Mineola station (LIRR)
|Location||Front Street & Mineola Boulevard|
|Owned by||Long Island Rail Road|
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Connections||Nassau Inter-County Express (see Mineola Intermodal Center below)|
|Rebuilt||1872, 1883, 1923, 2001, 2007, 2020 (In progress)|
750 V (DC) third rail
|Previous names||Branch, Hempstead Branch|
Mineola is a station on the Main Line of the Long Island Rail Road in the village of Mineola, New York. All trains for the Port Jefferson, Ronkonkoma, and Oyster Bay branches run through this station, as well as a few for the Montauk Branch. As of May 2011, 145 trains stop at this station every weekday, more than any other station east of Jamaica. It is the eighth-busiest station on the LIRR in terms of weekday boardings, with 10,348 boardings per day in 2006.
Mineola lies in the center of the village of the same name. Specifically, it is situated to the west of Mineola Boulevard between Station Road to the south and Front Street to the north.
As one of the LIRR's busiest stations and near the center of Nassau County, the Village of Mineola Planning Committee created a master plan for the town meant to encourage transit-oriented development within a few blocks' radius of the station. Much of the plan involves creating links in the surrounding street grid, streetscape improvements, and pedestrian zones. The Long Island Index, which aggregates data and plans about the island, has listed Mineola as one of the most high-profile targets for smart growth, as of 2010, noting that the town is about halfway through the process of revitalization.
Mineola station was originally built on the south side of the tracks in 1837 as "Branch station", then later renamed "Hempstead Branch station" when the Long Island Railroad was expanded to Hicksville. The station was renovated in June 1872, but a second depot was built between May and June 1883. This station was razed in 1923, and the third one was relocated to the north side of the tracks on September 22, 1923. The enclosed shelter was built at the old station house's location (See below). A reconstruction project took place in 2001.
With its connection to the Oyster Bay Branch, the Mineola station has always been a major railroad junction, but even more so in the 19th and much of the 20th Century. On the south side of the station, a wye existed between the power sub-station for a line that connected the West Hempstead Branch with the Oyster Bay Branch. Sometimes referred to as the Garden City Branch, the east branch of this wye began at Third Street then crossed Main Street, then the main line itself before connecting with the Oyster Bay Branch until it was eliminated in 1928. The rest of the line was eliminated in 1966.
As part of the LIRR third track project, infrastructure around the Mineola station will be renovated starting in late 2018. Both platforms would be replaced, and Platform B will be relocated. Canopies, benches, signage, and security cameras will be installed. The new platforms would be heated to facilitate snow removal. Amenities such as Wi-Fi, USB charging stations, artwork, and digital information displays would be included in the renovation.
The construction of a new parking structure at Harrison Avenue began in fall 2018, followed by the start of reconstruction on the station itself in early 2019. The Second Street parking lot will also be expanded, and a park and ride parking lot at Main Street would be built. The dangerous grade crossing at Main Street would be closed and replaced with a pedestrian overpass with two elevators. The construction of the third track would also require the replacement of a substation at the intersection of Main and Front Streets.
Mineola has two side platforms and two tracks, both slightly-offset to accommodate 12 cars. The main station house is on the north side of the tracks, at Front Street and Mineola Boulevard. The station is wheelchair accessible and has a crossover and a grade crossing for pedestrians at the east end. A smaller enclosed shelter is on the opposite (south) side of the tracks. The Oyster Bay Branch splits away at a grade crossing just east of the pedestrian crossing.
Westbound trains generally use Platform A and eastbound use Platform B, though during rush hours, peak-direction trains will stop at both platforms. The station is bypassed by select Port Jefferson & Oyster Bay Branch trains and most Ronkonkoma Branch and Montauk Branch trains.
Mineola Intermodal Center
Nassau Inter-County Express, or NICE (formerly MTA Long Island Bus), operates bus service to the Mineola Intermodal Center on the south side of the station. Prior to the opening of the intermodal center on October 16, 2006, bus stops were located at Third Street, a block away from the station. Six NICE routes stop there, as well as local taxicab services.
Nassau Inter-County Express routes
at 165th Street
Hillside Avenue, Westbury Avenue, Prospect Avenue, West John Street
|Terminus||Manorhaven||Mineola Boulevard, Willis Avenue, Main Street (Roslyn), Port Washington Boulevard, New Shore Road|
at 165th Street
|Hillside Avenue, Jericho Turnpike, Old Country Road
|Franklin Street, Columbia Street, Main Street (Hempstead), Nassau Road/North Main Street|
- Average weekday, 2006 LIRR Origin and Destination Study
- "LIRR Timetable for Mineola" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 19, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "Comprehensive master plan for the Village of Mineola" (PDF). Village of Mineola. November 2005. Retrieved July 17, 2011.
- "Places to grow: an analysis of the potential for transit-accessible housing and jobs in Long Island's downtowns and station areas" (PDF). Long Island Index. Retrieved July 17, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- "LIRR Station History (TrainsAreFun.com)". Archived from the original on May 26, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Bob Emery Drawing of 1921 Mineola Station Layout from SUNY at Stony Brook (TrainsAreFun.com)
- Former Mineola to West Hempstead Branch (Unofficial LIRR History Web Site)
- Bob Emery 1943 drawing, which shows the east leg eliminated in 1928. (TrainsAreFun.com)
- Mineola Station History (Steve Lynch's LIRR Maps, Photos, Charts, etc. @ TrainsAreFun.com)
- "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting June 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 18, 2018. p. 27. Retrieved June 17, 2018.
- "Mineola Station Enhancement". A Modern LI. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Mineola Harrison Avenue Parking Structure". A Modern LI. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Mineola 2nd Street Parking". A Modern LI. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Mineola Main Street Parking and Drop-Off". A Modern LI. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Main Street Grade Crossing Elimination". A Modern LI. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
- "Mineola Substation Replacement". A Modern LI. March 16, 2018. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
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