List of minor biblical figures, L–Z

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This list contains persons named in the Bible of minor notability, about whom either nothing or very little is known, aside from any family connections.

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L[edit]

Laadah[edit]

Laadah or Ladah was a son of Shelah and a grandson of Judah. His son was Mareshah. (1 Chr. 4:21)

Lael[edit]

Lael (Hebrew לָאֵל "belonging to God") was a member of the house of Gershon according to Numbers 3:24. He was the father of Eliasaph.

Lahmi[edit]

Lahmi, according to 1 Chronicles 20:5, was the brother of Goliath, killed by David's warrior Elhanan. See also Elhanan son of Jair.

Laish[edit]

This entry is about the individual named Laish. For the city Dan, known also as Laish, see Dan (ancient city).

Laish is a name which appears in 1 Samuel 25:44 and 2 Samuel 3:15, where it is the name of the father of Palti, or Paltiel, the man who was married to Saul's daughter Michal before she was returned to David.

Letushim[edit]

Letushim appears as a son of Dedan according to Genesis 25:3.

Leummim[edit]

Leummim (Hebrew לְאֻמִּים) was the third son of Dedan, son of Jokshan, son of Abraham by Keturah. (Genesis 25:3)

Levi[edit]

Levi (Hebrew לֵוִי) was the name of two minor figures mentioned in the Bible. For the more famous biblical character by this name, see Levi.

  • The great-great-grandfather of Jesus; son of Melchi and father of Matthat. (Luke 3:24)
  • Another ancestor of Jesus. (Luke 3:29)

Libni[edit]

Libni (Hebrew לִבְנִי) was a son of Gershon of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:17 and Numbers 3:18. He was born in Egypt. His descendants are referred to as the 'Libnites'.[1]

Likhi[edit]

Likhi son of Shemida is listed in a genealogy of the Tribe of Manasseh. He is mentioned only in 1 Chronicles 7:19.[2]

Linus[edit]

Linus was an associate of Paul the Apostle who greeted Saint Timothy in 2 Timothy 4:21.

Lo-Ammi[edit]

Lo-Ammi (Hebrew for "not my people") was the youngest son of Hosea and Gomer. He had an older brother named Jezreel and an older sister named Lo-Ruhamah. God commanded Hosea to name him "Lo-Ammi" to symbolize his anger with the people of Israel (see Hosea 1:1-9).

Lo-Ruhamah[edit]

Lo-Ruhamah (Hebrew for "not loved") was the daughter of Hosea and Gomer. She had an older brother named Jezreel and a younger brother named Lo-Ammi. Her name was chosen by God to symbolize his displeasure with the people of Israel (see Hosea 1:1-9).

M[edit]

Maadai[edit]

Maadai son of Bani is found in Ezra 10:34, in a list of men recorded as having married foreign women.

Maadiah[edit]

Maadiah appears in a list of priests and Levites said to have accompanied Zerubbabel in Nehemiah 12:5.

Maai[edit]

Maai (Hebrew: מָעַי) was a musician who was a relative of Zechariah, a descendant of Asaph. He is mentioned once, as part of the ceremony for the dedication of the rebuilt Jerusalem wall (Nehemiah 12:36), where he was part of the group that processed southwards behind Ezra.[3] His name is omitted in the Septuagint translation of the passage, as are the names of five other relatives of Zechariah mentioned in the same verse.[4] The name is otherwise unattested.[5] Blenkinsopp suggests that Maai is a diminutive nickname.[5] Mandel proposes its Hebrew origin means "sympathetic."[6]

Maaseiah[edit]

Maaseiah (Hebrew מַעֲשֵׂיָה or מַעֲשֵׂיָהוּ maaseyah(u) "Work of God") is the name of several men in the Hebrew Bible:

  • One of the Levites whom David appointed as porter for the ark 1 Chronicles 15:18, 1 Chronicles 15:20
  • One of the "captains of hundreds" associated with Jehoiada in restoring king Jehoash to the throne 2 Chronicles 23:1
  • The "king's son," probably one of the sons of king Ahaz, killed by Zichri in the invasion of Judah by Pekah, king of Israel 2 Chronicles 28:7
  • One who was sent by king Josiah to repair the temple 2 Chr. 34:8. He was governor (Heb. sar, rendered elsewhere in the Authorized Version "prince," "chief captain," chief ruler") of Jerusalem.
  • The father of the priest Zephaniah Jer. 21:1,Jer. 37:3
  • The father of the false prophet Zedekiah Jer. 29:21
  • a priest, the father of Neriah Jer. 32:12, Jer. 51:59
  • The son of Shallum, "the keeper of the threshold" (Jeremiah 35:4) "may be the father of the priest Zephaniah mentioned in [Jeremiah] 21:1; 29:25; 37:3." [7]

Maasiai[edit]

Hebrew for "Worker of Jehovah", one of the priests resident at Jerusalem at the Captivity 1 Chronicles 9:12

Maaziah[edit]

Machbanai[edit]

Hebrew for "Clad with a mantle, or bond of the Lord", one of the Gadite heroes who joined David in the wilderness 1 Chronicles 12:13

Machbena[edit]

Machbena or Machbenah, according to the only mention of him, in 1 Chronicles 2:49, was the son of Sheva the son of Caleb.

Machi[edit]

Machi of the Tribe of Gad was the father of Geuel, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:15.

Machnadebai[edit]

Machnadebai is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible only once, in Ezra 10:40, where the name appears in a list of people alleged to have married foreign women.[8]

Magpiash[edit]

Magpiash, according to Nehemiah 10:20, was one of the men who signed a covenant between God and the people of Yehud Medinata.

Mahalath[edit]

  1. Mahalath, one of the wives of Esau, and a daughter of Ishmael (Genesis 28:6-9). Thought to be the same as Basemath of Genesis 36.
  2. Mahalath, a daughter of Jerimoth and Abihail; the wife of king Rehoboam. (1 Chronicles 11:18)

Mahali[edit]

Mahali (also Mahli) was a son of Merari of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:19, born in Egypt.

Mahath[edit]

Hebrew for "Grasping"

Mahazioth[edit]

Heb. "Visions", a Kohathite Levite, chief of the twenty-third course of musicians 1 Chronicles 25:4,1 Chronicles 25:30

Maher-shalal-hash-baz[edit]

Maher-shahal-has-baz ("Hurry to spoil!" or "He has made haste to the plunder!") was the second mentioned son of the prophet Isaiah (Isaiah 8.1-4). The name is a reference to the impending plunder of Samaria and Damascus by the king of Assyria.

Mahlah[edit]

Mahlah is the name of two biblical persons:

Mahol[edit]

The father of four sons 1 Kings 4:31 who were inferior in wisdom only to Solomon.

Malcam[edit]

For the deity sometimes called Malcam, Malcham, or Milcom, see Moloch.

Malcam (King James Version spelling Malcham) son of Shaharaim appears only once in the Hebrew Bible in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin.[9][10]

Malchiel[edit]

Malchiel (Hebrew מַלְכִּיאֵל "my king is God") was a son of Beriah the son of Asher, according to Genesis 46:17 and Numbers 26:45. He was one of the 70 persons to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. According to 1 Chronicles 7:31, he was the ancestor of the Malchielites, a group within the Tribe of Asher.

Malchi-shua[edit]

Heb. "King of help", one of the four sons of Saul (1 Chronicles 8:33). He perished along with his father and brothers in the battle of Gilboa (1 Samuel 31:2).

Malchiah[edit]

Malchiah (Hebrew: מלכיהו malkiyahu "God is my king") son of the king (Jeremiah 38:6), owner of the pit into which Jeremiah was thrown

Mallothi[edit]

A Kohathite Levite, one of the sons of Heman the Levite (1 Chronicles 25:4), and chief of the nineteenth division of the temple musicians 1 Chronicles 25:26

Malluch[edit]

Maon[edit]

According to 1 Chronicles 2:45, Maon was a member of the clan of Caleb, the son of Shammai and the father of Beth Zur.

Marsena[edit]

Marsena is listed by Esther 1:14 as one of seven Persian officials working for king Ahasuerus.

Mash[edit]

Mash was a son of Aram according to Genesis 10:23.

Massa[edit]

Hebrew word meaning tribute or burden, one of the sons of Ishmael, the founder of an Arabian tribe (Gen. 25:14); a nomadic tribe inhabiting the Arabian desert toward Babylonia.

Matred[edit]

Matred, according to Genesis 36:39 and 1 Chronicles 1:50, was the mother-in-law of the Edomite king Hadad II.[11]

Matri[edit]

Matri, of the Tribe of Benjamin, was an ancestor of Saul according to I Samuel 10:21. Matri's clan, or the family of the Matrites, was chosen, and, from them, Saul the son of Kish was chosen to be king. The family of the Matrites is nowhere else mentioned in the Hebrew Bible; the conjecture, therefore, is that Matri is probably a corruption of Bikri, i.e. a descendant of Becher (Genesis 46:21).[12]

Mattatha[edit]

Mattatha is a figure who appears in the Genealogy of Jesus, in the version found in the Gospel of Luke.[13]

Matthan[edit]

Matthan (meaning "gift") was the grandfather of Saint Joseph. He is mentioned in Matthew 1:15.[14]

Matthanias[edit]

Matthanias is the name of two individuals in 1 Esdras, one each mentioned in 1 Esdras 9:27 and 9:31. In both passages, the parallel text in Ezra 10:26 and 10:30 contains the name Mattaniah.[15]

Matthat[edit]

Possibly also translated as Matthan.

  • The son of Levi, and father of Heli (Luke 3:24), great grandfather to Jesus
  • Son of another Levi (Luke 3:29), 31 generations before Jesus and 11 generations after King David

Mehetabeel[edit]

Mehetabeel ("Whom God benefits" or "God causes good") was the father of Delaiah, and grandfather of Shemaiah, who joined Sanballat against Nehemiah (Nehemiah 6:10).

Mehetabel[edit]

Mehetabel ("Whom God benefits" or "God causes good") was the wife of Hadad, one of the kings of Edom (Genesis 36:39).

Mehir[edit]

Mehir son of Chelub appears in a genealogy of the Tribe of Judah in 1 Chronicles 4:11.

Mehujael[edit]

In Genesis 4:18Mehujael' is a descendant of Cain, the son of Irad and the father of Methusael. The name means "El (or) the god enlivens." [16]

Mehuman[edit]

Faithful, one of the eunuchs whom Ahasuerus commanded to bring in Vashti (Esther 1:10).

Persian "مهمان signifies a stranger or guest" [17]

Melatiah[edit]

Melatiah the Gibeonite is a person who, according to Nehemiah 3:7, was responsible for rebuilding a portion of the wall of Jerusalem after the end of the Babylonian captivity.

Melchi[edit]

"My king" the son of Addi, and father of Neri (Luke 3:28), (Luke 3:24).

Melech[edit]

King, the second of Micah's four sons 1 Chronicles 8:35), and thus grandson of Mephibosheth. Also related to a southwest Asian god, see Melech

Melea[edit]

The son of Menan and father of Eliakim, in the genealogy of our Lord (Luke 3:31).

Melzar[edit]

Probably a Persian word meaning master of wine, i.e., chief butler; the title of an officer at the Babylonian court Daniel 1:11,Daniel 1:16 who had charge of the diet of the Hebrew youths.

Merab[edit]

Merab was the eldest of Saul's two daughters (1 Samuel 14:49). She was offered in marriage to David after his victory over Goliath, but does not seem to have entered heartily into this arrangement (1 Samuel 18:17-19). She was at length, however, married to Adriel of Abel-Meholah, a town in the Jordan valley, about 10 miles south of Bethshean (Beit She'an), with whom the house of Saul maintained an alliance. She had five sons, who were all put to death by the Gibeonites on the hill of Gibeah (2 Samuel 21:8). Merab is also a common feminine name in Israel.

Meraiah[edit]

A chief priest, a contemporary of the high priest Joiakim (Neh 12:12).

Meraioth[edit]

  • Father of Amariah, a priest of the line of Eleazar (1 Chronicles 6:6-7), (1 Chronicles 6:52). It is uncertain if he ever was the high priest.
  • A priest who went to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 12:15). He is called Meremoth in Neh 12:3.

Meremoth[edit]

A priest who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Nehemiah 12:3), to whom were sent the sacred vessels (Ezra 8:33) belonging to the temple. He took part in rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem (Neh 3:4).

Meres[edit]

Meres is listed in Esther 1:14 as one of seven officials in the service of Ahasuerus.

Merib-baal[edit]

(1 Chronicles 8:34),(1 Chronicles 9:40), elsewhere called Mephibosheth (2 Samuel 4:4), the son of Jonathan.

Meshelemiah[edit]

A Levite of the family of the Korhites, called also Shelemiah (1 Chronicles 9:21),(1 Chronicles 26:1-14) He was a temple gate-keeper in the time of David.

Meshillemoth[edit]

Meshillemoth (in one case spelled Meshillemith) is the name of two figures in the Hebrew Bible.[18]

  • The father of Berechiah, a member of the Tribe of Ephraim during the time when Pekah was king.[19]
  • A priest, the son of Immer.[20] He is called "Meshillemoth" in 1 Chronicles 9:12.[18]

Meshullam[edit]

Meshullam was the name of eleven biblical individuals. (See Meshullam.)

Meshullemeth[edit]

The wife of King Manasseh of Judah, and the mother of King Amon of Judah (2 Kings 21:19).

Methushael[edit]

In Genesis 4:18 Methushael is a descendant of Cain, the son of Mehujael and the father of Lamech.

Mezahab[edit]

The father of Matred (Gen 36:39),(1 Chronicles 1:50), and grandfather of Mehetabel, wife of Hadar, the last king of Edom.

Miamin[edit]

See Mijamin.

Mibhar[edit]

A Hagarene, one of David's warriors (1 Chronicles 11:38); called also Bani the Gadite (2 Samuel 23:36).

Mibsam[edit]

Michael[edit]

Michael of the house of Asher was the father of Sethur, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:13.

Michaiah[edit]

Michaiah (Hebrew: מיכיה Mikayah "Who is like Yah?") is the name of at least two biblical figures:

  • Michaiah (or Micaiah), son of Imri (q.v.)
  • Michaiah, the son of Gemariah, the son of Shaphan (Jeremiah 36:11), who heard Baruch's reading of the oracles of YHVH to Jeremiah, and reported to king Johoiakim

Michri[edit]

"Prize of Jehovah" or "Selling", a Benjamite, the father of Uzzi (1 Chronicles 9:8).

Mijamin[edit]

Mijamin (also spelled Miamin, Miniamin, Minjamin) ("from the right hand") is the name of three persons mentioned in the Bible:

  • The head of the sixth of twenty four priestly divisions set up by King David. (1 Chronicles 24:9)
  • A chief priest who returned from Babylon with Zerubbabel (Neh 12:5), who signed the renewed covenant with God. (Neh 10:8) In the time of Joiakim his family had joined with that of Moadiah, and was led by Piltai. He was also called Miniamin. (Neh 12:17)
  • A non-priestly Mijamin son of Parosh is mentioned in Ezra 10:25 as one of those who divorced a gentile wife, and sacrificed a ram in atonement.

Mikloth[edit]

  1. An officer under Dodai, in the time of David and Solomon (1 Chronicles 27:4).
  2. A Benjamite (1 Chronicles 8:32),(1 Chronicles 9:37), (1 Chronicles 9:38).

Milalai[edit]

A Levitical musician (Neh 12:36) who took part in the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem.

Miniamin[edit]

See Mijamin.

Minjamin[edit]

See Minjamin.

Mishael[edit]

This was the name of two biblical men.

Mishael was a son of Uzziel of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:22, born in Egypt. He was a nephew of Amram and a cousin of Aaron, Miriam, and Moses. He and Elzaphan were asked by Moses to carry away Nadab’s and Abihu’s bodies to a place outside the camp. (Leviticus 10:4)

Mishael was one of the three Hebrew youths who were trained with Daniel in Babylon (Dan. 1:11, 19). He and his companions were cast into and miraculously delivered from the fiery furnace for refusing to worship the king's idol (3:13-30). Mishael's Babylonian name was Meshach.

Misma, son of Simeon

Mishmannah[edit]

(Hebrew מִשְׁמַנָּה) one of the Gadite heroes who gathered to David at Ziklag (1 Chronicles 12:10).

Mithredath[edit]

(Hebrew: מִתְרְדָת‎‎; Greek: Μιθραδάτης; Latin: Mithridates) The Hebrew form of the Persian name Mithridates.

Mnason[edit]

A Christian of Jerusalem with whom Paul lodged (Acts 21:16). He was apparently a native of Cyprus, like Barnabas (Acts 11:19-20), and was well known to the Christians of Caesarea (Acts 4:36). He was an "old disciple" (R.V., "early disciple"), i.e., he had become a Christian in the beginning of the formation of the Church in Jerusalem.

Moab[edit]

Moab was the son of Lot and his eldest daughter. He became the father of the Moabites (see Genesis 19:36-37).

Molid[edit]

(Hebrew מוֹלִיד)

Moza[edit]

(Hebrew מוֹצָא)

Muppim[edit]

Muppim (Hebrew מֻפִּים) or Shuphim was the eighth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21 and Numbers 26:39.

Mushi[edit]

Mushi (Hebrew מוּשִׁי) was a son of Merari of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:19, born in Egypt.

N[edit]

Naaman[edit]

Naman is the fifth son of Benjamin in Genesis 46:21 but his grandson according to Numeri 26:38 and 1 Chronicles 8:4

Naboth[edit]

Naboth was a minor figure known for owning a vineyard that king Ahab wished to have for himself. When Naboth was unwilling to give up the vineyard, Ahab's wife Jezebel instigated a plot to have Naboth killed. See 1 Kings 21.

Naggai[edit]

Naggai (King James Version spelling Nagge) is the name of a figure found in the genealogy of Jesus according to the Gospel of Luke.[21][22]

Naharai[edit]

Naharai (or Nahari) the Beerothite is listed in 2 Samuel 23:37 and 1 Chronicles 11:39 as one of David's Mighty Warriors.[23]

Nahath[edit]

Nahath is the name of three figures who appear in the Hebrew Bible.[24]

  • Nahath, son of Reuel, son of Esau appears in a genealogy of the Edomites, found in Genesis 36:13 and repeated in 1 Chronicles 1:37. According to the Encyclopaedia Biblica', this Nahath is probably the same figure as the Naham of 1 Chronicles 4:19 and the Naam of 1 Chronicles 4:15.[24]
  • A Nahath appears in the ancestry of Samuel according to 1 Chronicles 6:26 (verse 11 in some Bibles).
  • A Nahath appears in a list of Levite supervisors in the time of Hezekiah, in 2 Chronicles 31:13

Nahbi[edit]

Nahbi, the son of Vophsi of the house of Naphtali, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:14.

Nahum[edit]

Nahum, in addition to being the name of the well-known biblical prophet Nahum, is also the name of a figure mentioned in passing in Luke's version of the genealogy of Jesus.[25] The Nahum of Luke has his name spelled Naum in the King James Version.

Naphish[edit]

Naphish (once Nephish in the King James Version) is the name given by the Bible to one of the sons of Ishmael, and to an Ishmaelite tribe.[26]

Naphtuhim[edit]

Naphtuhim is a son of Mizraim and grandson of Ham first mentioned in Genesis 10:13.

Narcissus[edit]

Narcissus is mentioned briefly in Romans 16:11, which sends greetings to "Those of the household of Narcissus who are in the Lord."[27] Beyond this brief reference, nothing more is known for certain of the person referred to.[27]

Naum[edit]

See Nahum.

Neariah[edit]

"Neariah" is the name of two biblical individuals. Neariah the son of Shemaiah, was a descendant of David, and father of Elionenai (1 Chronicles 3:22). The other Neariah was, according to Chronicles, a leader in the Tribe of Simeon (1 Chronicles 4:42).

Nebat[edit]

Nebat (Hebrew: נבט nebat "Sprout"), an Ephrathite of Zereda, was the father of Jeroboam.[28]

Nebuzaradan[edit]

Nebuzaradan (the biblical form of his name, derived from the Babylonian form Nabu-zar-iddin, meaning "Nabu has given a seed")[29] was the captain of Nebuchadnezzar's bodyguard, according to the Bible. He is mentioned in 2 Kings 25:8, 11, 20; Jeremiah 52:30; Jeremiah 39:11, 40:2, 5.

Nedabiah[edit]

Nedabiah, according to 1 Chronicles 3:18, was one of the sons of king Jeconiah.

Nehum[edit]

See Rehum.

Nehushta[edit]

Nehushta was the wife of King Jehoiakim and daughter of Elnathan ben Achbor of Jerusalem, according 2 Kings 24:8. She was also the mother of King Jehoiachin.

Nekoda[edit]

Nekoda was the ancestor of 652 Jews who returned from Babylonia with Ezra, but were declared ineligible to serve as Kohanim (priests) because they could not prove that their ancestors had been Kohanim. This is recounted in Ezra 2:48,60 and in Nehemiah 7:50, 62, where the number of men is given as 642.

Nemuel[edit]

Nemuel was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Nepheg[edit]

Nepheg was the name of two men mentioned in the Bible:

Nephish[edit]

See Naphish.

Ner[edit]

Ner (Hebrew: "Candle") was an uncle of Saul and the father of Abner according to I Samuel 14:50.

Nereus[edit]

Nereus was a Christian mentioned with his unnamed sister in Romans 16:15 with other saints to whom Paul the Apostle sent greetings and salutations.

Nobah[edit]

Nobah, of the Tribe of Manasseh defeated the Amorites, took the villages of Kenath and renamed it Nobah according to Numbers 32:42.

Nogah[edit]

Nogah, a son of David, appears in two lists of David's sons: 1 Chronicles 3:7 and 1 Chronicles 14:6.

O[edit]

Obadiah[edit]

"Obadiah" was a descendant of David, father of Sheconiah, and son of Arnan

Obal[edit]

Obal, also Ebal, was a son of Joktan according to Genesis 10:28, 1 Chronicles 1:22.

Obil[edit]

Obil was an Ishmaelite, a keeper of camels in the time of David, according to 1 Chronicles 27:30.

Ocran[edit]

Ocran was a member of the house of Asher according to Numbers 1:13. He was the father of Pagiel.

On[edit]

On, the son of Peleth, of the Tribe of Reuben, was a participant in Korah’s rebellion against Moses according to Numbers 16:1. On is referred to as "Hon" in the Douai Bible translation. He is mentioned alongside Korah, Dathan and Abiram as the instigators of the rebellion, but not referred to later when Korah, Dathan and Abiram were challenged and punished for their rebellion.

Ophir[edit]

Ophir was a son of Joktan according to Genesis 10:29, 1 Chronicles 1:23.

Ozem[edit]

Ozem is a Hebrew name which applies to two people in the Bible.

  1. A brother of David, and the sixth son of Jesse (1 Chronicles 2:15).
  2. A son of Jerahmeel (1 Chronicles 2:25).

Ozni[edit]

See Ezbon above.

P[edit]

Pagiel[edit]

Pagiel (Hebrew פַּגְעִיאֵל) was a son of Ocran, a prince of the house of Asher and one of the leaders of the tribes of Israel, according to Numbers 1:13.

Palti[edit]

This is about the Palti mentioned in Numbers. For the other biblical Palti, see Palti, son of Laish.

Palti, the son of Raphu of the house of Benjamin, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:9.

Paltiel[edit]

This is about the Paltiel in the Book of Numbers. For the other Paltiel, see Palti, son of Laish.

Paltiel (Hebrew פַּלְטִיאֵל "delivered by God") was a prince of the tribe of Issachar, one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan among his tribe (Num. 34:26).

Parmashta[edit]

Parmashta appears briefly in Esther 9:9, where he is listed as one of the ten sons of Haman, who is the primary antagonist of the Book of Esther because of his desire to wipe out the Jews.

Parnach[edit]

Parnach was the father of Elizaphan, a prince of the Tribe of Zebulun. (Num. 34:25).

Parshandatha[edit]

Parshandatha was one of the ten sons of Haman. He was killed by a Jew or Jews (the Bible is unclear) and Esther had his corpse impaled (see Esther 9:5-14).

Paruah[edit]

Paruah is the name of a figure indirectly mentioned once in the Bible, in 1 Kings 4:17. In a passage which gives names of governors working under Solomon, a "Jehoshaphat son of Peruah" is credited with governing the territory of the Tribe of Issachar.

Paseah[edit]

Paseah is the name of two figures in the Hebrew Bible. In a genealogy of Judah, a Paseah appears (1 Chronicles 4:12) as the son of Eshton, the son of Mehir, the son of Chelub. Another Paseah is mentioned indirectly (Nehemiah 3:6) by way of his son Jehoiada, a repairer of a section of the wall of Jerusalem.

Pedahel[edit]

Pedahel Prince of the tribe of Naphtali; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Num. 34:28).

Pedahzur[edit]

Pedahzur was a member of the house of Manasseh according to Numbers 1:10. He was the father of Gamaliel.

Pelaiah[edit]

Pelaiah is the name of two biblical figures. In 1 Chronicles 3:23, a Pelaiah appears in a genealogy. He is listed as one of the sons of Elioenai, the son of Neariah, the son of Shemaiah, the son of Shechaniah. The other Pelaiah appears in Nehemiah (8:7; 10:10) as a Levite who helped to explain biblical law to the inhabitants of Yehud Medinata and signed a document against intermarriage between Jews and non-Jews.

Pelaliah[edit]

Pelaliah (Hebrew Pĕlalyāh) is a figure mentioned only indirectly and in passing in Nehemiah 11:12, which lists a descendant of his as a priestly leader in Jerusalem. The descendant is specified as "Adaiah son of Jeroham son of Pelaliah son of Amzi son of Zechariah son of Pashhur son of Malchiah."

Pelatiah[edit]

Pelatiah (Hebrew: פלטיהו Pelatyahu Ezekiel 11:1) son of Benaiah, a prince of the people, among the 25 Ezekiel saw at the East Gate; he fell dead upon hearing the prophecy regarding Jerusalem.

Peleth[edit]

Peleth, of the Tribe of Reuben, was the father of On, a participant in Korah's rebellion against Moses according to Numbers 16:1.

Peresh[edit]

According to 1 Chronicles 7:16, Peresh was the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh.

Pethahiah[edit]

Pethahiah is the name of two individuals named in the Bible.

  1. A levite, mentioned in Nehemiah 10:23 and Nehemiah 9:5.
  2. Pethahiah ben Meshezabel, who was one of the "sons of Zerah" of the Tribe of Judah.

In addition to these individuals, Pethahiah was the eponym of one of the biblical priestly divisions.

Pethuel[edit]

Pethuel, the father of Joel, in Joel 1:1.

Peulthai[edit]

Peulthai, according to 1 Chronicles 26:5, was the eighth of Obed-edom's eight sons. The passage in which they are listed records gatekeepers of the temple at Jerusalem.

Phallu[edit]

Phallu or Pallu was a son of Reuben according to Genesis 46:9, Exodus 6:14 and Numbers 26:5. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Phalti[edit]

For the individual called "Phalti" in the King James Bible, see Palti, son of Laish.

Phaltiel[edit]

For the individual called "Paltiel" in the King James Bible, see Palti, son of Laish.

Phurah[edit]

Phurah was a servant of Gideon in Judges 7. Gideon takes Phurah with him to spy on the Midianites before battle.

Phuvah[edit]

Phuvah or Pua was a son of Issachar according to Genesis 46:13 and Numbers 26:23. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Pildash[edit]

Pildash was the son of Nahor and Milcah (Genesis 22:22).

Pinon[edit]

Pinon is listed as one of the "chiefs" of Edom, in Genesis 36:41, and, in a copy of the same list, in 1 Chronicles 1:52.

Piram[edit]

Piram, according to Judges 10:3, was the king of Jarmuth.

Poratha[edit]

Poratha, according to Esther 9:8, was one of the ten sons of Haman, the antagonist of the Book of Esther who attempted to wipe out the Jewish people.

Pul[edit]

Pul was an abbreviation for the Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser III. Pul attacked Israel in the reign of Menahem and extracted tribute. II Kings 15:19

Putiel[edit]

Putiel was the father of Eleazar's wife according to Exodus 6:25. According to Rashi this was another name of Jethro.

Q[edit]

R[edit]

Raamiah[edit]

Raamiah (Hebrew רַעַמְיָה) is one of the princes who returned from the Exile (Neh. 7:7). He is also called Reelaiah in Ezra 2:2.

Rabmag[edit]

Rabmag (Hebrew רַב־מָג) is the name of two figures in the Bible:

  1. The Assyrian "Rab-mugi" — a "chief physician" who was attached to the king of Babylon (Jeremiah 39:3,13).
  2. The title of one of Sennacherib's officers sent with messages to Hezekiah and the people of Jerusalem demanding the surrender of the city. He was accompanied by a "great army;" but his mission was unsuccessful (II Kings 18:17-19:13 and Isaiah 36:12-37:13).

Raddai[edit]

Raddai, according to 1 Chronicles 2:14, was one of the brother of King David.

Rakem[edit]

See Rekem.

Ramiah[edit]

Ramiah, according to Ezra 10:25, was an Israelite layperson, a member of the group named "sons of Parosh", who was guilty of marrying a foreign woman.

Rapha[edit]

Rapha, according to the Septuagint version of 2 Samuel 21:16, was the parent of Jesbi, the name in that version for the giant referred to in the Massoretic text as Ishbi-benob.[30]

Regem[edit]

Regem is named in 1 Chronicles 2:47 as one of the sons of Jahdai, a figure who appears in a genealogy associated with Caleb.

Regem-melech[edit]

A figure called Regem-melech, along with a "Sharezer", came, according to some interpretations of Zechariah 7:2, to Bethel to ask a question about fasts. It is unclear whether the name is intended as a title or as a proper name.[31] The grammar of the verse is difficult and several interpretations have been proposed.[32]

Rehabiah[edit]

Rehabiah is a figure mentioned three times in the Hebrew Bible, as the ancestor of a group of Levites. He is identified as the son of Eliezer the son of Moses (1 Chronicles 23:17; 26:25). Chronicles identifies his as the father of a person named Isshiah (Hebrew Yiššiyāh, 1 Chronicles 24:21) or Jeshaiah (Hebrew Yĕshaʿyāhû, 1 Chronicles 26:25).

Rehum[edit]

Rehum is the name of four or five biblical figures.[33]

  1. A Rehum is mentioned in Ezra 2:2, who is called Nehum in Nehemiah 7:7. He appears in passing, in two copies of a list of people said to have come from Persia to Yehud Medinata under the leadership of Nehemiah. He may be the same individual mentioned in Nehemiah 12:3.
  2. A Rehum is mentioned in Nehemiah 12:3, where he is listed as part of a group of priests associated with Zerubbabel.
  3. Rehum son of Bani, a Levite, appears in a list of people who contributed to building Nehemiah's wall in Nehemiah 3:17.
  4. Rehum, a member of a group of priests associated with Zerubbabel according to Nehemiah 12:3.
  5. Rehum was an official, according to Ezra 4:8-23, who along with collaborators opposed the Jewish attempt to rebuild Jerusalem.

Rephaiah[edit]

Rephaiah (Hebrew רְפָיָה "the Lord has healed"), a descendant of David was the father of Arnan and the son of Jeshaiah.

Raphu[edit]

Raphu of the house of Benjamin was the father of Palti, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:9.

Reba[edit]

Reba was one of five Midianite kings killed during the time of Moses by an Israelite expedition led by Phinehas, son of Eleazar according to Numbers 31:8 and Joshua 13:21.

Rekem[edit]

This is about individuals in the Bible named Rekem. For the city by that name, see List of minor biblical places § Rekem.

Rekem is a personal name used several times in the Hebrew Bible, for more than one individual.

  • Rekem was one of five Midianite kings killed during the time of Moses by an Israelite expedition led by Phinehas, son of Eleazar according to Numbers 31:8 and Joshua 13:21.
  • According to 1 Chronicles 2:43-44, Hebron, a figure associated with the biblical Caleb, was the father of a person named Rekem.
  • According to 1 Chronicles 7:16, Machir the son of Manasseh was the ancestor of a figure named Rekem. In this last passage, the King James Version spells the name as Rakem.

Rephael[edit]

In 1 Chronicles 26:7–8, Rephael (Hebrew: רְפָאֵל, Modern Refaʾel, Tiberian Rəp̄āʾēl; "healed of God") was one of Shemaiah's sons. He and his brethren, on account of their "strength for service," formed one of the divisions of the temple porters.

Reumah[edit]

Reumah, according to Genesis 22:24, was the concubine of Abraham's brother Nahor, and the mother of his children Tebah, Gaham, Tahash, and Maachah.

Rezon[edit]

According to I Kings 11:23- Rezon (Hebrew: רזון Rezon) became regent in Damascus and was an adversary of Solomon.

Ribai[edit]

Ribai, a Benjamite of Gibeah, was the father of Ittai, one of King David's Warriors (2 Samuel 23:29, 1 Chronicles 11:31).

Rinnah[edit]

Rinnah appears once in the Bible, as the son of a man named Shimon (1 Chronicles 4:20) in a genealogy of Tribe of Judah. Neither Shimon's origin nor precise relationship to Judah is given.

Rohgah[edit]

Rohgah or Rohagah is a name which appears in 1 Chronicles 7:34, where Rohgah is named as one of the sons of Shamer (the vocalization found in v. 34) or Shomer (the vocalization found in v. 32), who is identified as the son of Heber, the son of Beriah, the son of the tribal patriarch Asher.

Romamti-ezer[edit]

Romamti-ezer is the name of a figure who appears twice in the Hebrew Bible, both times in 1 Chronicles 25. In verse 4 he is identified as one of the fourteen sons of Heman, one of three men who according to Chronicles were assigned to be in charge of musical worship in the Temple of Jerusalem. Later in the chapter, 288 assigned to the musical service are divided into twenty-four groups of twelve. The twenty-fourth group is assigned to Romamti-ezer (verse 31).

Rosh[edit]

Hebrew: ראש rosh "Head"

Rosh is the seventh of the ten sons of Benjamin named in Genesis 46:21.

A nation named Rosh is also possibly mentioned in Ezekiel 38:2-3; 39:1 "Son of man, set your face toward Gog, the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal; and prophesy concerning him." This translation "Rosh" is found in NASB but not in KJV and most modern versions. Also in a variant reading of Isaiah 66:19 (MT) and the Septuagint Jeremiah 32:23.[citation needed] Most scholars see this as a mistranslation of נְשִׂ֕יא רֹ֖אשׁ, nesi ro’š ("chief prince"), rather than a toponym[citation needed].

S[edit]

Sabtah[edit]

Sabtah was a son of Cush according to Genesis 10:7, 1 Chronicles 1:9.

Sabtechah[edit]

Sabtechah was a son of Cush according to Genesis 10:7, 1 Chronicles 1:9.

Sachar[edit]

Sachar (sometimes spelled Sacar or Sakar) was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Sachia[edit]

Sachia (also Sakia) appears only in 1 Chronicles 8:10, where he is listed as one of the "sons" of Shaharaim. The King James Version spells the name Shachia.

Salu[edit]

Salu, of the house of Simeon, was the father of Zimri who was involved in the Heresy of Peor according to Numbers 25:14.

Saph[edit]

Saph is a figure briefly mentioned in a section of 2 Samuel which discusses four yelide haraphah killed by Israelites. According to 2 Samuel 21:18, a war broke out between Israel and the Philistines. During the battle, Sibbecai the Hushathite, one of David's Mighty Warriors, killed Saph, who was one of the four. The expression yelide haraphah is rendered several different ways in translations of the Bible: "the descendants of Rapha" (NIV, NLT), "the descendants of the giants" (ESV, NLT[34]), "the descendants of the giant" (NASB, Holman), and "the sons of the giant" (KJV, ASV). While most interpreters the phrase as a statement about the ancestry of the four people killed, describing them as descended from giants, another interpretation takes the phrase as meaning "votaries of Rapha," in reference to a deity by that name to which a group of warriors would have been associated.[35][36]

Sarsekim[edit]

Sarsekim or Sarsechim is a name or title, or a portion of a name or title, which appears in Jeremiah 39:3. Jeremiah describes describes Babylonian officials, some named and the rest unnamed, who according to the text sat down "in the middle gate" of Jerusalem during its destruction in 587 or 586 BCE. The portion which explicitly gives the names and/or titles of the officials reads, in Hebrew, nrgl śr ʾṣr smgr nbw śr skym rb srys nrgl śr ʾṣr rb-mg. Various interpretations have divided the names in various ways. The King James Version, sticking closely to the grammatical indicators added to the text by the Masoretes during the middle ages, reads this as indicating six figures: "Nergalsharezer, Samgarnebo, Sarsechim, Rabsaris, Nergalsharezer, Rabmag". The New International Version sees three characters "Nergal-Sharezer of Samgar, Nebo-Sarsekim a chief officer, Nergal-Sharezer a high official." Versions featuring these three figures, with variations in the exact details of translations, include NLT and ESV. Four figures appear in the New American Standard Bible, "Nergal-sar-ezer, Samgar-nebu, Sar-sekim the Rab-saris, Nergal-sar-ezer the Rab-mag."

In 2007, a Babylonian Tablet was deciphered containing a reference to a "Nabu-sharussu-ukin," identified as referring to the biblical figure.[37] See Nebo-Sarsekim Tablet.

Seba[edit]

Seba was a son of Cush according to Genesis 10:7, 1 Chronicles 1:9.

Segub[edit]

Main article: Segub.

Segub is the name of two biblical figures.

Seled[edit]

According to 1 Chronicles 2:1-30, in the genealogical section which begins the book of Chronicles, Seled, who died childless, was the brother of Appaim and son of Nadab, the son of Shammai, the son of Onam, the son of Jerahmeel, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, the eponymous founder of the Tribe of Judah.

Semachiah[edit]

Semachiah (or Semakiah) is the name of a figure who appears in 1 Chronicles 26:7, in a genealogical passage concerning gatekeepers of the Jerusalem Temple. Semachiah is described as a son of Shemaiah, a son of Obed-Edom.

Sered[edit]

Sered was a son of Zebulun according to Genesis 46:14 and Numbers 26:26. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob. According to the verse in Numbers, he was the eponymous forefather of the clan of Sardites.

Sethur[edit]

Sethur, the son of Michael of the house of Asher, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:13.

Shaaph[edit]

Shaaph is a name which appears in the second chapter of 1 Chronicles. In one translation, these verses read as follows: "And the sons of Jahdai: Regem, and Jotham, and Geshan, and Pelet, and Ephah, and Shaaph. Maacah, Caleb's concubine, bore Sheber and Tirhanah. And [the wife of] Shaaph the father of Madmannah bore Sheva the father of Machbenah and the father of Gibea. And the daughter of Caleb was Achsah" (1 Chronicles 2:47-49).

The words [the wife of] do not occur in the Hebrew text, which reads literally, as Sara Japhet translates it, "And Shaaph the father of Madmannah bore Sheva . . ." but with a feminine form (watteled) of the verb "bore," rather than the expected masculine form wayyoled.[38] Japhet outlines several possibilities as to how the text may originally have read.[38]

Shaashgaz[edit]

Shaashgaz is a name which appears in the Hebrew Bible only in Esther 2:14, where it is given as the name of the eunuch who was in charge of the "second house of the women."

Shabbethai[edit]

Shabbethai, a Levite who helped Ezra in the matter of the foreign marriages (Ezra 10:15), probably the one present at Ezra's reading of the law (Nehemiah 8:7), and possibly the Levite chief and overseer (Nehemiah 11:16). The name might mean "one born on Sabbath", but more probably is a modification of the ethnic Zephathi (Zephathite), from Zarephathi (Zarephathite). Meshullam and Jozabad, with which Shabbethai's name is combined, both originate in ethnic names. (Encyclopaedia Biblica)

Shagee[edit]

Shagee (also spelled Shage or Shageh) is a figure who appears, indirectly, in one version of the list of David's Mighty Warriors.

In 1 Chronicles 11:34, a figure appears who is called "Jonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite." In 2 Samuel 23:32-33, the name "Jonathan" appears directly before the name "Shammah the Harodite," while in 2 Samuel 23:11 is found "Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite," who is the subject of a very brief story in which he fights with Philistines. The exact sort of copying error or deliberate abbreviation that may have lead to this state of affairs is uncertain.[39]

Shaharaim[edit]

Shaharaim was a member of the house of Benjamin. He had three wives, Hushim, Baara, and Hodesh, according to 1 Chronicles 8:8-9.

Shamed[edit]

See Shemed.

Shamhuth[edit]

Shamhuth the Izrahite (Hebrew, Shamhut ha-Yizrah) is a figure mentioned in passing in 1 Chronicles 27:8. The 27th chapter of 1 Chronicles gives the names of people who, according to the Chronicler, were in charge of 24,000-man divisions of David's military, each of which was on active duty for a month. Shamhuth was the commander for the fifth month of each year.

Shamir[edit]

This is about the individual named Shamir. For the biblical place-name Shamir, see List of minor biblical places § Shamir.

Shamir is the name of an individual who appears in a list of Levite names (1 Chronicles 24:24).

Shammah[edit]

See Shammah for several figures by this name.

Shammoth[edit]

According to 1 Chronicles 11:27, Shammoth the Harorite was one of David's Mighty Warriors. An entry in the corresponding list in Samuel contains Shammah the Harodite (2 Samuel 23:25). See Shammah.

Shammua[edit]

There are four individuals by the name of Shammua in the Hebrew Bible:[40]

  • Shammua, the son of Zaccur of the house of Reuben, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:4.
  • A son of David, mentioned in 2 Samuel 5:14 and 1 Chronicles 14:4.
  • A Levite in the time of Nehemiah (11:17).
  • A Levite in the time of Nehemiah (12:18).

Shamsherai[edit]

Shamsherai is mentioned once, in passing, in a long list of the "sons of Elpaal" within a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin (1 Chronicles 8:26).

Shapham[edit]

A figure named Shapham is mentioned in passing once in the Hebrew Bible, in a list of Gadites (1 Chronicles 5:12).

Shaphat[edit]

Shaphat, the son of Hori of the house of Simeon, was a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:5.

Also the name of one of King David's sons by Bathsheba.

Sharai[edit]

A Sharai is mentioned once in the Bible, in passing, in a list of the "sons of Bani" (Ezra 10:40).

Sharar[edit]

A Sharar is mentioned indirectly in 2 Samuel 23:33, where "Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite" is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors. In 1 Chronicles 11:35, the same figure is referred to as Sacar (sometimes spelled Sakar or Sachar).

Sharezer[edit]

Sharezer, according to 2 Kings 19:37 and Isaiah 37:38, was one of the two sons of Sennacherib. He and his brother Adrammelech killed their father as he worshipped in the temple of Nisroch.

Shashai[edit]

A Shashai is listed in the Book of Ezra as a man who married a foreign wife (Ezra 10:40).

Sheariah[edit]

Sheariah, according to 1 Chronicles 8, was a descendant of King Saul, specifically one of the six sons of Azel (1 Chronicles 8:38), the son of Eleasah, the son of Raphah, the son of Binea, the son of Moza (v. 37), the son of Zimri, the son of Jehoaddah, the son of Ahaz (36), the son of Micah (35), the son of Merib-baal, the son of Jonathan (34), the son of Saul (33). He is also mentioned 1 Chronicles 9, which substantially repeats the same genealogy, except that chapter 9 reads Rephaiah instead of Raphah (v. 43) and Jadah instead of Jehoaddah (42).

Shearjashub[edit]

Shearjashub was the first-mentioned son of Isaiah according to Isaiah 7:3. His name means "the remnant shall return" and was prophetic; offering hope to the people of Israel, that although they were going to be sent into exile, and their temple destroyed, God remained faithful and would deliver "a remnant" from Babylon and bring them back to their land.

Sheconiah[edit]

Sheconiah was a descendant of David, father of Shemaiah, and son of Obadiah.

Shechem[edit]

Shechem was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Shedeur[edit]

Shedeur was a member of the house of Reuben according to Numbers 1:5. He was the father of Elizur.

Shelemiah[edit]

Shelemiah (Hebrew: שלמיהו) the son of Abdeel, along with two others, was commanded by king Jehoiakim to arrest Baruch the scribe and Jeremiah the prophet Jeremiah (36:25).

Shelomi[edit]

Shelomi was the father of Ahihud, a prince of the Tribe of Asher. (Num. 34:27).

Shelumiel[edit]

Shelumiel (Hebrew: שלמיאל) was a son of Zurishaddai, a prince of the tribe of Simeon and one of the leaders of the tribes of Israel, according to Numbers 1:6.

Shelomith[edit]

Shelomith was a daughter of Dibri of the house of Dan, according to Leviticus 24:11. She was married to an Egyptian and her son (unnamed) was stoned to death by the people of Israel for blasphemy, following Moses' issue of a ruling[41] on the penalty to be applied for blasphemy.

Shemaiah[edit]

See List of people in the Hebrew Bible called Shemaiah

Shemariah[edit]

Shemariah is the name of four biblical figures.

In 1 Chronicles 12:5, Shemariah is a Benjamite, one of David's soldiers.

In 2 Chronicles 11:19, Shemariah is one of the sons of Rehoboam, spelled Shamariah in the King James Version.

In Ezra 10:32, Shemariah is one of the "sons of Harim," in a list of men who took foreign wives. Another Shemariah, one of the "descendants of Bani", appears in verse 41.

Shemeber[edit]

Shemeber is the king of Zeboiim in Genesis 14 who joins other Canaanite city kings in rebelling against Chedorlaomer.

Shemed[edit]

Shemed, spelled Shamed in the King James Version, is a figure briefly listed in 1 Chronicles 8:12 as one of the sons of Elpaal, the son of Shaharaim. He and his two brothers are referred to as "Eber, and Misham, and Shamed, who built Ono, and Lod, with the towns thereof" (1 Chronicles 8:12).

Shemer[edit]

Shemer (Hebrew: שמר Shemer "guardian") is the name of three biblical figures.

According to Kings, Shemer was the name of the man from whom Omri, King of Israel, bought Samaria (Hebrew Shomron), which he named after Shemer.[42]

According to 1 Chronicles, one of the Levites involved in the musical ministry of the Jerusalem temple was "Ethan the son of Kishi, the son of Abdi, the son of Malluch, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Amaziah, the son of Hilkiah, the son of Amzi, the son of Bani, the son of Shemer, the son of Mahli, the son of Mushi, the son of Merari, the son of Levi" (1 Chronicles 6:44-47). In this passage, the King James Version spells the name Shamer.

1 Chronicles 7:34 mentions a Shemer as one of the descendants of the Tribe of Asher. In verse 32, this figure is called Shomer, and is the son of Heber, the son of Beriah, the son of Asher.

Shemida[edit]

Shemida was a son of Manasseh according to Numbers 26:32, Joshua 17:2, and 1 Chronicles 7:19.

Shemuel[edit]

Shemuel Prince of the tribe of Simeon; one of those appointed by Moses to superintend the division of Canaan amongst the tribe (Num. 34:20).

Shephatiah[edit]

Shephatiah (Hebrew שפטיה) is the name of at least two Hebrew Bible men:

  • Shephatiah the son of David and Abital, David's fifth son, according to II Samuel 3:4.
  • Shephatiah the son of Mattan (Jeremiah 38:1) who was among the officers who denounced Jeremiah to king Zedekiah.

Sheshan[edit]

Sheshan is the name of one, or possibly two, biblical characters mentioned in the first book of Chronicles:

  • "The son of Ishi was Sheshan, and Sheshan’s son was Ahlai ... Now Sheshan had no sons, only daughters. And Sheshan had an Egyptian servant whose name was Jarha. Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant as wife, and she bore him Attai."[43]

Shillem[edit]

Shillem was a son of Naphtali according to Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:49. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Shimeah[edit]

The name Shimeah is used for two figures in the Hebrew Bible.

  • Shimeah or Shammah was a third son of Jesse, a brother of David (1 Samuel 16:9}, and the father of Jonadab (2 Samuel 13:3).
  • A figure named Mikloth is the father of Shimeah according to 1 Chronicles 8:32, which gives no further information about either of them but places them in a genealogy of the Tribe of Benjamin. In a parallel passage, 1 Chronicles 9:38 calls this son of Mikloth Shimeam, and presents Mikloth as a son of "Jehiel the father of Gibeon," making Mikloth a great-uncle of the Israelite king Saul.

Shimi[edit]

Shimi was a son of Gershon of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:17. He was born in Egypt.

Shimron[edit]

Shimron was a son of Issachar according to Genesis 46:13, Numbers 26:24 and 1 Chronicles 7:1. He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Shimshai[edit]

Shimshai was a scribe who was represented the peoples listed in Ezra 4:9-10 in a letter to King Artaxerxes.

Shinab[edit]

Shinab is the king of Admah in Genesis 14 who joins other Canaanite city kings in rebelling against Chedorlaomer.

Shiphtan[edit]

Shiphtan was the father of Kemuel, a prince of the Tribe of Ephraim. (Num. 34:24).

Shisha[edit]

Shisha (Hebrew - שישא) was the father of Elihoreph and Ahijah, who were scribes of King Solomon (1 Kings 4:3).

Shobab[edit]

Shobab is the name of two figures in the Hebrew Bible.

  • Shobab was one of the children born to King David after he took up residence in Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:14), whose mother is named in 1 Chronicles 3:5 as Bathshua or Bathsheba, the daughter of Ammiel.[44] In Brenton's Septuagint Translation, his name is translated as "Sobab" and his mother's name is given as "Bersabee".[45] Each reference to him mentions him briefly, in a list along with at least three other sons of David born in Jerusalem (2 Samuel 5:14; 1 Chronicles 3:5, 14:4).
  • Shobab is mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:18 as one of the children of Caleb, son of Hezron (not to be confused with the more famous Caleb son of Jephunneh).

Shobal[edit]

Shobal was a Horite chief in the hill country of Seir during the days of Esau. He was a son of Seir the Horite, and his sons were Alvas, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho and Onam. He is mentioned in Genesis 36:20-29.

Shuni[edit]

Shuni was a son of Gad according to Genesis 46:16 and Numbers 26:15. He was one of the 70 persons to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Shuthelah[edit]

Shuthelah was a son of Ephraim according to Numbers 26:35 and 1 Chronicles 7:20.

Simon Iscariot[edit]

Simon Iscariot was the father of Judas Iscariot (see John 6:71, John 13:2, and John 13:26).

Sodi[edit]

Sodi of the house of Zebulun was the father of Gaddiel, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:10.

Stachys[edit]

Stachys was a "dear friend" of Paul the Apostle whom he told the church in Rome to greet (see Romans 16:9).

Susi[edit]

Susi of the house of Manasseh was the father of Gaddi, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:11.

T[edit]

Tahan[edit]

Tahan was a son of Ephraim according to Numbers 26:35 and 1 Chronicles 7:25.

Taphath[edit]

Taphath (Hebrew טפת, "Drop") was a daughter of Solomon and wife of one of her father's twelve regional administrators, the son of Abinadab (First Kings 4:11).

Tola[edit]

Tola (Hebrew: תּוֹלָע, Modern Tolaʻ, Tiberian Tôlāʻ) was the name of two individuals mentioned in the Bible:

Tryphosa[edit]

Tryphosa was a Christian mentioned in Romans 16:12 with other saints to whom Paul the apostle sent greetings and salutations.

Tyrannus[edit]

Tyrannus was the operator of a school in Ephesus which the apostle Paul used as a base according to Acts 19:9

U[edit]

Uel[edit]

In Ezra 10:34 : "Of the sons of Bani; Maadai, Amram, and Uel."

Uri[edit]

Uri is mentioned 7 times, 6 of which indicate that another figure is the "son of Uri". The meaning of the name in English is "my light", "my flame" or "illumination".

  • Uri (Hebrew: אוּרִי) is mentioned in Exodus 31 and 1 Chronicles 2 as a member of the Tribe of Judah. He is the son of Hur (Hebrew: חור) and the father of Bezalel (Hebrew: בצלאל).
  • Another Uri (Hebrew: אוּרִי) is mentioned in Ezra 10 as one of those who have taken "strange wives."

Uriah ben Shemaiah[edit]

Uriah ben Shemaiah is mentioned in Jeremiah 26:20-23 as a minor prophet from Kiriath-Jearim who 'spoke in the name of the Lord against this city and nation just as Jeremiah did'. King Jehoiakim heard about his activities, and tried to kill him, but Uriah fled to Egypt 'in terror'. Elnathan son of Achbor was sent to return him, and Jehoiakim had him killed when he was brought back to Judah.

Urijah[edit]

Urijah (Hebrew: אוריה uriyah) a priest in the time of King Ahaz of Judah, built an altar at the temple in Jerusalem on the Damascene model for Tiglathpileser, king of Assyria. II Kings 16:10-16

V[edit]

Vaizatha[edit]

Vaizatha (or Vajezatha; Hebrew: וַיְזָתָא) is one of the ten sons of Persian vizier Haman, mentioned in Esther 9:9. Haman had planned to kill all the Jews living under the reign of King Ahasuerus, but his plot was foiled. In their defence, the Jews killed 500 men in the citadel of Susa, as well as Vaizatha and his nine brothers: this event is remembered in the Jewish festival Purim. Walther Hinz has proposed that the name is a rendering of an Old Iranian name, Vahyazzāta, which itself is derived from Vahyaz-dāta ("given from the best one"), as found in Aramaic, Elamite, and Akkadian sources.[46]

Vaniah[edit]

Vaniah, meaning nourishment, or weapons, of the Lord; one of many sons of Bani named in Ezra 10:36.

Vophsi[edit]

Vophsi of the house of Naphtali was the father of Nahbi, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:14.

Z[edit]

Zaavan[edit]

Zaavan (za'-a-van or za'-awan), son of Ezer, was a Horite chief in the Land of Edom. (Gen. 36:27, 1 Chr. 1:42)

Zabad[edit]

Zabad is the name of seven men in the Hebrew Bible.

Zabdi[edit]

Zabdi, son of Zerah, of the Tribe of Judah, was the father of Carmi and the grandfather of Achan, according to Joshua 7:1. He was present at the Battle of Jericho.

Zabud[edit]

Zabud (Hebrew - זבוד, zābud, meaning “endowed.”[47]) was a priest and friend of King Solomon, according to 1 Kings 4:5. He is described as the "son of Nathan," but it is unclear whether this is Nathan the prophet or Nathan the son of David.[48] As a "friend" of the king, he probably served the function of a counselor.[48]

Zaccur[edit]

Zaccur of the house of Reuben was the father of Shammua, a scout sent to Canaan prior to the crossing of the Jordan River according to Numbers 13:4.

Zalmon[edit]

Zalmon the Ahohite, according to 2 Samuel 23:28 in the Masoretic Text, is listed as one of David's Mighty Warriors. In the Masoretic Text of 1 Chronicles 11:29, in another copy of the same list of warriors, he is called "Ilai the Ahohite."[49] Where the Masoretic Text has "Zalmon," various manuscripts of the Greek Septuagint have Ellon, Sellom, or Eliman.[49] And where the Masoretic Text has "Ilai," the Septuagint reads Elei, Eli, or Ela.[49]

Zebadiah[edit]

Zebadiah (cf. Zebedee) may refer to:

Zedekiah[edit]

(Hebrew צִדְקִיָּה tsidqiyah)[50]

  • Zedekiah, King of Judah
  • Zedekiah, son of Chenaanah, a false prophet in the time of Kings Jehoshaphat and Ahab[51]
  • Zedekiah, son of Maaseiah, who, according to Jeremiah 29:21, was a false prophet.[52]
  • Zedekiah the son of Hananiah, one of the princes to whom Michaiah told of Jeremiah's prophecy - Jeremiah 36:12

Zephaniah[edit]

Zephaniah (Hebrew צפניה, pronounced TsePhNiYaH) was the name of at least two people in the Bible:

  • Zephaniah the prophet (q.v.)
  • Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest in Jeremiah 29:25. A member of the deputation sent by King Zedekiah to Jeremiah (Jeremiah 21:1; 37:3). "He is probably the same Zephaniah who is called 'the second priest' in 52:24 ... and was among those executed after the capture of Jerusalem in 587 B.C. In the present situation he is overseer of the temple (vs. 26), occupying the position which had been held earlier by Pashur, who had put Jeremiah in stocks..." [53]

Zephon[edit]

See Ziphion.

Zerah[edit]

See Zohar.

Zeri[edit]

See Izri.

Zeror[edit]

Zeror, son of Bechorath, of the tribe of Benjamin, was the great-grandfather of King Saul and of his commander Abner. According to Saul, his family was the least of the tribe of Benjamin. (1 Samuel 9)

Zichri[edit]

Zichri was a son of Izhar of the house of Levi according to Exodus 6:21, born in Egypt. He was a nephew of Amram and a cousin of Aaron, Miriam, and Moses.

Zidkijah[edit]

Zidkijah is mentioned in chapter 10 of Nehemiah.

Zillah[edit]

In Genesis 4:19,22-23 Zillah is a wife of Lamech and the mother of Tubal-cain and Naamah.

Ziphah[edit]

In 1 Chronicles 4:16, Ziphah (zī´fe) is mentioned as a son of Jehaleleel, a descendant of Judah.

Zippor[edit]

Zippor was the father of Balak, the king of Moab, in Numbers 22

Ziphion[edit]

Ziphion or Zephon is a son of Gad (Genesis 46:16), and was the progenitor of the Zephonites (Numbers 26:15). There may be a connection with the angel Zephon.

Zithri[edit]

In Exodus 6:22, Zithri ("the Lord protects"), a Levite, was the son of Uzziel.

Ziza[edit]

Ziza (or Zizah) was a Gershonite, the second son of Shimei (1 Chronicles 23:10-11). The spelling is according to the Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts have Zina.[54]

Zobebah[edit]

Zobebah (also known as Hazzobebah)[55] was a son of Koz (1 Chronicles 4:8).

Zohar[edit]

For the Zohar found in a variant reading of 1 Chronicles 4:7, see Izhar.

Zohar or Zerah was a son of Simeon according to Genesis 46:10, Exodus 6:15, and Numbers 26:13.[56] He was one of the 70 souls to migrate to Egypt with Jacob.

Zuar[edit]

Zuar was a member of the house of Issachar according to Numbers 1:8. He was the father of Nethaneel.

Zuriel[edit]

Zuriel ("My Rock is God") was the son of Abihail (Numbers 3:35). A Levite, Zuriel was chief prince of the Merarites at the time of the Exodus.

Zurishaddai[edit]

In Numbers 1:2, Rock of the Almighty ("Shaddai is my rock") was the father of Shelumiel, the prince of the Tribe of Simeon. He is mentioned in this context five times in the Book of Numbers.[57]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Numbers 3:21 NKJV
  2. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Likhi". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 2, E-K. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  3. ^ Williams, Nora A. (1992). "Maai (Person)". In Freedman, David Noel. The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 4. New York: Doubleday. p. 431. ISBN 9780300140811. 
  4. ^ Fulton, Deirdre N. (2015). Reconsidering Nehemiah's Judah: The Case of MT and LXX Nehemiah 11-12. Mohr Siebeck. p. 156. ISBN 9783161538810. 
  5. ^ a b Blenkinsopp, Joseph (1988). Ezra-Nehemiah: A Commentary. Old Testament Library. Westminster John Knox. p. 346. ISBN 9780664221867. 
  6. ^ Mandel, David (2010). Who's Who in the Jewish Bible. Jewish Publication Society. p. 250. ISBN 9780827610293. 
  7. ^ The Interpreter's Bible, 1951, volume V, page 1060
  8. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Machnadebai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  9. ^ 1 Chronicles 8:9
  10. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Malcham". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  11. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Matred". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  12. ^ Pulpit Commentary on 1 Samuel 10, accessed 1 May 2017
  13. ^ Luke 3:31
  14. ^ "Topical Bible: Matthan". biblehub. Retrieved 2015-10-02. 
  15. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Matthanias". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  16. ^ Richard S. Hess (15 October 2007). Israelite Religions: An Archaeological and Biblical Survey. Baker Academic. p. 144. ISBN 978-1-4412-0112-6. 
  17. ^ (Adam Clarke, 1831, p. II 685)
  18. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Meshillemoth". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  19. ^ 2 Chronicles 28:12
  20. ^ Neh 11:13
  21. ^ Luke 3:25
  22. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Nagge". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  23. ^ T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Naharai". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  24. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Nahath". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  25. ^ Luke 3:25
  26. ^ Genesis 25:15; 1 Chronicles 1:31, 5:19
  27. ^ a b T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black, eds. (1901) [1899]. "Narcissus". Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  28. ^ I Kings 11:26
  29. ^ C. H. W. Johns (1901) [1899]. "Nebuzaradan". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black. Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  30. ^ Brenton's Septuagint Translation, 2 Samuel 21:16
  31. ^ J. D. Douglas; Merrill C. Tenney (3 May 2011). Zondervan Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Harper Collins. p. 1219. ISBN 978-0-310-49235-1. 
  32. ^ Rannfrid I. Thelle; Terje Stordalen; Mervyn E. J. Richardson (16 June 2015). New Perspectives on Old Testament Prophecy and History: Essays in Honour of Hans M. Barstad. BRILL. p. 70. ISBN 978-90-04-29327-4. 
  33. ^ Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Rehum". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black. Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 3, L-P. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  34. ^ NLT takes this interpretation, but in slightly different words.
  35. ^ L'Heureux, Conrad E. "The yelîdê Hārāpā': A Cultic Association of Warriors." Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, no. 221, 1976, pp. 83–85. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1356087.
  36. ^ Ronald F. Youngblood (7 March 2017). 1 and 2 Samuel. Zondervan. p. 913. ISBN 978-0-310-53179-1. 
  37. ^ Meir Lubetski; Edith Lubetski (11 September 2012). New Inscriptions and Seals Relating to the Biblical World. Society of Biblical Lit. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-58983-557-3. 
  38. ^ a b Sara Japhet (1 November 1993). I and II Chronicles: A Commentary. Westminster John Knox Press. p. 87. ISBN 978-1-61164-589-7. 
  39. ^ Sara Japhet (1 November 1993). I and II Chronicles: A Commentary. Westminster John Knox Press. p. 250. ISBN 978-1-61164-589-7. 
  40. ^ International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, "Shammua."
  41. ^ Leviticus 24:15-16
  42. ^ I Kings 16:24
  43. ^ 1 Chron 2:31 and 34-35.
  44. ^ The New International Version notes that "one Hebrew manuscript and Vulgate [have "Bathsheba"]; most Hebrew manuscripts [have] "Bathshua"
  45. ^ Brenton's Septuagint Translation, 1 Chronicles 3:5
  46. ^ Bedford, Peter (1992). "Vaizatha (Person)". In Freedman, David Noel. The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6. New York: Doubleday. p. 781. ISBN 9780300140811. 
  47. ^ Holman Bible Dictionary
  48. ^ a b McMillion, Phillip E. (1992). "Zabud (Person)". In Freedman, David Noel. The Anchor Bible Dictionary. 6. New York: Doubleday. p. 1032. ISBN 9780300140811. 
  49. ^ a b c Thomas Kelly Cheyne (1901) [1899]. "Zalmon (second entry)". In T. K. Cheyne; J. Sutherland Black. Encyclopaedia Biblica: A Critical Dictionary of the Literary, Political, and Religious History, the Archaeology, Geography, and Natural History of the Bible. 4, Q-Z. New York: The Macmillan Company. 
  50. ^ http://biblehub.com/hebrew/6667.htm
  51. ^ I Kings 22:11
  52. ^ The New Jerome Biblical Commentary, 1991, pp. 287-288
  53. ^ The Interpreter's Bible, 1951, volume V, page 1021
  54. ^ See New International Version, footnote.
  55. ^ E.g. New International Version.
  56. ^ See Shlomo ben Aderet: (responsa i., No. 12; quoted in the Jewish Encyclopedia): "one of the sons of Simeon is called Zohar in Gen. xlvi. 10 and Ex. vi. 15, and Zerah in Num. xxvi. 13, but since both names signify 'magnificent,' the double nomenclature is explained."
  57. ^ For the etymology, see David Mandel (1 January 2010). Who's Who in the Jewish Bible. Jewish Publication Society. p. 419. ISBN 978-0-8276-1029-3. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainEaston, Matthew George (1897). "article name needed". Easton's Bible Dictionary (New and revised ed.). T. Nelson and Sons.