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Sangarius (mythology)

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Sangarius (/sæŋˈɡɛriəs/; Ancient Greek: Σαγγάριος) is a Phrygian river-god of Greek mythology.[1]


He is described as the son of the Titans Oceanus and his sister-wife Tethys[2] and as the husband of Metope, by whom he became the father of Hecuba.[3] In some accounts, the mother was called the naiad Evagora.[4] Alternatively, Sangarius had a daughter Eunoë who became the mother of Hecabe by King Dymas.[5] He was also the father of Nana and therefore the grandfather of Attis.[6] By Cybele, Sangarius became the father of Nicaea, mother of Telete by Dionysus.[7] His other children were Sagaritis[8] and Ocyrrhoe.[9]

The Sangarius river in Phrygia (now Sakarya in Asian Turkey) itself is said to have derived its name from one Sangas, who had offended Rhea and was punished by her by being changed into water.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Sangarius". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Vol. 3. Boston. p. 706.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 344 & 366–370
  3. ^ Apollodorus, 3.12.5
  4. ^ Scholia ad Euripides, Hecuba 3 from Pherecydes, fr. 136 (Fowler 2013, p. 42)
  5. ^ Scholia ad Homer, Iliad 16.718 with Pherecydes as the authority
  6. ^ Turner, Patricia; Coulter, Charles Russell (2001). "Sangarius". Dictionary of Ancient Deities. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 412. ISBN 0-19-514504-6. OCLC 45466269. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
  7. ^ Nonnus, 15.16 & 48.865
  8. ^ Ovid, Fasti 4.222
  9. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, 11.37
  10. ^ Scholia ad Apollonius of Rhodes, 2.722; Etymologicum Magnum s.v. Σαγγάριος


External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Sangarius". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.