Missouri National Guard
|Missouri National Guard|
|Part of||Missouri Department of Public Safety
National Guard of the United States
|Headquarters||Jefferson City, Missouri|
|Motto||Protectors of Peace|
|Governor and Commander in Chief||Jay Nixon|
|Adjutant General||Stephen Danner|
The Missouri National Guard (1808-present) is a component of the Missouri Department of Public Safety and the National Guard of the United States. It is composed of Army and Air National Guard units. Jay Nixon, Governor of Missouri, is Commander in Chief. The headquarters is in Jefferson City, Missouri.
Missouri Army National Guard
For much of the final decades of the twentieth century, National Guard personnel typically served "One weekend a month, two weeks a year", with a portion working for the Guard in a full-time capacity. The current forces formation plans of the US Army call for the typical National Guard unit (or National Guardsman) to serve one year of active duty for every three years of service. More specifically, current United States Department of Defense policy is that no Guardsman will be involuntarily activated for a total of more than 24 months (cumulative) in one six-year enlistment period (this policy is due to change 1 August 2007, the new policy states that soldiers will be given 24 months between deployments of no more than 24 months, individual states have differing policies).
In December 1989, a contingent of 22 Military Policemen from the 1138th Military Police Company was in Panama on a two-week annual training when "Operation Just Cause" commenced. The MPs, who specialized in enemy prisoner of war operations, augmented the active duty force at Fort Clayton, taking enemy mortar and artillery fire when the invasion began. While serving in combat, the unit set up and operated the Empire Range EPW camp. They made history by being the first National Guard unit called into active service since the Vietnam War.
The 1138th was called upon once again to serve after the Invasion of Kuwait the following year. It was one of the first Guard units placed on alert status in August, 1990 but did not deploy until December, 1990. The Missouri Guard was the first Enemy Prisoner of War (EPW) unit to deploy as part of the 400th MP Battalion. Eventually it set up and operated the 301st EPW Camp, near the Saudi Arabian city of Hafar Al-Batin (Hotel 301). It returned to a hero's welcome back to West Plains, Missouri in May 1991.
The 135th Field Artillery Brigade appears to have been disbanded between 2008 and 2011.
On August 18, 2014, after violent clashes occurred during an imposed curfew in Ferguson, Missouri in the aftermath of the fatal police shooting of a resident of Ferguson, Missouri Governor Jay Nixon issued an executive order calling in the National Guard to "help restore peace and order and to protect the citizens of Ferguson."
Units and formations
- 110th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade
- 1st Battalion, 138th Infantry Regiment - Kansas City
- Company A - Kansas City/Boonville
- Company B - St. Louis
- Company C - St. Louis/Perryville
- Company D - Monett/Anderson
- 138th Forward Support Company - Jefferson City
- 1st Battalion, 129th Field Artillery Regiment - Maryville
- Battery A - Albany
- Battery B - Chillicothe
- Battery D - Independence ("Truman's Own")
- 1128th Forward Support Company - Marshall/Richmond
- 311th Support Battalion (Brigade) - Lexington
- Company A - Nevada/Lamar
- Company B - Centertown/Lexington
- 548th Transportation Company - Trenton/Centertown
- 1138th Transportation Company - Jefferson Barracks
- 135th Signal Company - Lexington
- 1st Battalion, 138th Infantry Regiment - Kansas City
- 35th Infantry Division
- 35th Engineer Brigade
- 203d Engineer Battalion
- 1140th Engineer Battalion
- 1107th Aviation Group (formerly 1107th AVCRAD) - Springfield, Missouri
- 70th Troop Command
- 140th Regiment (Regional Training Institute)
- 7th WMD Civil Support Team
- 3175th Chemical Company
Missouri Air National Guard
The Missouri Air National Guard provides airmen and units since 22 August 1946 to meet the military and civil objectives of the Governor of Missouri and the President of the United States. Among those who have served in the "MOGuard" is Charles Lindbergh.
The Headquarters, Missouri Air National Guard, is the higher headquarters for all of the Air National Guard units within the State of Missouri. The State Headquarters, MOANG, includes the Assistant Adjutant General, Air, the Chief of Staff who also serves as the Commander of the Missouri Air National Guard, Executive Staff Support Officer and State Director Of Operations.
The Missouri Air National Guard is composed of the following units:
- Headquarters, Missouri Air National Guard
- 131st Bomb Wing - Headquartered at Whiteman AFB. The unit is in a classic affiliation with the 509th Bomb Wing and operates the Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit aircraft. The unit was formerly located at Lambert St. Louis Airport until BRAC shut down operations there.
- 139th Airlift Wing - Headquartered at Rosecrans Memorial Airport (Lockheed C-130 Hercules)
- 157th Air Operations Group - Headquartered at Jefferson Barracks
- "Missouri Constitution, Article IV Section 6". Moga.mo.gov. 2013-08-28. Archived from the original on June 21, 2012. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
- Lupescu, Sarah E. "Missouri's Reserve Military Force holds first muster". The Missouri National Guard Official Website. Missouri National Guard Public Affairs Office. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- Hartmann, Margaret. "National Guard Deployed After Chaotic, Violent Night in Ferguson". NY Magazine. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- "110th Maneuver Enhancement Brigade". Moguard.com. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
- Rusty Murry, Guardsmen train for urban conflict Nevada Daily Mail, Saturday, March 21, 2009
- "Coat of Arms". Tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil. 2007-10-03. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
- "Coat of Arms". Tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
- "Coat of Arms". Tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil. 2010-01-04. Retrieved 2014-08-19.
- [dead link]
- Bibliography of Missouri Army National Guard History[dead link] compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History
- Missouri National Guard
- GlobalSecurity.org Missouri Army National Guard, accessed 25 Nov 2006
- Unit Designations in the Army Modular Force[dead link], accessed 23 Nov 2006
- 139th Airlift Wing[dead link]