mother of God, Saint George, Saint John the Baptist, Apostles Saint Peter & Saint Paul and Saint Thomas

Feasts[edit]

The most important festivals of the church are celebrated on 10 February and 15 August.

Holy Soonoro[edit]

A small portion of the Holy Girdle of Saint Mary, rediscovered at the Syriac Orthodox Church at Homs in 1953 by Patriarch of Antioch Ignatius Aphrem I Barsoum, was established in this church In 1980 by the diocesan Metropolitan Thomas Mor Dionysius (The present Catholicos of Malankara) [3]

Historical Events[edit]

  • All the five Patriarchs of Antioch who had visited Malankara in the last two centuries came to this church as well. Last of these Patriarchal visits was that of His Holiness Ignatius Zakka I Iwas in 1982. It was during this historical visit the Holy Patriarch had ordained an assistant metropolitan for the diocese by name Mor Severios Abraham, at the Kothamangalam Cheriapally.
  • As per the biography of Saint Gregorios of Malankara written by Mookencheril Paily Varkey in 1903, Palakunnath Mathews Mar Athanasius ordained the saintly Gregorios Thirumeni as Korooyo in this church in 1858.[4]
  • From 1974 to 1997, the building adjacent to the Valiyapally was the bishop's residence of the diocesan Metropolitan.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

http://valiyapally.com[5]

  1. ^ "Martha Mariam Cathedral Valiya Pally Kothamangalam(St.Mary's Church)". valiyapally.com. Retrieved 22 December 2017.
  2. ^ John Mason Neale, A history of the Holy Eastern Church : the Patriarchate of Antioch, (First published 1873. Republisher: Facsimile Publisher, 2015), p.6, ff.3..
  3. ^ http://www.socmnet.org/Holy_Girdle.htm
  4. ^ http://www.syriacchristianity.info/StGG/BreifhistoryMorGregorious.htm
  5. ^ "Martha Mariam Cathedral Valiya Pally Kothamangalam(St.Mary's Church)". valiyapally.com. Retrieved 22 December 2017.