Mianeh (Iran)

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For the administrative subdivision, see Meyaneh County. For other places, see Meyaneh (disambiguation).
Mianeh [1]
Mianeh [1] is located in Iran
Mianeh [1]
Mianeh [1]
Coordinates: 37°25′16″N 47°42′54″E / 37.42111°N 47.71500°E / 37.42111; 47.71500Coordinates: 37°25′16″N 47°42′54″E / 37.42111°N 47.71500°E / 37.42111; 47.71500
Country  Iran
Province East Azerbaijan
County Mianeh
Bakhsh Central
 • Mayor Jalil Khordeh-Forosh[2]
 • Parliament Farmand & Shivyari
Population (2012[3])
 • Total 106,738 & 185,806
  City & County
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Mianeh (Persian: ميانه‎‎; Azerbaijani: Miyana, میانا; also Romanized as Meyāneh, Miane, Miyāna, Meyaneh, and Mīyaneh)[4] is a city in and the capital of Mianeh County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. At the 2012 census, its population was 106,738, in 29,609 families. It is the fourth populated city in East Azarbaijan province.

Setting and origins[edit]

Meyaneh is situated in a valley, approximately 439 kilometres (273 mi) northwest of Tehran and approximately 187 kilometres (116 mi) southeast of East Azerbaijan's largest city and capital, Tabriz. The original name of the city was Miyana that after the Arab invasion to Iran, it was called Miyanej, and was often referred to as Garmrood. Meyaneh is one of the region's oldest cities and its foundations date back to the pre-Islamic era of Iran and the emergence of the kingdom of Media. The city has been an economic and cultural crossroads for many years.


16th century map of Mianeh
Kiz bridge (Qız Körpüsü)

During ancient times, Meyaneh passed through the hands of several dynasties and kingdoms, such as Media, the Achaemenid Empire, and Atropatene, and was home to a tribe called the Sagartians. With the Islamic conquest of Persia in the 7th century, the Median residents were converted and the city of Meyaneh became Muslim. Much of the architecture in the vicinity of Meyaneh was built during the reign of the Mongols (13th-14th centuries), who at one point destroyed the entire city. Many of the residents in Meyaneh fought the Mongols during their invasion of northern Iran.

Historical monuments in Meyaneh include the Imamzadeh Esmail tomb, The Maiden Fort, and Tark stone Mosque. Another monument of Meyaneh, Qiz Bridge (Qız Körpüsü)(pictured), was partly destroyed in December 1946 by communist separatists of the "Democrat Party of Azerbaijan" in a futile attempt to halt the advance of the Imperial Iranian Army.[citation needed]

Modern times[edit]

Meyaneh is East Azerbaijan's third largest city after Tabriz and Maragheh, and its population has continued to increase in each census. In the late 20th century many newly formed companies were established in the city, which became an economically strategic city for East Azerbaijan.[citation needed] The main, large-scale crop in the area is broomcorn, which is used to make traditional brooms.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

Among famous people from Meyaneh are Jafar Panahi, director of the movies The Circle, The White Balloon and Crimson Gold, actress Afsar Asadi, volleyball player Behnam Mahmoudi, Olympic medalist Yossef Karami, Singer Dariush Eghbali.

See also[edit]