Sangarius (mythology)

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Sangarius (/sæŋˈɡɛriəs/; Ancient Greek: Σαγγάριος) was a Phrygian river-god of Greek mythology.[1] He was described as the son of the Titans Oceanus and his sister-wife Tethys[2] and as the husband of Metope, by whom he became the father of Hecuba.[3] In some accounts, the mother was called the naiad Evagora.[4] Alternatively, Sangarius had a daughter Eunoë who became the mother of Hecabe by King Dymas.[5] He was also the father of Nana and therefore the grandfather of Attis.[6] By Cybele, Sangarius became the father of Nicaea, mother of Telete by Dionysus.[7] His other children were Sagaritis[8] and Ocyrrhoe.[9]

The Sakarya River (in Phrygia-Turkey) itself is said to have derived its name from one Sangas, who had offended Rhea and was punished by her by being changed into water.[10]


  1. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Sangarius". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 3. Boston. p. 706.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 344
  3. ^ Apollodorus, 3.12.5
  4. ^ Scholia on Euripides, Hecuba 3
  5. ^ Scholia on Homer, Iliad 16. 718 with Pherecydes as the authority
  6. ^ Turner, Patricia; Coulter, Charles Russell (2001). "Sangarius". Dictionary of Ancient Deities. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 412. ISBN 0-19-514504-6. OCLC 45466269. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
  7. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 15.16 & 48.865
  8. ^ Ovid, Fasti 4.222
  9. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Posthomerica 11.37
  10. ^ Scholiast on Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 2.722


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Sangarius". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.