Sangarius (mythology)

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Sangarius (/sæŋˈɡɛriəs/; Ancient Greek: Σαγγάριος) was a Phrygian river-god of Greek mythology.[1] He was described as the son of the Titans Oceanus and his sister-wife Tethys[2] and as the husband of Metope, by whom he became the father of Hecuba.[3] In some accounts, the mother was called the naiad Evagora.[4] Alternatively, Sangarius had a daughter Eunoë who became the mother of Hecabe by King Dymas.[5] He was also the father of Nana and therefore the grandfather of Attis.[6] By Cybele, Sangarius became the father of Nicaea, mother of Telete by Dionysus.[7] His other children were Sagaritis[8] and Ocyrrhoe.[9]

The Sakarya River (in Phrygia, now Asian Turkey) itself is said to have derived its name from one Sangas, who had offended Rhea and was punished by her by being changed into water.[10]


  1. ^ Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Sangarius". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Vol. 3. Boston. p. 706.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 344
  3. ^ Apollodorus, 3.12.5
  4. ^ Scholia on Euripides, Hecuba 3
  5. ^ Scholia on Homer, Iliad 16. 718 with Pherecydes as the authority
  6. ^ Turner, Patricia; Coulter, Charles Russell (2001). "Sangarius". Dictionary of Ancient Deities. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 412. ISBN 0-19-514504-6. OCLC 45466269. Retrieved 27 April 2009.
  7. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca 15.16 & 48.865
  8. ^ Ovid, Fasti 4.222
  9. ^ Quintus Smyrnaeus, Posthomerica 11.37
  10. ^ Scholiast on Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 2.722


 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "Sangarius". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.