|Municipality and town|
Central square of Mongua
Location of the municipality and town of Mongua in the Boyacá Department of Colombia.
|Founded||4 November 1977|
|• Mayor||Bernardo Pérez
|• Municipality and town||365.5 km2 (141.1 sq mi)|
|• Urban||13.79 km2 (5.32 sq mi)|
|Elevation||2,975 m (9,760 ft)|
|• Municipality and town||4,717|
|Time zone||Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)|
Mongua is a town and municipality in Sugamuxi Province in the Colombian Department of Boyacá. Mongua is situated in the Eastern Ranges of the Colombian Andes at altitudes between 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) and 4,000 metres (13,000 ft). The municipality borders Gámeza, Socotá, Pisba, Labranzagrande, Aquitania, Sogamoso, Monguí and Tópaga.
In the centuries before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors, the central highlands of Colombia (Altiplano Cundiboyacense) were inhabited by the Muisca. Mongua was part of the rule of the iraca of Sugamuxi. According to the Muisca religion, the messenger god Bochica traveled to Gámeza and took shelter in a cave called Toy´ña. The cacique of Mongua brought him gifts in the cave.
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