Mexico–Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic relations
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic
Brief history of Western Sahara
Both Mexico and Western Sahara were once part of the Spanish Empire. Since 1884, Spain claimed the land of Western Sahara (also known as Spanish Sahara) and administered it until 1975. In November 1975, Spain agreed to partition part of the territory to Morocco and to Mauritania after it was agreed at the Madrid Accords. That same month, 350,000 Moroccans and 20,000 Moroccan troops held the “Green March” into Spanish Sahara to force Spain to hand over the disputed territory. Spain soon withdrew from the territory. In February 1976 the Polisario Front (a political movement of the Saharawi people) established and declared a government in exile in Algeria and named their country the "Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic" (SADR).
In 1975, representatives of the SADR visited Mexico to obtain support for independence. In 1978, Saharai Foreign Minister, Bachir Mustafá Sayed, paid a visit to Mexico. On 8 September 1979, during VI Conference of nations of the Non-Aligned Movement; Mexican Foreign Minister Jorge Castañeda y Álvarez de la Rosa declared that Mexico recognized the SADR as a state within the international community. On 24 October 1979, diplomatic relations were established between both nations. In 1988, SADR opened a diplomatic office in Mexico City. In 1979, Mexico appointed its ambassador based in Algeria (Oscar González) as ambassador concurrent to the SADR.
Mexico, as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council voted in favor of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1463 in January 2003 and for United Nations Security Council Resolution 1495 in July 2003 to extend the mandate of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara. Each year since the 1980s, the SADR embassy in Mexico organizes cultural trips for Mexicans to visit the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf Province, Algeria.
In March 2010, a Saharawi delegation arrived to Mexico and met with Mexican Senators, including Senator Yeidckol Polevnsky Gurwitz (Vice-president of the Mexican Senate Commission on Foreign Relations with Africa) to discuss the situation in SADR. That same month, President of the Mexican Senate, Carlos Navarrete Ruiz, paid a visit to Algeria and met with SADR President Mohamed Abdelaziz and traveled to Tindouf Province to visit the Sahrawi refugee camps and access their needs. In September 2010, SADR President Mohamed Abdelaziz paid a visit to Mexico to partake in the Bicentennial celebration of Mexico's independence. In December 2012, President Abdelaziz returned to Mexico to attend the inauguration of President Enrique Peña Nieto.
In March 2013, Sahrawi Foreign Affairs Minister Mohamed Salem Salek visited Mexico and meet with his counterpart José Antonio Meade at the headquarters of the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs. In 2014, a Mexican Delegation made up of Deputies, paid a visit to the Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf Province, Algeria. In December 2018, Sahrawi President Brahim Ghali paid a visit to Mexico to attend the inauguration of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador.
- Mexico is accredited to the SADR from its Permanent Mission to the United Nations based in New York City, United States.
- SADR has an embassy in Mexico City.
- Encyclopedia Britannica: Western Sahara
- BBC: Western Sahara profile
- México y la SADR: 35 años de relaciones diplomáticas y lazos culturales (in Spanish)
- Francia se une a los invasores (in Spanish)
- Viaje hacia el pueblo saharaui en Noviembre de 2017 (in Spanish)
- Relaciones Parlamentarias Mexico-RASD (in Spanish)
- 36th Anniversary of the SADR Proclamation of Independence (in Spanish)
- Navarrete visita campo de refugiados saharauis (in Spanish)
- El presidente Mohamed Abdelaziz pide a México respaldo ante Rabat (in Spanish)
- México: El Presidente Enrique Peña Nieto ofrece comida a jefes de Estado en Chapultepec (in Spanish)
- "FM received by his Mexican counterpart". Sahara Press Service. 2013-03-16. Archived from the original on 2013-03-19. Retrieved 2013-03-17.
- Mexican delegation on visit to Sahrawi refugee camps from Tuesday
- Arribó a nuestro país el Presidente de la República Árabe Saharaui Democrática (RASD), Brahim Ghali (in Spanish)
- Permanent Mission of Mexico to the UN
- Embassy of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic in Mexico (in Spanish)