California Air National Guard
|California Air National Guard|
|Active||16 June 1924 – Present|
|Country||United States of America|
|Allegiance|| United States of America|
State of California
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Type||State militia, reserve forces|
|Role||"To organize, train, equip, and resource community based land forces to support state and/or federal authority"|
|Part of|| Air National Guard|
California National Guard
|Garrison/HQ||9800 Goethe Road, Sacramento, CA 95826|
|Motto(s)||"Always Ready, Always There!"|
|Current commander||Major General Gregory F. Jones|
(Commander, California Air National Guard)
|Helicopter||HH-60G Pave Hawk|
|Reconnaissance||MQ-1 Predator (UAV)|
|Transport||MC-130P Combat Shadow|
C-130J Hercules (MAFFS)
The California Air National Guard (CA ANG) is the Air Force component of the California National Guard, under command of the California Adjutant General unless federalized by the President of the United States.
Under the "Total Force" concept, California Air National Guard units are considered to be Air Reserve Components (ARC) of the United States Air Force (USAF). California ANG units are trained and equipped by the U.S. Air Force and are operationally gained by a Major Command of the USAF if federalized. In addition, the California Air National Guard are assigned to Air Expeditionary Forces and are subject to deployment along with their active duty and Air Force Reserve counterparts.
Along with their federal reserve obligations, the California ANG is subject to activation by order of the Governor to provide protection of life and property, and preserve peace, order and public safety. State missions include disaster relief in times of earthquakes, hurricanes, floods and forest fires, search and rescue, protection of vital public services, and support to civil defense.
The California Air National Guard consists of the following major units:
- Established 3 April 1955; operates: HC-130J Combat King II; HH-60G Pave Hawk
- Stationed at: Moffett Air National Guard Base, Mountain View
- Gained by: Air Combat Command
- The members of the 129th have performed rescues under a variety of conditions - from rough Pacific seas to the rugged Sierra Nevada, using its combination of HC-130 tankers and HH-60 helicopters. Many high-risk lifesaving missions involved long-range, over-water flights, air refueling of helicopters by the HC-130 aircraft, and skilled maneuvering by ships and helicopters to recover patients from the decks of these vessels.
- Established 2 June 1948; operates: F-15 Eagle
- Stationed at: Fresno Air National Guard Base, Fresno with additional Alert Detachment at March Air Reserve Base, Riverside
- Gained by: Air Combat Command
- Provides air defense protection for California from the Mexican border to Oregon utilizing the F-15 Eagle.
- Established 16 June 1924 (as: 115th Observation Squadron); operates: C-130J Hercules (MAFFS)
- Stationed at: Channel Islands Air National Guard Station, Oxnard
- Gained by: Air Mobility Command
- The oldest unit of the CA ANG, the 146th AW provides global military airlift capability to a full spectrum of state and federal agencies.
- Established 9 November 1946 (as: 196th Fighter Squadron); operates: MQ-9 Reaper
- Stationed at: March Joint Air Reserve Base, Riverside
- Gained by: Air Combat Command/Air Education and Training Command
- Has 902 members of which roughly 220 are full-time. Currently in transition from a KC-135 Stratotanker air refueling mission to an MQ-1 Predator ISR wing, executing global unmanned aerial systems, combat support, and humanitarian missions.
- Established 13 May 1948; non-flying unit
- Stationed at: Beale Air Force Base, Marysville
- Gained by: Air Force Space Command
- Responsible for non-flying missions including electronic intelligence, communications, network warfare, space control, and administrative programs.
The California Air National Guard origins date to 28 August 1917 with the establishment of the 115th Aero Squadron as part of the World War I United States Army Air Service. The 115th served in France on the Western Front, constructed facilities and engaged in supply and related base support activities then after the 1918 Armistice with Germany was demobilized in 1919.
The Militia Act of 1903 established the present National Guard system, units raised by the states but paid for by the Federal Government, liable for immediate state service. If federalized by Presidential order, they fall under the regular military chain of command. On 1 June 1920, the Militia Bureau issued Circular No.1 on organization of National Guard air units.
The 115th Observation Squadron was established by the Militia Bureau on 5 April 1924, which authorized the immediate organization of the 115th Observation Squadron, 40th Division of Aviation, California National Guard. Initially the Unit held its meetings at Clover Field, Santa Monica, using Reserve Equipment planes for flying. Later on, the Squadron met at the National Guard Armory and also at the University of Southern California. In 1925, several months after its organization, the Squadron moved to permanent quarters at Griffith Park Aerodrome in Los Angeles. The 115th Observation Squadron was ordered into active United States Army Air Corps service on 3 March 1941 as part of the buildup of the Army Air Corps prior to the United States entry into World War II.
On 24 May 1946, the United States Army Air Forces, in response to dramatic postwar military budget cuts, imposed by President Harry S. Truman, allocated inactive unit designations to the National Guard Bureau for the formation of an Air Force National Guard. These unit designations were allotted and transferred to various State National Guard bureaus to provide them unit designations to re-establish them as Air National Guard units.
The modern California ANG received federal recognition on 1 July 1946 as the 62d Fighter Wing at Van Nuys Airport, Van Nuys. Its 115th Bombardment Squadron was equipped with A-26 Invader light bombers. On 16 September 1946, its 146th Fighter Group was also formed at Van Nuys, with several fighter squadrons equipped with F-51 Mustangs and its mission was the air defense of the state. 18 September 1947, however, is considered the California Air National Guard's official birth concurrent with the establishment of the United States Air Force as a separate branch of the United States military under the National Security Act
On 4 April 1948 the 61st Fighter Wing with its 144th Fighter Group was formed at Hayward Municipal Airport, Hayward. The 61st's mission was the air defense of Northern California, the 62d, Southern California.
Today, units of the CA ANG perform a homeland defense mission; worldwide airlift missions, aerial firefighting, combat search and rescue, and Unmanned Aerial (UAV) Reconnaissance missions. The 162d CCG also maintains tactical communications-electronic facilities, and provides tactical command and control communications services for operational commands supporting US military wartime contingencies.
After the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States, elements of every Air National Guard unit in California has been activated in support of the Global War on Terrorism. Flight crews, aircraft maintenance personnel, communications technicians, air controllers and air security personnel were engaged in Operation Noble Eagle air defense overflights of major United States cities. In December 2007, after the grounding of F-15 fighters due to potential structural problems, the California Air National Guard assumed responsibility for defense of the western United States. This was the first time that a single state's fighter wing took responsibility of defense for an entire coast.
California Air National Guard Activation
On 1 June 2020 Governor Gavin Newsom activated 20% of the total Force in response to the Civil Unrest in California. The Air Guard sent the Airmen to Camp Roberts for training on safely supporting civilian law enforcement. The Air guard sent units to cities where the local law enforcement requested assistance. The Guard was there to assist the local departments in protecting local targets.
Retaliation against whistleblowers
On 6 April 2019, the Associated Press reported that Maj. Gen. Clay Garrison had been relieved of command of the California Air National Guard and replaced by Brig Gen Gregory Jones. According to the story, General Garrison's relief followed allegations that whistle blowers at Fresno had faced retaliation "by high-ranking officers" for reports of misconduct and mishandled investigations to protect perpetrators.
- "The Official Home Page of the U.S. Air Force". ca.ang.af.mil. Archived from the original on 17 September 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- Air Force Magazine, June 2019, p. 74
- "163d Reconnaissance Wing".
- "Ceremony to Mark Activation of Cal Guard's 195th Wing". California Air National Guard. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
- ANG Chronology 1908-2007, see also Brief History of the Minnesota Air National Guard and the 133rd Airlift Wing, 1.
- "California State Militia and National Guard Unit Histories: 115th Observation Squadron". militarymuseum.org. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
- "Rosenfeld, Susan and Gross, Charles J (2007), Air National Guard at 60: A History" (PDF). Air National Guard history program AFD-080527-040.
- Lindlaw, Scott (26 December 2007). "F-15 grounding strains U.S. air defenses". Associated Press.
- Brennan, Publisher Scott. "Hundreds of National Guard troops land at Paso Robles Airport". pasoroblesdailynews.com. Retrieved 7 June 2020.
- AP Staff writer, no byline (9 April 2019). "Commander out at California Air National Guard after boot urination scandal". Air Force Times. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
- Tchekmedyian, Alene; Pringle, Paul (February 23, 2019). "California National Guard members tell lawmakers of misconduct, retaliation for whistleblowing". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Tchekmedyian, Alene; Pringle, Paul (April 9, 2019). "Someone urinated in a female sergeant's boots. Now the California Air National Guard faces coverup allegations". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Gross, Charles J. (1996). The Air National Guard and the American Military Tradition. United States Dept. of Defense. ISBN 0160483026.
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