McGill University Faculty of Medicine
|Faculté de médecine de l'Université McGill (French)|
|Students||688 MD, 35 MD-PhD, 10 MD-MBA|
|Location||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
The Faculty of Medicine is one of the constituent faculties of McGill University. It was established in 1829 after the Montreal Medical Institution was incorporated into McGill College as the College's first faculty; it was the first medical faculty to be established in Canada. The Faculty awarded McGill's first degree, and Canada's first medical degree to William Leslie Logie in 1833. His dissertation, "Medical inaugural dissertation on Cynanche trachealis" can be found in the McGill Library institutional repository, eScholarship@McGill.
The faculty includes three schools, the School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, School of Nursing, and the School of Physical and Occupational Therapy. It also includes several research centres involved in studies on, for example, pain, neuroscience, and aging. Most of the non-clinical parts of the faculty are housed in the McIntyre Medical Sciences Building ("The Beer Can"), situated on McGill's downtown campus on the south side of Mount Royal between Avenue des Pins and Avenue Docteur-Penfield.
The McGill University Health Centre is affiliated with the faculty, and is composed of five teaching hospitals — the Montreal General Hospital, the Montreal Children's Hospital, the Montreal Neurological Hospital, and the Royal Victoria Hospital, which incorporates the Montreal Chest Institute. Five other major health care facilities are also affiliated with the faculty: Jewish General Hospital, Douglas Hospital, St. Mary's Hospital, Lachine Hospital and Lakeshore General Hospital. In April 2006, the Quebec government approved plans to commence the first phase of construction of the new, redeveloped McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) — which has been completed in 2015.
On June 17, 2015, McGill was put on probation by the Association of Faculties of Medicine of Canada for violating 24 of 132 required standards.
The Montreal Medical Institution, was established in 1823 by four physicians, Andrew Fernando Holmes, John Stephenson, William Caldwell and William Robertson, all of whom had been trained at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, and were involved in the foundation of the Montreal General Hospital. In 1829 it was incorporated into McGill College as the new College's first faculty; it thus became the first Faculty of Medicine in Canada. A highly didactic approach to medical education called the "Edinburgh curriculum", which consisted of two six-month courses of basic science lectures and two years of "walking the wards" at The Montreal General Hospital, was instituted. From 1833 to 1877 the Faculty followed the pattern set by the University of Edinburgh and required graduating students to submit an 'inaugural dissertation' - a database of these is available.
Sir William Dawson, the principal of McGill, was instrumental in garnering resources for the faculty and pioneering contributions from Thomas Roddick, Francis Shepherd, George Ross and Sir William Osler helped to transform the Victorian era medical school into a leader in modern medical education. Osler graduated from the MDCM program at McGill University Faculty of Medicine in 1872, and co-founded the present-day Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in 1893.
McGill University Faculty of Medicine is currently the only medical school in Canada to award the four-year medical M.D., C.M. degree (MDCM). MDCM is an abbreviation of the Latin Medicinae Doctor et Chirurgiae Magister, which means "doctor of medicine and master of surgery." The Faculty of Medicine also offers joint degree programs with other disciplines including business M.D.-M.B.A. and science/engineering M.D.-Ph.D.. There is also an accelerated program for selected graduates of the Quebec junior college (CEGEP) system (PRE-MED-ADM or MED-P) that combines one year of science curriculum with the four-year M.D., C.M. degrees.
Departments and Centres
- Anatomy and Cell Biology
- Biomedical Engineering
- Epidemiology & Biostatistics
- Experimental Medicine
- Occupational Health
- Human Genetics
- Microbiology & Immunology
- Pharmacology & Therapeutics
- Social Studies of Medicine
- Diagnostic Radiology
- Epidemiology & Biostatistics
- Occupational Health
- Family Medicine
- Human Genetics
- Neurology & Neurosurgery
- Obstetrics and Gynecology
- McGill Reproductive Centre
- Gynecological Oncology Unit
- Bone and Periodontal Research
- Anesthesia Research Unit
- Artificial Cells & Organs Research
- Biomedical Ethics Unit
- Host Resistance
- Language, Mind and Brain
- Medical Education
- Nonlinear Dynamics in Physiology and Medicine
- Nutrition and Food Science
- Research in Neuroscience
- Translational Research in Cancer
Notable faculty and alumni
- Charles R. Drew M.D.C.M. 1933 — physician and professor
- Andrew Fernando Holmes — first dean and co-founder of McGill College Medical Faculty
- David Hunter Hubel B.Sc 1947, M.D.C.M. 1951 — Nobel laureate in Physiology (1981)
- Colin MacLeod M.D.C.M. 1932 — Canadian-American geneticist, discovered DNA breakthroughs
- Joseph B. Martin — Dean of the Harvard Medical School, former chair of neurology and neurosurgery
- Jonathan Meakins B.Sc 1962 — surgeon, immunologist
- Ronald Melzack (medicine) Ph.D 1954 — developed the McGill Pain Questionnaire
- Brenda Milner Ph. D 1952 — neuropsychologist
- William Osler (medicine) M.D.C.M. 1872 — professor, medical pioneer, developed bedside teaching, one of the four founders of the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
- Wilder Penfield (neurosurgery) — neurosurgery pioneer, first director of the renowned Montreal Neurological Institute and Montreal Neurological Hospital
- Betty Price — anethesiologist and politician
- Juda Hirsch Quastel (biochemistry) — pioneer in neurochemistry and soil metabolism; Director of the McGill University-Montreal General Hospital Research Institute
- Andrew Schally Ph. D 1957 — Nobel laureate in Physiology (1977)
- Rocke Robertson B.Sc 1932, M.D.C.M. 1936 — physician
- Thomas George Roddick M.D.C.M. 1868 — surgeon
- John Stephenson — co-founder of McGill College Medical Faculty
- Arthur Vineberg B.Sc 1928, Ph. D 1933 — cardiac surgeon, pioneer of revascularization
- Phil Gold, B.Sc 1957, M.Sc 1961, M.D. 1961, Ph.D 1965 — physician, scientist and professor
- Joanne Liu - International President of Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders)
- Osler Library of the History of Medicine
- McGill University
- McGill University Life Sciences Research Complex
- Cruess, Richard L. "Brief history of Medicine at McGill". McGill University. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
- Crawford, DS. Montreal, medicine and William Leslie Logie: McGill's first graduate and Canada's first medical graduate. 175th. anniversary. [Osler Library Newsletter, No. 109, 2]http://www.mcgill.ca/library/files/library/No1092008.pdf
- "The MUHC redevelopment project", "McGill University Health Centre", 2008. Accessed May 17, 2008.
- "McGill Med Put on Probation". CBC. CBC. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
- "John Stephenson's Secret". McGill. McGill University. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- MD and MDCM graduates and their theses 1833-1877. http://internatlibs.mcgill.ca/McGill-medical-theses/mcgill-theses.html
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
- Joseph Hanaway and Richard Cruess. "McGill Medicine, Volume 1, 1829-1885. The First Half Century".
- Joseph Hanaway, Richard Cruess, and James Darragh. "McGill Medicine, Volume II, 1885-1936".
- Faculty of Medicine
- School of Communication Sciences and Disorders
- School of Nursing
- School of Physical and Occupational Therapy
Affiliated teaching hospitals
- McGill University Health Centre
- Jewish General Hospital
- Douglas Hospital
- St. Mary's Hospital Centre