Montezuma County, Colorado

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Montezuma County, Colorado
Montezuma County Courthouse.jpg
Montezuma County Courthouse
Map of Colorado highlighting Montezuma County
Location in the U.S. state of Colorado
Map of the United States highlighting Colorado
Colorado's location in the U.S.
FoundedApril 16, 1889
Named forMoctezuma II
SeatCortez
Largest cityCortez
Area
 • Total2,040 sq mi (5,284 km2)
 • Land2,030 sq mi (5,258 km2)
 • Water11 sq mi (28 km2), 0.5%
Population (est.)
 • (2015)26,168
 • Density12/sq mi (5/km2)
Congressional district3rd
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitemontezumacounty.org/web/

Montezuma County is the southwesternmost of the 64 counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,535.[1] The county seat is Cortez.[2]

Mesa Verde National Park, Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Yucca House National Monument, and Hovenweep National Monument preserve hundreds of ancient Amerindian structures, including the famous cliff-dwellings, found in the county. Montezuma County is also home to most of the Ute Mountain Indian Reservation, home of the Weeminuche Band of the Ute Nation, known as the Ute Mountain Ute Tribe, with its headquarters at Towaoc.

History[edit]

Montezuma County has been settled since approximately AD 600, and had an estimated population of approximately 100,000, four times its current population, in the 12th century. However, a series of events caused virtually all permanent settlements to be abandoned between 1200 and 1300, and the area was contested between nomadic Ute and Navajo bands until resettlement occurred in the 1870s. Montezuma County was created out of the western portion of La Plata County by the Colorado Legislature in April 1889. It was named in honor of Moctezuma II, a famous chief of the Aztec Indians in Mexico. The building ruins in Mesa Verde National Park were thought to be of Aztec origin at the time.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,040 square miles (5,300 km2), of which 2,030 square miles (5,300 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (0.5%) is water.[3]

A large county, roughly 1/3 of its area is tribal land, 1/3 is federal land (administered by the National Park Service, the United States Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management), and 1/3 private or state/county land. It is also varied topographically, ranging in elevation from about 6,000 feet (1,800 m) to more than 13,200 feet (4,000 m), and from high Colorado Plateau desert to alpine tundra. The county has the second largest reservoir in Colorado, McPhee Reservoir, many other large reservoirs, and hundreds of private lakes and ponds. Much of the county is irrigated cropland, and it produces fruit, large numbers of cattle and sheep, and beans. It is served by U.S. Highways 160 and 491 (formerly US 666), and by Cortez Municipal Airport. It has no rail service, although both Mancos and Dolores were established as railroad towns in the 1890s.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Montezuma County is the only county in the United States to border three counties with the same name in three different states (San Juan County in Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah). The "border" with San Juan County, Colorado, is, however, only a point of zero length.

National protected areas[edit]

Montezuma County includes the Colorado section of the Four Corners Monument.

State protected area[edit]

Other protected area[edit]

Trails and byways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,529
19003,058100.0%
19105,02964.5%
19206,26024.5%
19307,79824.6%
194010,46334.2%
19509,991−4.5%
196014,02440.4%
197012,952−7.6%
198016,51027.5%
199018,76213.6%
200023,83027.0%
201025,5357.2%
Est. 201626,999[4]5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 23,830 people, 9,201 households, and 6,514 families residing in the county. The population density was 12 people per square mile (5/km²). There were 10,497 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 81.72% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 11.23% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 4.26% from other races, and 2.38% from two or more races. 9.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 9,201 households out of which 33.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.50% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,083, and the median income for a family was $38,071. Males had a median income of $30,666 versus $21,181 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,003. About 13.10% of families and 16.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.20% of those under age 18 and 14.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Mancos Colorado Opera House 2009

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Politics[edit]

In its early history Montezuma County favoured the Democratic Party. It was one of the few counties in the West to be won by Alton B. Parker in 1904, and along with neighbouring La Plata County was one of only two Colorado counties to give a plurality to John W. Davis in the three-way 1924 election. However, since the 1940s Montezuma has been a strongly Republican county: no Democrat since 1968 has won forty percent of the county’s vote in a Presidential election.

Presidential elections results
Montezuma County vote
by party in presidential elections
[10]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 61.1% 7,853 30.9% 3,973 8.0% 1,032
2012 60.1% 7,401 36.9% 4,542 3.0% 375
2008 58.9% 6,961 39.4% 4,661 1.7% 203
2004 63.4% 6,988 35.1% 3,867 1.5% 160
2000 65.6% 6,158 27.2% 2,556 7.1% 670
1996 53.3% 4,175 32.9% 2,578 13.8% 1,078
1992 40.9% 3,124 29.7% 2,270 29.4% 2,244
1988 64.2% 4,208 34.1% 2,233 1.7% 110
1984 73.1% 4,753 25.6% 1,665 1.4% 88
1980 68.6% 4,120 24.4% 1,467 7.0% 419
1976 58.0% 3,002 38.5% 1,993 3.5% 182
1972 73.5% 3,391 26.5% 1,223 0.0% 0
1968 56.4% 2,461 30.9% 1,349 12.7% 552
1964 43.0% 2,035 56.7% 2,686 0.4% 17
1960 56.7% 2,778 43.2% 2,115 0.1% 7
1956 63.6% 2,492 35.8% 1,402 0.6% 25
1952 68.0% 2,466 31.1% 1,127 0.9% 33
1948 49.2% 1,630 49.9% 1,653 0.9% 30
1944 57.0% 1,610 42.7% 1,207 0.3% 8
1940 59.3% 2,313 40.3% 1,573 0.5% 18
1936 38.9% 1,087 56.5% 1,579 4.6% 129
1932 31.8% 887 63.9% 1,779 4.3% 120
1928 62.4% 1,341 35.9% 772 1.7% 37
1924 34.6% 703 35.5% 721 30.0% 609
1920 52.2% 936 40.6% 727 7.3% 130
1916 21.6% 425 74.1% 1,458 4.3% 85
1912 15.9% 285 56.7% 1,017 27.4% 492

In gubernatorial elections, Montezuma County is also Republican-leaning: in 2010 it was along with neighboring Dolores County one of only two counties to give a plurality to Dan Maes.[11] The last Democratic gubernatorial nominee to win Montezuma County was Roy Romer in 1990 when he carried all but four counties statewide.[12] The last Democratic senatorial candidate to carry Montezuma County was Ben “Nighthorse” Campbell – later to switch to the Republican Party – in 1992.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  10. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved May 26, 2017.
  11. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 2010 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado
  12. ^ Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas; 1990 Gubernatorial General Election Results – Colorado

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°20′N 108°36′W / 37.34°N 108.60°W / 37.34; -108.60